Abstract

Besides coherence degradations, supercontinuum spectra generated in birefringent photonic crystal fibers also suffer from polarization fluctuations because of noise in the input pump pulse. This paper describes an experimental study of polarization properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in a birefringent photonic crystal fiber, validating previous numerical simulations.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, �??Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,�?? Opt. Lett. 25, 25�??27 (2000).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  6. X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O�??Shea, A. P. Shreenath, R. Trebino, and R. S. Windeler, �??Frequencyresolved optical gating and single-shot spectral measurements reveal fine structure in microstructure-fiber continuum,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1174�??1176 (2002).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. N. R. Newbury, B. R.Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S.Windeler, �??Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 944�??946 (2003).
  12. X. Gu, M. Kimmel, A. P. Shreenath, R. Trebino, J. M. Dudley, S. Cohen, and R. S. Windeler, �??Experimental studies of the coherence of microstructure-fiber supercontinuum,�?? Opt. Express 11, 2697�??2703 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-21-2697">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-21-2697</a>.
  13. Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, �??Polarization properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in birefringent photonic crystal fibers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 249�??257 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, �??Full-vectorial finite-difference analysis of microstructured optical fibers,�?? Opt. Express 10, 853�??864 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-17-853">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-17-853</a>.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753�??764 (2002).

Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, �??Polarization properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in birefringent photonic crystal fibers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 249�??257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, �??Full-vectorial finite-difference analysis of microstructured optical fibers,�?? Opt. Express 10, 853�??864 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-17-853">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-17-853</a>.

X. Gu, M. Kimmel, A. P. Shreenath, R. Trebino, J. M. Dudley, S. Cohen, and R. S. Windeler, �??Experimental studies of the coherence of microstructure-fiber supercontinuum,�?? Opt. Express 11, 2697�??2703 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-21-2697">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-21-2697</a>.

Opt. Lett. (6)

N. R. Newbury, B. R.Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S.Windeler, �??Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 944�??946 (2003).

J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, �??Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1180�??1182 (2002).

A. L. Gaeta, �??Nonlinear propagation and continuum generation in microstructured optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 924�??926 (2002).

X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O�??Shea, A. P. Shreenath, R. Trebino, and R. S. Windeler, �??Frequencyresolved optical gating and single-shot spectral measurements reveal fine structure in microstructure-fiber continuum,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1174�??1176 (2002).

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, �??Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,�?? Opt. Lett. 25, 25�??27 (2000).

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, �??Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 608�??610 (2001).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. H¨ansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264�??2267 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, �??Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, �??Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Webber, and R. S. Windeler, �??Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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