Abstract

We report the sub-wavelength patterning of the optical near-field by total internal reflection illumination of a regular array of resonant gold nano-particles. Under appropriate conditions, the in-plane coupling between Localized Surface Plasmon (LSP) fields gives rise to sub-wavelength light spots between the structures. Measurements performed with an Apertureless Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscope (ASNOM) show a good agreement with theoretical predictions based on the Green dyadic method. This concept might offer a convenient way to elaborate extended optical trap landscapes for manipulation of sub-micrometer systems.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2003 (5)

H. Melville, G. F. Milne, G. C. Spalding, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, and D. McGloin, “Optical trapping of three-dimensional structures using dynamic holograms,” Opt. Express 11, 3562 (2003) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-26-3562
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, G. C. Spalding, and K. Dholakia, “Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice,” Nature (London) 426, 421 (2003)
[CrossRef]

J. A. Porto, P. Johansson, S. P. Apell, and T. López-Ríos, “Resonance shift effects in apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085409 (2003)
[CrossRef]

A. Pack, W. Grill, and R. Wannemacher, “Apertureless near-field optical microscopy of metallic nanoparticles,” Ultramicroscopy 94, 109 (2003)
[CrossRef]

R. Fikri, T. Grosges, and D. Barchiesi, “Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy: the need for probe-vibration modeling,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2147 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

S. Blaize, S. Aubert, A. Bruyant, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, P. Royer, J. E. Broquin, and V. Minier, “Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange waveguide characterization,” Journal of Microscopy 209, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. Colas-des-Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the Local Density of States of Optical Corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salermo, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002)
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

L. Gunnarsson, E. J. Bjerneld, H. Xu, S. Petronis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, “Interparticles coupling effects in nanofabricated substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Metal Nanoparticle Gratings: Influence of Dipolar Particle on the Plasmon Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hillenbrand and K. Keilmann, “Complex Optical Constants on a Subwavelength Scale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3029 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

K. Okamoto and S. Kawata, “Radiation Force Exerted on Subwavelength Particles near a Nanoaperture,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4534 (1999)
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (2)

1995 (3)

C. Girard, A. Dereux, O. J. F. Martin, and M. Devel, “Generation of optical standing waves around mesoscopic surface structure: scattering and light confinement,” Phys. Rev. B 52, 2889 (1995)
[CrossRef]

R. Bachelot, P. Gleyzes, and A. C. Boccara, “Near-field optical microscope based on local perturbation of a diffraction spot,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1924 (1995)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. J. F. Martin, C. Girard, and A. Dereux, “Generalized Field Propagator for Electromagnetic Scattering and Light Confinement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 526 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

Y. Inouye and S. Kawata, “Near-field scanning optical microscope with a metallic probe tip,” Opt. Lett. 19, 159 (1994)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zenhausern, M. P. O’Boyle, and H. K. Wickramasinghe, “Apertureless near-field optical microscope,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1623 (1994)
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

1985 (1)

1944 (1)

H. A. Bethe, “Theory of Diffraction by Small Holes,” Phys. Rev. 66, 163 (1944)
[CrossRef]

Apell, S. P.

J. A. Porto, P. Johansson, S. P. Apell, and T. López-Ríos, “Resonance shift effects in apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085409 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Aubard, J.

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salermo, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Aubert, S.

S. Blaize, S. Aubert, A. Bruyant, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, P. Royer, J. E. Broquin, and V. Minier, “Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange waveguide characterization,” Journal of Microscopy 209, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salermo, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002)
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Metal Nanoparticle Gratings: Influence of Dipolar Particle on the Plasmon Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bachelot, R.

S. Blaize, S. Aubert, A. Bruyant, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, P. Royer, J. E. Broquin, and V. Minier, “Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange waveguide characterization,” Journal of Microscopy 209, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Bachelot, P. Gleyzes, and A. C. Boccara, “Near-field optical microscope based on local perturbation of a diffraction spot,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1924 (1995)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barchiesi, D.

Bethe, H. A.

H. A. Bethe, “Theory of Diffraction by Small Holes,” Phys. Rev. 66, 163 (1944)
[CrossRef]

Bjerneld, E. J.

L. Gunnarsson, E. J. Bjerneld, H. Xu, S. Petronis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, “Interparticles coupling effects in nanofabricated substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Blaize, S.

S. Blaize, S. Aubert, A. Bruyant, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, P. Royer, J. E. Broquin, and V. Minier, “Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange waveguide characterization,” Journal of Microscopy 209, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boccara, A. C.

Bohren, C.

C. Bohren and D. Huffman, Absorption and scattering of light by small particles (JohnWiley, New-York, 1983).

Bourillot, E.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. Colas-des-Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the Local Density of States of Optical Corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broquin, J. E.

S. Blaize, S. Aubert, A. Bruyant, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, P. Royer, J. E. Broquin, and V. Minier, “Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange waveguide characterization,” Journal of Microscopy 209, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bruyant, A.

S. Blaize, S. Aubert, A. Bruyant, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, P. Royer, J. E. Broquin, and V. Minier, “Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange waveguide characterization,” Journal of Microscopy 209, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Carminati, R.

Chicanne, C.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. Colas-des-Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the Local Density of States of Optical Corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colas-des-Francs, G.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. Colas-des-Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the Local Density of States of Optical Corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Courjon, D.

David, T.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. Colas-des-Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the Local Density of States of Optical Corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a Subwavelength Aperture,” Science297 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dereux, A.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. Colas-des-Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the Local Density of States of Optical Corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Girard, A. Dereux, O. J. F. Martin, and M. Devel, “Generation of optical standing waves around mesoscopic surface structure: scattering and light confinement,” Phys. Rev. B 52, 2889 (1995)
[CrossRef]

O. J. F. Martin, C. Girard, and A. Dereux, “Generalized Field Propagator for Electromagnetic Scattering and Light Confinement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 526 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a Subwavelength Aperture,” Science297 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devel, M.

C. Girard, A. Dereux, O. J. F. Martin, and M. Devel, “Generation of optical standing waves around mesoscopic surface structure: scattering and light confinement,” Phys. Rev. B 52, 2889 (1995)
[CrossRef]

Dholakia, K.

Ditbacher, H.

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Metal Nanoparticle Gratings: Influence of Dipolar Particle on the Plasmon Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature (London) 391, 667 (1998)
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a Subwavelength Aperture,” Science297 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Felidj, N.

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salermo, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Fikri, R.

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a Subwavelength Aperture,” Science297 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature (London) 391, 667 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Girard, C.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. Colas-des-Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the Local Density of States of Optical Corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Girard, A. Dereux, O. J. F. Martin, and M. Devel, “Generation of optical standing waves around mesoscopic surface structure: scattering and light confinement,” Phys. Rev. B 52, 2889 (1995)
[CrossRef]

O. J. F. Martin, C. Girard, and A. Dereux, “Generalized Field Propagator for Electromagnetic Scattering and Light Confinement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 526 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gleyzes, P.

Greffet, J. J.

Greffet, J.-J.

J.-J. Greffet and R. Carminati, “Image formation in near-field optics,” Progress in Surface Science 56, 133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grill, W.

A. Pack, W. Grill, and R. Wannemacher, “Apertureless near-field optical microscopy of metallic nanoparticles,” Ultramicroscopy 94, 109 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Grosges, T.

Gunnarsson, L.

L. Gunnarsson, E. J. Bjerneld, H. Xu, S. Petronis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, “Interparticles coupling effects in nanofabricated substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Hillenbrand, R.

R. Hillenbrand and K. Keilmann, “Complex Optical Constants on a Subwavelength Scale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3029 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huffman, D.

C. Bohren and D. Huffman, Absorption and scattering of light by small particles (JohnWiley, New-York, 1983).

Inouye, Y.

Johansson, P.

J. A. Porto, P. Johansson, S. P. Apell, and T. López-Ríos, “Resonance shift effects in apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085409 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Käll, M.

L. Gunnarsson, E. J. Bjerneld, H. Xu, S. Petronis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, “Interparticles coupling effects in nanofabricated substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Kasemo, B.

L. Gunnarsson, E. J. Bjerneld, H. Xu, S. Petronis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, “Interparticles coupling effects in nanofabricated substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

Keilmann, K.

R. Hillenbrand and K. Keilmann, “Complex Optical Constants on a Subwavelength Scale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3029 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

Krenn, J. R.

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salermo, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002)
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Metal Nanoparticle Gratings: Influence of Dipolar Particle on the Plasmon Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lacroute, Y.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. Colas-des-Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the Local Density of States of Optical Corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamprecht, B.

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salermo, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002)
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Metal Nanoparticle Gratings: Influence of Dipolar Particle on the Plasmon Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lechner, R. T.

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Metal Nanoparticle Gratings: Influence of Dipolar Particle on the Plasmon Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitner, A.

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salermo, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002)
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Metal Nanoparticle Gratings: Influence of Dipolar Particle on the Plasmon Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lerondel, G.

S. Blaize, S. Aubert, A. Bruyant, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, P. Royer, J. E. Broquin, and V. Minier, “Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange waveguide characterization,” Journal of Microscopy 209, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lévi, G.

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salermo, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature (London) 391, 667 (1998)
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a Subwavelength Aperture,” Science297 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liao, P. F.

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a Subwavelength Aperture,” Science297 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

López-Ríos, T.

J. A. Porto, P. Johansson, S. P. Apell, and T. López-Ríos, “Resonance shift effects in apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085409 (2003)
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, M. P.

M. P. MacDonald, G. C. Spalding, and K. Dholakia, “Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice,” Nature (London) 426, 421 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Madrazo, A.

Martin, O. J. F.

C. Girard, A. Dereux, O. J. F. Martin, and M. Devel, “Generation of optical standing waves around mesoscopic surface structure: scattering and light confinement,” Phys. Rev. B 52, 2889 (1995)
[CrossRef]

O. J. F. Martin, C. Girard, and A. Dereux, “Generalized Field Propagator for Electromagnetic Scattering and Light Confinement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 526 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin-Moreno, L.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a Subwavelength Aperture,” Science297 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McGloin, D.

Meier, M.

Melville, H.

Milne, G. F.

Minier, V.

S. Blaize, S. Aubert, A. Bruyant, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, P. Royer, J. E. Broquin, and V. Minier, “Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange waveguide characterization,” Journal of Microscopy 209, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morimoto, A.

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

O’Boyle, M. P.

F. Zenhausern, M. P. O’Boyle, and H. K. Wickramasinghe, “Apertureless near-field optical microscope,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1623 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto and S. Kawata, “Radiation Force Exerted on Subwavelength Particles near a Nanoaperture,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4534 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Pack, A.

A. Pack, W. Grill, and R. Wannemacher, “Apertureless near-field optical microscopy of metallic nanoparticles,” Ultramicroscopy 94, 109 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Petronis, S.

L. Gunnarsson, E. J. Bjerneld, H. Xu, S. Petronis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, “Interparticles coupling effects in nanofabricated substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Porto, J. A.

J. A. Porto, P. Johansson, S. P. Apell, and T. López-Ríos, “Resonance shift effects in apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085409 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. Colas-des-Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the Local Density of States of Optical Corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Royer, P.

S. Blaize, S. Aubert, A. Bruyant, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, P. Royer, J. E. Broquin, and V. Minier, “Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange waveguide characterization,” Journal of Microscopy 209, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Salermo, M.

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salermo, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Schider, G.

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salermo, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002)
[CrossRef]

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Metal Nanoparticle Gratings: Influence of Dipolar Particle on the Plasmon Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sibbett, W.

Spalding, G. C.

Sugiura, T.

Takahara, J. T.

Taki, H.

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature (London) 391, 667 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Vigoureux, J. M.

Wannemacher, R.

A. Pack, W. Grill, and R. Wannemacher, “Apertureless near-field optical microscopy of metallic nanoparticles,” Ultramicroscopy 94, 109 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J. C.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. Colas-des-Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the Local Density of States of Optical Corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wickramasinghe, H. K.

F. Zenhausern, M. P. O’Boyle, and H. K. Wickramasinghe, “Apertureless near-field optical microscope,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1623 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Wokaum, A.

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature (London) 391, 667 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

L. Gunnarsson, E. J. Bjerneld, H. Xu, S. Petronis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, “Interparticles coupling effects in nanofabricated substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Yamagishi, S.

Zenhausern, F.

F. Zenhausern, M. P. O’Boyle, and H. K. Wickramasinghe, “Apertureless near-field optical microscope,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1623 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. Gunnarsson, E. J. Bjerneld, H. Xu, S. Petronis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, “Interparticles coupling effects in nanofabricated substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

F. Zenhausern, M. P. O’Boyle, and H. K. Wickramasinghe, “Apertureless near-field optical microscope,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1623 (1994)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Journal of Microscopy (1)

S. Blaize, S. Aubert, A. Bruyant, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, P. Royer, J. E. Broquin, and V. Minier, “Apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy for ion exchange waveguide characterization,” Journal of Microscopy 209, 155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (2)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature (London) 391, 667 (1998)
[CrossRef]

M. P. MacDonald, G. C. Spalding, and K. Dholakia, “Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice,” Nature (London) 426, 421 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. (1)

H. A. Bethe, “Theory of Diffraction by Small Holes,” Phys. Rev. 66, 163 (1944)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

N. Felidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salermo, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002)
[CrossRef]

C. Girard, A. Dereux, O. J. F. Martin, and M. Devel, “Generation of optical standing waves around mesoscopic surface structure: scattering and light confinement,” Phys. Rev. B 52, 2889 (1995)
[CrossRef]

J. A. Porto, P. Johansson, S. P. Apell, and T. López-Ríos, “Resonance shift effects in apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085409 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

K. Okamoto and S. Kawata, “Radiation Force Exerted on Subwavelength Particles near a Nanoaperture,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4534 (1999)
[CrossRef]

O. J. F. Martin, C. Girard, and A. Dereux, “Generalized Field Propagator for Electromagnetic Scattering and Light Confinement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 526 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hillenbrand and K. Keilmann, “Complex Optical Constants on a Subwavelength Scale,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3029 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditbacher, J. R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Metal Nanoparticle Gratings: Influence of Dipolar Particle on the Plasmon Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4721 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. Colas-des-Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the Local Density of States of Optical Corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Progress in Surface Science (1)

J.-J. Greffet and R. Carminati, “Image formation in near-field optics,” Progress in Surface Science 56, 133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ultramicroscopy (1)

A. Pack, W. Grill, and R. Wannemacher, “Apertureless near-field optical microscopy of metallic nanoparticles,” Ultramicroscopy 94, 109 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

C. Bohren and D. Huffman, Absorption and scattering of light by small particles (JohnWiley, New-York, 1983).

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a Subwavelength Aperture,” Science297 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Theoretical map of the near-field electric intensity calculated 100nm above a 5×6 array (640nm period) of gold pads (100×100×40)nm3 (location represented by the black squares). The illumination is performed by a plane wave (633nm, TM polarization) under total internal reflection (45° incidence angle). The normalization at each point is done with respect to the electric intensity in the observation plane in the absence of any nanostructure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic description of our ASNOM set-up

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a–b) 2.4µm×2.4µm images recorded simultaneously above the fabricated sample. (a) AFM topography, (b) ASNOM image (λ=632.8nm, TM polarization and 45° incidence angle). (c–d) Comparison over a unit cell of the theoretical near-field electric intensity (c) and the experimental measurements (d) (zoom in on the square area drawn on Fig. 3(b)).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dependence of the ASNOM signal on the tip-sample distance when precisely located above one of the inter-particle maxima (experimental data in black, fitting in red).

Equations (1)

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Δ x Δ k x 2 π

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