Abstract

We present studies of the optical properties of the new nonlinear material BiB3O6 for second harmonic generation from the visible to infrared. We have determined the phase-matching conditions and effective nonlinear coefficients in the three principal optical planes, acceptance bandwidths, spatial and temporal walkoff, group velocity dispersion and double phase-matching behaviour. We also report on experimental studies in this material, where efficient, high-average-power second harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses into the blue is demonstrated. Using 130-fs fundamental pulses at 76 MHz, single-pass second harmonic average powers as much as 830 mW at greater than 50% conversion efficiency have been generated over a tunable range of 375-435 nm. Using cross-correlation measurements in a 100-μm β-BaB2O4 crystal second harmonic pulse durations of 220 fs are obtained. Our theoretical findings are verified by experimental data, where excellent agreement between the calculations and measurements is obtained. Direct comparison of BiB3O6 with β-BaB2O4 also confirms improved performance of this new material for second harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, L. Bohaty, �??Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO),�?? Solid State Commun. 109. 249, (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, �??Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, �??Efficient intracavity second harmonic generation at 1.06 μm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal,�?? Appl. Phys. B 73, 215-217 (2001).
  4. Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Shao, �??Efficient second-harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,�?? Opt. Commun. 202, 217-220 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Shao, �??Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 µm in BiB3O6 crystal,�?? Optics & Laser Technology 34, 343-346 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, �??All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAG-BiBO laser with 2.8 W output power at 473 nm,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 432-434 (2003).
  7. I.V. Kityk, W. Imiolek, A. Majchrowski, E. Michalski, �??Photoinduced second harmonic generation in partially crystallized BiB3O6 glass,�?? Opt. Commun. 19, 219, 421-426 (2003).
  8. M. Ghotbi, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, A. Majchrowski, E. Michalski, I. V. Kityk, �??High-average-power femtosecond pulse generation in the blue using BiB3O6,�?? Opt. Lett. 29, 2530-2532 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Yao, W. Sheng, and W. Shi, �??Accurate calculation of the optimum phase-matching parameters in three- wave interactions with biaxial nonlinear-optical crystals,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 891-902 (1992).
  10. In our earlier work [8], the horizontal axis of Fig. 3 was erroneously labelled as the external angle, which we hereby correct to the internal angle.
  11. S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, A. S. Chirkin, Optics of Femtosecond Laser Pulses (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1992).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Du, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, B. Teng, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, �??Efficient intracavity second harmonic generation at 1.06 μm in a BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal,�?? Appl. Phys. B 73, 215-217 (2001).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, �??Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

I.V. Kityk, W. Imiolek, A. Majchrowski, E. Michalski, �??Photoinduced second harmonic generation in partially crystallized BiB3O6 glass,�?? Opt. Commun. 19, 219, 421-426 (2003).

Z. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X. Xu, R. Song, C. Du, H. Jiang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Shao, �??Efficient second-harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,�?? Opt. Commun. 202, 217-220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optics & Laser Technology (1)

C. Du, B. Teng, Z. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, G. Xu, K. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Shao, �??Actively Q-switched intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 µm in BiB3O6 crystal,�?? Optics & Laser Technology 34, 343-346 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, L. Bohaty, �??Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO),�?? Solid State Commun. 109. 249, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

In our earlier work [8], the horizontal axis of Fig. 3 was erroneously labelled as the external angle, which we hereby correct to the internal angle.

S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, A. S. Chirkin, Optics of Femtosecond Laser Pulses (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1992).

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