Abstract

The display of dynamic holographic images is possible by computing the hologram of objects in a three-dimensional scene and then transcribing the two-dimensional digital hologram onto a digital micromirror system illuminated with coherent light. Proof-of-principle instruments that reconstruct real and virtual images are described. The underlying process, its characteristics, limitations and utility are discussed.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. Kunzig, �??The Hologram Revolution,�?? Discover 23, 55-57, (February 2002).
  2. Zebra Imaging, (2002), <a href="http://www.zebraimaging.com">http://www.zebraimaging.com</a>.
  3. C. Lewis, G. Favalora, Actuality Systems, (2001), <a href="http://www.actuality-systems.com/">http://www.actuality-systems.com/</a>.
  4. S.A. Benton, "Real Image Holographic Stereograms," U.S. Patent 4,834,476 (issued 30 May 1989). <a href="http://www.media.mit.edu/groups/spi">http://www.media.mit.edu/groups/spi</a>.
  5. Dimension Technology, Inc., (2001), <a href="http://www.dti3d.com/about.asp">http://www.dti3d.com/about.asp</a>.
  6. M. Lucente, IBM Corporation, (1996), <a href="http://www.research.ibm.com/imaging/vizspace.html">http://www.research.ibm.com/imaging/vizspace.html</a>.
  7. L.J. Hornbeck, �??Digital light processing for high-brightness, high-resolution applications,�?? presented at the Electronic Imaging, EI �??97, Projection Displays III co-sponsored by IS&T and SPIE, San Jose, CA, 10 February 1997.
  8. H.A. Klein, Holography (Lippincott, New York, 1970).
  9. T. Hast, M. Schonleber, H.J. Tiziani, �??Computer-generated holograms form 3D-objects written on twistednematic liquid crystal displays,�?? Opt. Commun. 140, 299 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Kreis, P. Aswendt, R. Hofling, �??Hologram reconstruction using a digital micromirror device,�?? Opt. Eng. 40 926 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. M. Friedman, et al., �??3D in-vivo optical skin imaging for topographical quantitative assessment of nonablative laser technology,�?? Dermatol. Surg. 28, 199 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J.F. Heanue, M.C. Bashaw, L. Hesselink, �??Volume holographic storage and retrieval of digital data,�?? Science 265, 749 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Christie Digital Systems, Mirage 10000, <a href="http://www.christiedigital.com/">http://www.christiedigital.com/index10.asp</a>
  14. R.S. Nesbitt, et al., �??Holographic recording using a digital micromirror device,�?? in Conference on Practical Holography XIII, Proc. SPIE 3637, 12-20 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. Yoder, et al., �??DLP Technology: Applications in Optical Networking,�?? Texas Instruments White Pages, (2001), http://www.dlp.com/dlp_technology/dlp_technology_white_papers.asp.
  16. J. P. Waters, �??Three-dimensional Fourier-transform method for synthesizing binary holograms,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 368 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A.W. Lohmann, D.P. Paris, �??Binary Fraunhofer holograms, generated by computer,�?? App. Opt. 6, 1739 (1967)
    [CrossRef]
  18. Note: The noun, hologram, will follow the convention that it is defined as containing the �??whole�?? (phase and amplitude) information of a 3-D scene. Interferogram will be used throughout as containing all information (phase and amplitude) but for only a 2-D scene. Holographic or interferometric image will refer to the reconstruction due to diffraction from a hologram or interferogram, respectively
  19. B.E.A. Saleh, M.C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, (Wiley, New York, 1991), pp 55-60
  20. J. R. Thayn, J Ghrayeb, and D. G. Hooper, �??3-D display design concept for cockpit and mission crewstations,�?? in Cockpit Displays VI: Display for Defense Applications, Proc. SPIE 3690, 180 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

App. Opt. (1)

A.W. Lohmann, D.P. Paris, �??Binary Fraunhofer holograms, generated by computer,�?? App. Opt. 6, 1739 (1967)
[CrossRef]

Dermatol. Surg. (1)

P. M. Friedman, et al., �??3D in-vivo optical skin imaging for topographical quantitative assessment of nonablative laser technology,�?? Dermatol. Surg. 28, 199 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Discover (1)

R. Kunzig, �??The Hologram Revolution,�?? Discover 23, 55-57, (February 2002).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Hast, M. Schonleber, H.J. Tiziani, �??Computer-generated holograms form 3D-objects written on twistednematic liquid crystal displays,�?? Opt. Commun. 140, 299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

T. Kreis, P. Aswendt, R. Hofling, �??Hologram reconstruction using a digital micromirror device,�?? Opt. Eng. 40 926 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

R.S. Nesbitt, et al., �??Holographic recording using a digital micromirror device,�?? in Conference on Practical Holography XIII, Proc. SPIE 3637, 12-20 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Thayn, J Ghrayeb, and D. G. Hooper, �??3-D display design concept for cockpit and mission crewstations,�?? in Cockpit Displays VI: Display for Defense Applications, Proc. SPIE 3690, 180 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J.F. Heanue, M.C. Bashaw, L. Hesselink, �??Volume holographic storage and retrieval of digital data,�?? Science 265, 749 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Texas Instruments White Pages (1)

L. Yoder, et al., �??DLP Technology: Applications in Optical Networking,�?? Texas Instruments White Pages, (2001), http://www.dlp.com/dlp_technology/dlp_technology_white_papers.asp.

Other (10)

Note: The noun, hologram, will follow the convention that it is defined as containing the �??whole�?? (phase and amplitude) information of a 3-D scene. Interferogram will be used throughout as containing all information (phase and amplitude) but for only a 2-D scene. Holographic or interferometric image will refer to the reconstruction due to diffraction from a hologram or interferogram, respectively

B.E.A. Saleh, M.C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, (Wiley, New York, 1991), pp 55-60

Christie Digital Systems, Mirage 10000, <a href="http://www.christiedigital.com/">http://www.christiedigital.com/index10.asp</a>

Zebra Imaging, (2002), <a href="http://www.zebraimaging.com">http://www.zebraimaging.com</a>.

C. Lewis, G. Favalora, Actuality Systems, (2001), <a href="http://www.actuality-systems.com/">http://www.actuality-systems.com/</a>.

S.A. Benton, "Real Image Holographic Stereograms," U.S. Patent 4,834,476 (issued 30 May 1989). <a href="http://www.media.mit.edu/groups/spi">http://www.media.mit.edu/groups/spi</a>.

Dimension Technology, Inc., (2001), <a href="http://www.dti3d.com/about.asp">http://www.dti3d.com/about.asp</a>.

M. Lucente, IBM Corporation, (1996), <a href="http://www.research.ibm.com/imaging/vizspace.html">http://www.research.ibm.com/imaging/vizspace.html</a>.

L.J. Hornbeck, �??Digital light processing for high-brightness, high-resolution applications,�?? presented at the Electronic Imaging, EI �??97, Projection Displays III co-sponsored by IS&T and SPIE, San Jose, CA, 10 February 1997.

H.A. Klein, Holography (Lippincott, New York, 1970).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of DMD hologram projection system for (a) real and (b) virtual images.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Bipmap-image layout to demonstrate 3-D image projection with a DMD hologram.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The bit-map computed hologram for the volume in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) The reconstructed portion of the real 3-D image at 30 cm from the converging lens, (b) the reconstructed portion of the real 3-D image at 27.5 cm from converging lens, and (c) the virtual image looking into the DMD, the conventional way to view a hologram. The photographs were taken with a Nikon Coolpix990 digital camera.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(872kb) Frame with a helicopter and jets from a movie illustrating the dynamic display capability of the DMD holographic projection system.

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U s x y = v d v U x y z z 2 + ( x x ) 2 + ( y y ) 2 exp [ ik ( z 2 + ( x x ) 2 + ( y y ) 2 x 2 + y 2 2 f ) ]

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