Abstract

A novel scheme for all-optical label reading and packet routing is proposed. The architecture is comprised of all-optical logic XOR gates and all-optical flip-flops based on single Mach-Zehnder interferometers incorporating semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA-MZIs). The simulation results show that a very small penalty (less than 0.45 dB) for 10 Gbit/s packet processing can be achieved.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. T. Hill, A. Srivatsa, N. Calabretta, Y. Liu, H. d. Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, �??1x2 optical packet switch using all-optical header processing,�?? Electron. Lett. 37, 774-775 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. C. Hauer, J. McGeehan, J. Touch, P. Kamath, J. Bannister, E. R. Lyons, C. H. Lin, A. A. Au, H. P. Lee, D. S. Starodubov, and A. E. Willner, �??Dynamically reconfigurable all-optical correlators to support ultra-fast internet routing,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC�??2002) paper WM7, 268-270 (2002).
  3. T. Koonen, Sulur, I. Tafur, J. Jennen, and H. d. Waardt, �??Optical labeling of packets in IP-over-WDM networks,�?? in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC�??2002) 2 paper 5.5.2 (2002).
  4. N. Wada, H. Harai, and W. Chujo, �??Multi-hop, 40 Gbit/s variable length photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switching, waveband routing and label swapping,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC�??2002) paper WG3, 216-217 (2002).
  5. T. J. Xia, Y. Liang, K. H. Ahn, J. W. Lou, O. Boyraz, Y.-H. Kao, X. D. Cao, S. Chaikamnerd, J. K. Anderson, and M. N. Islam, �??All-optical packet-drop demonstration using 100-Gb/s words by integrating fiber-based components,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 153-155 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, �??40-Gbit/s label recognition and 1x4 self-routing using self-serial-to-parallel conversion,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 692-694 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O. Moriwaki, T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, and M. Matsuoka, �??Demonstration of optical label processing with timing pulse generator,�?? Electron. Lett. 39, 730-731 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, �??Demonstration of ultrafast all-optical packet routing,�?? Electron Lett. 33, 794-795 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, �??Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit �??keyword�?? address recognition,�?? Electron. Lett. 31, 1475-1476 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. J. Blumenthal, B. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, and J. Barton, �??All-optical label swapping networks and technologies,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos, J. Marti, J. Herrera, and R. Llorente, �??All-optical N-bit XOR gate with feedback for optical packet header processing,�?? in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC�??2002) 3 paper P4.8 (2002).
  12. J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, �??All-optical packet header processor based on cascaded SOA-MZIs,�?? Electron. Lett. 40, 894-895 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, �??Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 1863-1864 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Clavero, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, �??All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI,�?? (patent pending).
  15. M.T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, �??Fast optical flip-flop by use of Mach-Zehnder interferometers,�?? Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 31, 411-415 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, P. B. Hansen, A. Kloch, C. Janz, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, B. Dagens, and M. Renaud, �??20 Gbit/s optical wavelength conversion in all-active Mach-Zehnder interferometer,�?? Electron. Lett. 35, 913-914 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, J. Cheyns, E. Van Breusegem, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, �??All-optical label swapping versus label stripping: a node dimensioning point of view,�?? in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC�??2004), (to be published).
  18. D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, G.T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, �??All-optical 10 Gb/s header replacement for variable-length data packets,�?? in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC�??2003) paper We4.P.83 (2003).
  19. B.-E. Olsson, P. �?hlén, L. Rau, G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, R. Doshi, D. S. Humphries, D. J. Blumenthal, V. Kaman, and J. E. Bowers, �??Wavelength routing of 40 Gbit/s packets with 2.5 Gbit/s header erasure/rewriting using all-fibre wavelength converter,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 345-346 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, �??Gain recovery of bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784-786 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  21. H. Chen, G. Zhu, Q. Wang, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, �??All-optical logic XOR using differential scheme and Mach-Zehnder interferometer,�?? Electron. Lett. 38, 1271-1273 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

ECOC (4)

T. Koonen, Sulur, I. Tafur, J. Jennen, and H. d. Waardt, �??Optical labeling of packets in IP-over-WDM networks,�?? in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC�??2002) 2 paper 5.5.2 (2002).

J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos, J. Marti, J. Herrera, and R. Llorente, �??All-optical N-bit XOR gate with feedback for optical packet header processing,�?? in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC�??2002) 3 paper P4.8 (2002).

R. Van Caenegem, D. Colle, J. Cheyns, E. Van Breusegem, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, �??All-optical label swapping versus label stripping: a node dimensioning point of view,�?? in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC�??2004), (to be published).

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, G.T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, �??All-optical 10 Gb/s header replacement for variable-length data packets,�?? in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC�??2003) paper We4.P.83 (2003).

Electron Lett. (1)

I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, �??Demonstration of ultrafast all-optical packet routing,�?? Electron Lett. 33, 794-795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (8)

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, �??Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit �??keyword�?? address recognition,�?? Electron. Lett. 31, 1475-1476 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Hill, A. Srivatsa, N. Calabretta, Y. Liu, H. d. Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, �??1x2 optical packet switch using all-optical header processing,�?? Electron. Lett. 37, 774-775 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B.-E. Olsson, P. �?hlén, L. Rau, G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, R. Doshi, D. S. Humphries, D. J. Blumenthal, V. Kaman, and J. E. Bowers, �??Wavelength routing of 40 Gbit/s packets with 2.5 Gbit/s header erasure/rewriting using all-fibre wavelength converter,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 345-346 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, �??All-optical packet header processor based on cascaded SOA-MZIs,�?? Electron. Lett. 40, 894-895 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, �??Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 1863-1864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Moriwaki, T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, and M. Matsuoka, �??Demonstration of optical label processing with timing pulse generator,�?? Electron. Lett. 39, 730-731 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, G. Zhu, Q. Wang, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, �??All-optical logic XOR using differential scheme and Mach-Zehnder interferometer,�?? Electron. Lett. 38, 1271-1273 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, P. B. Hansen, A. Kloch, C. Janz, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, B. Dagens, and M. Renaud, �??20 Gbit/s optical wavelength conversion in all-active Mach-Zehnder interferometer,�?? Electron. Lett. 35, 913-914 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, �??Gain recovery of bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784-786 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Xia, Y. Liang, K. H. Ahn, J. W. Lou, O. Boyraz, Y.-H. Kao, X. D. Cao, S. Chaikamnerd, J. K. Anderson, and M. N. Islam, �??All-optical packet-drop demonstration using 100-Gb/s words by integrating fiber-based components,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 153-155 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, �??40-Gbit/s label recognition and 1x4 self-routing using self-serial-to-parallel conversion,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 692-694 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

M.T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, �??Fast optical flip-flop by use of Mach-Zehnder interferometers,�?? Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 31, 411-415 (2001).
[CrossRef]

OFC (2)

M. C. Hauer, J. McGeehan, J. Touch, P. Kamath, J. Bannister, E. R. Lyons, C. H. Lin, A. A. Au, H. P. Lee, D. S. Starodubov, and A. E. Willner, �??Dynamically reconfigurable all-optical correlators to support ultra-fast internet routing,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC�??2002) paper WM7, 268-270 (2002).

N. Wada, H. Harai, and W. Chujo, �??Multi-hop, 40 Gbit/s variable length photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switching, waveband routing and label swapping,�?? in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC�??2002) paper WG3, 216-217 (2002).

Other (1)

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, �??All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI,�?? (patent pending).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) All-optical packet router architecture and (b) detailed diagrams of some of the simulated elements and their interconnection.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulation results of all-optical packet routing (the points are referred to Fig. 1). (a) Input data packets at point (A). (b) Outputs from the 4th XOR correlator at point (C) (only the second label matches the 4th reference address). (c) Output from the 4th flip-flop at point (D). (d) AWG output port #1 at point (H). (e) AWG output port #2 at point (H). (f) AWG output port #3 at point (H). (g) AWG output port #4 at point (H).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

BER performance of wavelength-converted and routed packets.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Simulation parameters.

Tables Icon

Table 2. Optical flip-flop outputs.

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