Abstract

Strong high-quality fiber Bragg gratings with photoinduced refractive-index modulation of more than 10-3 were written in a Corning SMF-28 fiber, a P2O5-doped-core fiber and a pure-silica-core fluorine-doped-cladding fiber by third-harmonic radiation (267 nm, 150 fs and 1.2-1.8×1011 W/cm2) of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser using a phase mask. We compare the 267-nm photosensitivity responses with the results of irradiation by 193-nm ArF and 157-nm F2 excimer lasers. The dependence of the refractive-index change on the exposure dose and the annealing characteristics of the fabricated gratings are typical for Type-I UV-written fiber gratings.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2004 (1)

2003 (3)

2002 (3)

A. Dragomir, D.N. Nikogosyan, A.A. Ruth, K.A. Zagorul’ko, and P.G. Kryukov, “Long-period fiber grating formation with 264 nm femtosecond radiation,” Electron. Lett. 38, 269–271 (2002).
[Crossref]

P.L. Swart, M.G. Shlyagin, A.A. Chtcherbakov, and V.V. Spirin, “Photosensitivity measurement in optical fiber with Bragg grating interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1508–1509 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Albert, M. Fokine, and W. Margulis, “Grating formation in pure silica-core fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 809–811 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

K.A. Zagorul’ko, P.G. Kryukov, Y.V. Larionov, A.A. Rybaltovskii, E.M. Dianov, N.S. Vorob’ev, A.V. Smirnov, M.Y. Shchelev, and A.M. Prokhorov, “Fabrication of a long-period grating in a fiber by second harmonic radiation from a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Quantum Electron. 31, 999–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

E.M. Dianov, S.A. Vasiliev, A.S. Kurkov, O.I. Medvedkov, and V.N. Protopopov, “In-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on a pair of long-period gratings,” Proceedings of 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC’96),  Vol. 1, 65–68 (1996).

Albert, J.

Chen, K.P.

Chtcherbakov, A.A.

P.L. Swart, M.G. Shlyagin, A.A. Chtcherbakov, and V.V. Spirin, “Photosensitivity measurement in optical fiber with Bragg grating interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1508–1509 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E.M.

A. Dragomir, D.N. Nikogosyan, K.A. Zagorulko, P.G. Kryukov, and E.M. Dianov, “Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings by ultraviolet femtosecond radiation,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2171–2173 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K.A. Zagorul’ko, P.G. Kryukov, Y.V. Larionov, A.A. Rybaltovskii, E.M. Dianov, N.S. Vorob’ev, A.V. Smirnov, M.Y. Shchelev, and A.M. Prokhorov, “Fabrication of a long-period grating in a fiber by second harmonic radiation from a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Quantum Electron. 31, 999–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

E.M. Dianov, S.A. Vasiliev, A.S. Kurkov, O.I. Medvedkov, and V.N. Protopopov, “In-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on a pair of long-period gratings,” Proceedings of 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC’96),  Vol. 1, 65–68 (1996).

Ding, H.

Dragomir, A.

A. Dragomir, D.N. Nikogosyan, K.A. Zagorulko, P.G. Kryukov, and E.M. Dianov, “Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings by ultraviolet femtosecond radiation,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2171–2173 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dragomir, D.N. Nikogosyan, A.A. Ruth, K.A. Zagorul’ko, and P.G. Kryukov, “Long-period fiber grating formation with 264 nm femtosecond radiation,” Electron. Lett. 38, 269–271 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fokine, M.

Grobnic, D.

Henderson, G.

Herman, P.R.

Hirao, K.

Hnatovsky, C.

Kazansky, P.G.

Kondo, Y.

Kryukov, P.G.

A. Dragomir, D.N. Nikogosyan, K.A. Zagorulko, P.G. Kryukov, and E.M. Dianov, “Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings by ultraviolet femtosecond radiation,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2171–2173 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dragomir, D.N. Nikogosyan, A.A. Ruth, K.A. Zagorul’ko, and P.G. Kryukov, “Long-period fiber grating formation with 264 nm femtosecond radiation,” Electron. Lett. 38, 269–271 (2002).
[Crossref]

K.A. Zagorul’ko, P.G. Kryukov, Y.V. Larionov, A.A. Rybaltovskii, E.M. Dianov, N.S. Vorob’ev, A.V. Smirnov, M.Y. Shchelev, and A.M. Prokhorov, “Fabrication of a long-period grating in a fiber by second harmonic radiation from a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Quantum Electron. 31, 999–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kurkov, A.S.

E.M. Dianov, S.A. Vasiliev, A.S. Kurkov, O.I. Medvedkov, and V.N. Protopopov, “In-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on a pair of long-period gratings,” Proceedings of 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC’96),  Vol. 1, 65–68 (1996).

Larionov, Y.V.

K.A. Zagorul’ko, P.G. Kryukov, Y.V. Larionov, A.A. Rybaltovskii, E.M. Dianov, N.S. Vorob’ev, A.V. Smirnov, M.Y. Shchelev, and A.M. Prokhorov, “Fabrication of a long-period grating in a fiber by second harmonic radiation from a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Quantum Electron. 31, 999–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lu, P.

Margulis, W.

Medvedkov, O.I.

E.M. Dianov, S.A. Vasiliev, A.S. Kurkov, O.I. Medvedkov, and V.N. Protopopov, “In-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on a pair of long-period gratings,” Proceedings of 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC’96),  Vol. 1, 65–68 (1996).

Mihailov, S.J.

Mitsuyu, T.

Nikogosyan, D.N.

A. Dragomir, D.N. Nikogosyan, K.A. Zagorulko, P.G. Kryukov, and E.M. Dianov, “Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings by ultraviolet femtosecond radiation,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2171–2173 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dragomir, D.N. Nikogosyan, A.A. Ruth, K.A. Zagorul’ko, and P.G. Kryukov, “Long-period fiber grating formation with 264 nm femtosecond radiation,” Electron. Lett. 38, 269–271 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nouchi, K.

Prokhorov, A.M.

K.A. Zagorul’ko, P.G. Kryukov, Y.V. Larionov, A.A. Rybaltovskii, E.M. Dianov, N.S. Vorob’ev, A.V. Smirnov, M.Y. Shchelev, and A.M. Prokhorov, “Fabrication of a long-period grating in a fiber by second harmonic radiation from a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Quantum Electron. 31, 999–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Protopopov, V.N.

E.M. Dianov, S.A. Vasiliev, A.S. Kurkov, O.I. Medvedkov, and V.N. Protopopov, “In-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on a pair of long-period gratings,” Proceedings of 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC’96),  Vol. 1, 65–68 (1996).

Ruth, A.A.

A. Dragomir, D.N. Nikogosyan, A.A. Ruth, K.A. Zagorul’ko, and P.G. Kryukov, “Long-period fiber grating formation with 264 nm femtosecond radiation,” Electron. Lett. 38, 269–271 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rybaltovskii, A.A.

K.A. Zagorul’ko, P.G. Kryukov, Y.V. Larionov, A.A. Rybaltovskii, E.M. Dianov, N.S. Vorob’ev, A.V. Smirnov, M.Y. Shchelev, and A.M. Prokhorov, “Fabrication of a long-period grating in a fiber by second harmonic radiation from a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Quantum Electron. 31, 999–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shchelev, M.Y.

K.A. Zagorul’ko, P.G. Kryukov, Y.V. Larionov, A.A. Rybaltovskii, E.M. Dianov, N.S. Vorob’ev, A.V. Smirnov, M.Y. Shchelev, and A.M. Prokhorov, “Fabrication of a long-period grating in a fiber by second harmonic radiation from a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Quantum Electron. 31, 999–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shlyagin, M.G.

P.L. Swart, M.G. Shlyagin, A.A. Chtcherbakov, and V.V. Spirin, “Photosensitivity measurement in optical fiber with Bragg grating interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1508–1509 (2002).
[Crossref]

Smelser, C.W.

Smirnov, A.V.

K.A. Zagorul’ko, P.G. Kryukov, Y.V. Larionov, A.A. Rybaltovskii, E.M. Dianov, N.S. Vorob’ev, A.V. Smirnov, M.Y. Shchelev, and A.M. Prokhorov, “Fabrication of a long-period grating in a fiber by second harmonic radiation from a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Quantum Electron. 31, 999–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Spirin, V.V.

P.L. Swart, M.G. Shlyagin, A.A. Chtcherbakov, and V.V. Spirin, “Photosensitivity measurement in optical fiber with Bragg grating interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1508–1509 (2002).
[Crossref]

Strasser, T.A.

T.A. Strasser, “Photosensitivity in phosphorus fibers,” Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC’96), Technical Digest, 81–82 (1996).

Swart, P.L.

P.L. Swart, M.G. Shlyagin, A.A. Chtcherbakov, and V.V. Spirin, “Photosensitivity measurement in optical fiber with Bragg grating interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1508–1509 (2002).
[Crossref]

Taylor, R.

Unruh, J.

Vasiliev, S.A.

E.M. Dianov, S.A. Vasiliev, A.S. Kurkov, O.I. Medvedkov, and V.N. Protopopov, “In-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on a pair of long-period gratings,” Proceedings of 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC’96),  Vol. 1, 65–68 (1996).

Vorob’ev, N.S.

K.A. Zagorul’ko, P.G. Kryukov, Y.V. Larionov, A.A. Rybaltovskii, E.M. Dianov, N.S. Vorob’ev, A.V. Smirnov, M.Y. Shchelev, and A.M. Prokhorov, “Fabrication of a long-period grating in a fiber by second harmonic radiation from a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Quantum Electron. 31, 999–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Walker, R.B.

Watanabe, M.

Zagorul’ko, K.A.

A. Dragomir, D.N. Nikogosyan, A.A. Ruth, K.A. Zagorul’ko, and P.G. Kryukov, “Long-period fiber grating formation with 264 nm femtosecond radiation,” Electron. Lett. 38, 269–271 (2002).
[Crossref]

K.A. Zagorul’ko, P.G. Kryukov, Y.V. Larionov, A.A. Rybaltovskii, E.M. Dianov, N.S. Vorob’ev, A.V. Smirnov, M.Y. Shchelev, and A.M. Prokhorov, “Fabrication of a long-period grating in a fiber by second harmonic radiation from a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Quantum Electron. 31, 999–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zagorulko, K.A.

Electron. Lett. (2)

A. Dragomir, D.N. Nikogosyan, A.A. Ruth, K.A. Zagorul’ko, and P.G. Kryukov, “Long-period fiber grating formation with 264 nm femtosecond radiation,” Electron. Lett. 38, 269–271 (2002).
[Crossref]

P.L. Swart, M.G. Shlyagin, A.A. Chtcherbakov, and V.V. Spirin, “Photosensitivity measurement in optical fiber with Bragg grating interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1508–1509 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proceedings of 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC’96) (1)

E.M. Dianov, S.A. Vasiliev, A.S. Kurkov, O.I. Medvedkov, and V.N. Protopopov, “In-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on a pair of long-period gratings,” Proceedings of 22nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC’96),  Vol. 1, 65–68 (1996).

Quantum Electron. (1)

K.A. Zagorul’ko, P.G. Kryukov, Y.V. Larionov, A.A. Rybaltovskii, E.M. Dianov, N.S. Vorob’ev, A.V. Smirnov, M.Y. Shchelev, and A.M. Prokhorov, “Fabrication of a long-period grating in a fiber by second harmonic radiation from a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Quantum Electron. 31, 999–1002 (2001).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

T.A. Strasser, “Photosensitivity in phosphorus fibers,” Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC’96), Technical Digest, 81–82 (1996).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Transmission spectrum of FBG recorded in an H2-loaded SMF-28 fiber

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dependence of refractive-index change on exposure dose of an H2-loaded SMF-28 fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependence of refractive-index change on exposure dose of H2-loaded P903 fiber.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temperature dependence of refractive-index modulation of FBGs written in the H2-loaded P903 fiber during isochronal annealing.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Temperature dependence of refractive-index modulation of FBGs written in an SMF-28 fiber during isochronal annealing.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Results of irradiation with 267-nm femtosecond pulses

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