Abstract

We produce microjoule energy shaped mid infrared (MIR) pulses in an optical parametric amplification (OPA) process by imposing the phase and amplitude profile of an arbitrarily shaped pump pulse onto the idler pulse. Using phase locked pulses created using this technique, we measure for the first time, complex optical free induction decay (OFID) of the vibrational coherence of a C-H stretching mode.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
  2. J. X. Tull, M. A. Dugan, and W. S. Warren, “High-resolution, ultrafast laser pulse shaping and its applications,” Adv. Magn. Opt. Res. 20, 1–65 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  3. F. Eickemeyer, R. A. Kaindl, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and A. M. Weiner, “Controlled shaping of ultrafast electric field transients in the mid-infrared spectral range,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1472–1474 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  4. N. Belabas, J. P. Likforman, L. Canioni, B. Bousquet, and M. Joffre, “Coherent broadband pulse shaping in the mid infrared,” Opt. Lett. 26, 743–745 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. Witte, D. Zeidler, D. Proch, K. L. Kompa, and M. Motzkus, “Programmable amplitude- and phase-modulated femtosecond laser pulses in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Lett. 27, 131–133 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  6. H.-S. Tan, E. Schreiber, and W.S. Warren, “High resolution indirect pulse shaping by parametric transfer,” Opt. Lett. 27, 439–441 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of femtosecond laser pulses (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1992).
  8. T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, “Sub-20-fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single-pass noncollinear parametric converter,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1494–1496 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  9. G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, “Generation of 11 fs pulses tunable across the visible by optical parametric amplification” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616–3618 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, “Noncollinearly phase-matched femtosecond optical parametric amplification with a 2000 cm-1 bandwidth” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72147–149 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  11. H.-S. Tan, E. Schreiber, and W.S. Warren, “Infrared pulse shaping by parametric transfer,” in Ultrafast Phenomena XIII, M. M. Murnane, N. F. Scherer, R. J. Dwayne Miller, and A. M. Weiner, eds., (in press).
  12. R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinfhoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbüugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  16. F. Eickemeyer, M. Woerner, A.M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Coherent nonlinear propagation of ultrafast electric field transients through intersubband resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 165–167 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  17. Q. Wu and Zhang XC, “Free-space electro-optics sampling of mid-infrared pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285–1286 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  18. W. S. Warren and A. H. Zewail, “Optical analogs of NMR phase coherent multiple pulse spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 5956–5958 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  19. F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, “Spectroscopic demonstration of picosecond, phase-shifted laser multiplepulse sequences,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97–102 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. T. Fourkas, W. L. Wilson, G. Wäckerle, A. E. Frost, and M. D. Fayer, “Picosecond time-scale phase-related optical pulses: measurement of sodium optical coherence decay by observation of incoherent fluorescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 6, 1905–1910 (1989).
  21. S. Mukamel, Principles of nonlinear optical spectroscopy (Oxford University Press, New York, 1995).
  22. N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice “Fluorescence-detected wave packet interferometry: Time resolved molecular spectroscopy with sequences of femtosecond phase-locked pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487–1511 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  23. D. Keusters, H.-S. Tan, and W. S. Warren, “Role of pulse phase and direction in two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 10369–10380 (1999).
    [Crossref]

2002 (3)

2001 (2)

F. Eickemeyer, M. Woerner, A.M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Coherent nonlinear propagation of ultrafast electric field transients through intersubband resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 165–167 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Belabas, J. P. Likforman, L. Canioni, B. Bousquet, and M. Joffre, “Coherent broadband pulse shaping in the mid infrared,” Opt. Lett. 26, 743–745 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

D. Keusters, H.-S. Tan, and W. S. Warren, “Role of pulse phase and direction in two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 10369–10380 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, “Noncollinearly phase-matched femtosecond optical parametric amplification with a 2000 cm-1 bandwidth” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72147–149 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (5)

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinfhoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbüugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and Zhang XC, “Free-space electro-optics sampling of mid-infrared pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285–1286 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. X. Tull, M. A. Dugan, and W. S. Warren, “High-resolution, ultrafast laser pulse shaping and its applications,” Adv. Magn. Opt. Res. 20, 1–65 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, “Sub-20-fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single-pass noncollinear parametric converter,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1494–1496 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, “Generation of 11 fs pulses tunable across the visible by optical parametric amplification” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616–3618 (1997).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice “Fluorescence-detected wave packet interferometry: Time resolved molecular spectroscopy with sequences of femtosecond phase-locked pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487–1511 (1991).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

J. T. Fourkas, W. L. Wilson, G. Wäckerle, A. E. Frost, and M. D. Fayer, “Picosecond time-scale phase-related optical pulses: measurement of sodium optical coherence decay by observation of incoherent fluorescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 6, 1905–1910 (1989).

1987 (1)

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, “Spectroscopic demonstration of picosecond, phase-shifted laser multiplepulse sequences,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97–102 (1987).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

W. S. Warren and A. H. Zewail, “Optical analogs of NMR phase coherent multiple pulse spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 5956–5958 (1981).
[Crossref]

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of femtosecond laser pulses (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1992).

Belabas, N.

Bousquet, B.

Canioni, L.

Carlson, R. J.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice “Fluorescence-detected wave packet interferometry: Time resolved molecular spectroscopy with sequences of femtosecond phase-locked pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487–1511 (1991).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, “Generation of 11 fs pulses tunable across the visible by optical parametric amplification” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616–3618 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chirkin, A. S.

S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of femtosecond laser pulses (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1992).

Cina, J. A.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice “Fluorescence-detected wave packet interferometry: Time resolved molecular spectroscopy with sequences of femtosecond phase-locked pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487–1511 (1991).
[Crossref]

Damrauer, N. H.

N. H. Damrauer, C. Dietl, G. Krampert, S. H. Lee, K. H. Jung, and G. Gerber, “Control of bond-selective photo-chemistry in CH2BrCl using adaptive femtosecond pulse shaping,” Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 71–76 (2002).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, “Generation of 11 fs pulses tunable across the visible by optical parametric amplification” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616–3618 (1997).
[Crossref]

Delong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinfhoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbüugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dietl, C.

N. H. Damrauer, C. Dietl, G. Krampert, S. H. Lee, K. H. Jung, and G. Gerber, “Control of bond-selective photo-chemistry in CH2BrCl using adaptive femtosecond pulse shaping,” Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 71–76 (2002).
[Crossref]

Du, M.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice “Fluorescence-detected wave packet interferometry: Time resolved molecular spectroscopy with sequences of femtosecond phase-locked pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487–1511 (1991).
[Crossref]

Dugan, M. A.

J. X. Tull, M. A. Dugan, and W. S. Warren, “High-resolution, ultrafast laser pulse shaping and its applications,” Adv. Magn. Opt. Res. 20, 1–65 (1997).
[Crossref]

Eickemeyer, F.

F. Eickemeyer, M. Woerner, A.M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Coherent nonlinear propagation of ultrafast electric field transients through intersubband resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 165–167 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. Eickemeyer, R. A. Kaindl, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and A. M. Weiner, “Controlled shaping of ultrafast electric field transients in the mid-infrared spectral range,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1472–1474 (2000).
[Crossref]

Elsaesser, T.

F. Eickemeyer, M. Woerner, A.M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Coherent nonlinear propagation of ultrafast electric field transients through intersubband resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 165–167 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. Eickemeyer, R. A. Kaindl, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and A. M. Weiner, “Controlled shaping of ultrafast electric field transients in the mid-infrared spectral range,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1472–1474 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fayer, M. D.

J. T. Fourkas, W. L. Wilson, G. Wäckerle, A. E. Frost, and M. D. Fayer, “Picosecond time-scale phase-related optical pulses: measurement of sodium optical coherence decay by observation of incoherent fluorescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 6, 1905–1910 (1989).

Fittinfhoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinfhoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbüugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fleming, G. R.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice “Fluorescence-detected wave packet interferometry: Time resolved molecular spectroscopy with sequences of femtosecond phase-locked pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487–1511 (1991).
[Crossref]

Fourkas, J. T.

J. T. Fourkas, W. L. Wilson, G. Wäckerle, A. E. Frost, and M. D. Fayer, “Picosecond time-scale phase-related optical pulses: measurement of sodium optical coherence decay by observation of incoherent fluorescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 6, 1905–1910 (1989).

Frost, A. E.

J. T. Fourkas, W. L. Wilson, G. Wäckerle, A. E. Frost, and M. D. Fayer, “Picosecond time-scale phase-related optical pulses: measurement of sodium optical coherence decay by observation of incoherent fluorescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 6, 1905–1910 (1989).

Gerber, G.

N. H. Damrauer, C. Dietl, G. Krampert, S. H. Lee, K. H. Jung, and G. Gerber, “Control of bond-selective photo-chemistry in CH2BrCl using adaptive femtosecond pulse shaping,” Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 71–76 (2002).
[Crossref]

Haner, M.

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, “Spectroscopic demonstration of picosecond, phase-shifted laser multiplepulse sequences,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97–102 (1987).
[Crossref]

Hey, R.

F. Eickemeyer, M. Woerner, A.M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Coherent nonlinear propagation of ultrafast electric field transients through intersubband resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 165–167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Joffre, M.

Jung, K. H.

N. H. Damrauer, C. Dietl, G. Krampert, S. H. Lee, K. H. Jung, and G. Gerber, “Control of bond-selective photo-chemistry in CH2BrCl using adaptive femtosecond pulse shaping,” Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 71–76 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kaindl, R. A.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinfhoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbüugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[Crossref]

Keusters, D.

D. Keusters, H.-S. Tan, and W. S. Warren, “Role of pulse phase and direction in two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 10369–10380 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, “Noncollinearly phase-matched femtosecond optical parametric amplification with a 2000 cm-1 bandwidth” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72147–149 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kompa, K. L.

Krampert, G.

N. H. Damrauer, C. Dietl, G. Krampert, S. H. Lee, K. H. Jung, and G. Gerber, “Control of bond-selective photo-chemistry in CH2BrCl using adaptive femtosecond pulse shaping,” Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 71–76 (2002).
[Crossref]

Krumbüugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinfhoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbüugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

N. H. Damrauer, C. Dietl, G. Krampert, S. H. Lee, K. H. Jung, and G. Gerber, “Control of bond-selective photo-chemistry in CH2BrCl using adaptive femtosecond pulse shaping,” Eur. Phys. J. D 20, 71–76 (2002).
[Crossref]

Likforman, J. P.

Matro, A.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice “Fluorescence-detected wave packet interferometry: Time resolved molecular spectroscopy with sequences of femtosecond phase-locked pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487–1511 (1991).
[Crossref]

Motzkus, M.

Mukamel, S.

S. Mukamel, Principles of nonlinear optical spectroscopy (Oxford University Press, New York, 1995).

Nisoli, M.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, “Generation of 11 fs pulses tunable across the visible by optical parametric amplification” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616–3618 (1997).
[Crossref]

Piel, J.

Ploog, K. H.

F. Eickemeyer, M. Woerner, A.M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Coherent nonlinear propagation of ultrafast electric field transients through intersubband resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 165–167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Proch, D.

Rice, S. A.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice “Fluorescence-detected wave packet interferometry: Time resolved molecular spectroscopy with sequences of femtosecond phase-locked pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487–1511 (1991).
[Crossref]

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinfhoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbüugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[Crossref]

Riedle, E.

Romero-Rochin, V.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice “Fluorescence-detected wave packet interferometry: Time resolved molecular spectroscopy with sequences of femtosecond phase-locked pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487–1511 (1991).
[Crossref]

Ruggiero, A. J.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice “Fluorescence-detected wave packet interferometry: Time resolved molecular spectroscopy with sequences of femtosecond phase-locked pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487–1511 (1991).
[Crossref]

Scherer, N. F.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice “Fluorescence-detected wave packet interferometry: Time resolved molecular spectroscopy with sequences of femtosecond phase-locked pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487–1511 (1991).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, E.

H.-S. Tan, E. Schreiber, and W.S. Warren, “High resolution indirect pulse shaping by parametric transfer,” Opt. Lett. 27, 439–441 (2002).
[Crossref]

H.-S. Tan, E. Schreiber, and W.S. Warren, “Infrared pulse shaping by parametric transfer,” in Ultrafast Phenomena XIII, M. M. Murnane, N. F. Scherer, R. J. Dwayne Miller, and A. M. Weiner, eds., (in press).

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, “Noncollinearly phase-matched femtosecond optical parametric amplification with a 2000 cm-1 bandwidth” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72147–149 (1998).
[Crossref]

Spano, F.

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, “Spectroscopic demonstration of picosecond, phase-shifted laser multiplepulse sequences,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97–102 (1987).
[Crossref]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinfhoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbüugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tan, H.-S.

H.-S. Tan, E. Schreiber, and W.S. Warren, “High resolution indirect pulse shaping by parametric transfer,” Opt. Lett. 27, 439–441 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Keusters, H.-S. Tan, and W. S. Warren, “Role of pulse phase and direction in two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 10369–10380 (1999).
[Crossref]

H.-S. Tan, E. Schreiber, and W.S. Warren, “Infrared pulse shaping by parametric transfer,” in Ultrafast Phenomena XIII, M. M. Murnane, N. F. Scherer, R. J. Dwayne Miller, and A. M. Weiner, eds., (in press).

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinfhoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbüugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tull, J. X.

J. X. Tull, M. A. Dugan, and W. S. Warren, “High-resolution, ultrafast laser pulse shaping and its applications,” Adv. Magn. Opt. Res. 20, 1–65 (1997).
[Crossref]

Vysloukh, V. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of femtosecond laser pulses (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1992).

Wäckerle, G.

J. T. Fourkas, W. L. Wilson, G. Wäckerle, A. E. Frost, and M. D. Fayer, “Picosecond time-scale phase-related optical pulses: measurement of sodium optical coherence decay by observation of incoherent fluorescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 6, 1905–1910 (1989).

Warren, W. S.

D. Keusters, H.-S. Tan, and W. S. Warren, “Role of pulse phase and direction in two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 10369–10380 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. X. Tull, M. A. Dugan, and W. S. Warren, “High-resolution, ultrafast laser pulse shaping and its applications,” Adv. Magn. Opt. Res. 20, 1–65 (1997).
[Crossref]

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, “Spectroscopic demonstration of picosecond, phase-shifted laser multiplepulse sequences,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97–102 (1987).
[Crossref]

W. S. Warren and A. H. Zewail, “Optical analogs of NMR phase coherent multiple pulse spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 5956–5958 (1981).
[Crossref]

Warren, W.S.

H.-S. Tan, E. Schreiber, and W.S. Warren, “High resolution indirect pulse shaping by parametric transfer,” Opt. Lett. 27, 439–441 (2002).
[Crossref]

H.-S. Tan, E. Schreiber, and W.S. Warren, “Infrared pulse shaping by parametric transfer,” in Ultrafast Phenomena XIII, M. M. Murnane, N. F. Scherer, R. J. Dwayne Miller, and A. M. Weiner, eds., (in press).

Weiner, A. M.

Weiner, A.M.

F. Eickemeyer, M. Woerner, A.M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Coherent nonlinear propagation of ultrafast electric field transients through intersubband resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 165–167 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wilhelm, T.

Wilson, W. L.

J. T. Fourkas, W. L. Wilson, G. Wäckerle, A. E. Frost, and M. D. Fayer, “Picosecond time-scale phase-related optical pulses: measurement of sodium optical coherence decay by observation of incoherent fluorescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 6, 1905–1910 (1989).

Witte, T.

Woerner, M.

F. Eickemeyer, M. Woerner, A.M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Coherent nonlinear propagation of ultrafast electric field transients through intersubband resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 165–167 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. Eickemeyer, R. A. Kaindl, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and A. M. Weiner, “Controlled shaping of ultrafast electric field transients in the mid-infrared spectral range,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1472–1474 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and Zhang XC, “Free-space electro-optics sampling of mid-infrared pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285–1286 (1997).
[Crossref]

XC, Zhang

Q. Wu and Zhang XC, “Free-space electro-optics sampling of mid-infrared pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1285–1286 (1997).
[Crossref]

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Supplementary Material (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of mid infrared pulse shaper. OPA: Optical parametric amplifier, AOPS: Acousto-optic pulse shaper, AWG: Arbitrary waveform generator (radio frequency), 2HG: Second harmonic generation, WL: White light continuum generation, P: Periscope to change polarization, D: Delay stage, SG: Spectral gate.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectrum of (a) the amplitude modulated shaped pump pulse and (b) the resultant idler shaped pulse from the OPA process.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(0.17Mb) SIXFROG traces of MIR phase locked two pulse train with varying phase relationship, Δϕ. XX,XY,X̄ and denotes the interpulse phase difference of 0,π/2,π and 3π/4 rad respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

All four double sided Feynman diagrams above are included in the second order contributions to the perturbative expansion to the density matrix. The ϕ’s denote the phases acquired by the perturbative terms from the interacting pulses. The diagram in (a) pertains to the OFID signal which we distill from the sum contribution using the phase cycling procedure.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Schematic for the acquisition of OFID. PD: Photodetector, BS: Beamsplitter.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Complex optical free induction decay of the C-H stretch of Chloroform obtained from experimental signal S(τ,δϕ).

Equations (7)

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E i ( z , ω ) z i d ω E s * ( ω ) E p ( ω + ω ) .
E i ( z , ω ) z i E S * ( ω p ω )
E i ( z , ω ) z i E p ( ω s + ω )
E ( t ) = A ( t ) e i ω L t + i ϕ 1 + A ( t τ ) e i ω L t + i ϕ 2
ρ 11 a ( τ , ϕ 1 , ϕ 2 ) e i ( ϕ 1 ϕ 2 ) g ( τ ) e i ( ω 0 ω L ) τ e Γ 10 τ
= e i ( ϕ 1 ϕ 2 ) ρ 11 FID
ρ 11 FID ( τ ) ρ 11 XX ( τ ) ρ 11 X X ¯ ( τ ) + i [ ρ 11 XY ( τ ) ρ 11 X Y ¯ ( τ ) ]

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