Abstract

We have observed whispering gallery modes in the inelastic emission from a 9.8 µm polystyrene bead coated with a monolayer of AlexaFluor 488 dye. Using a separate near-IR trapping laser and an Ar+ excitation laser enables us to isolate and study a single dye-coated bead in a colloidal suspension without causing any bead damage.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. G. B. Garrett, W. Kaiser, and W. L. Bond, ???Stimulated emission into optical whispering modes of spheres,??? Phy. Rev. 124, 1807???1809 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S.-X. Qian, J.B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, and R.K. Chang, ???Lasing droplets: highlighting the liquid-air interface by laser emission,??? Science 231, 486-488 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Fields, J. Popp and R.K. Chang, ???Nonlinear optics in microspheres,??? in Prog. in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North Holland Press, Amsterdam, 1999).
  4. S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, ???Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,??? App. Phy. Lett. 60, 289-291 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Anders, W. Schrenk, E. Gornik, and G. Strasser, ???Room-temperature operation of electrically pumped quantum-cascade microcylinder lasers,??? App. Phy. Lett. 80, 4094-4096 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. D. Chern, H. E. Tureci, A. D. Stone, and R. K. Chang, ???Unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiplequantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,??? App. Phy. Lett. 83, 1710-1712 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Li, N. Ma, and A. W. Poon, ???Waveguide-coupled octagonal microdisk channel add-drop filters,??? Opt. Lett. 29, 471-473 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. E. E. Meyer, M. F. Islam, W. Lau, and H. D. Ou-Yang, ???Complexation kinetics of cyclodextrin with hydrophobic molecules confined in an isolated droplet in water,??? Langmuir 16, 5519-5522 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. <a href="http://www.probes.com/handbook/figures/0599.html">http://www.probes.com/handbook/figures/0599.html</a>.
  15. Diane Domina, Interfacial Dynamics Corporation, Portland, OR 97224 (personal communication, 2004).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Jennifer L. Goodwin and Gerald R. van Hecke, Department of Chemistry, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, CA 91711 (personal communication, 2003).

App. Opt. (2)

S. Blair and Y. Chen, ???Resonant-enhanced evanescent-wave fluorescence biosensing with cylindrical optical cavities,??? App. Opt. 40, 570-582 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S.C. Hill, C.K. Rushforth, R.E. Benner, and P.R. Conwell, ???Sizing dielectric spheres and cylinders by aligning measured and computer resonance locations: algorithm for multiple orders,??? App. Opt. 24, 2380-2390 (1985).
[CrossRef]

App. Phy. Lett. (3)

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, ???Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,??? App. Phy. Lett. 60, 289-291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Anders, W. Schrenk, E. Gornik, and G. Strasser, ???Room-temperature operation of electrically pumped quantum-cascade microcylinder lasers,??? App. Phy. Lett. 80, 4094-4096 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Chern, H. E. Tureci, A. D. Stone, and R. K. Chang, ???Unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiplequantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,??? App. Phy. Lett. 83, 1710-1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phy. Lett. (1)

F. Vollmer, D. Braun, A. Libchaber, M. Khoshima, I. Teraoka, and S. Arnold, ???Protein detection by optical shift of a resonant microcavity,??? Appl. Phy. Lett. 80, 4057-4059 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

R.W. Boyd and J.E. Heebner, ???Nanofabrication of optical structures and devices for photonics and biophotonics,??? J. Mod. Opt. 50, 2543-2550 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, K. Tekeda, H. Yasuda and K. Ema, ???Laser emission from dye-doped polystyrene microsphere,??? Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L99-L101 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

E. E. Meyer, M. F. Islam, W. Lau, and H. D. Ou-Yang, ???Complexation kinetics of cyclodextrin with hydrophobic molecules confined in an isolated droplet in water,??? Langmuir 16, 5519-5522 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phy. Rev. (2)

C. G. B. Garrett, W. Kaiser, and W. L. Bond, ???Stimulated emission into optical whispering modes of spheres,??? Phy. Rev. 124, 1807???1809 (1961).
[CrossRef]

A.L. Schawlow and C.H. Townes, ???Infrared and optical masers,??? Phy. Rev. 112, 1940-1949 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Phy. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, ???Observation of structural resonances in the fluorescence spectra from microsphere,??? Phy. Rev. Lett. 44, 475-478 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Prog. in Optics (1)

M. Fields, J. Popp and R.K. Chang, ???Nonlinear optics in microspheres,??? in Prog. in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North Holland Press, Amsterdam, 1999).

Science (1)

S.-X. Qian, J.B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, and R.K. Chang, ???Lasing droplets: highlighting the liquid-air interface by laser emission,??? Science 231, 486-488 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

<a href="http://www.probes.com/handbook/figures/0599.html">http://www.probes.com/handbook/figures/0599.html</a>.

Diane Domina, Interfacial Dynamics Corporation, Portland, OR 97224 (personal communication, 2004).

Jennifer L. Goodwin and Gerald R. van Hecke, Department of Chemistry, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, CA 91711 (personal communication, 2003).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental Setup

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Coating polystyrene bead

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized inelastic emission spectra from a single A488-coated polystyrene bead. The spectra at Iex=8. 67 W/cm2 and 0.87 W/cm2 have been multiplied by 10, and the spectrum at Iex=0.29 W/cm2 has been multiplied by 3.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

8-second exposures of an A488-coated bead recorded by the digital still camera. The Ar+ excitation laser was positioned at the center of the bead in Fig. 4(a) and at the edge of the bead in Fig. 4(b).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Inelastic emission spectrum of an A488-coated bead suspended in a propanol-water mixture

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