Abstract

A phase-locked, self-referenced frequency comb generated by a mode-locked fiber soliton laser with a tunable repetition rate is presented. The spacing of the frequency comb is set by the laser�??s repetition rate, which can be scanned from 49.3 MHz to 50.1 MHz while one tooth of the comb is held phase-locked to a stable RF source. This variable repetitionrate frequency comb should be useful for wavelength and length metrology, synchronization of different fiber laser-based frequency combs, and the generation of precise swept wavelength sources.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, "Phaselocked erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 29, 250-252 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. Hartl, T. R. Schibili, G. Imbeshev, G. C. Cho, M. N. Fermann, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Nicholson, and M. F. Yan, "Carrier envelope phase locking of an in-line, low-noise Er fiber system," in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Paper CMO4 (Optical Society of America, 2004), p. 59.
  3. H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, N. Haverkamp, and H. R. Telle, "Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 12, 770-775 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770</a>.
    [CrossRef]
  4. Toptica Photonics Webpage, <a href="http://www.toptica.com/">http://www.toptica.com/</a>.
  5. Menlo Systems GmbH Webpage, <a href="http://www.menlosystems.com/">http://www.menlosystems.com/</a>.
  6. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrierenvelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-9 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. L.-S. Ma, M. Zucco, S. Picard, L. Robertsson, and R. S. Windeler, "A new method to determine the absolute mode number of a mode-locked femtosecond-laser comb used for absolute optical frequency measurements," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1066-1071 (2003).
  15. L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robersson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, "Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10-19 level," Science 303, 1843-1845 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, K. S. Feder, and A. D. Yablon, "Supercontinuum generation in UV irradiated fibers," Opt. Lett. 29 (to be published).
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    [CrossRef]
  18. B. R. Washburn and N. R. Newbury, "Phase, timing, and amplitude noise on supercontinua generated in microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12, 2166 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-10-2166">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-10-2166</a>.
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. D. Jost, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, "Continuously tunable, precise, single frequency optical signal generator," Opt. Express 10, 515-520 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-12-515">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-12-515</a>.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. R. Telle, B. Lipphardt, and J. Stenger, "Kerr-lens, mode-locked lasers as transfer oscillators for optical frequency measurements," Appl. Phys. B 74, 1-6 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2226-7 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. M. J. Kelly, "Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton," Electron. Lett. 28, 806-807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

L.-S. Ma, M. Zucco, S. Picard, L. Robertsson, and R. S. Windeler, "A new method to determine the absolute mode number of a mode-locked femtosecond-laser comb used for absolute optical frequency measurements," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1066-1071 (2003).

Nature (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical Frequency Metrology," Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, N. Haverkamp, and H. R. Telle, "Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 12, 770-775 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770</a>.
[CrossRef]

B. R. Washburn and N. R. Newbury, "Phase, timing, and amplitude noise on supercontinua generated in microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12, 2166 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-10-2166">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-10-2166</a>.
[CrossRef]

H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, M. Engelbrecht, D. Wandt, and C. Fallnich, "Stable sub-85 fs passively modelocked Erbium-fiber oscillator with tunable repetition rate," Opt. Express 12, 3178-3183 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3178">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3178</a>.
[CrossRef]

J. D. Jost, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, "Continuously tunable, precise, single frequency optical signal generator," Opt. Express 10, 515-520 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-12-515">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-12-515</a>.

F. Tauser, A. Leitenstorfer, and W. Zinth, "Amplified femtosecond pulses from an Er:fiber system: Nonlinear pulse shortening and self-referencing detection of the carrier-envelope phase evolution," Opt. Express 11, 594-600 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-6-594">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-6-594</a>.

Opt. Lett. (4)

J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. G. Jørgensen, and T. Veng, "All-fiber, octave-spanning supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 643 (2003).

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, "Phaselocked erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 29, 250-252 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003).

J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, K. S. Feder, and A. D. Yablon, "Supercontinuum generation in UV irradiated fibers," Opt. Lett. 29 (to be published).

Proc. Conference Lasers Electro-Opt. (1)

I. Hartl, T. R. Schibili, G. Imbeshev, G. C. Cho, M. N. Fermann, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Matsumoto, J. W. Nicholson, and M. F. Yan, "Carrier envelope phase locking of an in-line, low-noise Er fiber system," in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Paper CMO4 (Optical Society of America, 2004), p. 59.

Science (2)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrierenvelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robersson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, "Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10-19 level," Science 303, 1843-1845 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Toptica Photonics Webpage, <a href="http://www.toptica.com/">http://www.toptica.com/</a>.

Menlo Systems GmbH Webpage, <a href="http://www.menlosystems.com/">http://www.menlosystems.com/</a>.

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