Abstract

We report the shortest pulses ever produced with an Yb3+:SrY4(SiO4)3O {Yb:SYS} laser. 70 fs has been demonstrated for an average power of 156 mW at 1066 nm. Moreover, tunability in the 100-fs range has been obtained between 1055 nm and 1072 nm. Finally, an average power of 420 mW has been obtained at 1068 nm with 110-fs pulses.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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    [PubMed]
  17. U. Keller, �??Semiconductor nonlinearities for solid-state laser modelocking and Q-switching,�?? Semiconductors and Semimetals, 39, Chapter 4, (1998).
  18. A. Courjaud, R. Maleck-Rassoul, N. Deguil, C. Hönninger, and F. Salin, �??Diode pumped multikilohertz femtosecond amplifier,�?? in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Lasers, 68, 121-123, (2002).
  19. Hsiao-Hua Liu, John Nees, Grard Mourou "Directly diode-pumped YbKY(WO4)2 regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 27, 722 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P.-H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, J.-M. Benitez, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, G. Aka, D. Vivien, �??Czochralski growth of six Yb-doped double borate and silicate laser materials,�?? J. Crystal Growth 233, (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P.-H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, D. Vivien, �??Spectroscopic and crystal-field of new Yb-doped laser materials,�?? J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 5427 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P.-H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, G. Aka, D. Vivien, �??Determination of laser parameters of ytterbium-doped oxide crystalline materials,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2365-2375 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. P. Raybaut, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien �??Directly diode-pumped Yb3+:SrY4(SiO4)3O regenerative amplifier,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 2195-97, (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Provided by High Q Laser Production GmbH: <a href="http://www.highqlaser.com/company.htm">http://www.highqlaser.com/company.htm</a>.
  26. P. Raybaut, F. Balembois, F. Druon, P. Georges �??Numerical and experimental study of gain narrowing in ytterbium-based regenerative amplifiers,�?? submitted to IEEE
  27. F. Druon and P. Georges, �??Pulse-compression down to 20 fs using a photonic crystal fiber seeded by a diode-pumped Yb:SYS laser at 1070 nm,�?? Opt. Express 12, 3383-3396 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-15-3383">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-15-3383</a>.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. S. Chénais, Ph-D Thesis University, Paris XI, 2002

Ann. Chim. Mat. (1)

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges �??Laser crystals for the production of ultra-short laser pulses,�?? Ann. Chim. Mat. 28, 47-72 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

C. Honninger, R. Paschotta, M. Graf, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, M. Moser, S. Biswal, J. Nees, A. Braun, G. Mourou, I. Johannsen, A. Giesen, W. Seeber, and U. Keller, �??Ultrafast ytterbium-doped bulk laser amplifiers,�?? Appl. Phys. B 69, 3, (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Paunescu, J. Hein, R. Sauerbrey, �??100-fs diode-pumped Yb:KGW mode-locked laser,�?? DOI: 10.1007/s00340-004-1561-z, Appl. Phys. B (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Krupke, �??Ytterbium Solid-State Lasers �?? The first decade,�?? IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287-1296 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Crystal Growth (1)

P.-H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, J.-M. Benitez, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, G. Aka, D. Vivien, �??Czochralski growth of six Yb-doped double borate and silicate laser materials,�?? J. Crystal Growth 233, (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

P.-H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, D. Vivien, �??Spectroscopic and crystal-field of new Yb-doped laser materials,�?? J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 5427 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (11)

Peter Klopp, Valentin Petrov, Uwe Griebner, Klaus Petermann, Volker Peters, Götz Erbert �??Highly efficient mode-locked Yb:Sc2O3 laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 29, 391 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, S. Chénais, P. Raybaut, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, P. H. Haumesser, B. Viana, D. Vivien, S. Dhellemmes, V. Ortiz, C. Larat �??Apatite-structure crystal, Yb3+:SrY4(SiO4)3O, for the development of diode-pumped femtosecond lasers,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1914 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Innerhofer, T. Sdmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Hring, A. Aschwanden, R. Paschotta, C. Honninger, M. Kumkar, U. Keller, �??60-W average power in 810-fs pulses from a thin-disk Yb:YAG laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Raybaut, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien �??Directly diode-pumped Yb3+:SrY4(SiO4)3O regenerative amplifier,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 2195-97, (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, �??High power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,�?? accepted in Opt. Lett., (2004).
[PubMed]

Hsiao-Hua Liu, John Nees, Grard Mourou "Directly diode-pumped YbKY(WO4)2 regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 27, 722 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Brunner, T. Sdmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, U. Keller �??240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Honninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, D. Vivien, �??Generation of 90-fs pulses from a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb 3+ Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 25, 423 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Brunner, G. J. Sphler, J. Aus der Au, L. Krainer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, N. Lichtenstein, S. Weiss, C. Harder, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Abdolvand, N. V. Kuleshov, U. Keller, �??Diode-pumped femtosecond YbKGd(WO4)2 laser with 1.1-W average power, �?? Opt. Lett. 25, 1119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, J. Nees, G. Mourou , �??Diode-pumped Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 1723 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Druon, S. Chénais, P. Raybaut, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, G. Aka, B. Viana, S. Mohr, D. Kopf, �??Diode-pumped YbSr3Y(BO3)3 femtosecond laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

TOPS (1)

A. Courjaud, R. Maleck-Rassoul, N. Deguil, C. Hönninger, and F. Salin, �??Diode pumped multikilohertz femtosecond amplifier,�?? in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Lasers, 68, 121-123, (2002).

Other (4)

U. Keller, �??Semiconductor nonlinearities for solid-state laser modelocking and Q-switching,�?? Semiconductors and Semimetals, 39, Chapter 4, (1998).

Provided by High Q Laser Production GmbH: <a href="http://www.highqlaser.com/company.htm">http://www.highqlaser.com/company.htm</a>.

P. Raybaut, F. Balembois, F. Druon, P. Georges �??Numerical and experimental study of gain narrowing in ytterbium-based regenerative amplifiers,�?? submitted to IEEE

S. Chénais, Ph-D Thesis University, Paris XI, 2002

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Performances (average power vs. pulse duration) for mode-locked lasers based on Yb-doped crystals [5–13,16] (N.B. The modelocking process use SESAM if not mentioned).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorption and emission spectra of the Yb:SYS along the σ and π axes.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Gain cross section (σg ) along the π (left figure) and σ (right figure) axes for different values of population inversion rate β. σg is given by σg = βσe - (1-β)a where σe and σa are the emission and absorption cross sections.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental setup.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Autocorrelation trace of 70-fs pulses.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectra of 70-fs pulses at 1066 nm and 75-fs pulses at 1063.5 nm. The gain cross section for β=8% is also represented (in arbitrary units).

Fig 7.
Fig 7.

Tunability of the femtosecond oscillator: the laser average power and the pulse duration are plotted versus the central wavelength.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Spectra presenting the tunability in the 100-fs range from 1055 to 1072.5 nm. The gain cross section for β = 8% is also represented (in arbitrary units).

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Spectra representing the tunability in the 110-fs range from 1065.5 to 1071 nm. The gain cross section for β = 8% is also represented (in arbitrary units).

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