Abstract

Recently, a simple common-path, two-color interferometer has been used for Doppler-free saturated dispersion spectroscopy of iodine. We have used such a set-up to stabilize a Nd:YAG laser for the first time, to our knowledge. This method requires only a small number of low-cost optical components compared to frequency modulation techniques. We have measured a root Allan variance of 5·10-12 for 0.2 s, and below 5·10-11 for integration times up to 300 s.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. Storz, C. Braxmaier, K. Jäck, O. Pradl, and S. Schiller, “Ultrahigh long-term dimensional stability of a Sapphire cryogenic optical resonator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1031–1033 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Arie and R. L. Byer, “Laser heterodyne spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1990–1997 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  3. K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, and A. Lassila, “Frequency stabilization of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm to iodine by using third-harmonic technique,” IEEE Trans. on Instr. and Meas. 52, 284–287 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. H. Matsumoto and T. Honda, “Modulation-free iodine-stabilized green YAG laser with a common-path interferometer,” Opt. Commun.,  127, 283–287 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  5. N. P. Robins, B. J. J. Slagmolen, D. A. Shaddock, J. D. Close, and M. B. Gray, “Interferometric, modulation-free laser stabilization,” Opt. Lett.,  27, 1905–1907 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  6. F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Modulation-free saturated dispersion spectroscopy of I2 using a common-path two-colour interferometer with a Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1918–1919 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. J. Wallard, “Frequency stabilization of helium-neon laser by saturated absorption in iodine vapour,” J. Phys. E: Scient. Instr. 5, 926–930 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. W. Allan, “Statistics of atomic frequency standards,” Proc. IEEE 54221–230 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. D. Welch, “The use of fast Fourier transform for estimation of power spectra: A method based on time averaging over short, modified periodogramms,” IEEE Trans. Audio and Electroacoust. AU-15, 70–73(1967)
    [Crossref]

2003 (1)

K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, and A. Lassila, “Frequency stabilization of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm to iodine by using third-harmonic technique,” IEEE Trans. on Instr. and Meas. 52, 284–287 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Modulation-free saturated dispersion spectroscopy of I2 using a common-path two-colour interferometer with a Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1918–1919 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

H. Matsumoto and T. Honda, “Modulation-free iodine-stabilized green YAG laser with a common-path interferometer,” Opt. Commun.,  127, 283–287 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1972 (1)

A. J. Wallard, “Frequency stabilization of helium-neon laser by saturated absorption in iodine vapour,” J. Phys. E: Scient. Instr. 5, 926–930 (1972).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

P. D. Welch, “The use of fast Fourier transform for estimation of power spectra: A method based on time averaging over short, modified periodogramms,” IEEE Trans. Audio and Electroacoust. AU-15, 70–73(1967)
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

D. W. Allan, “Statistics of atomic frequency standards,” Proc. IEEE 54221–230 (1966).
[Crossref]

Allan, D. W.

D. W. Allan, “Statistics of atomic frequency standards,” Proc. IEEE 54221–230 (1966).
[Crossref]

Arie, A.

Braxmaier, C.

Byer, R. L.

Close, J. D.

Gray, M. B.

Honda, T.

H. Matsumoto and T. Honda, “Modulation-free iodine-stabilized green YAG laser with a common-path interferometer,” Opt. Commun.,  127, 283–287 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hong, F.-L.

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Modulation-free saturated dispersion spectroscopy of I2 using a common-path two-colour interferometer with a Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1918–1919 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jäck, K.

Lassila, A.

K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, and A. Lassila, “Frequency stabilization of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm to iodine by using third-harmonic technique,” IEEE Trans. on Instr. and Meas. 52, 284–287 (2003).
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, H.

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Modulation-free saturated dispersion spectroscopy of I2 using a common-path two-colour interferometer with a Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1918–1919 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Matsumoto and T. Honda, “Modulation-free iodine-stabilized green YAG laser with a common-path interferometer,” Opt. Commun.,  127, 283–287 (1996).
[Crossref]

Merimaa, M.

K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, and A. Lassila, “Frequency stabilization of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm to iodine by using third-harmonic technique,” IEEE Trans. on Instr. and Meas. 52, 284–287 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nyholm, K.

K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, and A. Lassila, “Frequency stabilization of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm to iodine by using third-harmonic technique,” IEEE Trans. on Instr. and Meas. 52, 284–287 (2003).
[Crossref]

Onae, A.

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Modulation-free saturated dispersion spectroscopy of I2 using a common-path two-colour interferometer with a Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1918–1919 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pradl, O.

Robins, N. P.

Schiller, S.

Shaddock, D. A.

Slagmolen, B. J. J.

Storz, R.

Wallard, A. J.

A. J. Wallard, “Frequency stabilization of helium-neon laser by saturated absorption in iodine vapour,” J. Phys. E: Scient. Instr. 5, 926–930 (1972).
[Crossref]

Welch, P. D.

P. D. Welch, “The use of fast Fourier transform for estimation of power spectra: A method based on time averaging over short, modified periodogramms,” IEEE Trans. Audio and Electroacoust. AU-15, 70–73(1967)
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Audio and Electroacoust. (1)

P. D. Welch, “The use of fast Fourier transform for estimation of power spectra: A method based on time averaging over short, modified periodogramms,” IEEE Trans. Audio and Electroacoust. AU-15, 70–73(1967)
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. on Instr. and Meas. (1)

K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, and A. Lassila, “Frequency stabilization of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm to iodine by using third-harmonic technique,” IEEE Trans. on Instr. and Meas. 52, 284–287 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. E: Scient. Instr. (1)

A. J. Wallard, “Frequency stabilization of helium-neon laser by saturated absorption in iodine vapour,” J. Phys. E: Scient. Instr. 5, 926–930 (1972).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Modulation-free saturated dispersion spectroscopy of I2 using a common-path two-colour interferometer with a Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1918–1919 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Matsumoto and T. Honda, “Modulation-free iodine-stabilized green YAG laser with a common-path interferometer,” Opt. Commun.,  127, 283–287 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. W. Allan, “Statistics of atomic frequency standards,” Proc. IEEE 54221–230 (1966).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of frequency stabilized Nd:YAG laser with a common-path, two-color interferometer. For further details see text.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Bandpass-filtered modulation-free dispersion signal of the a 1 component of the R(56)32-0 iodine line.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Low-pass-filtered error signals of the R(56)32-0 iodine line for frequency stabilization.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Time series of the beat frequency of the stabilized and unstabilized Nd:YAG laser (a). Stabilized laser frequency measurement on a fine frequency scale (b).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Linear spectral density (a) and root Allan variance (b) of the stabilized and unstabilized laser frequency.

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