Abstract

We present a compact source of polarization-entangled photon pairs at a wavelength of 805 nm using a violet single-mode laser diode as the pump source of type-II spontaneous parametric down-conversion. The source exhibits entanglement and pair-rate comparable to conventional systems utilizing large frame ion lasers thus significantly increases the practicality of novel quantum information or quantum metrology applications.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Shor, “Polynomial-time algorithms for prime number factorization and discrete logarithms on a quantum computer,” SIAM J. Comp. 26, 1484ȁ1509 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  2. Ch. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. R. Cleve and H. Buhrman, “Substituting quantum entanglement for communication,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1201–1204 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. K. Ekert, “Quantum cryptography based on Bell’s theorem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661–663 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880–884 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Jennewein, Ch. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum cryptography with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729–4732 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, “Entangled state quantum cryptography: eavesdropping on the Ekert protokol,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733–4736 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum cryptography using entangled photons in energy-time bell states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737–4740 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London) 390, 575–579 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  10. T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Demonstration of nondeterministic quantum logic operations using linear optical elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257902 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. A. Migdall, “Correlated-photon metrology without absolute standards,” Physics Today January, 41–46 (1999).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26–28 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. Volz, Ch. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, “Compact all-solid-state source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 869–871 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  17. K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New high-efficiency source of photon pairs for engineering quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620–5623 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Ch. E. Kuklewicz, M. Fiorentino, G. Messin, F. N. C. Wong, and J. H. Shapiro, “A high-flux source of polarization-entangled photons from a periodically-poled KTP parametric downconverter,” http://lanl.arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0305092.
  19. D. Dehlinger and M. W. Mitchell, “Entangled photon apparatus for the undergraduate laboratory,” Am. J. Phys.70, 898–902 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. Nakamura and G. Fasol, The blue laser diode (Springer, Heidelberg, 1997).
  21. Ch. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  22. F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, “Effective fiber-coupling of entangled photons for quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. 227, 343–348 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  23. M. Oberparleiter and H. Weinfurter, “Cavity-enhanced generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Opt. Commun. 183, 133–137 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  24. M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, “Effective fiber-coupling of entangled photons for quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. 227, 343–348 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Demonstration of nondeterministic quantum logic operations using linear optical elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (4)

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26–28 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Volz, Ch. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, “Compact all-solid-state source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 869–871 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New high-efficiency source of photon pairs for engineering quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620–5623 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ch. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (4)

M. Oberparleiter and H. Weinfurter, “Cavity-enhanced generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Opt. Commun. 183, 133–137 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Jennewein, Ch. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum cryptography with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729–4732 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, “Entangled state quantum cryptography: eavesdropping on the Ekert protokol,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733–4736 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum cryptography using entangled photons in energy-time bell states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737–4740 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (3)

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London) 390, 575–579 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. Shor, “Polynomial-time algorithms for prime number factorization and discrete logarithms on a quantum computer,” SIAM J. Comp. 26, 1484ȁ1509 (1997).
[Crossref]

R. Cleve and H. Buhrman, “Substituting quantum entanglement for communication,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1201–1204 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

Ch. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

A. K. Ekert, “Quantum cryptography based on Bell’s theorem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661–663 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1969 (1)

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880–884 (1969).
[Crossref]

Aspelmeyer, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26–28 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bennett, Ch. H.

Ch. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berglund, A. J.

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, “Entangled state quantum cryptography: eavesdropping on the Ekert protokol,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733–4736 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Böhm, H. R.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouwmeester, D.

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London) 390, 575–579 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bovino, F. A.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, “Effective fiber-coupling of entangled photons for quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. 227, 343–348 (2003).
[Crossref]

Brassard, G.

Ch. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brendel, J.

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum cryptography using entangled photons in energy-time bell states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737–4740 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
[Crossref]

Buhrman, H.

R. Cleve and H. Buhrman, “Substituting quantum entanglement for communication,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1201–1204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Castagnoli, G.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, “Effective fiber-coupling of entangled photons for quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. 227, 343–348 (2003).
[Crossref]

Clauser, J. F.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880–884 (1969).
[Crossref]

Cleve, R.

R. Cleve and H. Buhrman, “Substituting quantum entanglement for communication,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1201–1204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Colla, A. M.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, “Effective fiber-coupling of entangled photons for quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. 227, 343–348 (2003).
[Crossref]

Crépeau, C.

Ch. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Micheli, M.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26–28 (2001).
[Crossref]

De Riedmatten, H.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26–28 (2001).
[Crossref]

Dehlinger, D.

D. Dehlinger and M. W. Mitchell, “Entangled photon apparatus for the undergraduate laboratory,” Am. J. Phys.70, 898–902 (2002).
[Crossref]

Di Giuseppe, G.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, “Effective fiber-coupling of entangled photons for quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. 227, 343–348 (2003).
[Crossref]

Eibl, M.

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London) 390, 575–579 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ekert, A. K.

A. K. Ekert, “Quantum cryptography based on Bell’s theorem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661–663 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fasol, G.

S. Nakamura and G. Fasol, The blue laser diode (Springer, Heidelberg, 1997).

Fiorentino, M.

Ch. E. Kuklewicz, M. Fiorentino, G. Messin, F. N. C. Wong, and J. H. Shapiro, “A high-flux source of polarization-entangled photons from a periodically-poled KTP parametric downconverter,” http://lanl.arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0305092.

Franson, J. D.

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Demonstration of nondeterministic quantum logic operations using linear optical elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26–28 (2001).
[Crossref]

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum cryptography using entangled photons in energy-time bell states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737–4740 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gyatso, T.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holt, R. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880–884 (1969).
[Crossref]

Horne, M. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880–884 (1969).
[Crossref]

Jacobs, B. C.

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Demonstration of nondeterministic quantum logic operations using linear optical elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jennewein, T.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Jennewein, Ch. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum cryptography with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729–4732 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jozsa, R.

Ch. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaltenbaek, R.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawahara, K.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New high-efficiency source of photon pairs for engineering quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620–5623 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuga, T.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New high-efficiency source of photon pairs for engineering quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620–5623 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuklewicz, Ch. E.

Ch. E. Kuklewicz, M. Fiorentino, G. Messin, F. N. C. Wong, and J. H. Shapiro, “A high-flux source of polarization-entangled photons from a periodically-poled KTP parametric downconverter,” http://lanl.arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0305092.

Kurtsiefer, Ch.

J. Volz, Ch. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, “Compact all-solid-state source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 869–871 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ch. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kwiat, P. G.

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, “Entangled state quantum cryptography: eavesdropping on the Ekert protokol,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733–4736 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindenthal, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mattle, K.

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London) 390, 575–579 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Messin, G.

Ch. E. Kuklewicz, M. Fiorentino, G. Messin, F. N. C. Wong, and J. H. Shapiro, “A high-flux source of polarization-entangled photons from a periodically-poled KTP parametric downconverter,” http://lanl.arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0305092.

Migdall, A.

A. Migdall, “Correlated-photon metrology without absolute standards,” Physics Today January, 41–46 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mitchell, M. W.

D. Dehlinger and M. W. Mitchell, “Entangled photon apparatus for the undergraduate laboratory,” Am. J. Phys.70, 898–902 (2002).
[Crossref]

Molina-Terriza, G.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Naik, D. S.

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, “Entangled state quantum cryptography: eavesdropping on the Ekert protokol,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733–4736 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakamura, S.

S. Nakamura and G. Fasol, The blue laser diode (Springer, Heidelberg, 1997).

Oberparleiter, M.

Ch. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Oberparleiter and H. Weinfurter, “Cavity-enhanced generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Opt. Commun. 183, 133–137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26–28 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pan, J.-W.

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London) 390, 575–579 (1997).
[Crossref]

Peres, A.

Ch. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peterson, C. G.

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, “Entangled state quantum cryptography: eavesdropping on the Ekert protokol,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733–4736 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Demonstration of nondeterministic quantum logic operations using linear optical elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poppe, A.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Resch, K.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saleh, B. E. A.

M. C. Teich and B. E. A. Saleh, “Entangled-photon microscopy, spectroscopy, and display,” U. S. Patent No. 5,796,477 (1998).

Sanaka, K.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New high-efficiency source of photon pairs for engineering quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620–5623 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sergienko, A. V.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, “Effective fiber-coupling of entangled photons for quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. 227, 343–348 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shapiro, J. H.

Ch. E. Kuklewicz, M. Fiorentino, G. Messin, F. N. C. Wong, and J. H. Shapiro, “A high-flux source of polarization-entangled photons from a periodically-poled KTP parametric downconverter,” http://lanl.arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0305092.

Shih, Y.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shimony, A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880–884 (1969).
[Crossref]

Shor, P.

P. Shor, “Polynomial-time algorithms for prime number factorization and discrete logarithms on a quantum computer,” SIAM J. Comp. 26, 1484ȁ1509 (1997).
[Crossref]

Simon, Ch.

T. Jennewein, Ch. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum cryptography with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729–4732 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26–28 (2001).
[Crossref]

Taraba, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teich, M. C.

M. C. Teich and B. E. A. Saleh, “Entangled-photon microscopy, spectroscopy, and display,” U. S. Patent No. 5,796,477 (1998).

Tittel, W.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26–28 (2001).
[Crossref]

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum cryptography using entangled photons in energy-time bell states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737–4740 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ursin, R.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Varisco, P.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, “Effective fiber-coupling of entangled photons for quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. 227, 343–348 (2003).
[Crossref]

Volz, J.

J. Volz, Ch. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, “Compact all-solid-state source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 869–871 (2001).
[Crossref]

Walther, P.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weihs, G.

T. Jennewein, Ch. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum cryptography with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729–4732 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weinfurter, H.

Ch. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Volz, Ch. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, “Compact all-solid-state source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 869–871 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. Jennewein, Ch. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum cryptography with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729–4732 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Oberparleiter and H. Weinfurter, “Cavity-enhanced generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Opt. Commun. 183, 133–137 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London) 390, 575–579 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, A. G.

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, “Entangled state quantum cryptography: eavesdropping on the Ekert protokol,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733–4736 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, F. N. C.

Ch. E. Kuklewicz, M. Fiorentino, G. Messin, F. N. C. Wong, and J. H. Shapiro, “A high-flux source of polarization-entangled photons from a periodically-poled KTP parametric downconverter,” http://lanl.arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0305092.

Wootters, W. K.

Ch. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26–28 (2001).
[Crossref]

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum cryptography using entangled photons in energy-time bell states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737–4740 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zeilinger, A.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Jennewein, Ch. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum cryptography with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729–4732 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London) 390, 575–579 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Volz, Ch. Kurtsiefer, and H. Weinfurter, “Compact all-solid-state source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 869–871 (2001).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26–28 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nature (London) (1)

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum teleportation,” Nature (London) 390, 575–579 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. Di Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, “Effective fiber-coupling of entangled photons for quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. 227, 343–348 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Oberparleiter and H. Weinfurter, “Cavity-enhanced generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Opt. Commun. 183, 133–137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

Ch. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Cleve and H. Buhrman, “Substituting quantum entanglement for communication,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 1201–1204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (10)

A. K. Ekert, “Quantum cryptography based on Bell’s theorem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661–663 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, “Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880–884 (1969).
[Crossref]

T. Jennewein, Ch. Simon, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum cryptography with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4729–4732 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Naik, C. G. Peterson, A. G. White, A. J. Berglund, and P. G. Kwiat, “Entangled state quantum cryptography: eavesdropping on the Ekert protokol,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4733–4736 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Tittel, J. Brendel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum cryptography using entangled photons in energy-time bell states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4737–4740 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Demonstration of nondeterministic quantum logic operations using linear optical elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New high-efficiency source of photon pairs for engineering quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620–5623 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ch. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594–2597 (1999).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina-Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621–623 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

SIAM J. Comp. (1)

P. Shor, “Polynomial-time algorithms for prime number factorization and discrete logarithms on a quantum computer,” SIAM J. Comp. 26, 1484ȁ1509 (1997).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

Ch. E. Kuklewicz, M. Fiorentino, G. Messin, F. N. C. Wong, and J. H. Shapiro, “A high-flux source of polarization-entangled photons from a periodically-poled KTP parametric downconverter,” http://lanl.arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0305092.

D. Dehlinger and M. W. Mitchell, “Entangled photon apparatus for the undergraduate laboratory,” Am. J. Phys.70, 898–902 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Nakamura and G. Fasol, The blue laser diode (Springer, Heidelberg, 1997).

A. Migdall, “Correlated-photon metrology without absolute standards,” Physics Today January, 41–46 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. C. Teich and B. E. A. Saleh, “Entangled-photon microscopy, spectroscopy, and display,” U. S. Patent No. 5,796,477 (1998).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic set-up of the source. The single-mode cw laser diode operating at 402.6 nm pumps a 2 mm thick BBO crystal and produces polarization-entangled photon pairs at 805.2 nm collected into single-mode fibres. For compensation of the walk-off, two additional BBO crystals preceded by a half-wave retarder are used.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Single (1) and coincidence (2) count rates depending on the pump power measured right behind the violet laser diode.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectral distributions of the down-converted light collected into single-mode fibres. Both photons of the pair have nearly the same wavelength with separation only 0.22 nm around the degeneracy wavelength of 805.2 nm. The least-square Gaussian fit (solid lines) to measured data points shows FWHMs of 6.03±0.14 nm (3) and 6.24±0.56 (4), respectively. The offset of 44000 counts is due to the dark counts of the Si APDs.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Polarization correlations between photons of a pair measured in the H/V (5) and +45°/-45° (6) polarization basis. The visibilities obtained from a sin2 fit (solid lines) to the measured coincidence count rates are 98.3±0.1% and 94.3±0.2%, respectively.

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