Abstract

We demonstrate the use of a transient polarization grating induced by two femtosecond laser pulses propagating in a LiNbO3 crystal for the generation of frequency tunable, narrow-band, picosecond THz pulses. Employing pump pulses with 150 fs duration and 2 μJ energy, the generated THz pulse has an energy up to 1.8 pJ, a pulse duration of 3 – 5 ps and a bandwidth of 0.1 THz. The central frequency can be tuned in the range from 0.5 to 3 THz. The generation efficiency of the transient grating method in comparison to other techniques is discussed. The possibility of shaping the temporal waveform of the THz pulses by simply shaping the spatial intensity distribution of the pump pulses is demonstrated.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, “Infrared-Phonon-Polariton Resonance of the Nonlinear Susceptibility in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, “Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 137–139 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. -G. Park, A. M. Weiner, M. R. Melloch, C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, and A. J. Taylor, “High-power narrow-band terahertz generation using large-aperture photoconductors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1257–1267 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  5. Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, and R.A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains.,” Appl. Phys B 64, 619–621 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Ahn, A. V. Efimov, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical rectification of shaped ultrafast laser pulses,” Opt. Express 11, 2486–2496 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, M. DeCamp, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Temperature dependence of narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1244–1246 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70016401 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. N. Yugami, T. Higashiguchi, H. Gao, S. Sakai, K. Takahashi, H. Ito, Y. Nishida, and T. Katsouleas, “Experimental observation of radiation from Cherenkov wakes in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065003 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. Y.-S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 170 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  11. P. C. M. Planken, L. D. Noordam, J. T. M. Kennis, and A. Lagendijk, “Femtosecond time-resolved study of the generation and propagation of phonon polaritons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B,  45, 7106–7114 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, and H. Kurz, “Coherent phonon polaritons as probes of anharmonic phonons in ferroelectrics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 523–536 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Frequency and temperature dependence of the TO phonon-polariton decay in GaP,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 104304 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  14. T. F. Crimmins, N. S. Stoyanov, and K. A. Nelson, “Heterodyned impulsive stimulated Raman scattering of phonon-polaritons in LiTaO3 and LiNbO3,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 2882 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  15. F. Vallée and Ch. Flytzanis, “Picosecond Phonon-Polariton Pulse Transmission through an Interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3281–3284 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  17. G. A. A’skaryan, “Cherenkov radiation and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 37, 594–596 (1962).
  18. D. A. Kleinman and D. H. Austom, “Theory of Electrooptic Shock Radiation in Nonlinear Optical Media,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electron. QE-20, 965–970 (1984).
  19. D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555–1558 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  20. B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, “Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506–508 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. K. Wahlstrand and R. Merlin, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by ultrafast laser pulses and the generation of coherent polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 054301 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  22. Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling with a high-repetition-rate regenerative amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593–595 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. Hebling, “Determination of the momentum of impulsively generated phonon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 092301 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almasi, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  25. A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000–3002 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  26. K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tenability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195–197 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  27. A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instru. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  28. B. E. Cole, J. B. Willams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60–63 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, and K. A. Nelson, “Typesetting of terahertz waveforms,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1802–1804 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70016401 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almasi, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, and K. A. Nelson, “Typesetting of terahertz waveforms,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1802–1804 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (5)

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000–3002 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. K. Wahlstrand and R. Merlin, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by ultrafast laser pulses and the generation of coherent polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 054301 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Ahn, A. V. Efimov, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical rectification of shaped ultrafast laser pulses,” Opt. Express 11, 2486–2496 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, “Infrared-Phonon-Polariton Resonance of the Nonlinear Susceptibility in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 170 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

T. F. Crimmins, N. S. Stoyanov, and K. A. Nelson, “Heterodyned impulsive stimulated Raman scattering of phonon-polaritons in LiTaO3 and LiNbO3,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 2882 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Yugami, T. Higashiguchi, H. Gao, S. Sakai, K. Takahashi, H. Ito, Y. Nishida, and T. Katsouleas, “Experimental observation of radiation from Cherenkov wakes in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, “Determination of the momentum of impulsively generated phonon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 092301 (2002).
[Crossref]

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tenability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195–197 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

B. E. Cole, J. B. Willams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60–63 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Frequency and temperature dependence of the TO phonon-polariton decay in GaP,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 104304 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, M. DeCamp, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Temperature dependence of narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1244–1246 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instru. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, “Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. -G. Park, A. M. Weiner, M. R. Melloch, C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, and A. J. Taylor, “High-power narrow-band terahertz generation using large-aperture photoconductors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1257–1267 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, and H. Kurz, “Coherent phonon polaritons as probes of anharmonic phonons in ferroelectrics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 523–536 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, and R.A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains.,” Appl. Phys B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling with a high-repetition-rate regenerative amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593–595 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

F. Vallée and Ch. Flytzanis, “Picosecond Phonon-Polariton Pulse Transmission through an Interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3281–3284 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 137–139 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

P. C. M. Planken, L. D. Noordam, J. T. M. Kennis, and A. Lagendijk, “Femtosecond time-resolved study of the generation and propagation of phonon polaritons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B,  45, 7106–7114 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, “Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506–508 (1990).
[Crossref]

1984 (2)

D. A. Kleinman and D. H. Austom, “Theory of Electrooptic Shock Radiation in Nonlinear Optical Media,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electron. QE-20, 965–970 (1984).

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

G. A. A’skaryan, “Cherenkov radiation and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 37, 594–596 (1962).

A’skaryan, G. A.

G. A. A’skaryan, “Cherenkov radiation and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 37, 594–596 (1962).

Ahn, J.

Almasi, G.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almasi, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

Amer, N.

Y.-S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 170 (2003).
[Crossref]

Austom, D. H.

D. A. Kleinman and D. H. Austom, “Theory of Electrooptic Shock Radiation in Nonlinear Optical Media,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electron. QE-20, 965–970 (1984).

Auston, D. H.

A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 137–139 (1994).
[Crossref]

B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, “Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506–508 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

Bakker, H. J.

H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, and H. Kurz, “Coherent phonon polaritons as probes of anharmonic phonons in ferroelectrics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 523–536 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bakunov, M. I.

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70016401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bartal, B.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almasi, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bodrov, S. B.

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70016401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Campbell, P.

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling with a high-repetition-rate regenerative amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593–595 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cheung, K. P.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Cole, B. E.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Willams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60–63 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crimmins, T. F.

T. F. Crimmins, N. S. Stoyanov, and K. A. Nelson, “Heterodyned impulsive stimulated Raman scattering of phonon-polaritons in LiTaO3 and LiNbO3,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 2882 (2002).
[Crossref]

DeCamp, M.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, M. DeCamp, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Temperature dependence of narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1244–1246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dekorsy, T.

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, “Infrared-Phonon-Polariton Resonance of the Nonlinear Susceptibility in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Efimov, A. V.

Feurer, T.

Flytzanis, Ch.

F. Vallée and Ch. Flytzanis, “Picosecond Phonon-Polariton Pulse Transmission through an Interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3281–3284 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Froberg, N. M.

A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 137–139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Galvanauskas, A.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, M. DeCamp, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Temperature dependence of narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1244–1246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gao, H.

N. Yugami, T. Higashiguchi, H. Gao, S. Sakai, K. Takahashi, H. Ito, Y. Nishida, and T. Katsouleas, “Experimental observation of radiation from Cherenkov wakes in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gillespie, W. A.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, “Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hebling, J.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almasi, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000–3002 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, “Determination of the momentum of impulsively generated phonon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 092301 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Frequency and temperature dependence of the TO phonon-polariton decay in GaP,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 104304 (2001).
[Crossref]

Helm, M.

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, “Infrared-Phonon-Polariton Resonance of the Nonlinear Susceptibility in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Higashiguchi, T.

N. Yugami, T. Higashiguchi, H. Gao, S. Sakai, K. Takahashi, H. Ito, Y. Nishida, and T. Katsouleas, “Experimental observation of radiation from Cherenkov wakes in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Höpfel, R.A.

Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, and R.A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains.,” Appl. Phys B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hornung, T.

Hu, B. B.

A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 137–139 (1994).
[Crossref]

B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, “Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506–508 (1990).
[Crossref]

Hunsche, S.

H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, and H. Kurz, “Coherent phonon polaritons as probes of anharmonic phonons in ferroelectrics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 523–536 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hurlbut, W. C.

Y.-S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 170 (2003).
[Crossref]

Imai, K.

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tenability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195–197 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ito, H.

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tenability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195–197 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Yugami, T. Higashiguchi, H. Gao, S. Sakai, K. Takahashi, H. Ito, Y. Nishida, and T. Katsouleas, “Experimental observation of radiation from Cherenkov wakes in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katsouleas, T.

N. Yugami, T. Higashiguchi, H. Gao, S. Sakai, K. Takahashi, H. Ito, Y. Nishida, and T. Katsouleas, “Experimental observation of radiation from Cherenkov wakes in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawase, K.

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tenability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195–197 (2002).
[Crossref]

Keilmann, F.

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, “Infrared-Phonon-Polariton Resonance of the Nonlinear Susceptibility in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kennis, J. T. M.

P. C. M. Planken, L. D. Noordam, J. T. M. Kennis, and A. Lagendijk, “Femtosecond time-resolved study of the generation and propagation of phonon polaritons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B,  45, 7106–7114 (1992).
[Crossref]

King, B. T.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Willams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60–63 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kleinman, D. A.

D. A. Kleinman and D. H. Austom, “Theory of Electrooptic Shock Radiation in Nonlinear Optical Media,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electron. QE-20, 965–970 (1984).

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Knippels, G. M. H.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, “Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kostner, H.

Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, and R.A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains.,” Appl. Phys B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kuhl, J.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almasi, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000–3002 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Frequency and temperature dependence of the TO phonon-polariton decay in GaP,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 104304 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kurz, H.

H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, and H. Kurz, “Coherent phonon polaritons as probes of anharmonic phonons in ferroelectrics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 523–536 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lagendijk, A.

P. C. M. Planken, L. D. Noordam, J. T. M. Kennis, and A. Lagendijk, “Femtosecond time-resolved study of the generation and propagation of phonon polaritons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B,  45, 7106–7114 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 170 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, M. DeCamp, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Temperature dependence of narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1244–1246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lu, Z. G.

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling with a high-repetition-rate regenerative amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593–595 (1997).
[Crossref]

MacLeod, A. M.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, “Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578 (1999).
[Crossref]

Maslov, A. V.

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70016401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Meade, T.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, M. DeCamp, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Temperature dependence of narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1244–1246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Melloch, M. R.

S. -G. Park, A. M. Weiner, M. R. Melloch, C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, and A. J. Taylor, “High-power narrow-band terahertz generation using large-aperture photoconductors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1257–1267 (1999).
[Crossref]

Merlin, R.

J. K. Wahlstrand and R. Merlin, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by ultrafast laser pulses and the generation of coherent polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 054301 (2003).
[Crossref]

Messner,

Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, and R.A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains.,” Appl. Phys B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[Crossref]

Minamide, H.

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tenability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195–197 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nelson, K. A.

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, and K. A. Nelson, “Typesetting of terahertz waveforms,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1802–1804 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. F. Crimmins, N. S. Stoyanov, and K. A. Nelson, “Heterodyned impulsive stimulated Raman scattering of phonon-polaritons in LiTaO3 and LiNbO3,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 2882 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nishida, Y.

N. Yugami, T. Higashiguchi, H. Gao, S. Sakai, K. Takahashi, H. Ito, Y. Nishida, and T. Katsouleas, “Experimental observation of radiation from Cherenkov wakes in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noordam, L. D.

P. C. M. Planken, L. D. Noordam, J. T. M. Kennis, and A. Lagendijk, “Femtosecond time-resolved study of the generation and propagation of phonon polaritons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B,  45, 7106–7114 (1992).
[Crossref]

Norris, T. B.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, M. DeCamp, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Temperature dependence of narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1244–1246 (2000).
[Crossref]

Oepts, D.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, “Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578 (1999).
[Crossref]

Park, S. -G.

S. -G. Park, A. M. Weiner, M. R. Melloch, C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, and A. J. Taylor, “High-power narrow-band terahertz generation using large-aperture photoconductors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1257–1267 (1999).
[Crossref]

Planken, P. C. M.

P. C. M. Planken, L. D. Noordam, J. T. M. Kennis, and A. Lagendijk, “Femtosecond time-resolved study of the generation and propagation of phonon polaritons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B,  45, 7106–7114 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sailer, M.

Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, and R.A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains.,” Appl. Phys B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sakai, S.

N. Yugami, T. Higashiguchi, H. Gao, S. Sakai, K. Takahashi, H. Ito, Y. Nishida, and T. Katsouleas, “Experimental observation of radiation from Cherenkov wakes in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seidel, W.

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, “Infrared-Phonon-Polariton Resonance of the Nonlinear Susceptibility in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sergeev, A. M.

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70016401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Sherwin, M. S.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Willams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60–63 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shikata, J.

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tenability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195–197 (2002).
[Crossref]

Siders, C. W.

S. -G. Park, A. M. Weiner, M. R. Melloch, C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, and A. J. Taylor, “High-power narrow-band terahertz generation using large-aperture photoconductors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1257–1267 (1999).
[Crossref]

Siders, J. L. W.

S. -G. Park, A. M. Weiner, M. R. Melloch, C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, and A. J. Taylor, “High-power narrow-band terahertz generation using large-aperture photoconductors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1257–1267 (1999).
[Crossref]

Smith, P. R.

B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, “Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506–508 (1990).
[Crossref]

Stanley, C. R.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Willams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60–63 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stepanov, A. G.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almasi, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000–3002 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Frequency and temperature dependence of the TO phonon-polariton decay in GaP,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 104304 (2001).
[Crossref]

Stoyanov, N. S.

T. F. Crimmins, N. S. Stoyanov, and K. A. Nelson, “Heterodyned impulsive stimulated Raman scattering of phonon-polaritons in LiTaO3 and LiNbO3,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 2882 (2002).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, K.

N. Yugami, T. Higashiguchi, H. Gao, S. Sakai, K. Takahashi, H. Ito, Y. Nishida, and T. Katsouleas, “Experimental observation of radiation from Cherenkov wakes in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

J. Ahn, A. V. Efimov, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical rectification of shaped ultrafast laser pulses,” Opt. Express 11, 2486–2496 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. -G. Park, A. M. Weiner, M. R. Melloch, C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, and A. J. Taylor, “High-power narrow-band terahertz generation using large-aperture photoconductors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1257–1267 (1999).
[Crossref]

Valdmanis, J. A.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

Vallée, F.

F. Vallée and Ch. Flytzanis, “Picosecond Phonon-Polariton Pulse Transmission through an Interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3281–3284 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van der Meer, A. F. G.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, “Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578 (1999).
[Crossref]

Vaughan, J. C.

Wahlstrand, J. K.

J. K. Wahlstrand and R. Merlin, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by ultrafast laser pulses and the generation of coherent polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 054301 (2003).
[Crossref]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instru. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. -G. Park, A. M. Weiner, M. R. Melloch, C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, and A. J. Taylor, “High-power narrow-band terahertz generation using large-aperture photoconductors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1257–1267 (1999).
[Crossref]

Weling, A. S.

A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 137–139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Willams, J. B.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Willams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60–63 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. A.

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, “Infrared-Phonon-Polariton Resonance of the Nonlinear Susceptibility in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, X.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, “Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yasumoto, M.

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, “Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yugami, N.

N. Yugami, T. Higashiguchi, H. Gao, S. Sakai, K. Takahashi, H. Ito, Y. Nishida, and T. Katsouleas, “Experimental observation of radiation from Cherenkov wakes in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.-C.

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling with a high-repetition-rate regenerative amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593–595 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, “Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506–508 (1990).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys B (1)

Messner, M. Sailer, H. Kostner, and R.A. Höpfel, “Coherent generation of tunable, narrow-band THz radiation by optical rectification of femtosecond pulse trains.,” Appl. Phys B 64, 619–621 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almasi, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Efficient generation of subpicosecond terahertz radiation by phase-matched optical rectification using ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000–3002 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. Kawase, H. Minamide, K. Imai, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, “Injection-seeded terahertz-wave parametric generator with wide tenability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 195–197 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. B. Hu, X.-C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, “Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506–508 (1990).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling with a high-repetition-rate regenerative amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 593–595 (1997).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, M. DeCamp, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Temperature dependence of narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1244–1246 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 137–139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 170 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. -G. Park, A. M. Weiner, M. R. Melloch, C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, and A. J. Taylor, “High-power narrow-band terahertz generation using large-aperture photoconductors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1257–1267 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electron. (1)

D. A. Kleinman and D. H. Austom, “Theory of Electrooptic Shock Radiation in Nonlinear Optical Media,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electron. QE-20, 965–970 (1984).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. F. Crimmins, N. S. Stoyanov, and K. A. Nelson, “Heterodyned impulsive stimulated Raman scattering of phonon-polaritons in LiTaO3 and LiNbO3,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 2882 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

B. E. Cole, J. B. Willams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60–63 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

J. Hebling, “Determination of the momentum of impulsively generated phonon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 092301 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. K. Wahlstrand and R. Merlin, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by ultrafast laser pulses and the generation of coherent polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 054301 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. C. M. Planken, L. D. Noordam, J. T. M. Kennis, and A. Lagendijk, “Femtosecond time-resolved study of the generation and propagation of phonon polaritons in LiNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B,  45, 7106–7114 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, “Frequency and temperature dependence of the TO phonon-polariton decay in GaP,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 104304 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70016401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

N. Yugami, T. Higashiguchi, H. Gao, S. Sakai, K. Takahashi, H. Ito, Y. Nishida, and T. Katsouleas, “Experimental observation of radiation from Cherenkov wakes in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065003 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Dekorsy, V. A. Yakovlev, W. Seidel, M. Helm, and F. Keilmann, “Infrared-Phonon-Polariton Resonance of the Nonlinear Susceptibility in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 055508 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. M. H. Knippels, X. Yan, A. M. MacLeod, W. A. Gillespie, M. Yasumoto, D. Oepts, and A. F. G. van der Meer, “Generation and complete electric-field characterization of intense ultrashort tunable far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1578 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, “Cherenkov Radiation from Femtosecond Optical Pulses in Electro-Optic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555–1558 (1984).
[Crossref]

F. Vallée and Ch. Flytzanis, “Picosecond Phonon-Polariton Pulse Transmission through an Interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3281–3284 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, and H. Kurz, “Coherent phonon polaritons as probes of anharmonic phonons in ferroelectrics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 523–536 (1998).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instru. (1)

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instru. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

G. A. A’skaryan, “Cherenkov radiation and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 37, 594–596 (1962).

Other (1)

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Transient grating THz generation by two-beam excitation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental set-up.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Left panel: THz waveforms measured for 3 different angles (0.350 (a), 1.30 (b), and 1.90 (c)) between the two excitation beams. Middle panel: normalized power spectra calculated by fast Fourier transformation of the time domain data. Right panel: THz frequency versus the angle between the two pump laser beams.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Frequency dependence of the (a) measured and (b) predicted energy of the generated THz pulses.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Illustration of simple THz waveform shaping.

Equations (1)

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Δ t THz = k · D · sin γ v THz ,

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