Abstract

We present a totally fiber integrated chirped-pulse amplification system using air-core photonic bandgap fiber and a conventional erbium-doped fiber amplifier. ~40-ps input pulses, generated in a Mach-Zehnder modulator, were stretched and spectrally broadened in a dispersion-shifted fiber before being amplified and subsequently compressed in 10 m of anomalously-dispersive photonic bandgap fiber to yield ~960 fs pulses. The system gives multi-kilowatt peak powers while the amplifier nonlinearity threshold is as low as ~150 W. Higher peak powers could be obtained by the use of an amplifier with higher nonlinearity threshold.

©2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, and D. Harter, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Boskovic, M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, “All-fibre diode pumped, femtosecond chirped pulse amplification system,” Electron. Lett. 31, 877–878 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  4. G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. J. Mangan, and H. Sabert, “Properties of hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength,” Opt. Express 11, 1613–1620 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-14-1613
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air guidance over 345m large-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Postdeadline paper PD4-1, OFC 2003, (Optical Society of Amercia, Washington, D.C., 2003).
  6. D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitions in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, T. P. Hansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. Broeng, “All-fiber chirped pulse amplification using highly-dispersive air-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 11, 2832–2837 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2832
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “All fiber chirped-pulse amplification system based on compression in air-guiding photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 11, 3332–3337 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-24-3332
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics2nd Ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, 1995), Chap. 6
  10. C. Webb, “The early days of lasers,” Optics and Photonics News 14, 14–17 (2003).

2003 (5)

1995 (2)

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, and D. Harter, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Boskovic, M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, “All-fibre diode pumped, femtosecond chirped pulse amplification system,” Electron. Lett. 31, 877–878 (1995).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics2nd Ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, 1995), Chap. 6

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitions in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bjarklev, A.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air guidance over 345m large-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Postdeadline paper PD4-1, OFC 2003, (Optical Society of Amercia, Washington, D.C., 2003).

Boskovic, A.

A. Boskovic, M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, “All-fibre diode pumped, femtosecond chirped pulse amplification system,” Electron. Lett. 31, 877–878 (1995).
[Crossref]

Bouwmans, G.

Broeng, J.

C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, T. P. Hansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. Broeng, “All-fiber chirped pulse amplification using highly-dispersive air-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 11, 2832–2837 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2832
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air guidance over 345m large-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Postdeadline paper PD4-1, OFC 2003, (Optical Society of Amercia, Washington, D.C., 2003).

Chernikov, S. V.

A. Boskovic, M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, “All-fibre diode pumped, femtosecond chirped pulse amplification system,” Electron. Lett. 31, 877–878 (1995).
[Crossref]

de Matos, C. J. S.

Farr, L.

Fermann, M. E.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, and D. Harter, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

Folkenberg, J. R.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air guidance over 345m large-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Postdeadline paper PD4-1, OFC 2003, (Optical Society of Amercia, Washington, D.C., 2003).

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitions in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitions in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galvanauskas, A.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, and D. Harter, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

Guy, M. J.

A. Boskovic, M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, “All-fibre diode pumped, femtosecond chirped pulse amplification system,” Electron. Lett. 31, 877–878 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hansen, K. P.

Hansen, T. P.

C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, T. P. Hansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. Broeng, “All-fiber chirped pulse amplification using highly-dispersive air-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 11, 2832–2837 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2832
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air guidance over 345m large-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Postdeadline paper PD4-1, OFC 2003, (Optical Society of Amercia, Washington, D.C., 2003).

Harter, D.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, and D. Harter, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jakobsen, C.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air guidance over 345m large-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Postdeadline paper PD4-1, OFC 2003, (Optical Society of Amercia, Washington, D.C., 2003).

Kashyap, R.

A. Boskovic, M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, “All-fibre diode pumped, femtosecond chirped pulse amplification system,” Electron. Lett. 31, 877–878 (1995).
[Crossref]

Knight, J. C.

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitions in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Limpert, J.

Luan, F.

Mangan, B. J.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Müller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitions in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nielsen, M. D.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air guidance over 345m large-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Postdeadline paper PD4-1, OFC 2003, (Optical Society of Amercia, Washington, D.C., 2003).

Nolte, S.

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitions in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

Sabert, H.

Schreiber, T.

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitions in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simonsen, H. R.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air guidance over 345m large-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Postdeadline paper PD4-1, OFC 2003, (Optical Society of Amercia, Washington, D.C., 2003).

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air guidance over 345m large-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Postdeadline paper PD4-1, OFC 2003, (Optical Society of Amercia, Washington, D.C., 2003).

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J. R.

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitions in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitions in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vienne, G.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air guidance over 345m large-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Postdeadline paper PD4-1, OFC 2003, (Optical Society of Amercia, Washington, D.C., 2003).

Webb, C.

C. Webb, “The early days of lasers,” Optics and Photonics News 14, 14–17 (2003).

Zellmer, H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, and D. Harter, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Boskovic, M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, “All-fibre diode pumped, femtosecond chirped pulse amplification system,” Electron. Lett. 31, 877–878 (1995).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Optics and Photonics News (1)

C. Webb, “The early days of lasers,” Optics and Photonics News 14, 14–17 (2003).

Science (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitions in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics2nd Ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, 1995), Chap. 6

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, C. Jakobsen, G. Vienne, H. R. Simonsen, M. D. Nielsen, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Bjarklev, “Air guidance over 345m large-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Postdeadline paper PD4-1, OFC 2003, (Optical Society of Amercia, Washington, D.C., 2003).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental configuration of the multi-kilowatt, all-fiber CPA system.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Streak camera trace (a) and spectrum (b) taken before (blue) and after (red) the DSF.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Autocorrelation (a) and spectrum (b) of the PBF output pulses without (blue) and with (red) use of the bandpass filter.

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