Abstract

We demonstrate supermode suppression to levels below -125 dBc/Hz and -132 dBc/Hz using Fabry-Perot etalons with finesse values of 180 and 650, respectively, for a 10 GHz harmonically mode-locked external sigma cavity semiconductor laser. The laser was hybridly mode-locked using direct electrical modulation in a compact package without the need for an external modulator.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Complete noise characterization of an external cavity semiconductor laser hybridly mode-locked at 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. Abeles, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Residual phase noise and longitudinal mode linewidth measurements of hybridly mode-locked external linear cavity semiconductor laser,” Optics Lett. 27, 872 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. N. Duling, III., R. P. Moeller, T.R. Clark, “Active filtering of the amplitude noise of a mode-locked fiber laser,” CLEO 2000 Technical Digest 26 (2002).
  5. G. T. Harvey, L. F. Mollenauer, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser with an internal Fabry-Perot stabilizer for soliton transmission,” Opt. Lett. 18, 107 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., S. Etemad, A. Braun, J. Abeles, “Ultralow noise and supermode suppression in an actively-mode-locked external-cavity semiconductor diode ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. S. Wey, J. Goldhar, G. L. Burdge, “Active harmonic mode-locking of an erbium fiber laser with intracavity Fabry-Perot filters,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1171 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Zhao, Y. Lai, X. Shu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Supermode-noise suppression using a nonlinear Fabry-Perot filter in a harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4520 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Shan, D. M. Spirit, “Novel method to suppress noise in harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 29, 979 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. R. Thoen, M. E. Grein, E. M. Koontz, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. A. Kolodziejski, “Stabilization of an active harmonically mode-locked fiber laser using two-photon absorption,” Opt. Lett. 25, 948 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Rana, L. T. Lee, R. J. Ram, M. E. Grein, L. E. Jiang, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Characterization of the noise and correlations in harmonically mode-locked lasers”, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2609 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, J. E. Bowers, “Residual and absolute timing jitter in actively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. M. Baney, W. V. Sorin, “High resolution optical frequency analysis,” in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, N.J., 1998), pp. 169–219.
  14. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively FM mode-locked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2002

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. Abeles, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Residual phase noise and longitudinal mode linewidth measurements of hybridly mode-locked external linear cavity semiconductor laser,” Optics Lett. 27, 872 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., S. Etemad, A. Braun, J. Abeles, “Ultralow noise and supermode suppression in an actively-mode-locked external-cavity semiconductor diode ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhao, Y. Lai, X. Shu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Supermode-noise suppression using a nonlinear Fabry-Perot filter in a harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Rana, L. T. Lee, R. J. Ram, M. E. Grein, L. E. Jiang, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Characterization of the noise and correlations in harmonically mode-locked lasers”, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2609 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Complete noise characterization of an external cavity semiconductor laser hybridly mode-locked at 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

E. R. Thoen, M. E. Grein, E. M. Koontz, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, L. A. Kolodziejski, “Stabilization of an active harmonically mode-locked fiber laser using two-photon absorption,” Opt. Lett. 25, 948 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively FM mode-locked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

J. S. Wey, J. Goldhar, G. L. Burdge, “Active harmonic mode-locking of an erbium fiber laser with intracavity Fabry-Perot filters,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1171 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

X. Shan, D. M. Spirit, “Novel method to suppress noise in harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 29, 979 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Harvey, L. F. Mollenauer, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser with an internal Fabry-Perot stabilizer for soliton transmission,” Opt. Lett. 18, 107 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, J. E. Bowers, “Residual and absolute timing jitter in actively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986

D. Von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Abeles, J.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. Abeles, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Residual phase noise and longitudinal mode linewidth measurements of hybridly mode-locked external linear cavity semiconductor laser,” Optics Lett. 27, 872 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., S. Etemad, A. Braun, J. Abeles, “Ultralow noise and supermode suppression in an actively-mode-locked external-cavity semiconductor diode ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baney, D. M.

D. M. Baney, W. V. Sorin, “High resolution optical frequency analysis,” in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, N.J., 1998), pp. 169–219.

Bennion, I.

D. Zhao, Y. Lai, X. Shu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Supermode-noise suppression using a nonlinear Fabry-Perot filter in a harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, J. E. Bowers, “Residual and absolute timing jitter in actively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. Abeles, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Residual phase noise and longitudinal mode linewidth measurements of hybridly mode-locked external linear cavity semiconductor laser,” Optics Lett. 27, 872 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., S. Etemad, A. Braun, J. Abeles, “Ultralow noise and supermode suppression in an actively-mode-locked external-cavity semiconductor diode ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burdge, G. L.

J. S. Wey, J. Goldhar, G. L. Burdge, “Active harmonic mode-locking of an erbium fiber laser with intracavity Fabry-Perot filters,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1171 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Clark, T.R.

I. N. Duling, III., R. P. Moeller, T.R. Clark, “Active filtering of the amplitude noise of a mode-locked fiber laser,” CLEO 2000 Technical Digest 26 (2002).

Delfyett, Jr., P. J.

C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., S. Etemad, A. Braun, J. Abeles, “Ultralow noise and supermode suppression in an actively-mode-locked external-cavity semiconductor diode ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. Abeles, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Residual phase noise and longitudinal mode linewidth measurements of hybridly mode-locked external linear cavity semiconductor laser,” Optics Lett. 27, 872 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Complete noise characterization of an external cavity semiconductor laser hybridly mode-locked at 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

DePriest, C. M.

C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., S. Etemad, A. Braun, J. Abeles, “Ultralow noise and supermode suppression in an actively-mode-locked external-cavity semiconductor diode ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. Abeles, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Residual phase noise and longitudinal mode linewidth measurements of hybridly mode-locked external linear cavity semiconductor laser,” Optics Lett. 27, 872 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Complete noise characterization of an external cavity semiconductor laser hybridly mode-locked at 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Derickson, D. J.

D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, J. E. Bowers, “Residual and absolute timing jitter in actively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Duling, III., I. N.

I. N. Duling, III., R. P. Moeller, T.R. Clark, “Active filtering of the amplitude noise of a mode-locked fiber laser,” CLEO 2000 Technical Digest 26 (2002).

Etemad, S.

Goldhar, J.

J. S. Wey, J. Goldhar, G. L. Burdge, “Active harmonic mode-locking of an erbium fiber laser with intracavity Fabry-Perot filters,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1171 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grein, M. E.

Harvey, G. T.

Haus, H. A.

Ippen, E. P.

Jiang, L. E.

Kolodziejski, L. A.

Koontz, E. M.

Lai, Y.

D. Zhao, Y. Lai, X. Shu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Supermode-noise suppression using a nonlinear Fabry-Perot filter in a harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, L. T.

Mar, A.

D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, J. E. Bowers, “Residual and absolute timing jitter in actively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Moeller, R. P.

I. N. Duling, III., R. P. Moeller, T.R. Clark, “Active filtering of the amplitude noise of a mode-locked fiber laser,” CLEO 2000 Technical Digest 26 (2002).

Mollenauer, L. F.

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively FM mode-locked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ram, R. J.

Rana, F.

Shan, X.

X. Shan, D. M. Spirit, “Novel method to suppress noise in harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 29, 979 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shu, X.

D. Zhao, Y. Lai, X. Shu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Supermode-noise suppression using a nonlinear Fabry-Perot filter in a harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W. V.

D. M. Baney, W. V. Sorin, “High resolution optical frequency analysis,” in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, N.J., 1998), pp. 169–219.

Spirit, D. M.

X. Shan, D. M. Spirit, “Novel method to suppress noise in harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 29, 979 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Thoen, E. R.

Von der Linde, D.

D. Von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wey, J. S.

J. S. Wey, J. Goldhar, G. L. Burdge, “Active harmonic mode-locking of an erbium fiber laser with intracavity Fabry-Perot filters,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1171 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yilmaz, T.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. Abeles, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Residual phase noise and longitudinal mode linewidth measurements of hybridly mode-locked external linear cavity semiconductor laser,” Optics Lett. 27, 872 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., S. Etemad, A. Braun, J. Abeles, “Ultralow noise and supermode suppression in an actively-mode-locked external-cavity semiconductor diode ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 719 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Complete noise characterization of an external cavity semiconductor laser hybridly mode-locked at 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively FM mode-locked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

D. Zhao, Y. Lai, X. Shu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Supermode-noise suppression using a nonlinear Fabry-Perot filter in a harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, D.

D. Zhao, Y. Lai, X. Shu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Supermode-noise suppression using a nonlinear Fabry-Perot filter in a harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

D. Von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. Zhao, Y. Lai, X. Shu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Supermode-noise suppression using a nonlinear Fabry-Perot filter in a harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

X. Shan, D. M. Spirit, “Novel method to suppress noise in harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 29, 979 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Complete noise characterization of an external cavity semiconductor laser hybridly mode-locked at 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1338 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Derickson, A. Mar, J. E. Bowers, “Residual and absolute timing jitter in actively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 26, 2026 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

J. S. Wey, J. Goldhar, G. L. Burdge, “Active harmonic mode-locking of an erbium fiber laser with intracavity Fabry-Perot filters,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1171 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively FM mode-locked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Optics Lett.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, A. Braun, J. Abeles, P. J. Delfyett, Jr., “Residual phase noise and longitudinal mode linewidth measurements of hybridly mode-locked external linear cavity semiconductor laser,” Optics Lett. 27, 872 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

I. N. Duling, III., R. P. Moeller, T.R. Clark, “Active filtering of the amplitude noise of a mode-locked fiber laser,” CLEO 2000 Technical Digest 26 (2002).

D. M. Baney, W. V. Sorin, “High resolution optical frequency analysis,” in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, ed. (Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, N.J., 1998), pp. 169–219.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the 10 GHz harmonically mode-locked external sigma cavity semiconductor laser with high-finesse intracavity FPE (F.I.: Faraday isolator, HR: high reflector, QWP: quarter-wave plate, SOA: semiconductor optical amplifier).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Residual phase noise spectra of the 10 GHz mode-locked laser (a) without supermode suppression, (b) with an intracavity FPE of finesse 180, and (c) with an intracavity FPE of finesse 650.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectrum of the 10 GHz mode-locked sigma cavity with the intracavity 650 finesse FPE used for supermode suppression. Resolution bandwidth: 0.01 nm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. RMS timing jitter values obtained from the residual phase noise spectra of Fig. 2. The lower limits of integration are the lowest offset frequencies shown in the figure (F: finesse).

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