Abstract

We report a new design of single-shot cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating (XFROG) with sub femto-joule sensitivity for complete field characterization of ultrashort optical pulse using a 400-nm-pumped type-I noncollinear optical parametric amplifier. Optical parametric gain as high as 108 with 0.8–0.9 femto-joules sensitivity had been demonstrated with an un-cooled CCD in this study. The experimental FROG traces have been successfully retrieved with an error no worse than 0.0014. The device had been to be useful for studying the generation mechanism of white-light supercontinuum (WLS).

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. keller, �??Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,�?? Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. L. Smith and J. H. Bechtel, �??�??Laser-induced breakdown and nonlinear refractive index measurements in phosphate glasses, lanthanum beryllate, and Al2O3,�??�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 606�??607 (1976).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Kenneth W. Delong, David N. Fittinghoff, and Rick Trebino, �??Practical issues in ultrashort laser-pulse measurement using frequency-resolved optical gating,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1253-1264 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am B (1)

A. Sullivan, W. E. White, K. C. Chu, J. P. Heritage, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, �??Quantitative investigation of optical phase-measuring techniques for ultrashort pulse lasers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am B 13,1965- 1978 (1996)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

R. Huber, H. Satzger, W. Zinth, and J. Wachtveitl, �??Noncollinear optical parametric amplifier with output parameters improved by the application of a white light continuum generated in CaF2,�?? Opt. Commun. 194, 443-448 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rivet S, Martin MO, Canioni L, Sarger L, �??Complete pulse characterization: measurements of linear and nonlinear properties,�?? Opt. Commun. 181, 425-435 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Physica Status Solidi B (1)

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, �??XFROG-a new method for amplitude and phase characterization of weak ultrashort pulses,�?? Physica Status Solidi B Conference Title: Phys. Status Solidi B (Germany) 206, 119-124 (1998).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

Rick Trebino, Kenneth W. DeLong, David N. Fittinghoff, John N. Sweetser, Marco A. Krumbügel, Bruce A. Richman, and Daniel J. Kane, �??Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,�??Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Ultrafast Phenomena XIII (1)

Ultrafast Phenomena XIII: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference, D. R. Miller, M. M. Murnane, N. F. Scherer, A. M. Weiner, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2003).

Other (2)

Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses, Rick Trebino, ed. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Chao-Kuei Lee, Jing-yuan Zhang, J. Y. Huang, and C. L. Pan, �??High-gain and highly simplified device for single-shot XFROG measurement of extremely weak ultrashort pulse from the visible to the infrared,�?? (to be submitted in 2003)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup of a single-shot XFROG apparatus for characterizing ultrashort optical field with extremely low intensity via high-gain optical parametric amplifier

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured and (b) retrieved OPA-FROG traces at a seeding wavelength of 640 nm. The retrieved error is about 0.0013

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(c) Field profile of the seeding pulse at 640 nm (solid curve with red color) and the corresponding temporal phase (open symbols) are retrieved from the OPA-XFROG trace shown in Fig. 2(a). The pump field profile (solid curve with blue color) at 400 nm with 52-fs FWHM pulse duration is included for comparison

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Measured and (b) retrieved OPA-FROG traces at an idler wavelength near 840 nm. The retrieved error is about 0.0014.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(c) Field profile of the seeding pulse at 840 nm (solid curve) and the corresponding temporal phase (dashed curve) are retrieved from the OPA-XFROG trace shown in Fig. 3(a)

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured and retrieved OPA-FROG traces at an idler wavelength of 840 nm from a supercontinuum white light generator pumped by 1-kHz 52-fs pulses @ 800-nm with an averaged power of 1.5 mW.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured OPA-FROG trace at an idler wavelength of 840 nm from a highly excited super continuum white light generator pumped by 1-kHz 52-fs pulses @ 800-nm with an averaged power of 4 mW

Equations (1)

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Δ τ = d ( 1 cos α ) / v .

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