Abstract

We report the fabrication and characterization of optically pumped multiple grating distributed feedback lasers in dye doped organic thin films. Each multiplexed laser structure is inscribed at a different angle in the sample plane and possesses a unique emission wavelength. The polarization sensitivity of these structures with respect to the pumping light is exploited to enable simple and high-speed switching of the device emission wavelength.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Donval, E. Toussaere, S. Brasselet, and J. Zyss, “Comparative assessment of electrical, photoassisted and all optical in -plane poling of polymer based electrooptic modulators,” Opt. Mat. 12, 215–219 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  2. T. R. Hebner, C. C. Wu, D. Marcy, M. H. Lu, and J. C. Sturm, “Ink-jet printing of doped polymers for organic light emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 519–521 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 410–411 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. I. Hsu, R. Bhattacharya, H. Gleskova, M. Huang, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “Thin -film transistor circuits on large-area spherical surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1723–1725 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously Color-Tunable Rubber Laser,” Adv. Mat. (accepted 2003).
  6. V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, and S. R. Forrest, “Temperature independent performance of organic semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2575–2577 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Ramos-Ortiz, C. Spiegelberg, N. Peyghambarian, and B. Kippelen, “Temperature dependence of the threshold for laser emission in polymer microlasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2783–2785 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1220–1222 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, S. Berleb, A. G. Mückl, W. Brüttin g, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, “Very compact tunable solid-state laser utilizing a thin-film organic semiconductor,” Opt. Lett. 26, 593–595 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, “Ultrashort pulse generation from an integrated single-chip dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146–2149 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  11. G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristics of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313–315 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Carroll, J. Whiteaway, and D. Plumb, Distributed feedback semiconductor lasers (IEE, Stevenage, 1998).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributedfeedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6370–6374 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. Wright, E. Brasselet, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Dye doped organic distributed feedback lasers with index and surface gratings: The role of pump polarization and molecular orientation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (accepted 2004).
    [Crossref]
  15. H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable laser action in a dye-doped nematic liquid crystal waveguide under holographic excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 422–424 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  18. T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  19. E. Brasselet, D. Wright, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Spectral encoding of the polarization state of light in spatially multiplexed dye-doped organic distributed feedback lasers,” Opt. Lett. (submitted 2003).
    [PubMed]

2003 (4)

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristics of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313–315 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable laser action in a dye-doped nematic liquid crystal waveguide under holographic excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 422–424 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. Brasselet, D. Wright, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Spectral encoding of the polarization state of light in spatially multiplexed dye-doped organic distributed feedback lasers,” Opt. Lett. (submitted 2003).
[PubMed]

2002 (4)

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributedfeedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6370–6374 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. I. Hsu, R. Bhattacharya, H. Gleskova, M. Huang, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “Thin -film transistor circuits on large-area spherical surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1723–1725 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1220–1222 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, S. Berleb, A. G. Mückl, W. Brüttin g, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, “Very compact tunable solid-state laser utilizing a thin-film organic semiconductor,” Opt. Lett. 26, 593–595 (2001).
[Crossref]

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

G. Ramos-Ortiz, C. Spiegelberg, N. Peyghambarian, and B. Kippelen, “Temperature dependence of the threshold for laser emission in polymer microlasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2783–2785 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

A. Donval, E. Toussaere, S. Brasselet, and J. Zyss, “Comparative assessment of electrical, photoassisted and all optical in -plane poling of polymer based electrooptic modulators,” Opt. Mat. 12, 215–219 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

T. R. Hebner, C. C. Wu, D. Marcy, M. H. Lu, and J. C. Sturm, “Ink-jet printing of doped polymers for organic light emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 519–521 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, “Ultrashort pulse generation from an integrated single-chip dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146–2149 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, and S. R. Forrest, “Temperature independent performance of organic semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2575–2577 (1997).
[Crossref]

Andrew, P.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristics of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313–315 (2003).
[Crossref]

Aso, K.

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributedfeedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6370–6374 (2002).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristics of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313–315 (2003).
[Crossref]

Berggren, M.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Berleb, S.

Bhattacharya, R.

P. I. Hsu, R. Bhattacharya, H. Gleskova, M. Huang, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “Thin -film transistor circuits on large-area spherical surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1723–1725 (2002).
[Crossref]

Brasselet, E.

E. Brasselet, D. Wright, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Spectral encoding of the polarization state of light in spatially multiplexed dye-doped organic distributed feedback lasers,” Opt. Lett. (submitted 2003).
[PubMed]

D. Wright, E. Brasselet, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Dye doped organic distributed feedback lasers with index and surface gratings: The role of pump polarization and molecular orientation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (accepted 2004).
[Crossref]

Brasselet, S.

A. Donval, E. Toussaere, S. Brasselet, and J. Zyss, “Comparative assessment of electrical, photoassisted and all optical in -plane poling of polymer based electrooptic modulators,” Opt. Mat. 12, 215–219 (1999).
[Crossref]

Brüttin g, W.

Bulovic, V.

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, and S. R. Forrest, “Temperature independent performance of organic semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2575–2577 (1997).
[Crossref]

Carroll, J.

J. Carroll, J. Whiteaway, and D. Plumb, Distributed feedback semiconductor lasers (IEE, Stevenage, 1998).
[Crossref]

Dodabalapur, A.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Donval, A.

A. Donval, E. Toussaere, S. Brasselet, and J. Zyss, “Comparative assessment of electrical, photoassisted and all optical in -plane poling of polymer based electrooptic modulators,” Opt. Mat. 12, 215–219 (1999).
[Crossref]

Feldmann, J.

Finkelmann, H.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Forrest, S. R.

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, and S. R. Forrest, “Temperature independent performance of organic semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2575–2577 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ganzke, D.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gleskova, H.

P. I. Hsu, R. Bhattacharya, H. Gleskova, M. Huang, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “Thin -film transistor circuits on large-area spherical surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1723–1725 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gombert, A.

Haase, A.

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously Color-Tunable Rubber Laser,” Adv. Mat. (accepted 2003).

Haase, W.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hebner, T. R.

T. R. Hebner, C. C. Wu, D. Marcy, M. H. Lu, and J. C. Sturm, “Ink-jet printing of doped polymers for organic light emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 519–521 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hsu, P. I.

P. I. Hsu, R. Bhattacharya, H. Gleskova, M. Huang, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “Thin -film transistor circuits on large-area spherical surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1723–1725 (2002).
[Crossref]

Huang, M.

P. I. Hsu, R. Bhattacharya, H. Gleskova, M. Huang, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “Thin -film transistor circuits on large-area spherical surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1723–1725 (2002).
[Crossref]

Imamura, K.

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, “Ultrashort pulse generation from an integrated single-chip dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146–2149 (1997).
[Crossref]

Iskra, K. F.

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kasano, M.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kavc, T.

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kern, W.

E. Brasselet, D. Wright, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Spectral encoding of the polarization state of light in spatially multiplexed dye-doped organic distributed feedback lasers,” Opt. Lett. (submitted 2003).
[PubMed]

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Wright, E. Brasselet, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Dye doped organic distributed feedback lasers with index and surface gratings: The role of pump polarization and molecular orientation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (accepted 2004).
[Crossref]

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously Color-Tunable Rubber Laser,” Adv. Mat. (accepted 2003).

Kim, S. T.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kippelen, B.

G. Ramos-Ortiz, C. Spiegelberg, N. Peyghambarian, and B. Kippelen, “Temperature dependence of the threshold for laser emission in polymer microlasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2783–2785 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kitasho, T.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kozlov, V. G.

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, and S. R. Forrest, “Temperature independent performance of organic semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2575–2577 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kranzelbinder, G.

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Langer, G.

E. Brasselet, D. Wright, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Spectral encoding of the polarization state of light in spatially multiplexed dye-doped organic distributed feedback lasers,” Opt. Lett. (submitted 2003).
[PubMed]

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously Color-Tunable Rubber Laser,” Adv. Mat. (accepted 2003).

D. Wright, E. Brasselet, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Dye doped organic distributed feedback lasers with index and surface gratings: The role of pump polarization and molecular orientation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (accepted 2004).
[Crossref]

Lemmer, U.

Lu, M. H.

T. R. Hebner, C. C. Wu, D. Marcy, M. H. Lu, and J. C. Sturm, “Ink-jet printing of doped polymers for organic light emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 519–521 (1998).
[Crossref]

Maeda, M.

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1220–1222 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributedfeedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6370–6374 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, “Ultrashort pulse generation from an integrated single-chip dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146–2149 (1997).
[Crossref]

Marcy, D.

T. R. Hebner, C. C. Wu, D. Marcy, M. H. Lu, and J. C. Sturm, “Ink-jet printing of doped polymers for organic light emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 519–521 (1998).
[Crossref]

Matsui, T.

T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable laser action in a dye-doped nematic liquid crystal waveguide under holographic excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 422–424 (2003).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, S.

Mückl, A. G.

Munoz, A.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nalamasu, O.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Neger, T.

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Oki, Y.

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1220–1222 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributedfeedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6370–6374 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, “Ultrashort pulse generation from an integrated single-chip dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146–2149 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, M.

T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable laser action in a dye-doped nematic liquid crystal waveguide under holographic excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 422–424 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

G. Ramos-Ortiz, C. Spiegelberg, N. Peyghambarian, and B. Kippelen, “Temperature dependence of the threshold for laser emission in polymer microlasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2783–2785 (2000).
[Crossref]

Plumb, D.

J. Carroll, J. Whiteaway, and D. Plumb, Distributed feedback semiconductor lasers (IEE, Stevenage, 1998).
[Crossref]

Pogantsch, A.

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously Color-Tunable Rubber Laser,” Adv. Mat. (accepted 2003).

Ramos-Ortiz, G.

G. Ramos-Ortiz, C. Spiegelberg, N. Peyghambarian, and B. Kippelen, “Temperature dependence of the threshold for laser emission in polymer microlasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2783–2785 (2000).
[Crossref]

Riechel, S.

Samuel, I. D. W.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristics of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313–315 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Slusher, R. E.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Spiegelberg, C.

G. Ramos-Ortiz, C. Spiegelberg, N. Peyghambarian, and B. Kippelen, “Temperature dependence of the threshold for laser emission in polymer microlasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2783–2785 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sturm, J. C.

P. I. Hsu, R. Bhattacharya, H. Gleskova, M. Huang, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “Thin -film transistor circuits on large-area spherical surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1723–1725 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. R. Hebner, C. C. Wu, D. Marcy, M. H. Lu, and J. C. Sturm, “Ink-jet printing of doped polymers for organic light emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 519–521 (1998).
[Crossref]

Suo, Z.

P. I. Hsu, R. Bhattacharya, H. Gleskova, M. Huang, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “Thin -film transistor circuits on large-area spherical surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1723–1725 (2002).
[Crossref]

Taheri, B.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Timko, A.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Toussaere, E.

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Donval, E. Toussaere, S. Brasselet, and J. Zyss, “Comparative assessment of electrical, photoassisted and all optical in -plane poling of polymer based electrooptic modulators,” Opt. Mat. 12, 215–219 (1999).
[Crossref]

Turnbull, G. A.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristics of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313–315 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vasa, N. J.

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributedfeedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6370–6374 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, “Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1220–1222 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wagner, S.

P. I. Hsu, R. Bhattacharya, H. Gleskova, M. Huang, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “Thin -film transistor circuits on large-area spherical surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1723–1725 (2002).
[Crossref]

Weinberger, M. R.

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously Color-Tunable Rubber Laser,” Adv. Mat. (accepted 2003).

Whiteaway, J.

J. Carroll, J. Whiteaway, and D. Plumb, Distributed feedback semiconductor lasers (IEE, Stevenage, 1998).
[Crossref]

Wittwer, V.

Wright, D.

E. Brasselet, D. Wright, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Spectral encoding of the polarization state of light in spatially multiplexed dye-doped organic distributed feedback lasers,” Opt. Lett. (submitted 2003).
[PubMed]

D. Wright, E. Brasselet, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Dye doped organic distributed feedback lasers with index and surface gratings: The role of pump polarization and molecular orientation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (accepted 2004).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. C.

T. R. Hebner, C. C. Wu, D. Marcy, M. H. Lu, and J. C. Sturm, “Ink-jet printing of doped polymers for organic light emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 519–521 (1998).
[Crossref]

Xi, Z.

P. I. Hsu, R. Bhattacharya, H. Gleskova, M. Huang, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “Thin -film transistor circuits on large-area spherical surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1723–1725 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yoshino, K.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable laser action in a dye-doped nematic liquid crystal waveguide under holographic excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 422–424 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zojer, E.

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously Color-Tunable Rubber Laser,” Adv. Mat. (accepted 2003).

Zuo, D.

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributedfeedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6370–6374 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zyss, J.

E. Brasselet, D. Wright, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Spectral encoding of the polarization state of light in spatially multiplexed dye-doped organic distributed feedback lasers,” Opt. Lett. (submitted 2003).
[PubMed]

A. Donval, E. Toussaere, S. Brasselet, and J. Zyss, “Comparative assessment of electrical, photoassisted and all optical in -plane poling of polymer based electrooptic modulators,” Opt. Mat. 12, 215–219 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. Wright, E. Brasselet, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Dye doped organic distributed feedback lasers with index and surface gratings: The role of pump polarization and molecular orientation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (accepted 2004).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable laser action in a dye-doped nematic liquid crystal waveguide under holographic excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 422–424 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Operating characteristics of a semiconducting polymer laser pumped by a microchip laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313–315 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. R. Hebner, C. C. Wu, D. Marcy, M. H. Lu, and J. C. Sturm, “Ink-jet printing of doped polymers for organic light emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 519–521 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. I. Hsu, R. Bhattacharya, H. Gleskova, M. Huang, Z. Xi, Z. Suo, S. Wagner, and J. C. Sturm, “Thin -film transistor circuits on large-area spherical surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1723–1725 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, and S. R. Forrest, “Temperature independent performance of organic semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2575–2577 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Ramos-Ortiz, C. Spiegelberg, N. Peyghambarian, and B. Kippelen, “Temperature dependence of the threshold for laser emission in polymer microlasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2783–2785 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mat. (1)

T. Kavc, G. Langer, W. Kern, G. Kranzelbinder, E. Toussaere, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, K. F. Iskra, T. Neger, and A. Pogantsch, “Index and relief gratings in polymer films for organic distributed feedback lasers,” Chem. Mat. 14, 4178–4185 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, and K. Imamura, “Ultrashort pulse generation from an integrated single-chip dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146–2149 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributedfeedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6370–6374 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mat. (1)

A. Donval, E. Toussaere, S. Brasselet, and J. Zyss, “Comparative assessment of electrical, photoassisted and all optical in -plane poling of polymer based electrooptic modulators,” Opt. Mat. 12, 215–219 (1999).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

J. Carroll, J. Whiteaway, and D. Plumb, Distributed feedback semiconductor lasers (IEE, Stevenage, 1998).
[Crossref]

D. Wright, E. Brasselet, J. Zyss, G. Langer, and W. Kern, “Dye doped organic distributed feedback lasers with index and surface gratings: The role of pump polarization and molecular orientation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (accepted 2004).
[Crossref]

M. R. Weinberger, G. Langer, A. Pogantsch, A. Haase, E. Zojer, and W. Kern, “Continuously Color-Tunable Rubber Laser,” Adv. Mat. (accepted 2003).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

AFM surface profile of DFB laser sample with three multiplexed gratings. The grating modulation depth is ~40 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Experimental apparatus. M: mirror, L: lens, PBF: pass band filter, P: polarizer, BS: beam splitter, λ/2: half wave plate, DFB: distributed feedback laser sample, HPF: high pass filter, OF: optical fiber, PM : Power Meter (b) Orientation of the pump polarization direction impinging on the sample where α is the angle between the pump electric field E p and the x-axis.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) The laser emission intensity plotted against the pump intensity, where the lines are power law fits for each of the region referred as (a), (b) and (c) (see text for details). (b) Emitted laser power plotted against the absorbed pump power, the solid line being a linear fit with slope 0.027.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Normalized emission spectra of a DFB laser structure having three multiplexed gratings, obtained by varying the pump polarization direction a. Open squares: peak at 630.6 nm (α=120°), stars: 635.0 nm (α=60°), filled triangles: 638.7 nm (α=0°), the corresponding wave vectors K 30°, K 150° and K 90° make angles of 30°, 150°, and 90° respectively with the x-axis.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The pump polarization dependence of the emitted laser intensity corresponding to the three multiplexed gratings. Open squares: peak at 630.6 nm, stars: 635.0 nm, filled triangles: 638.7 nm. Theoretical fits are described in text.

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