Abstract

We report on the experimental demonstration of an all fiber chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) system based on a step-index fiber stretcher and an air-guiding photonic crystal fiber compressor. The ultrafast fiber laser system produces an average power of 6.0 W with 100-fs pulses at 73 MHz, what corresponds to a peak power out of the compressor fiber of 0.82 MW. This completely fiber integrated approach has the potential to be scaled to significantly higher peak powers.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, �??Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,�?? Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Galvanauskas, �??Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,�?? IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Limpert, T. Clausnitzer, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Zellmer, E.-B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, �??High average power femtosecond fiber CPA system,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 1984 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, G. Korn, �??Highaverage power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,�?? Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sudgen, and I. Bennion, "All-Fiber Femtosecond Pulse Amplification Circuit Using Chirped Fiber Bragg Gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, J.D. Minelly, G.G. Vienne, and J.E. Caplen, "Broad-area diode-pumped 1 W femtosecond fiber system," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 495-496.
  7. A. Galvanauskas, M.A. Arbore, M.M. Fejer, and D. Harter, "Chirped pulse amplification circuits for fiber amplifiers, based on chirped-periodic quasi-phase-matching gratings," Opt. Lett. 23, 1695 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russel, P.J. Roberts, and D.C. Allan, "Single-Mode Photonic Band Gap Guidance of Light in Air," Science 285, 1537 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J.C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 847 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Ouzounov, F. Ahmad, A. Gaeta, M. Gallagher, K. Koch, D. Müller, and N. Venkataraman, "Dispersion and nonlinear propagation in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CThV5.
  11. D. Ouzounov, F. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. Gallagher, K. Koch, and A. Gaeta, "Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers," Science 301, 1702 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, T. Clausnitzer, K. Zöllner, H.-J. Fuchs, E.-B. Kley, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, "High-power femtosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 10, 628-638 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-14-628">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-14-628</a>
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Tünnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, "High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 11, 818-823 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-7-818">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-7-818</a>
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, G. Korn, �??Highaverage power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,�?? Appl. Phys. B 71, 889 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sudgen, and I. Bennion, "All-Fiber Femtosecond Pulse Amplification Circuit Using Chirped Fiber Bragg Gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053 (1995).
[CrossRef]

CLEO

A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, J.D. Minelly, G.G. Vienne, and J.E. Caplen, "Broad-area diode-pumped 1 W femtosecond fiber system," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 495-496.

D. Ouzounov, F. Ahmad, A. Gaeta, M. Gallagher, K. Koch, D. Müller, and N. Venkataraman, "Dispersion and nonlinear propagation in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2003 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper CThV5.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Galvanauskas, �??Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,�?? IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature

J.C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 847 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, �??Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,�?? Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

J. Limpert, T. Clausnitzer, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Zellmer, E.-B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, �??High average power femtosecond fiber CPA system,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 1984 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Galvanauskas, M.A. Arbore, M.M. Fejer, and D. Harter, "Chirped pulse amplification circuits for fiber amplifiers, based on chirped-periodic quasi-phase-matching gratings," Opt. Lett. 23, 1695 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science

R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russel, P.J. Roberts, and D.C. Allan, "Single-Mode Photonic Band Gap Guidance of Light in Air," Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ouzounov, F. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. Gallagher, K. Koch, and A. Gaeta, "Generation of Megawatt Optical Solitons in Hollow-Core Photonic Band-Gap Fibers," Science 301, 1702 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Microscope image of an air-guiding photonic bandgap fiber. Bright regions are fused silica and dark regions are air.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured spectral attenuation of the air-guiding photonic bandgap fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup of the all fiber CPA system; OI: optical isolator, PC LMA: photonic crystal large-mode-area fiber.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output characteristics of the ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured spectra after the stretcher, amplifier and compressor fiber.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured autocorrelation trace of the fiber re-compressed 0.8 MW pulses.

Metrics