Abstract

We demonstrate the use of photonic bandgap fiber for dispersion compensation in a short-pulse fiber laser. The anomalous dispersion provided by the photonic bandgap fiber enables us to construct a femtosecond fiber laser at 1 micron wavelength without prisms or diffraction gratings. The laser is self-starting and produces 160-fs pulses with 1-nJ energy, and represents a significant step toward all-fiber devices capable of much higher pulse energies.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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Electron. Lett. (1)

S. M. J. Kelly, �??Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,�?? Electron. Lett. 28, 806-807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, �??Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, K. Koch, �??Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,�?? Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

OFC???04 (1)

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P.Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Low loss (1.7 dB/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,�?? postdeadline paper PDP24, OFC�??04 (Los Angeles, 2004).

Opt. Express (6)

H. Lim, F. O. Ilday, and F.W.Wise, �??Femtosecond ytterbium fiber laser with photonic crystal fiber for dispersion control,�?? Opt. Express 10, 1497-1502 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-25-1497">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-25-1497</a>.

A. V. Avdokhin, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, �??Totally fiber integrated, figure-of-eight, femtosecond source at 1065 nm,�?? Opt. Express 11, 265-269 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-3-265">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-3-265</a>.

C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, T. P. Hansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. Broeng, �??All-fiber chirped pulse amplification using highly-dispersive air-core photonic bandgap fiber,�?? Opt. Express 11, 2832-2837 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2832">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2832</a>.

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, �??All fiber chirped-pulse amplification system based on compression in air-guiding photonic bandgap fiber,�?? Opt. Express 11, 3332-3337 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-24-3332.

F. �?. Ilday, J. Buckley, L. Kuznetsova, and F. W. Wise, �??Generation of 36-femtosecond pulses from a ytterbium fiber laser,�?? Opt. Express 11, 3550-3554 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-26-3550">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-26-3550</a>.

G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. S. J. Russell, D. P.Williams, P. J. Roberts, and B. J. Mangan, �??Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery,�?? Opt. Express 12, 1477-1484 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1477">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1477</a>.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett (1)

F. �?. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, �??Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,�?? to be published in Phys. Rev. Lett.; preprint <a href="http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0402013">http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0402013</a>.

Science (2)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, �??Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,�?? Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, �??Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air,�?? Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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