Abstract

A novel full-color autostereoscopic three-dimensional (3D) display system has been developed using color-dispersion-compensated (CDC) synthetic phase holograms (SPHs) on a phase-type spatial light modulator. To design the CDC phase holograms, we used a modified iterative Fourier transform algorithm with scaling constants and phase quantization level constraints. We obtained a high diffraction efficiency (~90.04%), a large signal-to-noise ratio (~9.57dB), and a low reconstruction error (~0.0011) from our simulation results. Each optimized phase hologram was synthesized with each CDC directional hologram for red, green, and blue wavelengths for full-color autostereoscopic 3D display. The CDC SPHs were composed and modulated by only one phase-type spatial light modulator. We have demonstrated experimentally that the designed CDC SPHs are able to generate full-color autostereoscopic 3D images and video frames very well, without any use of glasses.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Fukushima, T. Kurokawa, and M. Ohno, �??Real-time hologram construction and reconstruction using a high-resolution spatial light modulator,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 787-789 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

F. Wyrowsiki, �??Diffractive optical elements: iterative calculation of quantized, blazed phase structures,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. 7, 961-969 (1990).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optik (1)

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, �??A practical algorithm of the determination of the phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,�?? Optik 35, 237-246 (1972).

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Iwaii and T. Asakura, �??Speckle reduction in coherent information processing,�?? Proc. IEEE 84, 765-781 (1996).

Proc. SPIE (1)

K. Choi, B. Choi, Y. Choi, S. Kim, J. Kim, N. Kim, and S. Gil, "Multiphase computer-generated holograms for full-color image generation," in Practical Holography XVI and Holographic Materials VIII, S. A. Benton, S. H. Stevenson, and T. J. Trout, eds., Proc. SPIE 4659, 242-249 (2002).

SIGGRAPH 95 (1)

M. Lucente and T. A. Galyean, �??Rendering interactive holographic images,�?? in Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques, S. G. Mair, eds., Proc. SIGGRAPH 95, 387-394 (1995).

Other (3)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed., (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996).

Web sites: <a href="http://www.stereoscopy.com">http://www.stereoscopy.com</a>, <a href="http://www.stereopia.com">http://www.stereopia.com</a>, and <a href="http://www.starosta.com">http://www.starosta.com</a>.

V. A. Soifer, V. V. Kotlyar, and L. Doskolovich, Iterative Methods for Diffractive Optical Elements Computation (Taylor & Francis Ltd, 1997).

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