Abstract

We have generated noncollinear quasi-phase-matched second harmonic wave in an RbTiOPO4 crystal that was poled using the high-voltage atomic force microscope (HV-AFM). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first systematic nonlinear frequency conversion study of samples produced by the HV-AFM method. The short poling period of 1.18 µm enabled us to observe second harmonic generation at very large angles with respect to the fundamental wave. The setup was used to optically explore the homogeneity of the poled area. The measurements are in a reasonable agreement with an analytic calculations.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Rosenman, P. Urenski, A. Agronin, Y. Rosenwaks, and M. Molotskii, �??Submicron ferroelectric domain structures tailored by high-voltage scanning-probe microscopy,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 103-105, (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, R. Clemens, and F. Laurell, �??Submicron periodically poled flux-grown KTiOPO4,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4233-4235 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. E. Harris, �??Proposed backward wave oscillations in the infrared,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 114-116 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. J. Ding, J. U. Kang,and J. Khurgin, �??Theory of backward second-harmonic and third-harmonic generation using laser pulses in quasi-phase-matched second order nonlinear medium,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 966-974 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. A. Giordmaine, �??Mixing of light beams in crystals,�?? Physical Review Letters 8, 19-21 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. S. Oseledchik, A. I. Pisarevsky, A. L. Prosvirnin, V. V. Starshenko, and N. V. Svitanko, �??Nonlinear optical properties of the flux grown RbTiOPO4 crystal,�?? Opt. Mat. 3, 237-242 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Rosenman, P. Urenski, A. Agronin, A. Arie, and Y. Rosenwaks, �??Nanodomain engineering in RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystals,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3934-3936 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Berger, �??Nonlinear photonic crystals,�?? Physical Review Letters 81, 4136-4139 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, �??Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, �??Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Raicol Crystals Ltd., P.O. Box 2753 Yehud, Israel.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

G. Rosenman, P. Urenski, A. Agronin, Y. Rosenwaks, and M. Molotskii, �??Submicron ferroelectric domain structures tailored by high-voltage scanning-probe microscopy,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 103-105, (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, R. Clemens, and F. Laurell, �??Submicron periodically poled flux-grown KTiOPO4,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4233-4235 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, �??Proposed backward wave oscillations in the infrared,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 114-116 (1966).
[CrossRef]

G. Rosenman, P. Urenski, A. Agronin, A. Arie, and Y. Rosenwaks, �??Nanodomain engineering in RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystals,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3934-3936 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

Y. J. Ding, J. U. Kang,and J. Khurgin, �??Theory of backward second-harmonic and third-harmonic generation using laser pulses in quasi-phase-matched second order nonlinear medium,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 966-974 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, �??Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631-2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, �??Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mat. (1)

Y. S. Oseledchik, A. I. Pisarevsky, A. L. Prosvirnin, V. V. Starshenko, and N. V. Svitanko, �??Nonlinear optical properties of the flux grown RbTiOPO4 crystal,�?? Opt. Mat. 3, 237-242 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. A. Giordmaine, �??Mixing of light beams in crystals,�?? Physical Review Letters 8, 19-21 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Physical Review Letters (1)

V. Berger, �??Nonlinear photonic crystals,�?? Physical Review Letters 81, 4136-4139 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Raicol Crystals Ltd., P.O. Box 2753 Yehud, Israel.

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