Abstract

We demonstrate a PPLN based pump-enhanced, singly-resonant optical parametric oscillator configured in a traveling wave geometry and pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser. The inclusion of a low finesse etalon within the OPO cavity stabilizes the signal frequency, and rotation of the etalon allows this frequency to be systematically hopped from axial mode to nearest neighbor axial mode over the entire free spectral range of the etalon (83GHz). Tuning of the pump frequency allows the signal frequency to be smoothly tuned over a cavity free spectral range. More than 35mW of single frequency idler power was generated in the spectral range 2800–3000nm for 600mW pump power. The superiority of traveling wave over standing wave geometries in these regards is discussed.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  26. HITRAN data base, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/HITRAN/.

2003 (2)

2002 (3)

2001 (3)

2000 (2)

A. J. Henderson, P. M. Roper, L. A. Borchowa, and R. D. Mead, “Stable, continuously tunable operation of a diode-pumped doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett 25, 1265–1266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, D. McGloin, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Extended mode-hop-free tuning by use of a dual-cavity, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 25, 341–43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1998 (3)

D. Chen, D. Hinkley, J. Pyo, J. Swenson, and R. Fields, “Single-frequency low-threshold continuous-wave 3-µm periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1693–97 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilisation of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection using a cw single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 741–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (3)

1995 (2)

1994 (2)

G. Robertson, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave singly resonant pump-enhanced type II LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1735–37 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave, dual-cavity, doubly resonant, optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1490–92 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser Phase and Frequency Stabilisation Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl, Phys, B-Lasers and Optics 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, J. I.

Al-Tahtamouni, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilisation of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

Arie, A.

Armstrong, K. M.

Basum, G. v.

A. Popp, F. Muller, S. Schiller, G. v. Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, M. Murtz, and F. Kuhnemann, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. 75, 751–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Beier, B.

Bencheikh, K.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilisation of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bisson, S. E.

Boller, K.-J.

Borchowa, L. A.

A. J. Henderson, P. M. Roper, L. A. Borchowa, and R. D. Mead, “Stable, continuously tunable operation of a diode-pumped doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett 25, 1265–1266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Braxmaier, C.

Byer, R. L.

Chen, D.

Colville, F. G.

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave, dual-cavity, doubly resonant, optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1490–92 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dahnke, H.

A. Popp, F. Muller, S. Schiller, G. v. Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, M. Murtz, and F. Kuhnemann, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. 75, 751–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, D.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser Phase and Frequency Stabilisation Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl, Phys, B-Lasers and Optics 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Drobshoff, A.

Dunn, M. H.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

Eckardt, R. C.

Edwards, T. J.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. A. Turnbull, T. J. Edwards, D. J. M. Stothard, I. D. Lindsay, and M. H. Dunn, “Intracavity continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 1499–1511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fields, R.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser Phase and Frequency Stabilisation Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl, Phys, B-Lasers and Optics 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, G. M.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser Phase and Frequency Stabilisation Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl, Phys, B-Lasers and Optics 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hanson, F.

Harren, F. J. M.

Hartings, M.

Hecker, A.

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection using a cw single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 741–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hekkert, S. L.

Henderson, A. J.

A. J. Henderson, P. M. Roper, L. A. Borchowa, and R. D. Mead, “Stable, continuously tunable operation of a diode-pumped doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett 25, 1265–1266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hering, P.

A. Popp, F. Muller, S. Schiller, G. v. Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, M. Murtz, and F. Kuhnemann, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. 75, 751–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hinkley, D.

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser Phase and Frequency Stabilisation Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl, Phys, B-Lasers and Optics 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. E.

Knappe, R.

Kovalchuk, E. V.

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser Phase and Frequency Stabilisation Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl, Phys, B-Lasers and Optics 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kramper, P.

Kuhnemann, F.

F. Muller, A. Popp, F. Kuhnemann, and S. Schiller, “Transportable, highly-sensitive photoacoustic spectrometer based on a continuous-wave dual-cavity optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 11, 2820–25 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2820
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Popp, F. Muller, S. Schiller, G. v. Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, M. Murtz, and F. Kuhnemann, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. 75, 751–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection using a cw single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 741–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kulp, T. J.

Lang, M.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilisation of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.-H.

Lindsay, I. D.

Lvovsky, A. I.

Martis, A. A. E.

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection using a cw single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 741–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McGloin, D.

Mead, R. D.

A. J. Henderson, P. M. Roper, L. A. Borchowa, and R. D. Mead, “Stable, continuously tunable operation of a diode-pumped doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett 25, 1265–1266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

Mlynek, J.

Muller, F.

F. Muller, A. Popp, F. Kuhnemann, and S. Schiller, “Transportable, highly-sensitive photoacoustic spectrometer based on a continuous-wave dual-cavity optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 11, 2820–25 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2820
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Popp, F. Muller, S. Schiller, G. v. Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, M. Murtz, and F. Kuhnemann, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. 75, 751–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser Phase and Frequency Stabilisation Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl, Phys, B-Lasers and Optics 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Murtz, M.

A. Popp, F. Muller, S. Schiller, G. v. Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, M. Murtz, and F. Kuhnemann, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. 75, 751–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L. E.

Padgett, M. J.

Peters, A.

Pierce, J. W.

Poirier, P.

Popp, A.

F. Muller, A. Popp, F. Kuhnemann, and S. Schiller, “Transportable, highly-sensitive photoacoustic spectrometer based on a continuous-wave dual-cavity optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 11, 2820–25 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2820
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Popp, F. Muller, S. Schiller, G. v. Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, M. Murtz, and F. Kuhnemann, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. 75, 751–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pyo, J.

Rae, C. F.

Robertson, G.

Roper, P. M.

A. J. Henderson, P. M. Roper, L. A. Borchowa, and R. D. Mead, “Stable, continuously tunable operation of a diode-pumped doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett 25, 1265–1266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rosenman, G.

Scheidt, M.

Schiller, S.

F. Muller, A. Popp, F. Kuhnemann, and S. Schiller, “Transportable, highly-sensitive photoacoustic spectrometer based on a continuous-wave dual-cavity optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 11, 2820–25 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2820
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Stroβner, J.-P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, P. Urenski, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, “Single-frequency continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator system with an ultra wide tuning range of 550 to 2830nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1419–1424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Popp, F. Muller, S. Schiller, G. v. Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, M. Murtz, and F. Kuhnemann, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. 75, 751–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsy, A. I. Lvovsky, C. Braxmaier, J. Mlynek, A. Peters, and S. Schiller, “High-resolution Doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1430–1432 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection using a cw single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 741–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilisation of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Schneider, P. Kramper, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Toward an optical synthesizer: a single-frequency parametric oscillator using periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1293–95 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, K.

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection using a cw single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 741–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilisation of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Schneider, P. Kramper, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Toward an optical synthesizer: a single-frequency parametric oscillator using periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1293–95 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Storz, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilisation of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stothard, D. J. M.

I. D. Lindsay, D. J. M. Stothard, C. F. Rae, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled RbTiAsO4,” Opt. Express 11, 134–140 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-2-134
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. A. Turnbull, T. J. Edwards, D. J. M. Stothard, I. D. Lindsay, and M. H. Dunn, “Intracavity continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 1499–1511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stroßner, U.

Swenson, J.

Turnbull, G. A.

G. A. Turnbull, D. McGloin, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Extended mode-hop-free tuning by use of a dual-cavity, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 25, 341–43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. A. Turnbull, T. J. Edwards, D. J. M. Stothard, I. D. Lindsay, and M. H. Dunn, “Intracavity continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 1499–1511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Urban, W.

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection using a cw single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 741–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Urenski, P.

van Harpen, M.

Wallenstein, R.

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser Phase and Frequency Stabilisation Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl, Phys, B-Lasers and Optics 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl, Phys, B-Lasers and Optics (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser Phase and Frequency Stabilisation Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl, Phys, B-Lasers and Optics 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Popp, F. Muller, S. Schiller, G. v. Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, M. Murtz, and F. Kuhnemann, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. 75, 751–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

F. Kuhnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection using a cw single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 741–45 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilisation of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–39 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave, dual-cavity, doubly resonant, optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1490–92 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. A. Turnbull, T. J. Edwards, D. J. M. Stothard, I. D. Lindsay, and M. H. Dunn, “Intracavity continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 1499–1511 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett (1)

A. J. Henderson, P. M. Roper, L. A. Borchowa, and R. D. Mead, “Stable, continuously tunable operation of a diode-pumped doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett 25, 1265–1266 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (11)

G. A. Turnbull, D. McGloin, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Extended mode-hop-free tuning by use of a dual-cavity, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 25, 341–43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Robertson, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave singly resonant pump-enhanced type II LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1735–37 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Schneider, P. Kramper, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, “Toward an optical synthesizer: a single-frequency parametric oscillator using periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1293–95 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gibson, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4 and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 24, 397–9 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Klein, D.-H. Lee, J.-P. Meyn, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Singly resonant, continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1142–4 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and J. W. Pierce, “Multigrating quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillator in periodically poled LiNbO3, “Opt. Lett. 21, 591–3 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 21, 713–15 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, “93% pump depletion, 3.5W continuous-wave, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1336–38 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. V. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsy, A. I. Lvovsky, C. Braxmaier, J. Mlynek, A. Peters, and S. Schiller, “High-resolution Doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1430–1432 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Hanson, P. Poirier, and M. A. Arbore, “Single-frequency mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator source for coherent laser radar,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1794–96 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. van Harpen, S. L. Hekkert, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Wide single-mode tuning of a 3.0–3.8µm, 700mW, continuous-wave Nd:YAG-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27, 640–642 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

HITRAN data base, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/HITRAN/.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical parametric oscillator with ring resonator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Extracted idler power (mW) as a function of pump power (mW).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) and (b). Frequency selection by etalon rotation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) and (b). Smooth tuning of the signal between cavity modes by pump tuning.

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