Abstract

A microchip-type laser with multiple scattering from powder as necessary feedback is demonstrated. The laser consists of a transparent ceramic Nd:YAG microchip and a Nd:YAG powder tablet, operates at quasi-continuous-wave regime pumped by a laser diode array.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. S.  Wiersma, S.  Cavalieri, “A temperature tunable random laser,” Nature 414, 708–709 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H.  Cao, in Optical properties of nanostructured random media, edited by V. M.  Shalaev (Springer-Verlag, 2002).
  3. N. M.  Lawandy, R. M.  Balanchandran, A. S. L.  Gomez, E.  Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368, 436 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S.  Mujumdar, M.  Ricci, R.  Torre, D. S.  Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y.  Feng, J.-F.  Bisson, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.  Takaichi, A.  Shirakawa, M.  Musha, K.-i.  Ueda, “Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040–1042 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B.  Li, G. R.  Williams, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Continuous-wave ultraviolet laser action in strongly scattering Nd-doped alumina,” Opt. Lett. 27, 394–396 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C.  Gouedard, D.  Husson, C.  Sauteret, F.  Auzel, A.  Migus, “Generation of spatially incoherent short pulses in laser-pumped neodymium stoichiometric crystals and powders,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2358–2363 (1993).
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  8. M. A.  Noginov, N. E.  Noginova, H. J.  Caulfield, P.  Venkateswarlu, T.  Thompson, M.  Mahdi, V.  Osrroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
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    [CrossRef]
  10. G. R.  Williams, S. B.  Bayram, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dieletric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013807 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. S.  Wiersma, “The smallest random laser,” Nature 406, 132–133 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y.  Feng, K.-i.  Ueda, “One-mirror random laser,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 025803 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y.  Feng, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.-i.  Ueda, “Random lasing in Nd:YAG nano-crystalline-powder pumped by laser diode,” in Photonic Crystal Materials and Nanostrucutures , R. M. D. L.  Rue, P.  Viktorovitch, C. M. S.  Torres, M.  Midrio, eds., Proc. SPIE 5450, 388–395 (2004).
  14. Y.  Feng, K.-i.  Ueda, “Random stack of resonant dielectric layers as a laser system,” Opt. Express 12, 3307–3312 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-15-3307
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  17. G. v.  Soest, A.  Lagendijk, “? factor in a random laser,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 047601 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S.  Mujumdar, M.  Ricci, R.  Torre, D. S.  Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.  Feng, J.-F.  Bisson, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.  Takaichi, A.  Shirakawa, M.  Musha, K.-i.  Ueda, “Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040–1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y.  Feng, K.-i.  Ueda, “Random stack of resonant dielectric layers as a laser system,” Opt. Express 12, 3307–3312 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-15-3307
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

Y.  Feng, K.-i.  Ueda, “One-mirror random laser,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 025803 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2001 (2)

D. S.  Wiersma, S.  Cavalieri, “A temperature tunable random laser,” Nature 414, 708–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. R.  Williams, S. B.  Bayram, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dieletric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013807 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. S.  Wiersma, “The smallest random laser,” Nature 406, 132–133 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

H.  Cao, Y. G.  Zhao, S. T.  Ho, E. W.  Seelig, Q. H.  Wang, R. P. H.  Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

N. M.  Lawandy, R. M.  Balanchandran, A. S. L.  Gomez, E.  Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1985 (1)

P.-E.  Wolf, G.  Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auzel, F.

Balanchandran, R. M.

N. M.  Lawandy, R. M.  Balanchandran, A. S. L.  Gomez, E.  Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bayram, S. B.

G. R.  Williams, S. B.  Bayram, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dieletric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013807 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bisson, J.-F.

Y.  Feng, J.-F.  Bisson, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.  Takaichi, A.  Shirakawa, M.  Musha, K.-i.  Ueda, “Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040–1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

H.  Cao, Y. G.  Zhao, S. T.  Ho, E. W.  Seelig, Q. H.  Wang, R. P. H.  Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H.  Cao, in Optical properties of nanostructured random media, edited by V. M.  Shalaev (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

Caulfield, H. J.

Cavalieri, S.

D. S.  Wiersma, S.  Cavalieri, “A temperature tunable random laser,” Nature 414, 708–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, R. P. H.

H.  Cao, Y. G.  Zhao, S. T.  Ho, E. W.  Seelig, Q. H.  Wang, R. P. H.  Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

Y.  Feng, K.-i.  Ueda, “Random stack of resonant dielectric layers as a laser system,” Opt. Express 12, 3307–3312 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-15-3307
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.  Feng, J.-F.  Bisson, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.  Takaichi, A.  Shirakawa, M.  Musha, K.-i.  Ueda, “Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040–1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y.  Feng, K.-i.  Ueda, “One-mirror random laser,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 025803 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y.  Feng, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.-i.  Ueda, “Random lasing in Nd:YAG nano-crystalline-powder pumped by laser diode,” in Photonic Crystal Materials and Nanostrucutures , R. M. D. L.  Rue, P.  Viktorovitch, C. M. S.  Torres, M.  Midrio, eds., Proc. SPIE 5450, 388–395 (2004).

Gomez, A. S. L.

N. M.  Lawandy, R. M.  Balanchandran, A. S. L.  Gomez, E.  Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gouedard, C.

Hinklin, T.

B.  Li, G. R.  Williams, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Continuous-wave ultraviolet laser action in strongly scattering Nd-doped alumina,” Opt. Lett. 27, 394–396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. R.  Williams, S. B.  Bayram, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dieletric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013807 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

H.  Cao, Y. G.  Zhao, S. T.  Ho, E. W.  Seelig, Q. H.  Wang, R. P. H.  Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.

Y.  Feng, J.-F.  Bisson, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.  Takaichi, A.  Shirakawa, M.  Musha, K.-i.  Ueda, “Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040–1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y.  Feng, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.-i.  Ueda, “Random lasing in Nd:YAG nano-crystalline-powder pumped by laser diode,” in Photonic Crystal Materials and Nanostrucutures , R. M. D. L.  Rue, P.  Viktorovitch, C. M. S.  Torres, M.  Midrio, eds., Proc. SPIE 5450, 388–395 (2004).

Husson, D.

Lagendijk, A.

G. v.  Soest, A.  Lagendijk, “? factor in a random laser,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 047601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Laine, R. M.

B.  Li, G. R.  Williams, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Continuous-wave ultraviolet laser action in strongly scattering Nd-doped alumina,” Opt. Lett. 27, 394–396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. R.  Williams, S. B.  Bayram, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dieletric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013807 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M.  Lawandy, R. M.  Balanchandran, A. S. L.  Gomez, E.  Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, B.

Lu, J.

Y.  Feng, J.-F.  Bisson, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.  Takaichi, A.  Shirakawa, M.  Musha, K.-i.  Ueda, “Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040–1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y.  Feng, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.-i.  Ueda, “Random lasing in Nd:YAG nano-crystalline-powder pumped by laser diode,” in Photonic Crystal Materials and Nanostrucutures , R. M. D. L.  Rue, P.  Viktorovitch, C. M. S.  Torres, M.  Midrio, eds., Proc. SPIE 5450, 388–395 (2004).

Mahdi, M.

Maret, G.

P.-E.  Wolf, G.  Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Migus, A.

Mujumdar, S.

S.  Mujumdar, M.  Ricci, R.  Torre, D. S.  Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Musha, M.

Y.  Feng, J.-F.  Bisson, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.  Takaichi, A.  Shirakawa, M.  Musha, K.-i.  Ueda, “Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040–1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

Noginova, N. E.

Osrroumov, V.

Rand, S. C.

B.  Li, G. R.  Williams, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Continuous-wave ultraviolet laser action in strongly scattering Nd-doped alumina,” Opt. Lett. 27, 394–396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. R.  Williams, S. B.  Bayram, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dieletric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013807 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ricci, M.

S.  Mujumdar, M.  Ricci, R.  Torre, D. S.  Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauteret, C.

Sauvain, E.

N. M.  Lawandy, R. M.  Balanchandran, A. S. L.  Gomez, E.  Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Seelig, E. W.

H.  Cao, Y. G.  Zhao, S. T.  Ho, E. W.  Seelig, Q. H.  Wang, R. P. H.  Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Y.  Feng, J.-F.  Bisson, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.  Takaichi, A.  Shirakawa, M.  Musha, K.-i.  Ueda, “Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040–1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E.  Siegman, Lasers (Univ. Science, Mill Valley,CA, 1986).

Soest, G. v.

G. v.  Soest, A.  Lagendijk, “? factor in a random laser,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 047601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takaichi, K.

Y.  Feng, J.-F.  Bisson, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.  Takaichi, A.  Shirakawa, M.  Musha, K.-i.  Ueda, “Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040–1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, T.

Torre, R.

S.  Mujumdar, M.  Ricci, R.  Torre, D. S.  Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ueda, K.-i.

Y.  Feng, J.-F.  Bisson, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.  Takaichi, A.  Shirakawa, M.  Musha, K.-i.  Ueda, “Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040–1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y.  Feng, K.-i.  Ueda, “Random stack of resonant dielectric layers as a laser system,” Opt. Express 12, 3307–3312 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-15-3307
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.  Feng, K.-i.  Ueda, “One-mirror random laser,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 025803 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y.  Feng, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.-i.  Ueda, “Random lasing in Nd:YAG nano-crystalline-powder pumped by laser diode,” in Photonic Crystal Materials and Nanostrucutures , R. M. D. L.  Rue, P.  Viktorovitch, C. M. S.  Torres, M.  Midrio, eds., Proc. SPIE 5450, 388–395 (2004).

Venkateswarlu, P.

Wang, Q. H.

H.  Cao, Y. G.  Zhao, S. T.  Ho, E. W.  Seelig, Q. H.  Wang, R. P. H.  Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

S.  Mujumdar, M.  Ricci, R.  Torre, D. S.  Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S.  Wiersma, S.  Cavalieri, “A temperature tunable random laser,” Nature 414, 708–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S.  Wiersma, “The smallest random laser,” Nature 406, 132–133 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, G. R.

B.  Li, G. R.  Williams, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Continuous-wave ultraviolet laser action in strongly scattering Nd-doped alumina,” Opt. Lett. 27, 394–396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. R.  Williams, S. B.  Bayram, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dieletric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013807 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, P.-E.

P.-E.  Wolf, G.  Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y. G.

H.  Cao, Y. G.  Zhao, S. T.  Ho, E. W.  Seelig, Q. H.  Wang, R. P. H.  Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y.  Feng, J.-F.  Bisson, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.  Takaichi, A.  Shirakawa, M.  Musha, K.-i.  Ueda, “Thermal effects in quasi-continuous-wave Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystalline-powder random laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1040–1042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (3)

D. S.  Wiersma, S.  Cavalieri, “A temperature tunable random laser,” Nature 414, 708–709 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M.  Lawandy, R. M.  Balanchandran, A. S. L.  Gomez, E.  Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. S.  Wiersma, “The smallest random laser,” Nature 406, 132–133 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

Y.  Feng, K.-i.  Ueda, “One-mirror random laser,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 025803 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. R.  Williams, S. B.  Bayram, S. C.  Rand, T.  Hinklin, R. M.  Laine, “Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-metal-doped dieletric nanophosphors,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013807 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

G. v.  Soest, A.  Lagendijk, “? factor in a random laser,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 047601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

P.-E.  Wolf, G.  Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.  Cao, Y. G.  Zhao, S. T.  Ho, E. W.  Seelig, Q. H.  Wang, R. P. H.  Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S.  Mujumdar, M.  Ricci, R.  Torre, D. S.  Wiersma, “Amplified extended modes in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 053903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

H.  Cao, in Optical properties of nanostructured random media, edited by V. M.  Shalaev (Springer-Verlag, 2002).

A. E.  Siegman, Lasers (Univ. Science, Mill Valley,CA, 1986).

Y.  Feng, J.  Lu, S.  Huang, K.-i.  Ueda, “Random lasing in Nd:YAG nano-crystalline-powder pumped by laser diode,” in Photonic Crystal Materials and Nanostrucutures , R. M. D. L.  Rue, P.  Viktorovitch, C. M. S.  Torres, M.  Midrio, eds., Proc. SPIE 5450, 388–395 (2004).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Left: schematic diagram of the sample in which lasing is realized. Right: typical emission waveforms from the microchip alone

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Left: typical emission waveforms from the microchip-powder hybrid sample at different pump power, from up to bottom corresponding pump power is 156, 140, 124, 106, 85, 68, 48, and 28W, respectively. Right: a zoom-in view of the left graph.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The pulse repetition rate and emission intensity versus pump power

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Emission spectra taken at different pump levels.

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