Abstract

UV transparent, on-fiber elastomeric phase-masks by casting directly on holographic glass phase-mask plates are demonstrated for the first time. These translation insensitive masks have been used to fabricate fiber Bragg gratings by simple exposure to 262 nm UV radiation. The stretchable phase-masks allow the Bragg wavelength of the inscribed grating to be changed easily. Multiple Bragg gratings at widely different wavelengths have been inscribed in one fiber using the same phase-mask. Inexpensive and disposable, the phase-masks allow the inscription of gratings in planar waveguides and fibers without causing contact-damage to either, and show the possibility of creating widely tuneable 1-D band-gap structures. In-situ fine tuning of the desired Bragg wavelength or correcting for errors in the phase-mask during inscription are other possible uses of this technology.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic Press, 1999), pp. 57-74.
  2. Espinola R P, Atkins R M, Wang N P, Simoff D A, Paczkowski M A, Windeler R S, Brownlow D L, Shenk D S, Glodis P A, Strasser T A, DeMarco J J and Chandonnet P J, �??40dB fiber Bragg grating written through the fiber coating at 257nm,�?? In Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers and Waveguides: Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1997), Postdeadline paper PD2.
  3. Starodubov D S, Grubsky V, Feinberg J, Dianov D, Semjonov S L, Guryanov A N, Vechkanov N N, �??Fiber Bragg gratings with reflectivity >97% fabricated through polymer jacket using near-UV radiation,�?? In Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers and Waveguides: Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1997), Postdeadline paper PD1.
  4. Duval Y, Kashyap R, Fleming S and Ouellette F, �??Correlation between uv-induced refractive index and photoluminescence in Ge-doped fibre,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 61 (25), 2955-2957, 21 December 1992.
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. S. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, US patents 5,745,617; 5,881,188.
  6. D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. Feinberg, �??Ultrastrong Fiber Gratings and Their Applications,�?? In SPIE Conference Photonics East: Optical Fiber Reliability and Testing, Vol. 3848-26, 20 September 1999.
  7. D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky and J. Feinberg, �??Optical Fiber Gratings: New Fabrication Techniques and Components,�?? In Nanostructures and Quantum Dots, Digest of the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, (San Diego, 1999).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Duval Y, Kashyap R, Fleming S and Ouellette F, �??Correlation between uv-induced refractive index and photoluminescence in Ge-doped fibre,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 61 (25), 2955-2957, 21 December 1992.
[CrossRef]

Bragg Gratings, Photosens. Poling 1997 (1)

Espinola R P, Atkins R M, Wang N P, Simoff D A, Paczkowski M A, Windeler R S, Brownlow D L, Shenk D S, Glodis P A, Strasser T A, DeMarco J J and Chandonnet P J, �??40dB fiber Bragg grating written through the fiber coating at 257nm,�?? In Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers and Waveguides: Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1997), Postdeadline paper PD2.

Bragg Gratings, Photosensit. Poling 1997 (1)

Starodubov D S, Grubsky V, Feinberg J, Dianov D, Semjonov S L, Guryanov A N, Vechkanov N N, �??Fiber Bragg gratings with reflectivity >97% fabricated through polymer jacket using near-UV radiation,�?? In Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers and Waveguides: Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1997), Postdeadline paper PD1.

Nanostructures and Quantum Dots 1999 (1)

D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky and J. Feinberg, �??Optical Fiber Gratings: New Fabrication Techniques and Components,�?? In Nanostructures and Quantum Dots, Digest of the LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, (San Diego, 1999).

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, J. Feinberg, �??Ultrastrong Fiber Gratings and Their Applications,�?? In SPIE Conference Photonics East: Optical Fiber Reliability and Testing, Vol. 3848-26, 20 September 1999.

Other (2)

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic Press, 1999), pp. 57-74.

D. S. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, US patents 5,745,617; 5,881,188.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SEM photograph of the polymer mask with a period of 1.09µm.

Fig.2.
Fig.2.

(a) Photograph of the phase-mask cast on the surface of an optical fiber and (b) schematic of the EOFPM.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission spectra of 3mm thick sample of polymer.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) The reflection spectrum of four in-line Bragg gratings written by static exposure to 262 nm radiation. (b) Reflection spectrum of a Bragg grating written using a scanned beam method.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Transmission and reflection spectrum of a Bragg grating written in hydrogenated SMF28 fiber using a sticky phase-mask.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Three gratings written with the same sticky phase mask under compression, stretching and at rest using 262 nm radiation at 305 mW.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ B = n eff Λ pm

Metrics