Abstract

The time-energy characteristics of a Q-switched neodymium-doped double-clad fiber laser are presented. Based on the proposed differential equations, a numerical model is developed to simulate this fiber laser. Using this model pulse duration and the energy of generated pulses can be predicted.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C.J. Koester and E. Snitzer, “Amplification in a fiber laser,” Appl. Optics 3, 1182–1186 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  2. I.P. Alcock, A.C. Tropper, A.I. Ferguson, and D.C. Hanna, “Q-switched operation of a neodymium-doped monomode fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 272, 84–85 (1985).
  3. A.F. El-Sherif and T.A. King, “High-energy, high brightness Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser using an electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 218, 337–344 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. Z.J. Chen, A.B. Grudinin, J. Porta, and J.D. Minelly, “Enhanced Q-switching in double clad fibre laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 454–456 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  6. L. Xiao, P. Yan, M. Gong, W. Wei, and P. Ou, “An approximate analytic solution of strongly pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber lasers without neglecting the scattering loss,” Opt. Commun. 230, 401–410 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  7. I. Kelson and A. Hardy, “Optimization of strongly pumped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 891–897 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Swiderski, A. Zajac, P. Konieczny, and M. Skorczakowski, “Q-switched double-clad fiber laser,” Opto-Electron. Rev.12 (to be published).

2004 (1)

L. Xiao, P. Yan, M. Gong, W. Wei, and P. Ou, “An approximate analytic solution of strongly pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber lasers without neglecting the scattering loss,” Opt. Commun. 230, 401–410 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

A.F. El-Sherif and T.A. King, “High-energy, high brightness Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser using an electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 218, 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

I.P. Alcock, A.C. Tropper, A.I. Ferguson, and D.C. Hanna, “Q-switched operation of a neodymium-doped monomode fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 272, 84–85 (1985).

1964 (1)

C.J. Koester and E. Snitzer, “Amplification in a fiber laser,” Appl. Optics 3, 1182–1186 (1964).
[Crossref]

Alcock, I.P.

I.P. Alcock, A.C. Tropper, A.I. Ferguson, and D.C. Hanna, “Q-switched operation of a neodymium-doped monomode fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 272, 84–85 (1985).

Barnard, C.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.J.

Chrostowski, J.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[Crossref]

El-Sherif, A.F.

A.F. El-Sherif and T.A. King, “High-energy, high brightness Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser using an electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 218, 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ferguson, A.I.

I.P. Alcock, A.C. Tropper, A.I. Ferguson, and D.C. Hanna, “Q-switched operation of a neodymium-doped monomode fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 272, 84–85 (1985).

Gong, M.

L. Xiao, P. Yan, M. Gong, W. Wei, and P. Ou, “An approximate analytic solution of strongly pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber lasers without neglecting the scattering loss,” Opt. Commun. 230, 401–410 (2004).
[Crossref]

Grudinin, A.B.

Hanna, D.C.

I.P. Alcock, A.C. Tropper, A.I. Ferguson, and D.C. Hanna, “Q-switched operation of a neodymium-doped monomode fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 272, 84–85 (1985).

Hardy, A.

Kavehrad, M.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kelson, I.

King, T.A.

A.F. El-Sherif and T.A. King, “High-energy, high brightness Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser using an electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 218, 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

Koester, C.J.

C.J. Koester and E. Snitzer, “Amplification in a fiber laser,” Appl. Optics 3, 1182–1186 (1964).
[Crossref]

Konieczny, P.

J. Swiderski, A. Zajac, P. Konieczny, and M. Skorczakowski, “Q-switched double-clad fiber laser,” Opto-Electron. Rev.12 (to be published).

Minelly, J.D.

Myslinski, P.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ou, P.

L. Xiao, P. Yan, M. Gong, W. Wei, and P. Ou, “An approximate analytic solution of strongly pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber lasers without neglecting the scattering loss,” Opt. Commun. 230, 401–410 (2004).
[Crossref]

Porta, J.

Skorczakowski, M.

J. Swiderski, A. Zajac, P. Konieczny, and M. Skorczakowski, “Q-switched double-clad fiber laser,” Opto-Electron. Rev.12 (to be published).

Snitzer, E.

C.J. Koester and E. Snitzer, “Amplification in a fiber laser,” Appl. Optics 3, 1182–1186 (1964).
[Crossref]

Swiderski, J.

J. Swiderski, A. Zajac, P. Konieczny, and M. Skorczakowski, “Q-switched double-clad fiber laser,” Opto-Electron. Rev.12 (to be published).

Tropper, A.C.

I.P. Alcock, A.C. Tropper, A.I. Ferguson, and D.C. Hanna, “Q-switched operation of a neodymium-doped monomode fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 272, 84–85 (1985).

Wei, W.

L. Xiao, P. Yan, M. Gong, W. Wei, and P. Ou, “An approximate analytic solution of strongly pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber lasers without neglecting the scattering loss,” Opt. Commun. 230, 401–410 (2004).
[Crossref]

Xiao, L.

L. Xiao, P. Yan, M. Gong, W. Wei, and P. Ou, “An approximate analytic solution of strongly pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber lasers without neglecting the scattering loss,” Opt. Commun. 230, 401–410 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yan, P.

L. Xiao, P. Yan, M. Gong, W. Wei, and P. Ou, “An approximate analytic solution of strongly pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber lasers without neglecting the scattering loss,” Opt. Commun. 230, 401–410 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zajac, A.

J. Swiderski, A. Zajac, P. Konieczny, and M. Skorczakowski, “Q-switched double-clad fiber laser,” Opto-Electron. Rev.12 (to be published).

Appl. Optics (1)

C.J. Koester and E. Snitzer, “Amplification in a fiber laser,” Appl. Optics 3, 1182–1186 (1964).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

I.P. Alcock, A.C. Tropper, A.I. Ferguson, and D.C. Hanna, “Q-switched operation of a neodymium-doped monomode fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 272, 84–85 (1985).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

L. Xiao, P. Yan, M. Gong, W. Wei, and P. Ou, “An approximate analytic solution of strongly pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber lasers without neglecting the scattering loss,” Opt. Commun. 230, 401–410 (2004).
[Crossref]

A.F. El-Sherif and T.A. King, “High-energy, high brightness Q-switched Tm3+-doped fiber laser using an electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Commun. 218, 337–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

J. Swiderski, A. Zajac, P. Konieczny, and M. Skorczakowski, “Q-switched double-clad fiber laser,” Opto-Electron. Rev.12 (to be published).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simplified model of a Q-switched fiber laser cavity.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser output pulse – simulation result for 2(k0 – ρm)lF=38.4, lF=7 m, Pp(0)=8.4 W and fr=5 kHz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Laser output pulse – simulation result for 2(k0 – ρm)lF=56.6, lF=7 m, Pp(0)=12.3 W and fr=5 kHz.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse duration and pulse energy vs. gain factor 2lF(k0 – ρm) for fiber of 5 m length. Pp(0)=10 W.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental Q-switched fiber laser set-up.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Laser output pulse – experimental result.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Laser output pulse – simulation result.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

J + ( z , t ) z + 1 V J + ( z , t ) t = [ k ( z , t ) ρ m ] J + ( z , t )
J ( z , t ) z + 1 V J ( z , t ) t = [ k ( z , t ) ρ m ] J ( z , t )
d k ( z , t ) d t = k ( z , t ) [ J + ( z , t ) + J ( z , t ) ] E s
J + ( 0 , t ) = R 1 J ( 0 , t ) = J ( 0 , t )
J + ( l S , t ) = T S + ( t ) J + ( l S , t )
J ( l S , t ) = T S ( t ) J + ( l S , t )
J ( l R , t ) = R 2 J + ( l R , t )
J OUT = ( 1 R 2 ) J + ( l R , t )
E OUT ( t ) = t p t J OUT ( t ) d t = ( 1 R 2 ) t p t J + ( l R , t ) d t
J + ( z , 0 ) = J ( z , 0 ) = h v g 2 k 0 τ σ e Ω 4 π l F
k 0 ( t = 0 ) = σ e τ α a h ν p A clad P p ( 0 ) exp [ ( α a + ρ p ) l F ] [ 1 exp ( 1 τ f r ) ]

Metrics