Abstract

A nonlinear filter using rotation of the polarization ellipse in air is investigated. Scheme to enhance the temporal contrast is developed for a double-CPA multi-terawatt Ti:sapphire laser. It supports an energy level of millijoule and has a high efficiency. The method allows suppression of the ASE pedestal, pre- and post-pulses by 3 orders of magnitude and also steepens the pulse front. For the physical interpretation of the results, numerical simulation of the filtering is performed.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. World lasers : http://wwwapr.apr.jaeri.go.jp/jaeri/e/ICUIL/ICUIL01.php
  2. M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J.P. Russeau, L. Notebaert, J.P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M.P. Kalachnikov, V. Karpov, H. Schoennagel, and W. Sandner,“100-terawatt titanium-sapphire laser system,” Laser Physics 12, 368–374 (2002).
  4. M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, Y. Akahane, J. Ma, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, and H. Kiriyama, “0.85-PW, 33-fs Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1594–1596 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. -W. Bahk, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G.A. Mourou, N. Saleh, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation, amplitude and phase characterization of 1021W/cm2 intensity,” Ultrafast Optics IV 95 , 331 (Springler_Verlag, Berlin2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Billhardt, M. Kalashnikov, P.V. Nickles, and I. Will, “A high-contrast ps-terawatt Nd:glass laser system with fiberless chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 98, 99–104 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Haas, M. Kaluza, S. Karsch, J. Stein, and K.J. Witte “Controllable ASE pedestal on Atlas,” presented at the SHARP - project meeting, Berlin, May. 23.-24. 2004.
  8. A. Fernandez, T. Fuji, A. Poppe, A. Fürbach, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: a route to high-power femtosecond pulses without external amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1366–1368 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Wojtkiewicz and C.G. Durfee “High-energy, high-contrast, double-confocal multipass amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1383–1388 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse amplification lasers by clean high-energy seeded-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148, 70–74 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J.P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.
  14. R.W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), p. 170.
  15. D. Homoelle, A.L. Gaeta, V. Yanovsky, and G. Mourou “Pulse contrast enhancement of high-energy pulses by use of a gas-filled hollow waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1646–1648 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Tapié and G. Mourou “Shaping of clean, femtosecond pulses at 1.053 um for chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 17, 136–138 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Europeean “SHARP” - project (Suppression over High dynamic range of ASE at the Rising edge of ultra-intense femtosecond Pulses) Europeean Community -Access to Research Infrastructure action of the Improving Human Potential Program, Contract Nr. : HPRI-CT-2001-50037.
  18. A. Jullien, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J.P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz “High efficiency, simple setup for pulse cleaning at millijoule level by non linear induced birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 29, Nr. 18 (2004) (to be published).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. R. Lange, G. Grillon, J.-F. Ripoche, M. A. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Chiron “Anomalous long-range propagation of femtosecond laser pulses through air: moving focus or pulse self-guiding?,” Opt. Lett. 23, 120–122 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. P. Agraval, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic press, Rochester, 1994).
  21. M.P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, and H. Schönnagel, Max-Born-Institute Berlin, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Double-CPA laser : way to temporally clean pulses”.

2004 (5)

S. -W. Bahk, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G.A. Mourou, N. Saleh, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation, amplitude and phase characterization of 1021W/cm2 intensity,” Ultrafast Optics IV 95 , 331 (Springler_Verlag, Berlin2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J.P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz “High efficiency, simple setup for pulse cleaning at millijoule level by non linear induced birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 29, Nr. 18 (2004) (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wojtkiewicz and C.G. Durfee “High-energy, high-contrast, double-confocal multipass amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1383–1388 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fernandez, T. Fuji, A. Poppe, A. Fürbach, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: a route to high-power femtosecond pulses without external amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1366–1368 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

D. Homoelle, A.L. Gaeta, V. Yanovsky, and G. Mourou “Pulse contrast enhancement of high-energy pulses by use of a gas-filled hollow waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1646–1648 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J.P. Russeau, L. Notebaert, J.P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M.P. Kalachnikov, V. Karpov, H. Schoennagel, and W. Sandner,“100-terawatt titanium-sapphire laser system,” Laser Physics 12, 368–374 (2002).

1998 (3)

H. R. Lange, G. Grillon, J.-F. Ripoche, M. A. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, E. T. J. Nibbering, and A. Chiron “Anomalous long-range propagation of femtosecond laser pulses through air: moving focus or pulse self-guiding?,” Opt. Lett. 23, 120–122 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse amplification lasers by clean high-energy seeded-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148, 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

F. Billhardt, M. Kalashnikov, P.V. Nickles, and I. Will, “A high-contrast ps-terawatt Nd:glass laser system with fiberless chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 98, 99–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Agraval, G. P.

G. P. Agraval, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic press, Rochester, 1994).

Akahane, Y.

Aoyama, M.

Apolonski, A.

Auge, F.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J.P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

Augé-Rochereau, F.

A. Jullien, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J.P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz “High efficiency, simple setup for pulse cleaning at millijoule level by non linear induced birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 29, Nr. 18 (2004) (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auguste, T.

A. Jullien, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J.P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz “High efficiency, simple setup for pulse cleaning at millijoule level by non linear induced birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 29, Nr. 18 (2004) (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bahk, S. -W.

S. -W. Bahk, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G.A. Mourou, N. Saleh, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation, amplitude and phase characterization of 1021W/cm2 intensity,” Ultrafast Optics IV 95 , 331 (Springler_Verlag, Berlin2004).
[CrossRef]

Billhardt, F.

F. Billhardt, M. Kalashnikov, P.V. Nickles, and I. Will, “A high-contrast ps-terawatt Nd:glass laser system with fiberless chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 98, 99–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bouvier, M.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R.W.

R.W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), p. 170.

Buma, T.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J.P.

A. Jullien, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J.P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz “High efficiency, simple setup for pulse cleaning at millijoule level by non linear induced birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 29, Nr. 18 (2004) (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J.P. Russeau, L. Notebaert, J.P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J.P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

Cheriaux, G.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J.P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

Chériaux, G.

A. Jullien, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J.P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz “High efficiency, simple setup for pulse cleaning at millijoule level by non linear induced birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 29, Nr. 18 (2004) (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J.P. Russeau, L. Notebaert, J.P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chiron, A.

Chvykov, V.

S. -W. Bahk, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G.A. Mourou, N. Saleh, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation, amplitude and phase characterization of 1021W/cm2 intensity,” Ultrafast Optics IV 95 , 331 (Springler_Verlag, Berlin2004).
[CrossRef]

d’Oliveira, P.

A. Jullien, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J.P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz “High efficiency, simple setup for pulse cleaning at millijoule level by non linear induced birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 29, Nr. 18 (2004) (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, C.G.

Falcoz, F.

A. Jullien, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J.P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz “High efficiency, simple setup for pulse cleaning at millijoule level by non linear induced birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 29, Nr. 18 (2004) (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faure, J.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse amplification lasers by clean high-energy seeded-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148, 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez, A.

Ferré, S.

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J.P. Russeau, L. Notebaert, J.P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M. A.

Fuji, T.

Fujita, H.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fürbach, A.

Gaeta, A.L.

Grillon, G.

Haas, H.

H. Haas, M. Kaluza, S. Karsch, J. Stein, and K.J. Witte “Controllable ASE pedestal on Atlas,” presented at the SHARP - project meeting, Berlin, May. 23.-24. 2004.

Homoelle, D.

Inoue, N.

Itatani, J.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse amplification lasers by clean high-energy seeded-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148, 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Izawa, Y.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jitsuno, T.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jullien, A.

A. Jullien, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J.P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz “High efficiency, simple setup for pulse cleaning at millijoule level by non linear induced birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 29, Nr. 18 (2004) (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalachnikov, M.P.

M.P. Kalachnikov, V. Karpov, H. Schoennagel, and W. Sandner,“100-terawatt titanium-sapphire laser system,” Laser Physics 12, 368–374 (2002).

Kalashnikov, M.

F. Billhardt, M. Kalashnikov, P.V. Nickles, and I. Will, “A high-contrast ps-terawatt Nd:glass laser system with fiberless chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 98, 99–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kalashnikov, M.P.

M.P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, and H. Schönnagel, Max-Born-Institute Berlin, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Double-CPA laser : way to temporally clean pulses”.

Kalintchenko, G.

S. -W. Bahk, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G.A. Mourou, N. Saleh, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation, amplitude and phase characterization of 1021W/cm2 intensity,” Ultrafast Optics IV 95 , 331 (Springler_Verlag, Berlin2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaluza, M.

H. Haas, M. Kaluza, S. Karsch, J. Stein, and K.J. Witte “Controllable ASE pedestal on Atlas,” presented at the SHARP - project meeting, Berlin, May. 23.-24. 2004.

Kanabe, T.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, D.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Karpov, V.

M.P. Kalachnikov, V. Karpov, H. Schoennagel, and W. Sandner,“100-terawatt titanium-sapphire laser system,” Laser Physics 12, 368–374 (2002).

Karsch, S.

H. Haas, M. Kaluza, S. Karsch, J. Stein, and K.J. Witte “Controllable ASE pedestal on Atlas,” presented at the SHARP - project meeting, Berlin, May. 23.-24. 2004.

Kawasaki, T.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kiriyama, H.

Kitagawa, Y.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, H.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, R.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Lamouroux, B.

Lange, H. R.

Ma, J.

Maksimchuk, A.

S. -W. Bahk, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G.A. Mourou, N. Saleh, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation, amplitude and phase characterization of 1021W/cm2 intensity,” Ultrafast Optics IV 95 , 331 (Springler_Verlag, Berlin2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Miyanaga, N.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

D. Homoelle, A.L. Gaeta, V. Yanovsky, and G. Mourou “Pulse contrast enhancement of high-energy pulses by use of a gas-filled hollow waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1646–1648 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse amplification lasers by clean high-energy seeded-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148, 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Tapié and G. Mourou “Shaping of clean, femtosecond pulses at 1.053 um for chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 17, 136–138 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J.P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

Mourou, G.A.

S. -W. Bahk, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G.A. Mourou, N. Saleh, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation, amplitude and phase characterization of 1021W/cm2 intensity,” Ultrafast Optics IV 95 , 331 (Springler_Verlag, Berlin2004).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Nantel, M.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse amplification lasers by clean high-energy seeded-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148, 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nees, J.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Nickles, P.V.

F. Billhardt, M. Kalashnikov, P.V. Nickles, and I. Will, “A high-contrast ps-terawatt Nd:glass laser system with fiberless chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 98, 99–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Notebaert, L.

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J.P. Russeau, L. Notebaert, J.P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, M.

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J.P. Russeau, L. Notebaert, J.P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Planchon, T.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J.P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

Poppe, A.

Prade, B. S.

Pronko, P.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ripoche, J.-F.

Risse, E.

M.P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, and H. Schönnagel, Max-Born-Institute Berlin, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Double-CPA laser : way to temporally clean pulses”.

Rompay, P. Van

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Russeau, J.P.

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J.P. Russeau, L. Notebaert, J.P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sakabe, S.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, N.

S. -W. Bahk, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G.A. Mourou, N. Saleh, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation, amplitude and phase characterization of 1021W/cm2 intensity,” Ultrafast Optics IV 95 , 331 (Springler_Verlag, Berlin2004).
[CrossRef]

Sandner, W.

M.P. Kalachnikov, V. Karpov, H. Schoennagel, and W. Sandner,“100-terawatt titanium-sapphire laser system,” Laser Physics 12, 368–374 (2002).

Schoennagel, H.

M.P. Kalachnikov, V. Karpov, H. Schoennagel, and W. Sandner,“100-terawatt titanium-sapphire laser system,” Laser Physics 12, 368–374 (2002).

Schönnagel, H.

M.P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, and H. Schönnagel, Max-Born-Institute Berlin, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Double-CPA laser : way to temporally clean pulses”.

Shigemori, K.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stein, J.

H. Haas, M. Kaluza, S. Karsch, J. Stein, and K.J. Witte “Controllable ASE pedestal on Atlas,” presented at the SHARP - project meeting, Berlin, May. 23.-24. 2004.

Tapié, J.

Tien, A.C.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, H.

Umstadter, D.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse amplification lasers by clean high-energy seeded-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148, 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Will, I.

F. Billhardt, M. Kalashnikov, P.V. Nickles, and I. Will, “A high-contrast ps-terawatt Nd:glass laser system with fiberless chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 98, 99–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Witte, K.J.

H. Haas, M. Kaluza, S. Karsch, J. Stein, and K.J. Witte “Controllable ASE pedestal on Atlas,” presented at the SHARP - project meeting, Berlin, May. 23.-24. 2004.

Wojtkiewicz, J.

Yamakawa, K.

Yanovsky, V.

S. -W. Bahk, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G.A. Mourou, N. Saleh, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation, amplitude and phase characterization of 1021W/cm2 intensity,” Ultrafast Optics IV 95 , 331 (Springler_Verlag, Berlin2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Homoelle, A.L. Gaeta, V. Yanovsky, and G. Mourou “Pulse contrast enhancement of high-energy pulses by use of a gas-filled hollow waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1646–1648 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J.P. Russeau, L. Notebaert, J.P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (1)

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A.C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, “Temporal Contrast in Ti:Sapphire Lasers: Characterization and Control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laser Physics (1)

M.P. Kalachnikov, V. Karpov, H. Schoennagel, and W. Sandner,“100-terawatt titanium-sapphire laser system,” Laser Physics 12, 368–374 (2002).

Opt. Commun. (2)

F. Billhardt, M. Kalashnikov, P.V. Nickles, and I. Will, “A high-contrast ps-terawatt Nd:glass laser system with fiberless chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 98, 99–104 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse amplification lasers by clean high-energy seeded-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148, 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Ultrafast Optics IV (1)

S. -W. Bahk, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G.A. Mourou, N. Saleh, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation, amplitude and phase characterization of 1021W/cm2 intensity,” Ultrafast Optics IV 95 , 331 (Springler_Verlag, Berlin2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

H. Haas, M. Kaluza, S. Karsch, J. Stein, and K.J. Witte “Controllable ASE pedestal on Atlas,” presented at the SHARP - project meeting, Berlin, May. 23.-24. 2004.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J.P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), p. 16.

R.W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), p. 170.

Europeean “SHARP” - project (Suppression over High dynamic range of ASE at the Rising edge of ultra-intense femtosecond Pulses) Europeean Community -Access to Research Infrastructure action of the Improving Human Potential Program, Contract Nr. : HPRI-CT-2001-50037.

G. P. Agraval, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic press, Rochester, 1994).

M.P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, and H. Schönnagel, Max-Born-Institute Berlin, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Double-CPA laser : way to temporally clean pulses”.

World lasers : http://wwwapr.apr.jaeri.go.jp/jaeri/e/ICUIL/ICUIL01.php

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the experimental set-up of the front end of the DCPA Ti:sapphire laser

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Near- field distribution of the the short filtered beam depending on the pulse chirp. A- positively chirped pulse with duration of ~ 200 fs, b- recompressed pulse of ~ 40 fs, c- negatively chirped pulse of ~ 400 fs duartion. The case ‘a’ corresponds to the best filtering efficiency.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectral properties of the pulse subjected to nonlinear filtering. The curve colors correspond to the incoming beam (red), filtered short pulse (green) and non-filtered rest (blue). The 3 cases (a–c) follow the pictures shown in Fig.2.: a- positively chirped pulse with duration of ~ 200 fs (best conversion), b- recompressed pulse of ~ 40 fs, c- negatively chirped pulse of ~ 400 fs duration.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temporal structure of the amplified pulse before passing through the filter (blue) and after the filter (red). The pulses arising around the main pulse are correlator artifacts associated with internal reflections from optical components of the device. Suppression of the post-pulse of ~ 1000 is evident.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Results of numerical calculations for the positively-chirped 200-fs input pulse. In (a), the intensities of the input (red) and filtered (green) pulses are presented together with the instantaneous wavelength (blue). In (b), the spectra of input (red), filtered (green) and non-filtered rest (blue) are presented.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Results of numerical calculations for the non-chirped 36-fs input pulse. In (a), the intensities of the input (red) and filtered (green) pulses are presented together with the instantaneous wavelength (blue). In (b), the spectra of input (red), filtered (green) and non-filtered rest (blue) are presented.

Equations (4)

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T ( t ) = exp ( iΔφ ( t ) ) sin ( cos 2 α 0 Δψ ( t ) 2 ) sin ( 2 α 0 ) .
Δ n K = ( 1 f ) n 2 I ( t ) ,
Δ n R ( t ) = f A n 2 0 I ( t τ ) exp ( τ T 1 ) sin ( τ ω R ) d τ ,
Δ n P ( t ) = n e ( t ) e 2 ( 2 ε 0 m e ) .

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