Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate clock recovery from a patterned optical-time-division-multiplexed (OTDM) return-to-zero (RZ) data stream. A cascaded LiNbO3 Mach-Zehnder modulator is employed as an efficient optical-electrical mixer. A phase-locked-loop (PLL) is used to lock the cross-correlation component between the optical signal and a local oscillating signal. As a result, clock signal at 10GHz is extracted from the 160Gb/s optical TDM signal. The measured root-mean-square (RMS) timing jitter of the 10GHz clock signal is ~ 130fs.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Cotter and J. K. Lucek, “High-speed digital optical processing in future networks,” Philosophical Trans. Roy. Soc. A 358, 2283–2296 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. E. Adams, E. S. Kintzer, and J. G. Fujimoto, “All-optical timing extraction at 40GHz using a mode-locked figure-eight laser with an SLA,” Electron. Lett. 31,1759–1977 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. E. Barnsley, G. E. Wickens, H. J. Wickes, and D.M. Spirit, “A 4×5 Gb/s transmission system with all-optical clock recovery,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 83–86 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Jinno and T. Matsumoto, “All-optical timing extraction using 1.5μm self pulsating multielectrode DFB LD,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1426–1427 (1994).
  5. O. Kamatani and S. Kawanishi, “Ultrahigh-speed clock recovery with phase lock loop based on four-wave mixing in a traveling-wave laser diode amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,1757–1767 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
    [Crossref]
  7. D. T. K. Tong, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, T. N. Nielsen, K. R. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, “Optoelectronic phase-locked loop with balanced photodetection for clock recovery in high-speed optical time-division-multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1064–1066(2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, N. Moulton, and J. Goldhar, “Subharmonic Optical Clock Recovery From 160 Gb/s Using Time-Dependent Loss Saturation Inside a Single Electroabsorption Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1764–1766(2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Clock Recovery and demultiplexing Performance of160-Gb/s OTDM Field Experiments, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1555–1557(2004).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, “Simultaneous temporal characterization of telecommunication optical pulses and modulators by use of spectrograms,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1315–1317(2002).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. Murai, M. Kagawa, H. Tsuji, and K. Fujii, “Recent Progress of over 160 Gbit/s Optical Signal Transmission Based on OTDM Technique,” in Proceedings of the 7th Contemporary Photonics Technology, (Tokyo, Japan, 2004), pp. 115–118.
  12. G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and N. Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  13. O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locking Erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, S. Etemad, A. Braun, and J. Abeles, “Ultralow noise and supermode suppression in an actively mode-locked external-cavity semiconductor diode ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 719–721 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Kawanishi, “Ultrahigh-speed optical time-division-multiplexed transmission technology based on optical signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2064–2079 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  16. Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “Timing Jitter Measurement and its Reduction for Gain-Switched DFB Laser,” in Photonis West, Marek Osinski, Hiroshi Amano, and Fritz Henneberger, Eds. Proc. SPIE 5349, 255–261 (2004).
    [Crossref]

2004 (3)

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Clock Recovery and demultiplexing Performance of160-Gb/s OTDM Field Experiments, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1555–1557(2004).
[Crossref]

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and N. Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “Timing Jitter Measurement and its Reduction for Gain-Switched DFB Laser,” in Photonis West, Marek Osinski, Hiroshi Amano, and Fritz Henneberger, Eds. Proc. SPIE 5349, 255–261 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, N. Moulton, and J. Goldhar, “Subharmonic Optical Clock Recovery From 160 Gb/s Using Time-Dependent Loss Saturation Inside a Single Electroabsorption Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1764–1766(2003).
[Crossref]

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

2000 (2)

D. T. K. Tong, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, T. N. Nielsen, K. R. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, “Optoelectronic phase-locked loop with balanced photodetection for clock recovery in high-speed optical time-division-multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1064–1066(2000).
[Crossref]

D. Cotter and J. K. Lucek, “High-speed digital optical processing in future networks,” Philosophical Trans. Roy. Soc. A 358, 2283–2296 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. Kawanishi, “Ultrahigh-speed optical time-division-multiplexed transmission technology based on optical signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2064–2079 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

O. Kamatani and S. Kawanishi, “Ultrahigh-speed clock recovery with phase lock loop based on four-wave mixing in a traveling-wave laser diode amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,1757–1767 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

L. E. Adams, E. S. Kintzer, and J. G. Fujimoto, “All-optical timing extraction at 40GHz using a mode-locked figure-eight laser with an SLA,” Electron. Lett. 31,1759–1977 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. Jinno and T. Matsumoto, “All-optical timing extraction using 1.5μm self pulsating multielectrode DFB LD,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1426–1427 (1994).

1992 (1)

P. E. Barnsley, G. E. Wickens, H. J. Wickes, and D.M. Spirit, “A 4×5 Gb/s transmission system with all-optical clock recovery,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 83–86 (1992).
[Crossref]

Abeles, J.

Adams, L. E.

L. E. Adams, E. S. Kintzer, and J. G. Fujimoto, “All-optical timing extraction at 40GHz using a mode-locked figure-eight laser with an SLA,” Electron. Lett. 31,1759–1977 (1995).
[Crossref]

Awad, E. S.

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, N. Moulton, and J. Goldhar, “Subharmonic Optical Clock Recovery From 160 Gb/s Using Time-Dependent Loss Saturation Inside a Single Electroabsorption Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1764–1766(2003).
[Crossref]

Barnsley, P. E.

P. E. Barnsley, G. E. Wickens, H. J. Wickes, and D.M. Spirit, “A 4×5 Gb/s transmission system with all-optical clock recovery,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 83–86 (1992).
[Crossref]

Berger, J.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

Blondel, M.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locking Erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Boerner, C.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

Braun, A.

Chen, H.

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and N. Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cho, P. S.

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, N. Moulton, and J. Goldhar, “Subharmonic Optical Clock Recovery From 160 Gb/s Using Time-Dependent Loss Saturation Inside a Single Electroabsorption Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1764–1766(2003).
[Crossref]

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter and J. K. Lucek, “High-speed digital optical processing in future networks,” Philosophical Trans. Roy. Soc. A 358, 2283–2296 (2000).
[Crossref]

de Waardt, H.

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Clock Recovery and demultiplexing Performance of160-Gb/s OTDM Field Experiments, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1555–1557(2004).
[Crossref]

Delfyett, P. J.

Deparis, O.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locking Erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

DePriest, C. M.

Dietrich, E.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

Dong, H.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “Timing Jitter Measurement and its Reduction for Gain-Switched DFB Laser,” in Photonis West, Marek Osinski, Hiroshi Amano, and Fritz Henneberger, Eds. Proc. SPIE 5349, 255–261 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dorrer, C.

Dreyer, K. R.

D. T. K. Tong, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, T. N. Nielsen, K. R. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, “Optoelectronic phase-locked loop with balanced photodetection for clock recovery in high-speed optical time-division-multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1064–1066(2000).
[Crossref]

Dutta, N.

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and N. Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dutta, N. K.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “Timing Jitter Measurement and its Reduction for Gain-Switched DFB Laser,” in Photonis West, Marek Osinski, Hiroshi Amano, and Fritz Henneberger, Eds. Proc. SPIE 5349, 255–261 (2004).
[Crossref]

Emplit, P.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locking Erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Etemad, S.

Ferber, S.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

Fujii, K.

H. Murai, M. Kagawa, H. Tsuji, and K. Fujii, “Recent Progress of over 160 Gbit/s Optical Signal Transmission Based on OTDM Technique,” in Proceedings of the 7th Contemporary Photonics Technology, (Tokyo, Japan, 2004), pp. 115–118.

Fujimoto, J. G.

L. E. Adams, E. S. Kintzer, and J. G. Fujimoto, “All-optical timing extraction at 40GHz using a mode-locked figure-eight laser with an SLA,” Electron. Lett. 31,1759–1977 (1995).
[Crossref]

Goldhar, J.

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, N. Moulton, and J. Goldhar, “Subharmonic Optical Clock Recovery From 160 Gb/s Using Time-Dependent Loss Saturation Inside a Single Electroabsorption Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1764–1766(2003).
[Crossref]

Haelterman, M.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locking Erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hilliger, E.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

Jinno, M.

M. Jinno and T. Matsumoto, “All-optical timing extraction using 1.5μm self pulsating multielectrode DFB LD,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1426–1427 (1994).

Johnson, J. E.

D. T. K. Tong, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, T. N. Nielsen, K. R. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, “Optoelectronic phase-locked loop with balanced photodetection for clock recovery in high-speed optical time-division-multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1064–1066(2000).
[Crossref]

Kagawa, M.

H. Murai, M. Kagawa, H. Tsuji, and K. Fujii, “Recent Progress of over 160 Gbit/s Optical Signal Transmission Based on OTDM Technique,” in Proceedings of the 7th Contemporary Photonics Technology, (Tokyo, Japan, 2004), pp. 115–118.

Kamatani, O.

O. Kamatani and S. Kawanishi, “Ultrahigh-speed clock recovery with phase lock loop based on four-wave mixing in a traveling-wave laser diode amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,1757–1767 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kang, I.

Kawanishi, S.

S. Kawanishi, “Ultrahigh-speed optical time-division-multiplexed transmission technology based on optical signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2064–2079 (1998).
[Crossref]

O. Kamatani and S. Kawanishi, “Ultrahigh-speed clock recovery with phase lock loop based on four-wave mixing in a traveling-wave laser diode amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14,1757–1767 (1996).
[Crossref]

Khoe, G. D.

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Clock Recovery and demultiplexing Performance of160-Gb/s OTDM Field Experiments, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1555–1557(2004).
[Crossref]

Kintzer, E. S.

L. E. Adams, E. S. Kintzer, and J. G. Fujimoto, “All-optical timing extraction at 40GHz using a mode-locked figure-eight laser with an SLA,” Electron. Lett. 31,1759–1977 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kiyan, R.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locking Erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lucek, J. K.

D. Cotter and J. K. Lucek, “High-speed digital optical processing in future networks,” Philosophical Trans. Roy. Soc. A 358, 2283–2296 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ludwig, R.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

Marembert, V.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, T.

M. Jinno and T. Matsumoto, “All-optical timing extraction using 1.5μm self pulsating multielectrode DFB LD,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1426–1427 (1994).

Megret, P.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locking Erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mikkelsen, B.

D. T. K. Tong, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, T. N. Nielsen, K. R. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, “Optoelectronic phase-locked loop with balanced photodetection for clock recovery in high-speed optical time-division-multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1064–1066(2000).
[Crossref]

Moulton, N.

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, N. Moulton, and J. Goldhar, “Subharmonic Optical Clock Recovery From 160 Gb/s Using Time-Dependent Loss Saturation Inside a Single Electroabsorption Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1764–1766(2003).
[Crossref]

Murai, H.

H. Murai, M. Kagawa, H. Tsuji, and K. Fujii, “Recent Progress of over 160 Gbit/s Optical Signal Transmission Based on OTDM Technique,” in Proceedings of the 7th Contemporary Photonics Technology, (Tokyo, Japan, 2004), pp. 115–118.

Nielsen, T. N.

D. T. K. Tong, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, T. N. Nielsen, K. R. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, “Optoelectronic phase-locked loop with balanced photodetection for clock recovery in high-speed optical time-division-multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1064–1066(2000).
[Crossref]

Pottiez, O.

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locking Erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

Raybon, G.

D. T. K. Tong, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, T. N. Nielsen, K. R. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, “Optoelectronic phase-locked loop with balanced photodetection for clock recovery in high-speed optical time-division-multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1064–1066(2000).
[Crossref]

Schmauss, B.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

Schubert, C.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

Spirit, D.M.

P. E. Barnsley, G. E. Wickens, H. J. Wickes, and D.M. Spirit, “A 4×5 Gb/s transmission system with all-optical clock recovery,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 83–86 (1992).
[Crossref]

Tangdiongga, E.

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Clock Recovery and demultiplexing Performance of160-Gb/s OTDM Field Experiments, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1555–1557(2004).
[Crossref]

Tong, D. T. K.

D. T. K. Tong, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, T. N. Nielsen, K. R. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, “Optoelectronic phase-locked loop with balanced photodetection for clock recovery in high-speed optical time-division-multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1064–1066(2000).
[Crossref]

Tsuji, H.

H. Murai, M. Kagawa, H. Tsuji, and K. Fujii, “Recent Progress of over 160 Gbit/s Optical Signal Transmission Based on OTDM Technique,” in Proceedings of the 7th Contemporary Photonics Technology, (Tokyo, Japan, 2004), pp. 115–118.

Turkiewicz, J. P.

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Clock Recovery and demultiplexing Performance of160-Gb/s OTDM Field Experiments, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1555–1557(2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and N. Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “Timing Jitter Measurement and its Reduction for Gain-Switched DFB Laser,” in Photonis West, Marek Osinski, Hiroshi Amano, and Fritz Henneberger, Eds. Proc. SPIE 5349, 255–261 (2004).
[Crossref]

Weber, H.G.

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

Wickens, G. E.

P. E. Barnsley, G. E. Wickens, H. J. Wickes, and D.M. Spirit, “A 4×5 Gb/s transmission system with all-optical clock recovery,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 83–86 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wickes, H. J.

P. E. Barnsley, G. E. Wickens, H. J. Wickes, and D.M. Spirit, “A 4×5 Gb/s transmission system with all-optical clock recovery,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 83–86 (1992).
[Crossref]

Yilmaz, T.

Zhu, G.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “Timing Jitter Measurement and its Reduction for Gain-Switched DFB Laser,” in Photonis West, Marek Osinski, Hiroshi Amano, and Fritz Henneberger, Eds. Proc. SPIE 5349, 255–261 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and N. Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (3)

L. E. Adams, E. S. Kintzer, and J. G. Fujimoto, “All-optical timing extraction at 40GHz using a mode-locked figure-eight laser with an SLA,” Electron. Lett. 31,1759–1977 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. Jinno and T. Matsumoto, “All-optical timing extraction using 1.5μm self pulsating multielectrode DFB LD,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1426–1427 (1994).

C. Boerner, C. Schubert, E. Hilliger, V. Marembert, J. Berger, S. Ferber, E. Dietrich, R. Ludwig, B. Schmauss, and H.G. Weber, “160Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” Electron. Lett. 14, 1071–1073(2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

O. Pottiez, O. Deparis, R. Kiyan, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit, P. Megret, and M. Blondel, “Supermode noise of harmonically mode-locking Erbium fiber lasers with composite cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 252–259 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Kawanishi, “Ultrahigh-speed optical time-division-multiplexed transmission technology based on optical signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2064–2079 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

D. T. K. Tong, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, T. N. Nielsen, K. R. Dreyer, and J. E. Johnson, “Optoelectronic phase-locked loop with balanced photodetection for clock recovery in high-speed optical time-division-multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1064–1066(2000).
[Crossref]

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, N. Moulton, and J. Goldhar, “Subharmonic Optical Clock Recovery From 160 Gb/s Using Time-Dependent Loss Saturation Inside a Single Electroabsorption Modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1764–1766(2003).
[Crossref]

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Clock Recovery and demultiplexing Performance of160-Gb/s OTDM Field Experiments, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1555–1557(2004).
[Crossref]

P. E. Barnsley, G. E. Wickens, H. J. Wickes, and D.M. Spirit, “A 4×5 Gb/s transmission system with all-optical clock recovery,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 83–86 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

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[Crossref]

J. Opt. Engineering (1)

G. Zhu, Q. Wang, H. Chen, and N. Dutta, “High-speed clock recovery with phase-locked loop based on LiNbO3 modulators,” J. Opt. Engineering 43, 1056–1059 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Philosophical Trans. Roy. Soc. A (1)

D. Cotter and J. K. Lucek, “High-speed digital optical processing in future networks,” Philosophical Trans. Roy. Soc. A 358, 2283–2296 (2000).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “Timing Jitter Measurement and its Reduction for Gain-Switched DFB Laser,” in Photonis West, Marek Osinski, Hiroshi Amano, and Fritz Henneberger, Eds. Proc. SPIE 5349, 255–261 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

H. Murai, M. Kagawa, H. Tsuji, and K. Fujii, “Recent Progress of over 160 Gbit/s Optical Signal Transmission Based on OTDM Technique,” in Proceedings of the 7th Contemporary Photonics Technology, (Tokyo, Japan, 2004), pp. 115–118.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of (a) the PLL circuit and (b) cascaded modulator. [Media 2]

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

RF spectrum at the photodiode produced by a beating of the 160 Gb/s optical data and the 16th harmonic of the electrical input to the modulator. (a) Beat frequency spectrum using cascaded MZ modulator (b) Beat frequency spectrum using a single MZ modulator (c) Spectrum of supermodes in the input optical pulse train. [Media 1]

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Waveform of the 160Gb/s patterned input data measured by wide band oscilloscope (Left) triggered by original clock and (Right) triggered by recovered clock

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(Left) Waveform of VCO output 10GHz recovered clock triggered by original clock and (Right) its RF spectrum

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

RF spectrum of the recovered clock for jitter analysis.

Equations (5)

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I input = I 0 [ 1 + k = 0 a k cos ( 2 πk f 1 t ) ]
V mod ( t ) = V o { 1 + k = 0 b k cos [ 2 πk ( f vco + Δ f ) t ] }
T = γ 2 [ 1 + cos ( π ( V B + V mod ( t ) ) V π ) ]
I out = I input · γ 2 [ 1 + cos ( π ( V B + V mod ( t ) ) V π ) ]
σ c = 1 2 πnf p n Δ f p c RB

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