Abstract

We demonstrate a general procedure for varying the repetition rate of a modelocked Ti:sapphire laser using an asymmetric focusing geometry. Using this procedure, we have made an extended length cavity with a repetition rate of 45 MHz, and a reduced length cavity with a repetition rate of 275 MHz, each of which generates sub-20 fs pulses. This procedure allows the repetition rate of the laser to be more precisely tailored for a variety of applications without compromise in performance.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “60-fsec pulse generation from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 42–44 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. T. Asaki, C. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M.S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 175–188 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. H. Liau, A. N. Unterreiner, and N. F. Scherer, “Femtosecond-pulse cavity-dumped solid-state oscillator design and application to ultrafast microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7386–7392 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “A 36 nJ-15.5 MHz extended-cavity Ti:sapphire oscillator,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, Maryland, (1999).
  6. A. M. Kowalevicz, A. Tucay Zare, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, S. Dewald, U. Morgner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Generation of 150-nJ pulses from a multiple-pass cavity Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:Al2O3 oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1597–1599 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. H. Sung, K. Hong, Y. H. Cha, and C. H. Nam, “13-fs, 1-MW Ti:Sapphire Laser Oscillator in a Long-Cavity Configuration,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L931–L934 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. G. Fox and T. Li, “Computer-simulation of laser resonators — retrospective view,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron.15, D74-xD74 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Chu, T. Liu, C. Sun, C. Lin, and H. Tsai, “Real-time second-harmonic-generation microscopy based on a 2-GHz repetition rate Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Express 11, 933–938 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-8-933.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, and H. Kurz, “Femtosecond Ti:sapphire ring laser with a 2-GHz repetition rate and its application in time-resolved spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 24, 996–998 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Bartels and H. Kurz, “Generation of a broadband continuum by a Ti:sapphire femtosecond oscillator with a 1-GHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1839–1841 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Ramaswamy-Paye and J. G. Fujimoto, “Compact dispersion-compensating geometry for Kerr-lens mode-locked femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1756–1758 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.
  14. A. Stingl, C. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, and F. Krausz, “Compact high-repetition-rate femtosecond lasers using chirped mirrors,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 66–67.
  15. V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri,“Closed form Gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365–370 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. O. E. Martinez and J. L. A. Chilla, “Self-mode-locking of Ti:sapphire lasers: a matrix formalism,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1210–1212 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. I. P. Christov, V. Stoev, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “Mode-locking with a compensated space-time astigmatism,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2111–2113 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, C. P. Huang, and J. P. Zhou, “Space-Time Focusing of Femtosecond Pulses in a Ti-Sapphire Laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 309–311 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. Penzkofer, M. Wittmann, M. Lorenz, E. Siegert, and S. Macnamara, “Kerr lens effects in a folded-cavity four-mirror linear resonator,” Opt. Quantum. Electron. 28, 423–442 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  21. H. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. Uemura and K Miyazaki, “Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser pumped by a single diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 138, 330–332 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J.-M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly Compact and Efficient Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  24. R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, “Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses — frequency-resolved optical gating.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 11 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2002 (3)

J. H. Sung, K. Hong, Y. H. Cha, and C. H. Nam, “13-fs, 1-MW Ti:Sapphire Laser Oscillator in a Long-Cavity Configuration,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L931–L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly Compact and Efficient Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Bartels and H. Kurz, “Generation of a broadband continuum by a Ti:sapphire femtosecond oscillator with a 1-GHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1839–1841 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1997 (2)

S. Uemura and K Miyazaki, “Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser pumped by a single diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 138, 330–332 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M.S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Penzkofer, M. Wittmann, M. Lorenz, E. Siegert, and S. Macnamara, “Kerr lens effects in a folded-cavity four-mirror linear resonator,” Opt. Quantum. Electron. 28, 423–442 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1994 (2)

M. Ramaswamy-Paye and J. G. Fujimoto, “Compact dispersion-compensating geometry for Kerr-lens mode-locked femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1756–1758 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri,“Closed form Gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365–370 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, “Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses — frequency-resolved optical gating.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 11 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Asaki, C. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

1972 (1)

H. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Agate, B.

J.-M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly Compact and Efficient Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Angelow, G.

Asaki, M. T.

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M.S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, A.

Brabec, T.

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri,“Closed form Gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365–370 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cha, Y. H.

J. H. Sung, K. Hong, Y. H. Cha, and C. H. Nam, “13-fs, 1-MW Ti:Sapphire Laser Oscillator in a Long-Cavity Configuration,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L931–L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chilla, J. L. A.

Christov, I. P.

Chu, S.

Curley, P. F.

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri,“Closed form Gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365–370 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, T.

Dewald, S.

Dienes, A.

H. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Fox, A. G.

A. G. Fox and T. Li, “Computer-simulation of laser resonators — retrospective view,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron.15, D74-xD74 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Garvey, D.

Hatani, T.

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.

Hikita, T.

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.

Hong, K.

J. H. Sung, K. Hong, Y. H. Cha, and C. H. Nam, “13-fs, 1-MW Ti:Sapphire Laser Oscillator in a Long-Cavity Configuration,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L931–L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, J.-M.

J.-M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly Compact and Efficient Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.

Huang, C. P.

Ippen, E. P.

H. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Izumida, S.

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, “Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses — frequency-resolved optical gating.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 11 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kean, P. N.

Keller, U.

J.-M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly Compact and Efficient Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A. J.

J.-M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly Compact and Efficient Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kowalevicz, A. M.

Krausz, F.

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Stingl, C. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, and F. Krausz, “Compact high-repetition-rate femtosecond lasers using chirped mirrors,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 66–67.

Kurz, H.

Li, T.

A. G. Fox and T. Li, “Computer-simulation of laser resonators — retrospective view,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron.15, D74-xD74 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Liau, Y. H.

Libertun, A. R.

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “A 36 nJ-15.5 MHz extended-cavity Ti:sapphire oscillator,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, Maryland, (1999).

Lin, C.

Liu, C.

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.

Liu, T.

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.

Lorenz, M.

A. Penzkofer, M. Wittmann, M. Lorenz, E. Siegert, and S. Macnamara, “Kerr lens effects in a folded-cavity four-mirror linear resonator,” Opt. Quantum. Electron. 28, 423–442 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Macnamara, S.

A. Penzkofer, M. Wittmann, M. Lorenz, E. Siegert, and S. Macnamara, “Kerr lens effects in a folded-cavity four-mirror linear resonator,” Opt. Quantum. Electron. 28, 423–442 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Magni, V.

V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri,“Closed form Gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365–370 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

Miyazaki, K

S. Uemura and K Miyazaki, “Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser pumped by a single diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 138, 330–332 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Murnane, M.

Murnane, M. M.

Nakagawa, T.

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.

Nam, C. H.

J. H. Sung, K. Hong, Y. H. Cha, and C. H. Nam, “13-fs, 1-MW Ti:Sapphire Laser Oscillator in a Long-Cavity Configuration,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L931–L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Penzkofer, A.

A. Penzkofer, M. Wittmann, M. Lorenz, E. Siegert, and S. Macnamara, “Kerr lens effects in a folded-cavity four-mirror linear resonator,” Opt. Quantum. Electron. 28, 423–442 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pshenichnikov, M.S.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M.S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy-Paye, M.

Sarukura, N.

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.

Scherer, N. F.

Scheuer, V.

Segawa, Y.

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.

Shank, C. V.

H. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, R.

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “A 36 nJ-15.5 MHz extended-cavity Ti:sapphire oscillator,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, Maryland, (1999).

Sibbett, W.

J.-M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly Compact and Efficient Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “60-fsec pulse generation from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 42–44 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siegert, E.

A. Penzkofer, M. Wittmann, M. Lorenz, E. Siegert, and S. Macnamara, “Kerr lens effects in a folded-cavity four-mirror linear resonator,” Opt. Quantum. Electron. 28, 423–442 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, C.

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Stingl, C. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, and F. Krausz, “Compact high-repetition-rate femtosecond lasers using chirped mirrors,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 66–67.

Stingl, A.

A. Stingl, C. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, and F. Krausz, “Compact high-repetition-rate femtosecond lasers using chirped mirrors,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 66–67.

Stoev, V.

Sugaya, T.

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.

Sugiyama, Y.

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.

Sun, C.

Sung, J. H.

J. H. Sung, K. Hong, Y. H. Cha, and C. H. Nam, “13-fs, 1-MW Ti:Sapphire Laser Oscillator in a Long-Cavity Configuration,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L931–L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Szipocs, R.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M.S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Szipöcs, R.

A. Stingl, C. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, and F. Krausz, “Compact high-repetition-rate femtosecond lasers using chirped mirrors,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 66–67.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, “Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses — frequency-resolved optical gating.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 11 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, H.

Tucay Zare, A.

Uemura, S.

S. Uemura and K Miyazaki, “Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser pumped by a single diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 138, 330–332 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Unterreiner, A. N.

Valentine, G. J.

J.-M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly Compact and Efficient Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M.S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. A.

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M.S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wittmann, M.

A. Penzkofer, M. Wittmann, M. Lorenz, E. Siegert, and S. Macnamara, “Kerr lens effects in a folded-cavity four-mirror linear resonator,” Opt. Quantum. Electron. 28, 423–442 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Zhou, J. P.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M.S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipocs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 65, 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (3)

C. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 30, 1100–1114 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Hopkins, G. J. Valentine, B. Agate, A. J. Kemp, U. Keller, and W. Sibbett, “Highly Compact and Efficient Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 360–368 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for CW dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, “Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses — frequency-resolved optical gating.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 11 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. H. Sung, K. Hong, Y. H. Cha, and C. H. Nam, “13-fs, 1-MW Ti:Sapphire Laser Oscillator in a Long-Cavity Configuration,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L931–L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Uemura and K Miyazaki, “Femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser pumped by a single diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 138, 330–332 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri,“Closed form Gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365–370 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (9)

A. M. Kowalevicz, A. Tucay Zare, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, S. Dewald, U. Morgner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Generation of 150-nJ pulses from a multiple-pass cavity Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:Al2O3 oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1597–1599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, and H. Kurz, “Femtosecond Ti:sapphire ring laser with a 2-GHz repetition rate and its application in time-resolved spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 24, 996–998 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Bartels and H. Kurz, “Generation of a broadband continuum by a Ti:sapphire femtosecond oscillator with a 1-GHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1839–1841 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “60-fsec pulse generation from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 42–44 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Asaki, C. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
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M. Ramaswamy-Paye and J. G. Fujimoto, “Compact dispersion-compensating geometry for Kerr-lens mode-locked femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1756–1758 (1994).
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I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, C. P. Huang, and J. P. Zhou, “Space-Time Focusing of Femtosecond Pulses in a Ti-Sapphire Laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 309–311 (1995).
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Opt. Quantum. Electron. (1)

A. Penzkofer, M. Wittmann, M. Lorenz, E. Siegert, and S. Macnamara, “Kerr lens effects in a folded-cavity four-mirror linear resonator,” Opt. Quantum. Electron. 28, 423–442 (1996).
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Other (4)

A. R. Libertun, R. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “A 36 nJ-15.5 MHz extended-cavity Ti:sapphire oscillator,” presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, Maryland, (1999).

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[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, C. Liu, N. Sarukura, T. Hikita, Y. Segawa, T. Hatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and Y. Sugiyama, “1-GHz repetition-rate mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a saturable Bragg reflector,” Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 29.

A. Stingl, C. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, and F. Krausz, “Compact high-repetition-rate femtosecond lasers using chirped mirrors,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro -Optics, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 66–67.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Diagram of the standard Ti:sapphire cavity.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Diagram of the low repetition rate cavity.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) The deconvolved pulse width and (b) experimental spectrum for the low repetition rate laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Diagram of the high repetition rate cavity.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) The deconvolved pulse width and (b) experimental spectrum for the high repetition rate laser.

Tables (2)

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Table 1. Cavity parameters for ABCD matrices

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Table 2. Astigmatism compensation angles

Equations (4)

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( 1 R ( R 4 ( L + d ) + 8 Ld R ) 2 R ( R ( L + d ) 4 Ld 2 d 2 + 4 Ld 2 R ) 4 R ( 2 L R 1 ) 1 R ( R 4 ( L + d ) + 8 Ld R ) ) .
( 1 0 4 R ( 2 L R 1 ) 1 ) .
L b = 1 2 [ ( R b R a ) 2 ( 2 L a R a ) + R b ] .
cos θ = 1 c 2 n L R ( 1 n L 2 1 ) 1 R ( l c 2 n L ) 2 ( 1 1 n L 2 ) 2 + R 2

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