Abstract

A straightforward method is presented for generating a stigmatic spherical thermal lens in laser-diode-pumped, Brewster-cut solid-state gain media by shaping the aspect ratio of the elliptical pumped region. Demonstration of this laser head design with Nd:GdVO4 as the gain medium yields a stable, efficient, high-power (>20W) diode-pumped laser at 1063nm. Analysis of the spatial mode characteristics of a 67cm-long symmetric resonator both confirms the radially symmetric nature of the pump-induced thermal lens and indicates that laser resonators incorporating this head design can readily generate a high spatial beam quality (M2<2).

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  14. M. Mehendale, T.R. Nelson, F.G. Omenetto, and W.A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  25. W.A. Clarkson, “Thermal effects and their mitigation in end-pumped solid-state lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34, 2381–2395 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (2)

B.A. Thompson, A. Minassian, and M.J. Damzen, “Operation of a 33-W, continuous-wave, self-adaptive, solid-state laser oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 857–862 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P.K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Nautiyal, P.K. Gupta, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S.K. Sharma, and T.P.S. Nathan, “Experimental determination of the thermo-optic coefficient (dn/dT) and the effective stimulated emission cross-section (σe) of an a-axis cut 1.-at. % doped Nd:GdVO4 crystal at 1.06µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 81–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

W.A. Clarkson, “Thermal effects and their mitigation in end-pumped solid-state lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34, 2381–2395 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y.F. Chen, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “High-power diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser: thermally induced fracture versus pump-wavelength sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 827–830 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Stewen, K. Contag, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, and H. Hügel, “A 1-kW CW thin disc laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 6, 650–657 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

Y.F. Chen, T.M. Huang, C.C. Liao, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “Efficient high-power diode-end-pumped TEM00 Nd:YVO4 laser” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1241–1243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06µm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

M. Mehendale, T.R. Nelson, F.G. Omenetto, and W.A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, F. Seier, S.K. Gayen, and R.R. Alfano,“High-average-power kilohertz-repetition-rate sub-100-fs Ti:sapphire amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 22, 712–714 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, “High-power sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 151–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P.A. Studenikin, A.I. Zagumennyi, Yu.D. Zavaratsev, P.A. Popov, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state lasers: some optical and thermal properties of crystals doped with Nd3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A.I. Zagumennyi, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state-lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1986 (1)

A.E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, Sausalito, CA, 1986).

1972 (1)

H.W. Kogelnik, E.P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C.V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Alcock, A.J.

Alfano, R.R.

Aus der Au, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bernard, J.E.

Brauch, U.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state-lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.F.

Y.F. Chen, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “High-power diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser: thermally induced fracture versus pump-wavelength sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 827–830 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y.F. Chen, T.M. Huang, C.C. Liao, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “Efficient high-power diode-end-pumped TEM00 Nd:YVO4 laser” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1241–1243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chow, Y.T.

Clarkson, W.A.

W.A. Clarkson, “Thermal effects and their mitigation in end-pumped solid-state lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34, 2381–2395 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Contag, K.

C. Stewen, K. Contag, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, and H. Hügel, “A 1-kW CW thin disc laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 6, 650–657 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Damzen, M.J.

Dienes, A.

H.W. Kogelnik, E.P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C.V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Erhard, S.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ferencz, K.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, “High-power sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 151–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Q.

Gayen, S.K.

George, J.

P.K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Nautiyal, P.K. Gupta, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S.K. Sharma, and T.P.S. Nathan, “Experimental determination of the thermo-optic coefficient (dn/dT) and the effective stimulated emission cross-section (σe) of an a-axis cut 1.-at. % doped Nd:GdVO4 crystal at 1.06µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 81–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Giesen, A.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Stewen, K. Contag, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, and H. Hügel, “A 1-kW CW thin disc laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 6, 650–657 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state-lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, P.K.

P.K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Nautiyal, P.K. Gupta, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S.K. Sharma, and T.P.S. Nathan, “Experimental determination of the thermo-optic coefficient (dn/dT) and the effective stimulated emission cross-section (σe) of an a-axis cut 1.-at. % doped Nd:GdVO4 crystal at 1.06µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 81–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hodgson, N.

N. Hodgson and H. Weber, Optical Resonators (Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).

Hollemann, G.

S. Knoke, G. Hollemann, M. Nickel, and H. Voelckel, “Frequency doubled Nd:YVO4 thin disk laser with 30% diode-to-green efficiency,” paper CThC2 in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2001 (Baltimore, MD), (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2001) p.388–389.

Hövel, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

Huang, T.M.

Y.F. Chen, T.M. Huang, C.C. Liao, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “Efficient high-power diode-end-pumped TEM00 Nd:YVO4 laser” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1241–1243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A.I. Zagumennyi, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hügel, H.

C. Stewen, K. Contag, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, and H. Hügel, “A 1-kW CW thin disc laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 6, 650–657 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state-lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E.P.

H.W. Kogelnik, E.P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C.V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A.I. Zagumennyi, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y.T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06µm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Karszewski, M.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Knoke, S.

S. Knoke, G. Hollemann, M. Nickel, and H. Voelckel, “Frequency doubled Nd:YVO4 thin disk laser with 30% diode-to-green efficiency,” paper CThC2 in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2001 (Baltimore, MD), (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2001) p.388–389.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th edition (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).

Kogelnik, H.W.

H.W. Kogelnik, E.P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C.V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, “High-power sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 151–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y.P.

Y.F. Chen, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “High-power diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser: thermally induced fracture versus pump-wavelength sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 827–830 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y.F. Chen, T.M. Huang, C.C. Liao, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “Efficient high-power diode-end-pumped TEM00 Nd:YVO4 laser” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1241–1243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Larionov, M.

C. Stewen, K. Contag, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, and H. Hügel, “A 1-kW CW thin disc laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 6, 650–657 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, “High-power sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 151–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liao, C.C.

Y.F. Chen, T.M. Huang, C.C. Liao, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “Efficient high-power diode-end-pumped TEM00 Nd:YVO4 laser” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1241–1243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y.T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06µm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mehendale, M.

M. Mehendale, T.R. Nelson, F.G. Omenetto, and W.A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y.T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06µm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A.I. Zagumennyi, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Minassian, A.

Morier-Genoud, F.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mukhopadhyay, P.K.

P.K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Nautiyal, P.K. Gupta, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S.K. Sharma, and T.P.S. Nathan, “Experimental determination of the thermo-optic coefficient (dn/dT) and the effective stimulated emission cross-section (σe) of an a-axis cut 1.-at. % doped Nd:GdVO4 crystal at 1.06µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 81–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nathan, T.P.S.

P.K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Nautiyal, P.K. Gupta, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S.K. Sharma, and T.P.S. Nathan, “Experimental determination of the thermo-optic coefficient (dn/dT) and the effective stimulated emission cross-section (σe) of an a-axis cut 1.-at. % doped Nd:GdVO4 crystal at 1.06µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 81–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nautiyal, A.

P.K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Nautiyal, P.K. Gupta, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S.K. Sharma, and T.P.S. Nathan, “Experimental determination of the thermo-optic coefficient (dn/dT) and the effective stimulated emission cross-section (σe) of an a-axis cut 1.-at. % doped Nd:GdVO4 crystal at 1.06µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 81–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, T.R.

M. Mehendale, T.R. Nelson, F.G. Omenetto, and W.A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nickel, M.

S. Knoke, G. Hollemann, M. Nickel, and H. Voelckel, “Frequency doubled Nd:YVO4 thin disk laser with 30% diode-to-green efficiency,” paper CThC2 in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2001 (Baltimore, MD), (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2001) p.388–389.

Omenetto, F.G.

M. Mehendale, T.R. Nelson, F.G. Omenetto, and W.A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opower, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state-lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V.G.

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A.I. Zagumennyi, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Popov, P.A.

P.A. Studenikin, A.I. Zagumennyi, Yu.D. Zavaratsev, P.A. Popov, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state lasers: some optical and thermal properties of crystals doped with Nd3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, “High-power sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 151–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ranganathan, K.

P.K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Nautiyal, P.K. Gupta, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S.K. Sharma, and T.P.S. Nathan, “Experimental determination of the thermo-optic coefficient (dn/dT) and the effective stimulated emission cross-section (σe) of an a-axis cut 1.-at. % doped Nd:GdVO4 crystal at 1.06µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 81–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scheps, R.

See, for example, R. Scheps, Introduction to laser diode-pumped solid state lasers, Tutorial Texts in Optical Engineering, vol. TT53 (International Society of Optical Engineering (SPIE), 2002).

Schroeder, W.A.

M. Mehendale, T.R. Nelson, F.G. Omenetto, and W.A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seier, F.

Shank, C.V.

H.W. Kogelnik, E.P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C.V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y.T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06µm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, S.K.

P.K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Nautiyal, P.K. Gupta, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S.K. Sharma, and T.P.S. Nathan, “Experimental determination of the thermo-optic coefficient (dn/dT) and the effective stimulated emission cross-section (σe) of an a-axis cut 1.-at. % doped Nd:GdVO4 crystal at 1.06µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 81–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I.A.

P.A. Studenikin, A.I. Zagumennyi, Yu.D. Zavaratsev, P.A. Popov, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state lasers: some optical and thermal properties of crystals doped with Nd3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A.I. Zagumennyi, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A.E.

A.E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, Sausalito, CA, 1986).

Spielmann, Ch.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, “High-power sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 151–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Spühler, G.J.

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stewen, C.

C. Stewen, K. Contag, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, and H. Hügel, “A 1-kW CW thin disc laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 6, 650–657 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stingl, A.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, “High-power sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 151–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Studenikin, P.A.

P.A. Studenikin, A.I. Zagumennyi, Yu.D. Zavaratsev, P.A. Popov, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state lasers: some optical and thermal properties of crystals doped with Nd3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, “High-power sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 151–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, B.A.

Voelckel, H.

S. Knoke, G. Hollemann, M. Nickel, and H. Voelckel, “Frequency doubled Nd:YVO4 thin disk laser with 30% diode-to-green efficiency,” paper CThC2 in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2001 (Baltimore, MD), (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2001) p.388–389.

Voss, A.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state-lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Wang, J.

Wang, S.C.

Y.F. Chen, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “High-power diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser: thermally induced fracture versus pump-wavelength sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 827–830 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y.F. Chen, T.M. Huang, C.C. Liao, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “Efficient high-power diode-end-pumped TEM00 Nd:YVO4 laser” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1241–1243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H.

N. Hodgson and H. Weber, Optical Resonators (Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state-lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, “High-power sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 151–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A.I.

P.A. Studenikin, A.I. Zagumennyi, Yu.D. Zavaratsev, P.A. Popov, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state lasers: some optical and thermal properties of crystals doped with Nd3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A.I. Zagumennyi, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zavaratsev, Yu.D.

P.A. Studenikin, A.I. Zagumennyi, Yu.D. Zavaratsev, P.A. Popov, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state lasers: some optical and thermal properties of crystals doped with Nd3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y.T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06µm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y.T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06µm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (7)

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06µm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y.F. Chen, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “High-power diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser: thermally induced fracture versus pump-wavelength sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 827–830 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state-lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, “High-power sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 151–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, G.J. Spühler, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked lasers with high average power,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S25–S31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V.G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A.I. Zagumennyi, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P.K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Nautiyal, P.K. Gupta, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S.K. Sharma, and T.P.S. Nathan, “Experimental determination of the thermo-optic coefficient (dn/dT) and the effective stimulated emission cross-section (σe) of an a-axis cut 1.-at. % doped Nd:GdVO4 crystal at 1.06µm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 81–87 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

H.W. Kogelnik, E.P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C.V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. (1)

C. Stewen, K. Contag, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, and H. Hügel, “A 1-kW CW thin disc laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 6, 650–657 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y.F. Chen, T.M. Huang, C.C. Liao, Y.P. Lan, and S.C. Wang, “Efficient high-power diode-end-pumped TEM00 Nd:YVO4 laser” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1241–1243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

W.A. Clarkson, “Thermal effects and their mitigation in end-pumped solid-state lasers,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34, 2381–2395 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Mehendale, T.R. Nelson, F.G. Omenetto, and W.A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Quantum Electron. (1)

P.A. Studenikin, A.I. Zagumennyi, Yu.D. Zavaratsev, P.A. Popov, and I.A. Shcherbakov, “GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state lasers: some optical and thermal properties of crystals doped with Nd3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 25, 1162–1165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

Artic Silver 5, High-density Polysynthetic Silver Thermal Compound (Artic Silver, 2004), http://www.articsilver.com/as5.htm.

A.E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, Sausalito, CA, 1986).

Product information on Yb:YAG thin disk laser (Electronik Laser Systems GmbH, 2004), http://www.versadisk.com/Products/vdisk.html.

S. Knoke, G. Hollemann, M. Nickel, and H. Voelckel, “Frequency doubled Nd:YVO4 thin disk laser with 30% diode-to-green efficiency,” paper CThC2 in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2001 (Baltimore, MD), (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2001) p.388–389.

See, for example, R. Scheps, Introduction to laser diode-pumped solid state lasers, Tutorial Texts in Optical Engineering, vol. TT53 (International Society of Optical Engineering (SPIE), 2002).

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th edition (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).

808nm 40W CW laser diode array (Northrup Grumman Space Technologies, Cutting Edge Optronics, 2004), http://www.imclaser.com/pdf/808-CS-40W-single.pdf.

N. Hodgson and H. Weber, Optical Resonators (Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).

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