Abstract

. We present a sub-85 fs self-starting stretched-pulse passively mode-locked Erbium-fiber oscillator in a sigma setup with tunable repetition rate. The sigma cavity included a movable mirror enabling a tunable pulse repetition rate variation of ±1 % from 55.3 MHz to 56.4 MHz with continuous, uninterrupted mode-locked operation and an output power around 14 mW. Based on the wide tuning range of the repetition rate the presented fiber oscillator is a suitable candidate for applications in femtosecond spectroscopy or precision metrology around 1.56 µm.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Tauser, A. Leitensdorfer, and W. Zinth, “Amplified femtosecond pulses from an Er:fiber system: Nonlinear pulse shortening and self-referencing detection of the carrier-envelope phase evolution,” Opt. Express 11, 594–600 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-6-594.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J.W. Nicholson, M.F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. Jorgensen, and T. Veng, “All-fiber, octave-spanning supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett. 28, 643–645 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, V.V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 11, 3196–3201 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-24-3296.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, “Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second-harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1516–1518 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B.R. Washburn, S.A. Diddams, N.R. Newbury, J.W. Nicholson, M.F. Yan, and C. G. Jorgensen, “Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 29, 250–252 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H.R. Telle, “Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 12, 770–775 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H.R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A.E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D.H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999)
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Haverkamp, H. Hundertmark, C. Fallnich, and H.R. Telle, “Frequency stabilization of mode-locked Erbium fiber lasers using pump power control,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 321–324 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R.J. Jones, J.-C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, “Stabilization of the frequency, phase, and repetition rate of an ultra-short pulse train to a Fabry-Perot reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 175, 409–418 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D.J. Jones, E.O. Potma, J. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X.S. Xie, “Synchronization of two passively mode-locked, picosecond lasers within 20 fs for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843–2848 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Tamura, E.P. Ippen, H.A. Haus, and L.E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T.F. Carruthers, I.N. Duling, and M.L. Dennis “Active-passive modelocking in a single-polarisation erbium fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1051–1053 (1994)
    [CrossRef]
  15. G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic press, San Diego, 2001)
  16. J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena (Academic press, San Diego, 1996).

2004 (3)

2003 (4)

2002 (2)

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D.J. Jones, E.O. Potma, J. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X.S. Xie, “Synchronization of two passively mode-locked, picosecond lasers within 20 fs for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843–2848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R.J. Jones, J.-C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, “Stabilization of the frequency, phase, and repetition rate of an ultra-short pulse train to a Fabry-Perot reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 175, 409–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H.R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A.E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D.H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999)
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

T.F. Carruthers, I.N. Duling, and M.L. Dennis “Active-passive modelocking in a single-polarisation erbium fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1051–1053 (1994)
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Adel, P.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G.P.

G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic press, San Diego, 2001)

Burfeindt, B.

D.J. Jones, E.O. Potma, J. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X.S. Xie, “Synchronization of two passively mode-locked, picosecond lasers within 20 fs for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843–2848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Carruthers, T.F.

T.F. Carruthers, I.N. Duling, and M.L. Dennis “Active-passive modelocking in a single-polarisation erbium fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1051–1053 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Cheng, J.

D.J. Jones, E.O. Potma, J. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X.S. Xie, “Synchronization of two passively mode-locked, picosecond lasers within 20 fs for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843–2848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M.L.

T.F. Carruthers, I.N. Duling, and M.L. Dennis “Active-passive modelocking in a single-polarisation erbium fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1051–1053 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S.A.

Diels, J.-C.

R.J. Jones, J.-C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, “Stabilization of the frequency, phase, and repetition rate of an ultra-short pulse train to a Fabry-Perot reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 175, 409–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena (Academic press, San Diego, 1996).

DiMarcello, F.

Duling, I.N.

T.F. Carruthers, I.N. Duling, and M.L. Dennis “Active-passive modelocking in a single-polarisation erbium fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1051–1053 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Dunlop, A.E.

H.R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A.E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D.H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

N. Haverkamp, H. Hundertmark, C. Fallnich, and H.R. Telle, “Frequency stabilization of mode-locked Erbium fiber lasers using pump power control,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 321–324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H.R. Telle, “Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 12, 770–775 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, V.V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 11, 3196–3201 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-24-3296.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, J.

George, A. K.

Haus, H.A.

Haverkamp, N.

N. Haverkamp, H. Hundertmark, C. Fallnich, and H.R. Telle, “Frequency stabilization of mode-locked Erbium fiber lasers using pump power control,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 321–324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H.R. Telle, “Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 12, 770–775 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hellström, J.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hirai, A.

Hong, F.-L.

Hundertmark, H.

N. Haverkamp, H. Hundertmark, C. Fallnich, and H.R. Telle, “Frequency stabilization of mode-locked Erbium fiber lasers using pump power control,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 321–324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H.R. Telle, “Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 12, 770–775 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, V.V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 11, 3196–3201 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-24-3296.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

Ippen, E.P.

Jasapara, J.

R.J. Jones, J.-C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, “Stabilization of the frequency, phase, and repetition rate of an ultra-short pulse train to a Fabry-Perot reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 175, 409–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D.J.

D.J. Jones, E.O. Potma, J. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X.S. Xie, “Synchronization of two passively mode-locked, picosecond lasers within 20 fs for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843–2848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.J.

R.J. Jones, J.-C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, “Stabilization of the frequency, phase, and repetition rate of an ultra-short pulse train to a Fabry-Perot reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 175, 409–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jorgensen, C.

Jorgensen, C. G.

Keller, U.

H.R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A.E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D.H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Kracht, D.

Laurell, F.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leitensdorfer, A.

Lenz, G.

Matsumoto, H.

Minoshima, K.

Monberg, E.

Nelson, L.E.

Newbury, N.R.

Nicholson, J.W.

Noack, F.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

Pang, Y.

D.J. Jones, E.O. Potma, J. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X.S. Xie, “Synchronization of two passively mode-locked, picosecond lasers within 20 fs for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843–2848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Potma, E.O.

D.J. Jones, E.O. Potma, J. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X.S. Xie, “Synchronization of two passively mode-locked, picosecond lasers within 20 fs for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843–2848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ravi Kanth Kumar, V.V.

Rotermund, F.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, W.

R.J. Jones, J.-C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, “Stabilization of the frequency, phase, and repetition rate of an ultra-short pulse train to a Fabry-Perot reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 175, 409–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena (Academic press, San Diego, 1996).

Russell, P. S. J.

Steinmeyer, G.

H.R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A.E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D.H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H.R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A.E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D.H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Sugiura, T.

Sutter, D.H.

H.R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A.E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D.H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

Tamura, K.

Tauser, F.

Telle, H.R.

N. Haverkamp, H. Hundertmark, C. Fallnich, and H.R. Telle, “Frequency stabilization of mode-locked Erbium fiber lasers using pump power control,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 321–324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H.R. Telle, “Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm,” Opt. Express 12, 770–775 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-770.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A.E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D.H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Veng, T.

Wandt, D.

Washburn, B.R.

Wisk, P.

Xie, X.S.

D.J. Jones, E.O. Potma, J. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X.S. Xie, “Synchronization of two passively mode-locked, picosecond lasers within 20 fs for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843–2848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yablon, A.

Yan, M.F.

Ye, J.

D.J. Jones, E.O. Potma, J. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X.S. Xie, “Synchronization of two passively mode-locked, picosecond lasers within 20 fs for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843–2848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

Zinth, W.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

H.R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A.E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D.H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999)
[CrossRef]

N. Haverkamp, H. Hundertmark, C. Fallnich, and H.R. Telle, “Frequency stabilization of mode-locked Erbium fiber lasers using pump power control,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 321–324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T.F. Carruthers, I.N. Duling, and M.L. Dennis “Active-passive modelocking in a single-polarisation erbium fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1051–1053 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R.J. Jones, J.-C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, “Stabilization of the frequency, phase, and repetition rate of an ultra-short pulse train to a Fabry-Perot reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 175, 409–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D.J. Jones, E.O. Potma, J. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X.S. Xie, “Synchronization of two passively mode-locked, picosecond lasers within 20 fs for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843–2848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic press, San Diego, 2001)

J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena (Academic press, San Diego, 1996).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup of the Erbium fiber oscillator: PBS=Polarization beam splitter; PC=Polarization controller; Iso=Faraday isolator; WDM=980/1550-wavelength-divisionmultiplexer-coupler; MM=Movable mirror on a translation stage (travel range=5.2 cm); CL=Collimating lens, EFC=Extra-cavity pulse fiber compressor.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectra for translation stage positions of (a) -2.7 cm, (b) 0.0 cm and (c) 2.5 cm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Autocorrelation functions for translation stage positions of (a) -2.5 cm, (b) 0.0 cm, and (c) 2.7 cm and (d) theoretical autocorrelation function (FFT) based on output spectrum at the central translation stage position: black lines are the measured interferometric autocorrelation functions; the white lines are the corresponding intensity autocorrelation functions generated by averaging the interferometric autocorrelation function.

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