Abstract

Robust high-power, single frequency operation of semiconductor external cavity lasers is demonstrated in a novel extended two-level doped-fiber absorbing system. Outstanding wavelength and line-width stability is observed in long external cavities.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. M. Bird, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, R. M. A. Fatah, and K. H Cameron, “Narrow line semiconductor laser using fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 27, 115–116 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F N Timofeev, P Bayvel, J E Midwinter, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and M Robertson, “2.6 Gbit/s dense WDM transmission in standard fibre using directly-modulated fibre grating lasers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1632–1633 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R Kashyap, R A Payne, T J Whitley, and G Sherlock, “Wavelength uncommitted lasers,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1065–1066 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I Kostko, F N Timofeev, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and I Lealman, “Modulation bandwidth of high speed, directly modulated semiconductor laser with detuned external fibre grating reflector,” in Digest of Laser and Electro Optic Society ’2000, paper WF1, (Puerto Rico2000), 434–435.
  5. P Paoletti, M Meliga, G Oliveti, M Puleo, G Rossi, and L Senepa, “10 Gbit/s ultra low chirp 1.55 µm directly modulated hybrid fiber grating semiconductor laser source,” in Tech. Digest of ECOC’97, 107–110 (1997).
  6. W H Loh, R I Laming, and M N Zervas, “Single frequency erbium fiber external cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3422–3424 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Ferrari, G. Ghislotti, S. Balsamo, V. Spano, and F. Trezzi “Subkilohertz fluctuations and mode hopping in high-power grating-stabilized 980-nm pumps,” J. of Lightwave Tech. 20, 515–518 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R Kashyap, Fiber Bragg gratings, (Academic Press1999) p. 379.
  9. S.C Fleming and T.J Whitley, “Measurement of pump induced refractive index change in erbium doped fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1959–1961 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Ferrari, G. Ghislotti, S. Balsamo, V. Spano, and F. Trezzi “Subkilohertz fluctuations and mode hopping in high-power grating-stabilized 980-nm pumps,” J. of Lightwave Tech. 20, 515–518 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

F N Timofeev, P Bayvel, J E Midwinter, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and M Robertson, “2.6 Gbit/s dense WDM transmission in standard fibre using directly-modulated fibre grating lasers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1632–1633 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

W H Loh, R I Laming, and M N Zervas, “Single frequency erbium fiber external cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3422–3424 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R Kashyap, R A Payne, T J Whitley, and G Sherlock, “Wavelength uncommitted lasers,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1065–1066 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

D. M. Bird, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, R. M. A. Fatah, and K. H Cameron, “Narrow line semiconductor laser using fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 27, 115–116 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S.C Fleming and T.J Whitley, “Measurement of pump induced refractive index change in erbium doped fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1959–1961 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Armitage, J. R.

D. M. Bird, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, R. M. A. Fatah, and K. H Cameron, “Narrow line semiconductor laser using fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 27, 115–116 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Balsamo, S.

A. Ferrari, G. Ghislotti, S. Balsamo, V. Spano, and F. Trezzi “Subkilohertz fluctuations and mode hopping in high-power grating-stabilized 980-nm pumps,” J. of Lightwave Tech. 20, 515–518 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bayvel, P

F N Timofeev, P Bayvel, J E Midwinter, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and M Robertson, “2.6 Gbit/s dense WDM transmission in standard fibre using directly-modulated fibre grating lasers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1632–1633 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bird, D. M.

D. M. Bird, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, R. M. A. Fatah, and K. H Cameron, “Narrow line semiconductor laser using fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 27, 115–116 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cameron, K. H

D. M. Bird, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, R. M. A. Fatah, and K. H Cameron, “Narrow line semiconductor laser using fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 27, 115–116 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fatah, R. M. A.

D. M. Bird, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, R. M. A. Fatah, and K. H Cameron, “Narrow line semiconductor laser using fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 27, 115–116 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A.

A. Ferrari, G. Ghislotti, S. Balsamo, V. Spano, and F. Trezzi “Subkilohertz fluctuations and mode hopping in high-power grating-stabilized 980-nm pumps,” J. of Lightwave Tech. 20, 515–518 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, S.C

S.C Fleming and T.J Whitley, “Measurement of pump induced refractive index change in erbium doped fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1959–1961 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ghislotti, G.

A. Ferrari, G. Ghislotti, S. Balsamo, V. Spano, and F. Trezzi “Subkilohertz fluctuations and mode hopping in high-power grating-stabilized 980-nm pumps,” J. of Lightwave Tech. 20, 515–518 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R

F N Timofeev, P Bayvel, J E Midwinter, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and M Robertson, “2.6 Gbit/s dense WDM transmission in standard fibre using directly-modulated fibre grating lasers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1632–1633 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R Kashyap, R A Payne, T J Whitley, and G Sherlock, “Wavelength uncommitted lasers,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1065–1066 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R Kashyap, Fiber Bragg gratings, (Academic Press1999) p. 379.

I Kostko, F N Timofeev, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and I Lealman, “Modulation bandwidth of high speed, directly modulated semiconductor laser with detuned external fibre grating reflector,” in Digest of Laser and Electro Optic Society ’2000, paper WF1, (Puerto Rico2000), 434–435.

Kashyap, R.

D. M. Bird, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, R. M. A. Fatah, and K. H Cameron, “Narrow line semiconductor laser using fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 27, 115–116 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kostko, I

I Kostko, F N Timofeev, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and I Lealman, “Modulation bandwidth of high speed, directly modulated semiconductor laser with detuned external fibre grating reflector,” in Digest of Laser and Electro Optic Society ’2000, paper WF1, (Puerto Rico2000), 434–435.

Laming, R I

W H Loh, R I Laming, and M N Zervas, “Single frequency erbium fiber external cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3422–3424 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lealman, I

I Kostko, F N Timofeev, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and I Lealman, “Modulation bandwidth of high speed, directly modulated semiconductor laser with detuned external fibre grating reflector,” in Digest of Laser and Electro Optic Society ’2000, paper WF1, (Puerto Rico2000), 434–435.

Loh, W H

W H Loh, R I Laming, and M N Zervas, “Single frequency erbium fiber external cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3422–3424 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meliga, M

P Paoletti, M Meliga, G Oliveti, M Puleo, G Rossi, and L Senepa, “10 Gbit/s ultra low chirp 1.55 µm directly modulated hybrid fiber grating semiconductor laser source,” in Tech. Digest of ECOC’97, 107–110 (1997).

Midwinter, J E

F N Timofeev, P Bayvel, J E Midwinter, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and M Robertson, “2.6 Gbit/s dense WDM transmission in standard fibre using directly-modulated fibre grating lasers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1632–1633 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oliveti, G

P Paoletti, M Meliga, G Oliveti, M Puleo, G Rossi, and L Senepa, “10 Gbit/s ultra low chirp 1.55 µm directly modulated hybrid fiber grating semiconductor laser source,” in Tech. Digest of ECOC’97, 107–110 (1997).

Paoletti, P

P Paoletti, M Meliga, G Oliveti, M Puleo, G Rossi, and L Senepa, “10 Gbit/s ultra low chirp 1.55 µm directly modulated hybrid fiber grating semiconductor laser source,” in Tech. Digest of ECOC’97, 107–110 (1997).

Payne, R A

R Kashyap, R A Payne, T J Whitley, and G Sherlock, “Wavelength uncommitted lasers,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1065–1066 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Puleo, M

P Paoletti, M Meliga, G Oliveti, M Puleo, G Rossi, and L Senepa, “10 Gbit/s ultra low chirp 1.55 µm directly modulated hybrid fiber grating semiconductor laser source,” in Tech. Digest of ECOC’97, 107–110 (1997).

Robertson, M

F N Timofeev, P Bayvel, J E Midwinter, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and M Robertson, “2.6 Gbit/s dense WDM transmission in standard fibre using directly-modulated fibre grating lasers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1632–1633 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rossi, G

P Paoletti, M Meliga, G Oliveti, M Puleo, G Rossi, and L Senepa, “10 Gbit/s ultra low chirp 1.55 µm directly modulated hybrid fiber grating semiconductor laser source,” in Tech. Digest of ECOC’97, 107–110 (1997).

Senepa, L

P Paoletti, M Meliga, G Oliveti, M Puleo, G Rossi, and L Senepa, “10 Gbit/s ultra low chirp 1.55 µm directly modulated hybrid fiber grating semiconductor laser source,” in Tech. Digest of ECOC’97, 107–110 (1997).

Sherlock, G

R Kashyap, R A Payne, T J Whitley, and G Sherlock, “Wavelength uncommitted lasers,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1065–1066 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Spano, V.

A. Ferrari, G. Ghislotti, S. Balsamo, V. Spano, and F. Trezzi “Subkilohertz fluctuations and mode hopping in high-power grating-stabilized 980-nm pumps,” J. of Lightwave Tech. 20, 515–518 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Timofeev, F N

F N Timofeev, P Bayvel, J E Midwinter, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and M Robertson, “2.6 Gbit/s dense WDM transmission in standard fibre using directly-modulated fibre grating lasers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1632–1633 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I Kostko, F N Timofeev, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and I Lealman, “Modulation bandwidth of high speed, directly modulated semiconductor laser with detuned external fibre grating reflector,” in Digest of Laser and Electro Optic Society ’2000, paper WF1, (Puerto Rico2000), 434–435.

Trezzi, F.

A. Ferrari, G. Ghislotti, S. Balsamo, V. Spano, and F. Trezzi “Subkilohertz fluctuations and mode hopping in high-power grating-stabilized 980-nm pumps,” J. of Lightwave Tech. 20, 515–518 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Whitley, T J

R Kashyap, R A Payne, T J Whitley, and G Sherlock, “Wavelength uncommitted lasers,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1065–1066 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Whitley, T.J

S.C Fleming and T.J Whitley, “Measurement of pump induced refractive index change in erbium doped fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1959–1961 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R

F N Timofeev, P Bayvel, J E Midwinter, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and M Robertson, “2.6 Gbit/s dense WDM transmission in standard fibre using directly-modulated fibre grating lasers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1632–1633 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I Kostko, F N Timofeev, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and I Lealman, “Modulation bandwidth of high speed, directly modulated semiconductor laser with detuned external fibre grating reflector,” in Digest of Laser and Electro Optic Society ’2000, paper WF1, (Puerto Rico2000), 434–435.

Zervas, M N

W H Loh, R I Laming, and M N Zervas, “Single frequency erbium fiber external cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3422–3424 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W H Loh, R I Laming, and M N Zervas, “Single frequency erbium fiber external cavity semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3422–3424 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

S.C Fleming and T.J Whitley, “Measurement of pump induced refractive index change in erbium doped fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1959–1961 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Bird, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, R. M. A. Fatah, and K. H Cameron, “Narrow line semiconductor laser using fibre grating,” Electron. Lett. 27, 115–116 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F N Timofeev, P Bayvel, J E Midwinter, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and M Robertson, “2.6 Gbit/s dense WDM transmission in standard fibre using directly-modulated fibre grating lasers,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1632–1633 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R Kashyap, R A Payne, T J Whitley, and G Sherlock, “Wavelength uncommitted lasers,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1065–1066 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. of Lightwave Tech. (1)

A. Ferrari, G. Ghislotti, S. Balsamo, V. Spano, and F. Trezzi “Subkilohertz fluctuations and mode hopping in high-power grating-stabilized 980-nm pumps,” J. of Lightwave Tech. 20, 515–518 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R Kashyap, Fiber Bragg gratings, (Academic Press1999) p. 379.

I Kostko, F N Timofeev, R Wyatt, R Kashyap, and I Lealman, “Modulation bandwidth of high speed, directly modulated semiconductor laser with detuned external fibre grating reflector,” in Digest of Laser and Electro Optic Society ’2000, paper WF1, (Puerto Rico2000), 434–435.

P Paoletti, M Meliga, G Oliveti, M Puleo, G Rossi, and L Senepa, “10 Gbit/s ultra low chirp 1.55 µm directly modulated hybrid fiber grating semiconductor laser source,” in Tech. Digest of ECOC’97, 107–110 (1997).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SDL2 Laser spectra vs. drive current.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The spectrum of SDL2 laser in the coherence collapse regime at different drive currents.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

SDL-2 spectra as a function of drive current with the Yb:doped fiber as an intra-cavity element. The inset shows the cavity design.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

L–I characteristics of SDL-2 with the cavity configuration shown in Fig. 3 (□), and for SDL-1 (Δ).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

SDL-2 wavelength vs. drive current, showing excellent stability (measurement resolution is 0.8pm).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Long term operating wavelength stability of SDL2 external resonator laser measured with a wavelength meter.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1: Summary data on lasers with an external cavity used in experiments

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