Abstract

The damage caused by cleaving holey fibers is investigated as a function of cleaving force. Comparisons are made with standard optical fibers and holey fibers. Optimum cleaving forces are determined for a number of holey fiber air fractions and fiber diameters. A simple technique for removing cleave damage is also presented.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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Elecron. Lett. (1)

C.W.J. Hillman, W.S. Brocklesby, T.M. Monro, W. Belardi and D.J. Richardson, �??Structural and optical characterisation of holey fibers using scanning probe microscopy,�?? Elecron. Lett. 37, 1283-1284, (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S.T. Huntington, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, K.A. Nugent and M. Bazylenko, �??Atomic force microscopy for the determination of refractive index profiles of optical fibers and waveguides: A Quantitative study,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 82, 2730-2734, (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

B. Poumellec, Ph. Guenot, R. Nadjo, B. Keita, and M. Nicolardot, �??Information obtained from the surface profile of a cut single mode fiber,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 17 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhong and D. Inniss, �??Characterization of lightguiding structure of optical fibers by atomic force microscopy,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1517-1523 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Crystalline Solids (1)

S.L. Semjonov and C.R. Kurkjian, �??Strength of silica fibers with micron size flaws,�?? J. Non-Crystalline Solids 283, 220-224 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mat. Chem. Phys. (1)

C.P. Chen and T.H. Chang, �??Fracture mechanics evaluation of optical fibers,�?? Mat. Chem. Phys. 77, 110-116 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

T.M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J.C. Baggett, N.G.R. Broderick and D.J. Richardson, �??Sensing with microstructured optical fibers,�?? Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854-858 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

C.D. Rabii and J.A. Harrington, �??Mechanical properties of hollow glass waveguides,�?? Opt. Eng. 38, 1490-1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Science (2)

P. Russell, �??Photonic Crystal Fibers,�?? Science 299, 358-362, (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.C. Knight, J. Broeng, T.A. Birks and P.St. J.Russell, �??Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,�?? Science 282, 1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

3D representation of an AFM scan (70µm×70µm) of holey fiber ASM001_A2 after cleaving under 220g of force.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

AFM image of a holey fiber with the interstitial holes partly open clearly showing that the damage line direction is independent of the capillary stacking (left). AFM image of the central 16µm of a cleaved holey fiber showing asymmetry in damage location (right).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Plot of damage versus force for three cleaved fibers as measured using the AFM

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

AFM images of the ASM001_A2 fiber cleaved with 220g of force (left image) and 110g of force (right image). Both scans are 70 microns in diameter.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Comparison of AFM images of a cleaved holey fiber (left) and the same fiber after etching for 2 seconds in 48%HF (right). Both scans are 50 microns in diameter.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Optical fiber types and parameters

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