Abstract

Appropriate eye protection is a prerequisite for the safe operation of ultrashort laser systems in industrial and laboratory environments. In this paper we report on the measurement of the transmission of ion-doped phosphate glass filters for pulses having a center wavelength of 800nm, a duration of 10fs to 1.2ps and a fluence range of 0.01 to 30J/cm2. The measurements suggest, that the filter material preserves its protective features over the whole range. Saturation of absorption was only observed in the picosecond pulse duration range.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Koschinski, A. Schirmacher, and E. Sutter, “Induced transmittance of eye-protective laser filters,” J. Laser Applications 10, 126–130 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Schirmacher, E. Sutter, O. Werhahn, U. Siegner, and A. Nevejina-Sturhahn, “Investigation of the irradiance dependent spectral transmittance of laser filters in the nanosecond and femtosecond impulse regime in the wavelength range between 700nm and 800nm,” Int. Laser Safety Conference2003
  3. M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, “Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076–4079 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. Schirmacher and E. Sutter, “Induced transmittance in alexandrite laser-eyeprotectros - a survey of different types of laser filters,” Optics and Laser Technology 33, 359–362 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetiton rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1565 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Krüger, M. Lenzner, S. Martin, M. Lenner, C. Spielmann, A. Fiedler, and W. Kautek, “Single- and multi-pulse femtosecond laser ablation of optical filter materials,” Applied Surface Science 208–209, 233–237 (2003).
    [Crossref]

2003 (1)

J. Krüger, M. Lenzner, S. Martin, M. Lenner, C. Spielmann, A. Fiedler, and W. Kautek, “Single- and multi-pulse femtosecond laser ablation of optical filter materials,” Applied Surface Science 208–209, 233–237 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

A. Schirmacher and E. Sutter, “Induced transmittance in alexandrite laser-eyeprotectros - a survey of different types of laser filters,” Optics and Laser Technology 33, 359–362 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

W. Koschinski, A. Schirmacher, and E. Sutter, “Induced transmittance of eye-protective laser filters,” J. Laser Applications 10, 126–130 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, “Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076–4079 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Z.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, “Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076–4079 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetiton rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1565 (1997).
[Crossref]

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferencz, K.

Fiedler, A.

J. Krüger, M. Lenzner, S. Martin, M. Lenner, C. Spielmann, A. Fiedler, and W. Kautek, “Single- and multi-pulse femtosecond laser ablation of optical filter materials,” Applied Surface Science 208–209, 233–237 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kautek, W.

J. Krüger, M. Lenzner, S. Martin, M. Lenner, C. Spielmann, A. Fiedler, and W. Kautek, “Single- and multi-pulse femtosecond laser ablation of optical filter materials,” Applied Surface Science 208–209, 233–237 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, “Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076–4079 (1998).
[Crossref]

Koschinski, W.

W. Koschinski, A. Schirmacher, and E. Sutter, “Induced transmittance of eye-protective laser filters,” J. Laser Applications 10, 126–130 (1998).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, “Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076–4079 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetiton rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1565 (1997).
[Crossref]

Krüger, J.

J. Krüger, M. Lenzner, S. Martin, M. Lenner, C. Spielmann, A. Fiedler, and W. Kautek, “Single- and multi-pulse femtosecond laser ablation of optical filter materials,” Applied Surface Science 208–209, 233–237 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, “Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076–4079 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lenner, M.

J. Krüger, M. Lenzner, S. Martin, M. Lenner, C. Spielmann, A. Fiedler, and W. Kautek, “Single- and multi-pulse femtosecond laser ablation of optical filter materials,” Applied Surface Science 208–209, 233–237 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lenzner, M.

J. Krüger, M. Lenzner, S. Martin, M. Lenner, C. Spielmann, A. Fiedler, and W. Kautek, “Single- and multi-pulse femtosecond laser ablation of optical filter materials,” Applied Surface Science 208–209, 233–237 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, “Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076–4079 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetiton rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1565 (1997).
[Crossref]

Martin, S.

J. Krüger, M. Lenzner, S. Martin, M. Lenner, C. Spielmann, A. Fiedler, and W. Kautek, “Single- and multi-pulse femtosecond laser ablation of optical filter materials,” Applied Surface Science 208–209, 233–237 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, “Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076–4079 (1998).
[Crossref]

Nevejina-Sturhahn, A.

A. Schirmacher, E. Sutter, O. Werhahn, U. Siegner, and A. Nevejina-Sturhahn, “Investigation of the irradiance dependent spectral transmittance of laser filters in the nanosecond and femtosecond impulse regime in the wavelength range between 700nm and 800nm,” Int. Laser Safety Conference2003

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sartania, S.

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, “Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076–4079 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetiton rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1565 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schirmacher, A.

A. Schirmacher and E. Sutter, “Induced transmittance in alexandrite laser-eyeprotectros - a survey of different types of laser filters,” Optics and Laser Technology 33, 359–362 (2001).
[Crossref]

W. Koschinski, A. Schirmacher, and E. Sutter, “Induced transmittance of eye-protective laser filters,” J. Laser Applications 10, 126–130 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Schirmacher, E. Sutter, O. Werhahn, U. Siegner, and A. Nevejina-Sturhahn, “Investigation of the irradiance dependent spectral transmittance of laser filters in the nanosecond and femtosecond impulse regime in the wavelength range between 700nm and 800nm,” Int. Laser Safety Conference2003

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siegner, U.

A. Schirmacher, E. Sutter, O. Werhahn, U. Siegner, and A. Nevejina-Sturhahn, “Investigation of the irradiance dependent spectral transmittance of laser filters in the nanosecond and femtosecond impulse regime in the wavelength range between 700nm and 800nm,” Int. Laser Safety Conference2003

Spielmann, C.

J. Krüger, M. Lenzner, S. Martin, M. Lenner, C. Spielmann, A. Fiedler, and W. Kautek, “Single- and multi-pulse femtosecond laser ablation of optical filter materials,” Applied Surface Science 208–209, 233–237 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, “Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076–4079 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetiton rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1565 (1997).
[Crossref]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sutter, E.

A. Schirmacher and E. Sutter, “Induced transmittance in alexandrite laser-eyeprotectros - a survey of different types of laser filters,” Optics and Laser Technology 33, 359–362 (2001).
[Crossref]

W. Koschinski, A. Schirmacher, and E. Sutter, “Induced transmittance of eye-protective laser filters,” J. Laser Applications 10, 126–130 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Schirmacher, E. Sutter, O. Werhahn, U. Siegner, and A. Nevejina-Sturhahn, “Investigation of the irradiance dependent spectral transmittance of laser filters in the nanosecond and femtosecond impulse regime in the wavelength range between 700nm and 800nm,” Int. Laser Safety Conference2003

Tempea, G.

Werhahn, O.

A. Schirmacher, E. Sutter, O. Werhahn, U. Siegner, and A. Nevejina-Sturhahn, “Investigation of the irradiance dependent spectral transmittance of laser filters in the nanosecond and femtosecond impulse regime in the wavelength range between 700nm and 800nm,” Int. Laser Safety Conference2003

Applied Surface Science (1)

J. Krüger, M. Lenzner, S. Martin, M. Lenner, C. Spielmann, A. Fiedler, and W. Kautek, “Single- and multi-pulse femtosecond laser ablation of optical filter materials,” Applied Surface Science 208–209, 233–237 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Laser Applications (1)

W. Koschinski, A. Schirmacher, and E. Sutter, “Induced transmittance of eye-protective laser filters,” J. Laser Applications 10, 126–130 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optics and Laser Technology (1)

A. Schirmacher and E. Sutter, “Induced transmittance in alexandrite laser-eyeprotectros - a survey of different types of laser filters,” Optics and Laser Technology 33, 359–362 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, “Femtosecond optical breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4076–4079 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Laser induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. Schirmacher, E. Sutter, O. Werhahn, U. Siegner, and A. Nevejina-Sturhahn, “Investigation of the irradiance dependent spectral transmittance of laser filters in the nanosecond and femtosecond impulse regime in the wavelength range between 700nm and 800nm,” Int. Laser Safety Conference2003

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Measured spectra for the pulses having a duration of ≥25fs (dashed line) and 10fs (dotted line) and the transmission curve (solid line) for a 0.5mm thick filter sample.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured single shot transmission as a function of fluence and pulse duration for a 0.5mm thick sample. The total fluence range can be divided in four subranges: I) linear range, II) fluence above damage fluence and below saturation fluence, III) fluence above saturation fluence and below damage fluence (only for 1.2ps-pulses), and IV) fluence much larger than the damage fluence.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured transmission of the 0.5mm thick filter sample as a function of fluence for a pulse duration of 25 fs and an increasing number of laser shots on the same spot.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured transmission of the 0.5mm thick filter sample as a function of fluence for a pulse duration of 1.2 ps and an increasing number of laser shots on the same spot.

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