Abstract

We observe distinct variations between the DGD temporal statistics for different channels in a field installed system. This phenomenon is confirmed with statistical analysis, using a model in which DGD dynamics are due only to a finite number of active points along the link.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Karlsson, J. Brentel, and P. A. Andrekson, �??Long-term Measurement of PMD and Polarization Drift in Installed Fibers,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 941-951 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C.T. Allen, P.K. Kondamuri, D.L. Richards, and D.C. Hague, �??Measured Temporal and Spectral PMD Characteristics and Their Implication for Network-Level Mitigation Approaches,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 79-86 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Brodsky, P. Magill, N.J. Frigo, �??Evidence for Parametric Dependence of PMD on Temperature in Installed 0.05 ps/km1/2 Fiber,�?? in Proc. ECOC 2002, 4, Paper 9.3.2.
  4. M. Brodsky, P. Magill, N.J. Frigo, �??Polarization-Mode Dispersion of Installed Recent Vintage Fiber as a Parametric Function of Temperature,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 209-211 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Brodsky, M. Boroditsky, P. Magill, N.J. Frigo, M. Tur, �??Field PMD Measurements through a Commercial, Raman-Amplified ULH Transmission System,�?? in Proc. LEOS PMD Summer Topical Meeting 2003, 15-16, Paper MB3.3
  6. M. Brodsky, M. Boroditsky, P. Magill, N.J. Frigo, M. Tur, �??Physical Mechanism for Polarization Mode Dispersion Temporal Dynamics,�?? IEEE LEOS Newsletter 18, No. 3, 4-6, (2004)
  7. M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N.J. Frigo, P. Magill, L. Raddatz, �??Technique for In-Situ Measurements of Polarization Mode Dispersion,�?? in Proc. OFC 2003, 1, 224-225, Paper TuK1.;
  8. M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N.J. Frigo, P. Magill, and L. Raddatz, �??In-Service Measurements of Polarization Mode Dispersion and Correlation to Bit-Error Rate,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 572-574, (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Birk, L. Raddatz, D. A. Fishman, P. Magill, and S. Woodward, �??Field trial of end-to-end OC-768 transmission using 9 WDM channels over 1000 km of installed fiber,�?? in Proc. OFC 2003, 1, 290-291, Paper TuS4.
  10. C. Antonelli and A. Mecozzi, �??Statistics of the DGD in PMD emulators,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1840-1842, (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Brodsky, M. Boroditsky, P. Magill, N.J. Frigo, M. Tur, �??Channel-to-Channel Variation of Non-Maxwellian Statistics of DGD in a Field Installed System,�?? in Proc. ECOC 2004, 3, 306-309, Paper We1.4.1.
  12. M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N.J. Frigo, P. Magill, C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, �??Outage probability for fiber routes with finite number of degrees of freedom,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 345-347, (2005).
    [CrossRef]

ECOC 2002 (1)

M. Brodsky, P. Magill, N.J. Frigo, �??Evidence for Parametric Dependence of PMD on Temperature in Installed 0.05 ps/km1/2 Fiber,�?? in Proc. ECOC 2002, 4, Paper 9.3.2.

ECOC 2004 (1)

M. Brodsky, M. Boroditsky, P. Magill, N.J. Frigo, M. Tur, �??Channel-to-Channel Variation of Non-Maxwellian Statistics of DGD in a Field Installed System,�?? in Proc. ECOC 2004, 3, 306-309, Paper We1.4.1.

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

M. Karlsson, J. Brentel, and P. A. Andrekson, �??Long-term Measurement of PMD and Polarization Drift in Installed Fibers,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 941-951 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C.T. Allen, P.K. Kondamuri, D.L. Richards, and D.C. Hague, �??Measured Temporal and Spectral PMD Characteristics and Their Implication for Network-Level Mitigation Approaches,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 79-86 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE LEOS Newsletter (1)

M. Brodsky, M. Boroditsky, P. Magill, N.J. Frigo, M. Tur, �??Physical Mechanism for Polarization Mode Dispersion Temporal Dynamics,�?? IEEE LEOS Newsletter 18, No. 3, 4-6, (2004)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N.J. Frigo, P. Magill, and L. Raddatz, �??In-Service Measurements of Polarization Mode Dispersion and Correlation to Bit-Error Rate,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 572-574, (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Brodsky, P. Magill, N.J. Frigo, �??Polarization-Mode Dispersion of Installed Recent Vintage Fiber as a Parametric Function of Temperature,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 209-211 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N.J. Frigo, P. Magill, C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, �??Outage probability for fiber routes with finite number of degrees of freedom,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 345-347, (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Antonelli and A. Mecozzi, �??Statistics of the DGD in PMD emulators,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1840-1842, (2004).
[CrossRef]

LEOS PMD Summer Topical Meeting 2003 (1)

M. Brodsky, M. Boroditsky, P. Magill, N.J. Frigo, M. Tur, �??Field PMD Measurements through a Commercial, Raman-Amplified ULH Transmission System,�?? in Proc. LEOS PMD Summer Topical Meeting 2003, 15-16, Paper MB3.3

OFC 2003 (2)

M. Birk, L. Raddatz, D. A. Fishman, P. Magill, and S. Woodward, �??Field trial of end-to-end OC-768 transmission using 9 WDM channels over 1000 km of installed fiber,�?? in Proc. OFC 2003, 1, 290-291, Paper TuS4.

M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N.J. Frigo, P. Magill, L. Raddatz, �??Technique for In-Situ Measurements of Polarization Mode Dispersion,�?? in Proc. OFC 2003, 1, 224-225, Paper TuK1.;

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Probability density of observations (symbols); Maxwellian distribution with matched means (thin lines).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Time averaged DGD, <τ> time , plotted as a function of frequency (solid). Grey band between two dashed lines indicates two standard deviation interval:<τch > time ±σch .

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Time averaged DGD, <τ> time , plotted as a function of frequency. Datasets A and B are taken on low DGD fiber; datasets C, D and E are taken on high DGD fiber.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Normalized standard deviation (with frequency) of DGD averaged in time: σn (<τ> time ). Numerical simulation for correlated (Δ); decorrelated (▾); completely random (▪) hinges. Experimental data in open circles (○). Dashed line is 1 N + 1 .

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