Abstract

In this paper, we proposed and demonstrated all-optical clock recovery at 10GHz with switchable wavelengths. Very stable clock signals corresponding to the bit rate of the injection data have been obtained by injecting 10Gbit/s 231-1 PRBS data signals into the ring cavity. Wavelength switching among eight wavelengths is achieved by merely tuning the delay time of the intra-cavity optical delay line. The proposed clock recovery method is experimentally demonstrated to be insensitive to the polarization changes of the input data.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. Hao  Dong, Hongzhi  Sun, Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, Niloy K.  Dutta, “Clock recovery using cascaded LiNbO3 modulator,” Opt. Express 12, 4751–4757 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-20-4751.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, H.  Chen, Niloy K.  Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O.  Kamatani, S.  Kawanishi, “Prescaled Timing Extraction from 400 Gb/s Optical Signal Using a Phase Lock Loop Based on Four-Wave-Mixing in a Laser Diode Amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1094–1096, (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. K.  Mathason, P. J.  Delfyett, “Pulsed Injection Locking Dynamics of Passively Mode-Locked External-Cavity Semiconductor Laser Systems for All-Optical Clock Recovery,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1111–1120(2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C.  Bornholdt, B.  Sartorius, S.  Schelhase, M.  Mohrle, S.  Bauer, “Self-pulsation DFB laser for all-optical clock recovery at 40Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 36, 327–328(2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Weiming  Mao, Yuhua  Li, Mohammed  Al-Mumin, Guifang  Li, “All-Optical clock Recovery From RZ-Format Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1705–1714(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Yuhua  Li, Cheolhwan  Kim, Guifang  Li, Yawara  Kaneko, Roger L.  Jungerman, Osvaldo  Buccafusca, “Wavelength and Polarization Insensitive All-Optical Clock Recovery From 96-Gb/s Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592(2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. K.  Lee, J. T.  Ahn, M.-Y.  Jeon, K. H.  Kim, D. S.  Lim, C.-H.  Lee, “All-Optical Clock Recovery from NRZ Data of 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 730–732(1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. E.  Adams, E. S.  Kintzer, J. G.  Fujimoto, “All-fiber-optic clock recovery using a modelocked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1696–1697(1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Lijun  Wang, Yikai  Su, Anjali  Agarwal, Prem  Kumar, “Polarization Insensitive Widely Tunable All-Optical Clock Recovery Based on AM Mode-Locking of a Fiber Ring Laser” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 211–213(2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S.  Bigo, E.  Desurvire, “20 Gb/s All-Optical Clock Recovery based on fiber laser mode-locking with fiber nonlinear loop mirror as variable intensity/phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1855–1857, (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K.  Vlachos, “Optical clock recovery and clock division at 20 Gb/s using a tunable semiconductor fiber ring laser,” Optics Commun. 222, 249–255(2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Zhaoxin  Wang, Tong  Wang, Caiyun  Lou, Li  Huo, Yizhi  Gao, “A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal,” Optics Commun. 219, 301–306(2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Hongchun  Bao, Yang Jing  Wen, Hai-Feng  Liu, “Impact of Saturable Absorption on Performance of Optical Clock Recovery Using a Mode-Locked Multisection Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1177–1185(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Jian  He, K. T.  Chan, “Generation and Wavelength Switching of Picosecond Pulses by Optically Modulating a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier in a Fiber Laser with Optical Delay Line,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 798–800(2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Zhihong  Li, Caiyun  Lou, Yuhua  Li, K. T.  Chan, Yizhi  Gao, “Effect of Tunable Filter Characteristics on the Pulse Performance of Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1462–1464(2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Lingze  Duan, Christopher J. K.  Richardson, Zhaoyang  Hu, Mario  Dagenais, Julius  Goldhar, “A Stable Smoothly Wavelength-Tunable Picosecond Pulse Generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Jian  yao, Jianping  Yao, Zhichao  Deng, “Multiwavelength Actively Mode-locked Fiber Ring Laser with Suppressed Homogeneous Line Broadening and Reduced Supermode Noise,” Opt. Express 12, 4529–4534(2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-19-4529.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Chiming  Wu, Niloy K.  Dutta, “High-Repetition-Rate Optical Pulse Generation using a Rational Harmonic Mode-locked Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. 36, 145–150(2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Yuhua  Li, Caiyun  Lou, W.  Jian, W.  Boyu, Yizhi  Gao, “Novel Method to Simutaneoously Compress Pulses and Suppress Supermode Noise in Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1250–1252(1998).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (3)

Hongchun  Bao, Yang Jing  Wen, Hai-Feng  Liu, “Impact of Saturable Absorption on Performance of Optical Clock Recovery Using a Mode-Locked Multisection Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1177–1185(2004).
[CrossRef]

Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, H.  Chen, Niloy K.  Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jian  yao, Jianping  Yao, Zhichao  Deng, “Multiwavelength Actively Mode-locked Fiber Ring Laser with Suppressed Homogeneous Line Broadening and Reduced Supermode Noise,” Opt. Express 12, 4529–4534(2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-19-4529.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (4)

Jian  He, K. T.  Chan, “Generation and Wavelength Switching of Picosecond Pulses by Optically Modulating a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier in a Fiber Laser with Optical Delay Line,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 798–800(2003).
[CrossRef]

K.  Vlachos, “Optical clock recovery and clock division at 20 Gb/s using a tunable semiconductor fiber ring laser,” Optics Commun. 222, 249–255(2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhaoxin  Wang, Tong  Wang, Caiyun  Lou, Li  Huo, Yizhi  Gao, “A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal,” Optics Commun. 219, 301–306(2003).
[CrossRef]

Yuhua  Li, Cheolhwan  Kim, Guifang  Li, Yawara  Kaneko, Roger L.  Jungerman, Osvaldo  Buccafusca, “Wavelength and Polarization Insensitive All-Optical Clock Recovery From 96-Gb/s Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592(2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

Weiming  Mao, Yuhua  Li, Mohammed  Al-Mumin, Guifang  Li, “All-Optical clock Recovery From RZ-Format Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1705–1714(2002).
[CrossRef]

Lingze  Duan, Christopher J. K.  Richardson, Zhaoyang  Hu, Mario  Dagenais, Julius  Goldhar, “A Stable Smoothly Wavelength-Tunable Picosecond Pulse Generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842(2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (5)

B. K.  Mathason, P. J.  Delfyett, “Pulsed Injection Locking Dynamics of Passively Mode-Locked External-Cavity Semiconductor Laser Systems for All-Optical Clock Recovery,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1111–1120(2000).
[CrossRef]

C.  Bornholdt, B.  Sartorius, S.  Schelhase, M.  Mohrle, S.  Bauer, “Self-pulsation DFB laser for all-optical clock recovery at 40Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 36, 327–328(2000).
[CrossRef]

Chiming  Wu, Niloy K.  Dutta, “High-Repetition-Rate Optical Pulse Generation using a Rational Harmonic Mode-locked Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. 36, 145–150(2000).
[CrossRef]

Lijun  Wang, Yikai  Su, Anjali  Agarwal, Prem  Kumar, “Polarization Insensitive Widely Tunable All-Optical Clock Recovery Based on AM Mode-Locking of a Fiber Ring Laser” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 211–213(2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhihong  Li, Caiyun  Lou, Yuhua  Li, K. T.  Chan, Yizhi  Gao, “Effect of Tunable Filter Characteristics on the Pulse Performance of Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1462–1464(2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. K.  Lee, J. T.  Ahn, M.-Y.  Jeon, K. H.  Kim, D. S.  Lim, C.-H.  Lee, “All-Optical Clock Recovery from NRZ Data of 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 730–732(1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Yuhua  Li, Caiyun  Lou, W.  Jian, W.  Boyu, Yizhi  Gao, “Novel Method to Simutaneoously Compress Pulses and Suppress Supermode Noise in Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1250–1252(1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

O.  Kamatani, S.  Kawanishi, “Prescaled Timing Extraction from 400 Gb/s Optical Signal Using a Phase Lock Loop Based on Four-Wave-Mixing in a Laser Diode Amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1094–1096, (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

S.  Bigo, E.  Desurvire, “20 Gb/s All-Optical Clock Recovery based on fiber laser mode-locking with fiber nonlinear loop mirror as variable intensity/phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1855–1857, (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

L. E.  Adams, E. S.  Kintzer, J. G.  Fujimoto, “All-fiber-optic clock recovery using a modelocked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1696–1697(1994).
[CrossRef]

Adams, L. E.

L. E.  Adams, E. S.  Kintzer, J. G.  Fujimoto, “All-fiber-optic clock recovery using a modelocked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1696–1697(1994).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, Anjali

Lijun  Wang, Yikai  Su, Anjali  Agarwal, Prem  Kumar, “Polarization Insensitive Widely Tunable All-Optical Clock Recovery Based on AM Mode-Locking of a Fiber Ring Laser” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 211–213(2000).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J. T.

H. K.  Lee, J. T.  Ahn, M.-Y.  Jeon, K. H.  Kim, D. S.  Lim, C.-H.  Lee, “All-Optical Clock Recovery from NRZ Data of 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 730–732(1999).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mumin, Mohammed

Bao, Hongchun

Hongchun  Bao, Yang Jing  Wen, Hai-Feng  Liu, “Impact of Saturable Absorption on Performance of Optical Clock Recovery Using a Mode-Locked Multisection Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1177–1185(2004).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, S.

C.  Bornholdt, B.  Sartorius, S.  Schelhase, M.  Mohrle, S.  Bauer, “Self-pulsation DFB laser for all-optical clock recovery at 40Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 36, 327–328(2000).
[CrossRef]

Bigo, S.

S.  Bigo, E.  Desurvire, “20 Gb/s All-Optical Clock Recovery based on fiber laser mode-locking with fiber nonlinear loop mirror as variable intensity/phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1855–1857, (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bornholdt, C.

C.  Bornholdt, B.  Sartorius, S.  Schelhase, M.  Mohrle, S.  Bauer, “Self-pulsation DFB laser for all-optical clock recovery at 40Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 36, 327–328(2000).
[CrossRef]

Boyu, W.

Yuhua  Li, Caiyun  Lou, W.  Jian, W.  Boyu, Yizhi  Gao, “Novel Method to Simutaneoously Compress Pulses and Suppress Supermode Noise in Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1250–1252(1998).
[CrossRef]

Buccafusca, Osvaldo

Yuhua  Li, Cheolhwan  Kim, Guifang  Li, Yawara  Kaneko, Roger L.  Jungerman, Osvaldo  Buccafusca, “Wavelength and Polarization Insensitive All-Optical Clock Recovery From 96-Gb/s Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592(2003).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K. T.

Jian  He, K. T.  Chan, “Generation and Wavelength Switching of Picosecond Pulses by Optically Modulating a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier in a Fiber Laser with Optical Delay Line,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 798–800(2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhihong  Li, Caiyun  Lou, Yuhua  Li, K. T.  Chan, Yizhi  Gao, “Effect of Tunable Filter Characteristics on the Pulse Performance of Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1462–1464(2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, H.  Chen, Niloy K.  Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, Mario

Lingze  Duan, Christopher J. K.  Richardson, Zhaoyang  Hu, Mario  Dagenais, Julius  Goldhar, “A Stable Smoothly Wavelength-Tunable Picosecond Pulse Generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842(2002).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

Deng, Zhichao

Desurvire, E.

S.  Bigo, E.  Desurvire, “20 Gb/s All-Optical Clock Recovery based on fiber laser mode-locking with fiber nonlinear loop mirror as variable intensity/phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1855–1857, (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Hao

Hao  Dong, Hongzhi  Sun, Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, Niloy K.  Dutta, “Clock recovery using cascaded LiNbO3 modulator,” Opt. Express 12, 4751–4757 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-20-4751.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, Lingze

Lingze  Duan, Christopher J. K.  Richardson, Zhaoyang  Hu, Mario  Dagenais, Julius  Goldhar, “A Stable Smoothly Wavelength-Tunable Picosecond Pulse Generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842(2002).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, Niloy K.

Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, H.  Chen, Niloy K.  Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chiming  Wu, Niloy K.  Dutta, “High-Repetition-Rate Optical Pulse Generation using a Rational Harmonic Mode-locked Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. 36, 145–150(2000).
[CrossRef]

Hao  Dong, Hongzhi  Sun, Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, Niloy K.  Dutta, “Clock recovery using cascaded LiNbO3 modulator,” Opt. Express 12, 4751–4757 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-20-4751.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

L. E.  Adams, E. S.  Kintzer, J. G.  Fujimoto, “All-fiber-optic clock recovery using a modelocked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1696–1697(1994).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Yizhi

Zhaoxin  Wang, Tong  Wang, Caiyun  Lou, Li  Huo, Yizhi  Gao, “A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal,” Optics Commun. 219, 301–306(2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhihong  Li, Caiyun  Lou, Yuhua  Li, K. T.  Chan, Yizhi  Gao, “Effect of Tunable Filter Characteristics on the Pulse Performance of Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1462–1464(2000).
[CrossRef]

Yuhua  Li, Caiyun  Lou, W.  Jian, W.  Boyu, Yizhi  Gao, “Novel Method to Simutaneoously Compress Pulses and Suppress Supermode Noise in Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1250–1252(1998).
[CrossRef]

Goldhar, Julius

Lingze  Duan, Christopher J. K.  Richardson, Zhaoyang  Hu, Mario  Dagenais, Julius  Goldhar, “A Stable Smoothly Wavelength-Tunable Picosecond Pulse Generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842(2002).
[CrossRef]

He, Jian

Jian  He, K. T.  Chan, “Generation and Wavelength Switching of Picosecond Pulses by Optically Modulating a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier in a Fiber Laser with Optical Delay Line,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 798–800(2003).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Zhaoyang

Lingze  Duan, Christopher J. K.  Richardson, Zhaoyang  Hu, Mario  Dagenais, Julius  Goldhar, “A Stable Smoothly Wavelength-Tunable Picosecond Pulse Generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842(2002).
[CrossRef]

Huo, Li

Zhaoxin  Wang, Tong  Wang, Caiyun  Lou, Li  Huo, Yizhi  Gao, “A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal,” Optics Commun. 219, 301–306(2003).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, M.-Y.

H. K.  Lee, J. T.  Ahn, M.-Y.  Jeon, K. H.  Kim, D. S.  Lim, C.-H.  Lee, “All-Optical Clock Recovery from NRZ Data of 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 730–732(1999).
[CrossRef]

Jian, W.

Yuhua  Li, Caiyun  Lou, W.  Jian, W.  Boyu, Yizhi  Gao, “Novel Method to Simutaneoously Compress Pulses and Suppress Supermode Noise in Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1250–1252(1998).
[CrossRef]

Jungerman, Roger L.

Yuhua  Li, Cheolhwan  Kim, Guifang  Li, Yawara  Kaneko, Roger L.  Jungerman, Osvaldo  Buccafusca, “Wavelength and Polarization Insensitive All-Optical Clock Recovery From 96-Gb/s Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592(2003).
[CrossRef]

Kamatani, O.

O.  Kamatani, S.  Kawanishi, “Prescaled Timing Extraction from 400 Gb/s Optical Signal Using a Phase Lock Loop Based on Four-Wave-Mixing in a Laser Diode Amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1094–1096, (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, Yawara

Yuhua  Li, Cheolhwan  Kim, Guifang  Li, Yawara  Kaneko, Roger L.  Jungerman, Osvaldo  Buccafusca, “Wavelength and Polarization Insensitive All-Optical Clock Recovery From 96-Gb/s Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592(2003).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

O.  Kamatani, S.  Kawanishi, “Prescaled Timing Extraction from 400 Gb/s Optical Signal Using a Phase Lock Loop Based on Four-Wave-Mixing in a Laser Diode Amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1094–1096, (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Cheolhwan

Yuhua  Li, Cheolhwan  Kim, Guifang  Li, Yawara  Kaneko, Roger L.  Jungerman, Osvaldo  Buccafusca, “Wavelength and Polarization Insensitive All-Optical Clock Recovery From 96-Gb/s Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592(2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

H. K.  Lee, J. T.  Ahn, M.-Y.  Jeon, K. H.  Kim, D. S.  Lim, C.-H.  Lee, “All-Optical Clock Recovery from NRZ Data of 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 730–732(1999).
[CrossRef]

Kintzer, E. S.

L. E.  Adams, E. S.  Kintzer, J. G.  Fujimoto, “All-fiber-optic clock recovery using a modelocked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1696–1697(1994).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, Prem

Lijun  Wang, Yikai  Su, Anjali  Agarwal, Prem  Kumar, “Polarization Insensitive Widely Tunable All-Optical Clock Recovery Based on AM Mode-Locking of a Fiber Ring Laser” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 211–213(2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

H. K.  Lee, J. T.  Ahn, M.-Y.  Jeon, K. H.  Kim, D. S.  Lim, C.-H.  Lee, “All-Optical Clock Recovery from NRZ Data of 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 730–732(1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. K.

H. K.  Lee, J. T.  Ahn, M.-Y.  Jeon, K. H.  Kim, D. S.  Lim, C.-H.  Lee, “All-Optical Clock Recovery from NRZ Data of 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 730–732(1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, Guifang

Yuhua  Li, Cheolhwan  Kim, Guifang  Li, Yawara  Kaneko, Roger L.  Jungerman, Osvaldo  Buccafusca, “Wavelength and Polarization Insensitive All-Optical Clock Recovery From 96-Gb/s Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592(2003).
[CrossRef]

Weiming  Mao, Yuhua  Li, Mohammed  Al-Mumin, Guifang  Li, “All-Optical clock Recovery From RZ-Format Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1705–1714(2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, Yuhua

Yuhua  Li, Cheolhwan  Kim, Guifang  Li, Yawara  Kaneko, Roger L.  Jungerman, Osvaldo  Buccafusca, “Wavelength and Polarization Insensitive All-Optical Clock Recovery From 96-Gb/s Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592(2003).
[CrossRef]

Weiming  Mao, Yuhua  Li, Mohammed  Al-Mumin, Guifang  Li, “All-Optical clock Recovery From RZ-Format Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1705–1714(2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhihong  Li, Caiyun  Lou, Yuhua  Li, K. T.  Chan, Yizhi  Gao, “Effect of Tunable Filter Characteristics on the Pulse Performance of Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1462–1464(2000).
[CrossRef]

Yuhua  Li, Caiyun  Lou, W.  Jian, W.  Boyu, Yizhi  Gao, “Novel Method to Simutaneoously Compress Pulses and Suppress Supermode Noise in Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1250–1252(1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, Zhihong

Zhihong  Li, Caiyun  Lou, Yuhua  Li, K. T.  Chan, Yizhi  Gao, “Effect of Tunable Filter Characteristics on the Pulse Performance of Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1462–1464(2000).
[CrossRef]

Lim, D. S.

H. K.  Lee, J. T.  Ahn, M.-Y.  Jeon, K. H.  Kim, D. S.  Lim, C.-H.  Lee, “All-Optical Clock Recovery from NRZ Data of 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 730–732(1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Hai-Feng

Hongchun  Bao, Yang Jing  Wen, Hai-Feng  Liu, “Impact of Saturable Absorption on Performance of Optical Clock Recovery Using a Mode-Locked Multisection Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1177–1185(2004).
[CrossRef]

Lou, Caiyun

Zhaoxin  Wang, Tong  Wang, Caiyun  Lou, Li  Huo, Yizhi  Gao, “A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal,” Optics Commun. 219, 301–306(2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhihong  Li, Caiyun  Lou, Yuhua  Li, K. T.  Chan, Yizhi  Gao, “Effect of Tunable Filter Characteristics on the Pulse Performance of Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1462–1464(2000).
[CrossRef]

Yuhua  Li, Caiyun  Lou, W.  Jian, W.  Boyu, Yizhi  Gao, “Novel Method to Simutaneoously Compress Pulses and Suppress Supermode Noise in Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1250–1252(1998).
[CrossRef]

Mao, Weiming

Mathason, B. K.

Mohrle, M.

C.  Bornholdt, B.  Sartorius, S.  Schelhase, M.  Mohrle, S.  Bauer, “Self-pulsation DFB laser for all-optical clock recovery at 40Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 36, 327–328(2000).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, Christopher J. K.

Lingze  Duan, Christopher J. K.  Richardson, Zhaoyang  Hu, Mario  Dagenais, Julius  Goldhar, “A Stable Smoothly Wavelength-Tunable Picosecond Pulse Generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842(2002).
[CrossRef]

Sartorius, B.

C.  Bornholdt, B.  Sartorius, S.  Schelhase, M.  Mohrle, S.  Bauer, “Self-pulsation DFB laser for all-optical clock recovery at 40Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 36, 327–328(2000).
[CrossRef]

Schelhase, S.

C.  Bornholdt, B.  Sartorius, S.  Schelhase, M.  Mohrle, S.  Bauer, “Self-pulsation DFB laser for all-optical clock recovery at 40Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 36, 327–328(2000).
[CrossRef]

Su, Yikai

Lijun  Wang, Yikai  Su, Anjali  Agarwal, Prem  Kumar, “Polarization Insensitive Widely Tunable All-Optical Clock Recovery Based on AM Mode-Locking of a Fiber Ring Laser” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 211–213(2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Hongzhi

Hao  Dong, Hongzhi  Sun, Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, Niloy K.  Dutta, “Clock recovery using cascaded LiNbO3 modulator,” Opt. Express 12, 4751–4757 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-20-4751.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vlachos, K.

K.  Vlachos, “Optical clock recovery and clock division at 20 Gb/s using a tunable semiconductor fiber ring laser,” Optics Commun. 222, 249–255(2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Lijun

Lijun  Wang, Yikai  Su, Anjali  Agarwal, Prem  Kumar, “Polarization Insensitive Widely Tunable All-Optical Clock Recovery Based on AM Mode-Locking of a Fiber Ring Laser” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 211–213(2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Qiang

Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, H.  Chen, Niloy K.  Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hao  Dong, Hongzhi  Sun, Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, Niloy K.  Dutta, “Clock recovery using cascaded LiNbO3 modulator,” Opt. Express 12, 4751–4757 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-20-4751.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Tong

Zhaoxin  Wang, Tong  Wang, Caiyun  Lou, Li  Huo, Yizhi  Gao, “A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal,” Optics Commun. 219, 301–306(2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Zhaoxin

Zhaoxin  Wang, Tong  Wang, Caiyun  Lou, Li  Huo, Yizhi  Gao, “A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal,” Optics Commun. 219, 301–306(2003).
[CrossRef]

Wen, Yang Jing

Hongchun  Bao, Yang Jing  Wen, Hai-Feng  Liu, “Impact of Saturable Absorption on Performance of Optical Clock Recovery Using a Mode-Locked Multisection Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1177–1185(2004).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Yao, Jianping

Zhu, Guanghao

Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, H.  Chen, Niloy K.  Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hao  Dong, Hongzhi  Sun, Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, Niloy K.  Dutta, “Clock recovery using cascaded LiNbO3 modulator,” Opt. Express 12, 4751–4757 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-20-4751.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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C.  Bornholdt, B.  Sartorius, S.  Schelhase, M.  Mohrle, S.  Bauer, “Self-pulsation DFB laser for all-optical clock recovery at 40Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 36, 327–328(2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. (1)

Chiming  Wu, Niloy K.  Dutta, “High-Repetition-Rate Optical Pulse Generation using a Rational Harmonic Mode-locked Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. 36, 145–150(2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Hongchun  Bao, Yang Jing  Wen, Hai-Feng  Liu, “Impact of Saturable Absorption on Performance of Optical Clock Recovery Using a Mode-Locked Multisection Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1177–1185(2004).
[CrossRef]

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Jian  He, K. T.  Chan, “Generation and Wavelength Switching of Picosecond Pulses by Optically Modulating a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier in a Fiber Laser with Optical Delay Line,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 798–800(2003).
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Zhihong  Li, Caiyun  Lou, Yuhua  Li, K. T.  Chan, Yizhi  Gao, “Effect of Tunable Filter Characteristics on the Pulse Performance of Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1462–1464(2000).
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[CrossRef]

Lijun  Wang, Yikai  Su, Anjali  Agarwal, Prem  Kumar, “Polarization Insensitive Widely Tunable All-Optical Clock Recovery Based on AM Mode-Locking of a Fiber Ring Laser” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 211–213(2000).
[CrossRef]

Yuhua  Li, Cheolhwan  Kim, Guifang  Li, Yawara  Kaneko, Roger L.  Jungerman, Osvaldo  Buccafusca, “Wavelength and Polarization Insensitive All-Optical Clock Recovery From 96-Gb/s Data by Using a Two-Section Gain-Coupled DFB Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 590–592(2003).
[CrossRef]

H. K.  Lee, J. T.  Ahn, M.-Y.  Jeon, K. H.  Kim, D. S.  Lim, C.-H.  Lee, “All-Optical Clock Recovery from NRZ Data of 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 730–732(1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Engineering (1)

Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, H.  Chen, Niloy K.  Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Optics Commun. (2)

K.  Vlachos, “Optical clock recovery and clock division at 20 Gb/s using a tunable semiconductor fiber ring laser,” Optics Commun. 222, 249–255(2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhaoxin  Wang, Tong  Wang, Caiyun  Lou, Li  Huo, Yizhi  Gao, “A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal,” Optics Commun. 219, 301–306(2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Hao  Dong, Hongzhi  Sun, Guanghao  Zhu, Qiang  Wang, Niloy K.  Dutta, “Clock recovery using cascaded LiNbO3 modulator,” Opt. Express 12, 4751–4757 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-20-4751.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the optical clock recovery scheme

Fig. 2. (a).
Fig. 2. (a).

Eye-diagram of input signals.

Fig. 2. (b).
Fig. 2. (b).

Recovered clock train at 10GHz.

Fig. 2. (c).
Fig. 2. (c).

The optical spectrum of the recovered clock signals

Fig. 2. (d).
Fig. 2. (d).

The RF spectrum of the recovered clock signals

Fig. 2. (e)
Fig. 2. (e)

RF spectrum of the clock signal by the combination of CW laser and external modulator

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Wavelength-switching characteristics by tuning the optical delay line

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured extinction ratio of the recovered clock of different wavelengths

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

RF power of 10GHz input data signal (▪) and recovered clock signal (▴) versus the density of zeros in the input data signal.

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