Abstract

We demonstrate the use of photonic bandgap fiber for dispersion compensation in a short-pulse fiber laser. The anomalous dispersion provided by the photonic bandgap fiber enables us to construct a femtosecond fiber laser at 1 micron wavelength without prisms or diffraction gratings. The laser is self-starting and produces 160-fs pulses with 1-nJ energy, and represents a significant step toward all-fiber devices capable of much higher pulse energies.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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Electron. Lett. (1)

S. M. J. Kelly, �??Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,�?? Electron. Lett. 28, 806-807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, �??Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086-2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, K. Koch, �??Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,�?? Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

OFC???04 (1)

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P.Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Low loss (1.7 dB/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,�?? postdeadline paper PDP24, OFC�??04 (Los Angeles, 2004).

Opt. Express (6)

C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, T. P. Hansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. Broeng, �??All-fiber chirped pulse amplification using highly-dispersive air-core photonic bandgap fiber,�?? Opt. Express 11, 2832-2837 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2832">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2832</a>.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, �??All fiber chirped-pulse amplification system based on compression in air-guiding photonic bandgap fiber,�?? Opt. Express 11, 3332-3337 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-24-3332.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. S. J. Russell, D. P.Williams, P. J. Roberts, and B. J. Mangan, �??Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery,�?? Opt. Express 12, 1477-1484 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1477">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1477</a>.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lim, F. O. Ilday, and F.W.Wise, �??Femtosecond ytterbium fiber laser with photonic crystal fiber for dispersion control,�?? Opt. Express 10, 1497-1502 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-25-1497">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-25-1497</a>.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Avdokhin, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, �??Totally fiber integrated, figure-of-eight, femtosecond source at 1065 nm,�?? Opt. Express 11, 265-269 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-3-265">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-3-265</a>.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. �?. Ilday, J. Buckley, L. Kuznetsova, and F. W. Wise, �??Generation of 36-femtosecond pulses from a ytterbium fiber laser,�?? Opt. Express 11, 3550-3554 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-26-3550">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-26-3550</a>.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett (1)

F. �?. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, �??Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,�?? to be published in Phys. Rev. Lett.; preprint <a href="http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0402013">http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0402013</a>.

Science (2)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, �??Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air,�?? Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, �??Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,�?? Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Left: experimental setup. HWP: half-wave plate, QWP: quarter-wave plate, PBS: polarizing beam splitter, WDM: wavelength-division multiplexer, PBF: photonic bandgap fiber. Right: attenuation and dispersion of the PBF. Data supplied by Blazephotonics, Ltd.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Pulse train. The two bright vertical lines at the left side of the trace are the time cursors of the oscilloscope.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Spectrum of output pulse on logarithmic (red) and linear (black) scales. (b) Interferometric autocorrelation of dechirped pulse (black). The envelopes calculated from the measured power spectrum assuming a constant phase are plotted in red.

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