Abstract

Radially symmetric retardance was found in antireflection coated, molded aspheric glass lenses by measurement with a Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter. The source of the unexpected polarization aberration is traced to a remarkably symmetric radial stress birefringence in the glass believed to arise during fire-polishing of the surfaces. While annealing the lenses relieves much of the stress birefringence, reducing the retardance of the lenses by a factor of five, the lenses remained unusable.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. <a href="http://www.lightpath.com/Aspheric.htm">http://www.lightpath.com/Aspheric.htm</a>
  2. P. S. Theocaris and E. E. Gdoutos, Matrix Theory of Photoelasticity, Chap. 2, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979)
  3. J. Wolfe and R.A. Chipman, �??High-speed imaging polarimeter,�?? in Polarization Measurement and Analysis J. Shaw and J. S. Tyo, eds. Proc SPIE 5158, 24-32 (2003)
  4. J. Pezzaniti and R.A. Chipman, �??Mueller matrix imaging polarimetry,�?? Opt. Eng. 34, no. 6, 1558-1568 , (1995)
    [CrossRef]
  5. R.A. Chipman, Handbook of Optics, Chap. 22, M. Bass, ed., (McGraw Hill, New York, 2nd Edition, 1995)
  6. D. Goldstein, Polarized Light, 2d Ed., Chap. 28, (Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 2003)
    [CrossRef]
  7. R.M.A Azzam and M.M.K. Howlader, �??Fourth- and sixth-order polarization aberrations of antireflection-coated optical surfaces,�?? Opt. Let. 26 no. 20, 1607-1608 (2001)
    [CrossRef]
  8. Otani Y., T. Shimada, T.Yoshizawa, and N.Umeda, �??Opt. Eng. 33, no.5, 1604-1609, (1994)Two-dimensional birefringence measurement using the phase shifting technique,�??
    [CrossRef]
  9. J.J. Gil and E. Bernabeu, �??A depolarization criterion in Mueller matrices,�?? Opt. Acta 32, 259-261 (1985)
    [CrossRef]
  10. J.J. Gil and E. Bernabeu, �??Depolarization and polarization indices of an optical system,�?? Opt. Acta 33, 185-189 (1986)
    [CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (2)

J.J. Gil and E. Bernabeu, �??A depolarization criterion in Mueller matrices,�?? Opt. Acta 32, 259-261 (1985)
[CrossRef]

J.J. Gil and E. Bernabeu, �??Depolarization and polarization indices of an optical system,�?? Opt. Acta 33, 185-189 (1986)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

J. Pezzaniti and R.A. Chipman, �??Mueller matrix imaging polarimetry,�?? Opt. Eng. 34, no. 6, 1558-1568 , (1995)
[CrossRef]

Otani Y., T. Shimada, T.Yoshizawa, and N.Umeda, �??Opt. Eng. 33, no.5, 1604-1609, (1994)Two-dimensional birefringence measurement using the phase shifting technique,�??
[CrossRef]

Opt. Let. (1)

R.M.A Azzam and M.M.K. Howlader, �??Fourth- and sixth-order polarization aberrations of antireflection-coated optical surfaces,�?? Opt. Let. 26 no. 20, 1607-1608 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Proc SPIE (1)

J. Wolfe and R.A. Chipman, �??High-speed imaging polarimeter,�?? in Polarization Measurement and Analysis J. Shaw and J. S. Tyo, eds. Proc SPIE 5158, 24-32 (2003)

Other (4)

R.A. Chipman, Handbook of Optics, Chap. 22, M. Bass, ed., (McGraw Hill, New York, 2nd Edition, 1995)

D. Goldstein, Polarized Light, 2d Ed., Chap. 28, (Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 2003)
[CrossRef]

<a href="http://www.lightpath.com/Aspheric.htm">http://www.lightpath.com/Aspheric.htm</a>

P. S. Theocaris and E. E. Gdoutos, Matrix Theory of Photoelasticity, Chap. 2, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979)

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Figures (15)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Retardance magnitude of coated lenses.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Retardance orientation of coated lenses.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Line Graph of the retardance of the lenses where the length of each line represents the retardance magnitude and orientation indicates fast-axis orientation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Configuration of lenses in sample compartment of imaging polarimeter for measuring polarization aberration. Lenses are tested in pairs.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Retardance magnitude of uncoated lenses.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Retardance orientation of uncoated lenses.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Schematic of lens in index matching fluid (not to scale).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Retardance of uncoated lens in index matching fluid.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Retardance orientation of uncoated lens in index matching fluid.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Retardance of uncoated lens before annealing.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Retardance of uncoated lens after annealing.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Retardance of coated lenses after annealing.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Depolarization index of coated lenses after annealing.

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Retardance after annealing of coated lens.

Fig. 15.
Fig. 15.

Depolarization index of coated lens after annealing.

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