Abstract

A highly birefringent photonic crystal fibre has been characterised as a function of temperature. The modal birefringence has been found to be independent of temperature from -25 to 800 °C.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A.J. Barlow and D.N. Payne, �??The stress-optic effect in optical fibres,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19 (5), 834-839 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Intl. Conf. Transpar. Opt. Networks 2002

M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik and W.J. Bock, �??Influence of temperature on birefringence and polarization mode dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,�?? Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks and 1st European Symposium on Photonic Crystals, Warsaw, 2, (April 21-25, 2002) pp. 89-92.

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Ligthwave Technol.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto and Y. Sasaki, �??Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,�?? J. Ligthwave Technol. 4, 1071-1089 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, A. Diez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J.L. Cruz,and M.V. Andres, �??Ultrahigh Birefringent Nonlinear Microstructured Fiber,�?? Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1667-1669 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P.R. Chaudhuri, V. Paulose, C. Zhao and C. Lu, �??Near-elliptical core polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber: modeling birefringence characteristics and realization,�?? Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1301-1303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, �??Single-Polarization Single-Mode Photonic Crystal fibers,�?? Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1384-1386 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, and S. Yamaguchi, �??Absolutely Single Polarization Photonic Crystal Fiber,�?? Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182-184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proc. LEOS 2001

M.D. Nielsen, G.Vienne, J.R. Jensen, A. Bjarklev, �??Modelling birefringence in isolated elliptical core photonic crystal fibers,�?? LEOS (San Diego, USA, 2001).

Proc. SPIE

M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik and W.J. Bock, �??Temperature sensitivity of photonic crystal holey fibers,�?? Bellingham, Wash, SPIE 5028, 108-114 (2002).

I. Bassett, M. Bjarme, D. Chan, I. Clarke, J. Digweed, T. Ryan, A. Michie and D. Wong, �??Elliptically polarizing optical fiber,�?? SPIE-Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. Proceedings of Spie - the International Society for Optical Engineering 3860, 501-6 (1999).

F. Mohr and F. Schadt, �??Bias error in fiber optic gyroscopes due to elastooptic interactions in the sensor fiber,�?? EWOFS, Spain, SPIE 5502, 410-412 (2004).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SEM image of the cross-section of the fibre.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Typical interferogram as measured on the optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temperature dependence of modal birefringence for a bow-tie fibre and HiBi-PCF.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured group birefringence and calculated modal birefringence as a function of wavelength for a bow-tie fibre and HiBi-PCF (measurements made @ 25°C).

Equations (4)

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B = n x n y ,
( λd B ( λ ) B ( λ ) ) = λ 2 2 L Δ λ = B g ,
B g = α ( k 1 ) λ k
B = B g ( k 1 )

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