Abstract

. We present a sub-85 fs self-starting stretched-pulse passively mode-locked Erbium-fiber oscillator in a sigma setup with tunable repetition rate. The sigma cavity included a movable mirror enabling a tunable pulse repetition rate variation of ±1 % from 55.3 MHz to 56.4 MHz with continuous, uninterrupted mode-locked operation and an output power around 14 mW. Based on the wide tuning range of the repetition rate the presented fiber oscillator is a suitable candidate for applications in femtosecond spectroscopy or precision metrology around 1.56 µm.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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Appl. Phys. B (2)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D.H. Sutter, and U. Keller, ???Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,??? Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999)
[CrossRef]

N. Haverkamp, H. Hundertmark, C. Fallnich, and H. R. Telle, ???Frequency stabilization of mode-locked Erbium fiber lasers using pump power control,??? Appl. Phys. B 78, 321-324 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, ???Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,??? Electron. Lett. 38, 561-563 (2002)
[CrossRef]

T. F. Carruthers, I. N. Duling, and M. L. Dennis ???Active-passive modelocking in a single-polarisation erbium fibre laser,??? Electron. Lett. 30, 1051-1053 (1994)
[CrossRef]

Opt Lett. (1)

G. Lenz, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, ???All-solid-state femtosecond source at 1.55 µm,??? Opt Lett. 20, 1289-1291 (1995)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. J. Jones, J.-C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, ???Stabilization of the frequency, phase, and repetition rate of an ultra-short pulse train to a Fabry-Perot reference cavity,??? Opt. Commun. 175, 409-418 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. J. Jones, E.O. Potma, J. Cheng, B. Burfeindt, Y. Pang, J. Ye, and X.S. Xie, ???Synchronization of two passively mode-locked, picosecond lasers within 20 fs for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,??? Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2843-2848 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic press, San Diego, 2001)

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena (Academic press, San Diego, 1996)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup of the Erbium fiber oscillator: PBS=Polarization beam splitter; PC=Polarization controller; Iso=Faraday isolator; WDM=980/1550-wavelength-divisionmultiplexer-coupler; MM=Movable mirror on a translation stage (travel range=5.2 cm); CL=Collimating lens, EFC=Extra-cavity pulse fiber compressor.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectra for translation stage positions of (a) -2.7 cm, (b) 0.0 cm and (c) 2.5 cm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Autocorrelation functions for translation stage positions of (a) -2.5 cm, (b) 0.0 cm, and (c) 2.7 cm and (d) theoretical autocorrelation function (FFT) based on output spectrum at the central translation stage position: black lines are the measured interferometric autocorrelation functions; the white lines are the corresponding intensity autocorrelation functions generated by averaging the interferometric autocorrelation function.

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