Abstract

A broadband optical rotary joint (BORJ) was designed using C-lenses. Its insertion loss was less than 2 dB at both the 1300 nm and 1550 nm wavelength windows. Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) technique was adopted to increase the number of data transmission channels. Hundreds of wavelength channels can be accommodated for data transmission through relatively rotating interfaces using this BORJ. The total data transmission rate through this BORJ can be more than 200 Gbit/s. By using Dove prism, both space division multiplexing (SDM) and WDM techniques can be implemented simultaneously in the design of BORJ with C-lenses. This structure of BORJ has a low cost. It can be used for optical data transmission and optical sensing.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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Appl. Opt.

Bell Syst. Techol. J.

D. Marcuse, �??Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splices,�?? Bell Syst. Techol. J. 56, 703-718 (1977)

Chinese Journal of Lasers

Weisheng Hu, and Qingji Zeng, �??Misalignment-induced excess loss in graded-index-rod lens collimating systems,�?? Chinese Journal of Lasers (in Chinese) 26, 221-224 (1999)

J. Huazhong Univ. of Sci. and Tech.

Yang Taotao, Wang Tao, Liu Deming, and Huang Dexiu, �??Tunable optical delay line,�?? J. Huazhong Univ. of Sci. and Tech. (in Chinese) 29 (8), 12-14 (2001)

J. Lightwave Technol.

Y. C. Shi, L. Klafter, and E. E. Harstead �??A dual-fiber optical rotary joint,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 999-1004 (1985)
[CrossRef]

Oceans

John Oliver, John Purdy, and Graham Smith, �??Fibre optic rotational interfaces,�?? Oceans 19, 418-423 (1987)

Opt. Eng.

Marina R. Gordova, Jesus Linares, Andrey A. Lipovskii, Valentina V. Zhurihina, Dmitry K. Tagantsev, Boris V. Tatarintsev, and Jari Turunen, �??Prototype of hybrid diffractive/graded-index splitter for fiber optics,�?? Opt. Eng. 40, 1507-1512 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Wencai Jing, Yimo Zhang, Ge Zhou, Dagong Jia, Bao Liu, and Feng Tang, �??Design of a single-channel optical rotary joint using bulk optical detector,�?? Opt. Eng. 42, 3285-3289 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Wencai Jing, Yimo Zhang, and Ge Zhou, �??New structure for bit synchronization in a terabit-per-second optical interconnection network,�?? Opt. Eng. 41, 1644-1649 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Wencai Jing, Ge Zhou, Yimo Zhang, Wei Liu, Jindong Tian, Xun Zhang, Haifeng Li, and Nan Zhang, �??Design and analysis of a scalable optical interconnection network for a computer cluster,�?? Opt. Eng. 40, 1057-1064 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Optoelectronic Tech. and Info.

Su-qin Wang, Yu Ruan, Dong-ling Yin, and Zhong-wen Yang, �??The calculation and analyzing of the RL of C-lens collimator,�?? Optoelectronic Technology and Information (in Chinese) 16 (1), 24-28 (2003)

Other

Max Born, and Emil Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK (1999)

Djafar K. Mynbaev, and Lowell L. Scheiner, Fiber-optic communications technology, 1st Edition, Stephen Helba ed., Prentice Hall, Inc., New Jersey (2001)

Snow J. W., I. B. Mackay, and K. A. Browers, �??Off-axis optical rotary joint,�?? US patent 5297225 (1994)

CASIX-A JDS Uniphase Company, �??Telecom optics: C-lens�?? (CASIX, 2004), <a href="http://www.casix.com/product/Telecom_C_lens.htm">http://www.casix.com/product/Telecom_C_lens.htm</a>

Focal Technologies Corporation, �??Product line-fiber optic rotary joints�?? (Focal Technologies Corporation, 2004), <a href="http://www.focaltech.ns.ca/product-forj.html">http://www.focaltech.ns.ca/product-forj.html</a>

Agilent Technologies, �??Fiber optics�?? (Agilent Technologies, 2004), <a href="http://we.home.agilent.com/USeng/nav/-536893493.0/pc.html">http://we.home.agilent.com/USeng/nav/-536893493.0/pc.html</a>

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Working principle of the broadband optical rotary joint.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Three sources for the insertion loss of the C-lenses.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Relationship between the insertion loss of the BORJ and its rotation angle.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Principle of the wavelength division multiplexed ORJ.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Received optical power at the optical multimeter with and without the ORJ.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Space division multiplexed BORJ using Dove prism.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Insertion loss of the BORJ (dB)

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n 0 = 1.762 + 5.487 · 10 5 λ 0 2 3.6943 7.6953 · 10 3 · λ 0 2
A = c sin ( 2 · π · p )
f = 1 n · A · sin ( 2 · π · p )
L = 1.338 + 19.865 · p · n · A · sin ( 2 · π · p ) 4.9278 · n · A · sin ( 2 · π · p ) n · A · sin ( 2 · π · p ) · ( 1 + n ) 2
n · B ch + ( n 1 ) B gap B total

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