We investigated group velocities and group velocity dispersion characteristics of photonic crystal waveguides and coupled resonator optical waveguides(CROW’s). In photonic circuits comprised of the linear defect waveguides, the insertion of the CROW section suppresses energy flow due to its highly dispersive characteristics. We analyze the change in the group velocity and the group velocity dispersion by varying the radius of the holes in the waveguide channel. Properly designed CROW sections provide a wide range of control in the group velocity and positive/negative group velocity dispersion. They can be used as delay lines or dispersion compensators in photonic integrated circuits comprised of linear defect photonic crystal waveguides.
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