Abstract

In this paper, we present methods for beam splitting in a planar photonic crystal, where the light is self-guided as dictated by the selfcollimation phenomenon. We present an analysis of a one-to-two and one-to-three beam splitter in a self-guiding photonic crystal lattice and validate our design and simulations with experimental results. Moreover, we present the first one-to-three splitter in a self-guiding planar photonic crystal. Additionally, we discuss the ability to tune the properties of these devices and present initial experimental results.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett (1)

Yu, X. and S. Fan, "Bends and splitters for self-collimated beams in photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3251-3253 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Schuller, C., F. Klopf, J.P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, "Tunable photonic crystals fabricated in III-V semiconductor slab waveguides using infiltrated liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2767-2769 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kosaka, H., T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Self-collimating phenomena in photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1212-1214 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bayindir, M., B. Temelkuran, and E. Ozbay, "Photonic-Crystal-Based Beam Splitters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3902-3904 (2000).

Electron. Lett. (1)

Cuesta, F., A. Griol, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, "Experimental demonstration of photonic crystal directional coupler at microwave frequencies," Electron. Lett. 39, 455-456 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, an (1)

Prather, D.W., A. Sharkawy, and S. Shouyuan, "Design and Applications of Photonic Crystals," in Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology, W.A. Goddard III, D.W. Brenner, S.E. Lyshevski, and G.J. Iafrate, eds. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2002), pp 211-232.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

Baba, T., A. Motegi, T. Iwai, N. Fukaya, Y. Watanabe, and A. Sakai, "Light propagation characteristics of straight single-line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs fabricated into a silicon-on-insulator substrate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 743-752 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Notomi, M., A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal slabs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736-742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quant (1)

Witzens, J., M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Self-collimation in planar photonic crystals," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 8, 1246-1257 (2002).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Journal of Microlithography, Microfabric (1)

Pustai, D., A. Sharkawy, S. Shi, G. Jin, J. Murakowski, and D.W. Prather, "Characterization and Analysis of Photonic Crystal Coupled Waveguides," Journal of Microlithography, Microfabrication, andMicrosystems 2, 292-299 (2003).

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

Leonard, S.W., J.P. Mondia, H.M. van Driel, O. Toader, S. John, K. Busch, A. Birner, U. Gosele, and V. Lehmann, "Tunable two-dimensional photonic crystals using liquid-crystal infiltration," Phys. Rev. B 61, R2389-R2392 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chutinan, A. and S. Noda, "Waveguides and waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 62, 4488-4492 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P.R., S. Fan, and J.D. Joannopoulos, "Microcavities in Photonic Crystals: Mode Symmetry, Tunability, and Coupling Efficiency," Phys. Rev. B 54, 7837-7842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett (1)

Busch, K. and S. John, "Liquid-crystal photonic-band-gap materials: The tunable electromagnetic vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 967-970 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

John, S., "Strong Localization of Photons in Certain Disordered Dielectric Superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E., "Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Stat. Sol. (A) (1)

Krauss, T.F., "Planar photonic crystal waveguide devices for integrated optics," Phys. Stat. Sol. (A) 197, 688-702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Taflove, A., Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House, Inc., Boston, MA, 1995).

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