Abstract

A single optical fiber probe has been used to trap a solid 2 µm diameter glass bead in 3-D in water. Optical confinement in 2-D was produced by the annular light distribution emerging from a selectively chemically etched, tapered, hollow tipped metalized fiber probe. Confinement of the bead in 3-D was achieved by balancing an electrostatic force of attraction towards the tip and the optical scattering force pushing the particle away from the tip.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2003 (5)

D.W. Zhang and X.-C. Yuan, “Optical doughnut for optical tweezers,” Opt. Lett. 28, 740–742 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouhelier, J. Renger, M.R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, “Plasmon-coupled tip -enhanced near-field optical microscopy,” J. of Microscopy 210, 220–224 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R.S. Taylor and C. Hnatovsky, “High resolution index of refraction profiling of optical waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4833, 811–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Aigouy, Y. De Wilde, and M. Mortier, “Local optical imaging of nanoholes using a single fluorescent rare-earth-doped glass particle as a probe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 147–149 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 71, 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon, “Immaterial tip concept by light confinement,” J. of Microscopy 202, 273–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Taguchi, K. Atsuta, T. Nakata, and M. Ikeda, “Single laser beam fiber optic trap,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 99–106 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xin-Cheng, L. Zhao-Lin, G. Hong-Lian, C. Bing-Ying, and Z. Dao-Zhong, “Effects of spherical aberration on optical trapping forces for Rayleigh particles,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 432–434 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (6)

J.-C. Meiners and S.R. Quake, “Femtonewton force spectroscopy of single extended DNA molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5014–5017 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R.C. Gauthier and A. Frangioudakis, “Optical levitation particle delivery system for a dual beam fiber optic trap,” Appl. Opt. 39, 26–33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T.A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S.W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad.Sci. USA 97, 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.T. O’Neil and M.J. Padgett, “Three-dimensional optical confinement of micron-sized metal particles and the decoupling of the spin and orbital angular momentum within an optical spanner,” Opt. Commun. 185, 139–143 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T.M. Squires and M.P. Brenner, “Like-charge attraction and hydrodynamic interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4976–4979 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Thiery, N. Marini, J-P Prenel, M. Spajer, C. Bainier, and D. Courjon, “Temperature profile measurements of near-field optical microscopy fiber tips by means of sub-micronic thermocouple,” Int.J. Therm.Sci. 39, 519–525 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

R. Taylor, K. Leopold, J. Fraser, Y. Feng, and M. Buchanan, “Near-Field scanning optical microscopy probes for high resolution beam scans of near-infrared lasers and waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 3491, 842–847 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

A.E. Larson and D.G. Grier, “Like-charges attractions in metastable colloidal crystalites,” Nature 385, 230–233 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny, R.X. Bian, and X.S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R.S. Taylor, K.E. Leopold, M. Wendman, G. Gurley, and V. Elings, “Bent fiber near-field scanning optical microscopy probes for use with commercial atomic-force microscopes,” Proc. SPIE 3009, 119–129 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, “Optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles using lasers,” Proc. Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 94, 4853–4860 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

H. He, N.R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical particle trapping with higher-order doughnut beams produced using high efficiency computer generated holograms,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 207–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Lyons and G. J. Sonek, “Demonstration and modeling of a tapered lensed optical fiber trap,” Proc. Of SPIE 2383, 186–198 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

T. Pangaribuan, K. Yamada, S. Jiang, H. Ohsawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Reproducible fabrication technique of nanometric tip diameter fiber probe for photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L1302–L1304 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1978 (1)

J.E. Bjorkholm, R.R. Freeman, A. Ashkin, and D.B. Pearson, “Observation of focusing of neutral atoms by dipole forces of resonance radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1361–1364 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156–159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Aigouy, L.

L. Aigouy, Y. De Wilde, and M. Mortier, “Local optical imaging of nanoholes using a single fluorescent rare-earth-doped glass particle as a probe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 147–149 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, “Optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles using lasers,” Proc. Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 94, 4853–4860 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.E. Bjorkholm, R.R. Freeman, A. Ashkin, and D.B. Pearson, “Observation of focusing of neutral atoms by dipole forces of resonance radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1361–1364 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156–159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Atsuta, K.

K. Taguchi, K. Atsuta, T. Nakata, and M. Ikeda, “Single laser beam fiber optic trap,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 99–106 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bainier, C.

L. Thiery, N. Marini, J-P Prenel, M. Spajer, C. Bainier, and D. Courjon, “Temperature profile measurements of near-field optical microscopy fiber tips by means of sub-micronic thermocouple,” Int.J. Therm.Sci. 39, 519–525 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baskin, R.J.

Beversluis, M.R.

A. Bouhelier, J. Renger, M.R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, “Plasmon-coupled tip -enhanced near-field optical microscopy,” J. of Microscopy 210, 220–224 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bian, R.X.

L. Novotny, R.X. Bian, and X.S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bing-Ying, C.

Y. Xin-Cheng, L. Zhao-Lin, G. Hong-Lian, C. Bing-Ying, and Z. Dao-Zhong, “Effects of spherical aberration on optical trapping forces for Rayleigh particles,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 432–434 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J.E.

J.E. Bjorkholm, R.R. Freeman, A. Ashkin, and D.B. Pearson, “Observation of focusing of neutral atoms by dipole forces of resonance radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1361–1364 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bouhelier, A.

A. Bouhelier, J. Renger, M.R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, “Plasmon-coupled tip -enhanced near-field optical microscopy,” J. of Microscopy 210, 220–224 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brenner, M.P.

T.M. Squires and M.P. Brenner, “Like-charge attraction and hydrodynamic interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4976–4979 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buchanan, M.

R. Taylor, K. Leopold, J. Fraser, Y. Feng, and M. Buchanan, “Near-Field scanning optical microscopy probes for high resolution beam scans of near-infrared lasers and waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 3491, 842–847 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Collins, S.D.

Constable, A.

Courjon, D.

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon, “Immaterial tip concept by light confinement,” J. of Microscopy 202, 273–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Thiery, N. Marini, J-P Prenel, M. Spajer, C. Bainier, and D. Courjon, “Temperature profile measurements of near-field optical microscopy fiber tips by means of sub-micronic thermocouple,” Int.J. Therm.Sci. 39, 519–525 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dao-Zhong, Z.

Y. Xin-Cheng, L. Zhao-Lin, G. Hong-Lian, C. Bing-Ying, and Z. Dao-Zhong, “Effects of spherical aberration on optical trapping forces for Rayleigh particles,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 432–434 (2001).
[CrossRef]

De Wilde, Y.

L. Aigouy, Y. De Wilde, and M. Mortier, “Local optical imaging of nanoholes using a single fluorescent rare-earth-doped glass particle as a probe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 147–149 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dyba, M.

T.A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S.W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad.Sci. USA 97, 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Egner, A.

T.A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S.W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad.Sci. USA 97, 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elings, V.

R.S. Taylor, K.E. Leopold, M. Wendman, G. Gurley, and V. Elings, “Bent fiber near-field scanning optical microscopy probes for use with commercial atomic-force microscopes,” Proc. SPIE 3009, 119–129 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

R. Taylor, K. Leopold, J. Fraser, Y. Feng, and M. Buchanan, “Near-Field scanning optical microscopy probes for high resolution beam scans of near-infrared lasers and waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 3491, 842–847 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Frangioudakis, A.

Fraser, J.

R. Taylor, K. Leopold, J. Fraser, Y. Feng, and M. Buchanan, “Near-Field scanning optical microscopy probes for high resolution beam scans of near-infrared lasers and waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 3491, 842–847 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, R.R.

J.E. Bjorkholm, R.R. Freeman, A. Ashkin, and D.B. Pearson, “Observation of focusing of neutral atoms by dipole forces of resonance radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1361–1364 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, M.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 71, 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gahagan, K.T.

Gauthier, R.C.

Grier, D.G.

A.E. Larson and D.G. Grier, “Like-charges attractions in metastable colloidal crystalites,” Nature 385, 230–233 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grosjean, T.

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon, “Immaterial tip concept by light confinement,” J. of Microscopy 202, 273–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gurley, G.

R.S. Taylor, K.E. Leopold, M. Wendman, G. Gurley, and V. Elings, “Bent fiber near-field scanning optical microscopy probes for use with commercial atomic-force microscopes,” Proc. SPIE 3009, 119–129 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haist, T.

He, H.

H. He, N.R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical particle trapping with higher-order doughnut beams produced using high efficiency computer generated holograms,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 207–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Heckenberg, N.R.

H. He, N.R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical particle trapping with higher-order doughnut beams produced using high efficiency computer generated holograms,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 207–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hell, S.W.

T.A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S.W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad.Sci. USA 97, 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hnatovsky, C.

R.S. Taylor and C. Hnatovsky, “High resolution index of refraction profiling of optical waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4833, 811–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hong-Lian, G.

Y. Xin-Cheng, L. Zhao-Lin, G. Hong-Lian, C. Bing-Ying, and Z. Dao-Zhong, “Effects of spherical aberration on optical trapping forces for Rayleigh particles,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 432–434 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Howitt, D.G.

Ikeda, M.

K. Taguchi, K. Atsuta, T. Nakata, and M. Ikeda, “Single laser beam fiber optic trap,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 99–106 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Iketaki, Y.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 71, 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Iler, R.K.

R.K. Iler,The Chemistry of Silica,Wiley,New York, (1979).

Inaba, H.

Ishiuchi, S.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 71, 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jakobs, S.

T.A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S.W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad.Sci. USA 97, 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, S.

T. Pangaribuan, K. Yamada, S. Jiang, H. Ohsawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Reproducible fabrication technique of nanometric tip diameter fiber probe for photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L1302–L1304 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

Klar, T.A.

T.A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S.W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad.Sci. USA 97, 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Larson, A.E.

A.E. Larson and D.G. Grier, “Like-charges attractions in metastable colloidal crystalites,” Nature 385, 230–233 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leopold, K.

R. Taylor, K. Leopold, J. Fraser, Y. Feng, and M. Buchanan, “Near-Field scanning optical microscopy probes for high resolution beam scans of near-infrared lasers and waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 3491, 842–847 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Leopold, K.E.

R.S. Taylor, K.E. Leopold, M. Wendman, G. Gurley, and V. Elings, “Bent fiber near-field scanning optical microscopy probes for use with commercial atomic-force microscopes,” Proc. SPIE 3009, 119–129 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R.S. Taylor and K.E. Leopold, “Combined AFM-NSOM scanning probe microscopy for photonic applications,” Microscopy and Analysis 15–17 (May,1999).

Li, J.

R.S. Taylor, J. Li, and M. Phaneuf, “Comparison of focussed ion-beam hole drilling and slicing for NSOM aperture formation,” Near-Field Optics,2ndAsia-Pacific Workshop on Near-Field Optics,World Scientific,Beijing, 181–187 (1999).

Lyons, E. R.

E. R. Lyons and G. J. Sonek, “Demonstration and modeling of a tapered lensed optical fiber trap,” Proc. Of SPIE 2383, 186–198 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marini, N.

L. Thiery, N. Marini, J-P Prenel, M. Spajer, C. Bainier, and D. Courjon, “Temperature profile measurements of near-field optical microscopy fiber tips by means of sub-micronic thermocouple,” Int.J. Therm.Sci. 39, 519–525 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Meiners, J.-C.

J.-C. Meiners and S.R. Quake, “Femtonewton force spectroscopy of single extended DNA molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5014–5017 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mervis, J.

Mortier, M.

L. Aigouy, Y. De Wilde, and M. Mortier, “Local optical imaging of nanoholes using a single fluorescent rare-earth-doped glass particle as a probe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 147–149 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakata, T.

K. Taguchi, K. Atsuta, T. Nakata, and M. Ikeda, “Single laser beam fiber optic trap,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 99–106 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

A. Bouhelier, J. Renger, M.R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, “Plasmon-coupled tip -enhanced near-field optical microscopy,” J. of Microscopy 210, 220–224 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny, R.X. Bian, and X.S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O’Neil, A.T.

A.T. O’Neil and M.J. Padgett, “Three-dimensional optical confinement of micron-sized metal particles and the decoupling of the spin and orbital angular momentum within an optical spanner,” Opt. Commun. 185, 139–143 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ohsawa, H.

T. Pangaribuan, K. Yamada, S. Jiang, H. Ohsawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Reproducible fabrication technique of nanometric tip diameter fiber probe for photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L1302–L1304 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

T. Pangaribuan, K. Yamada, S. Jiang, H. Ohsawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Reproducible fabrication technique of nanometric tip diameter fiber probe for photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L1302–L1304 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ohyumi, M.

Omatsu, T.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 71, 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M.J.

A.T. O’Neil and M.J. Padgett, “Three-dimensional optical confinement of micron-sized metal particles and the decoupling of the spin and orbital angular momentum within an optical spanner,” Opt. Commun. 185, 139–143 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pangaribuan, T.

T. Pangaribuan, K. Yamada, S. Jiang, H. Ohsawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Reproducible fabrication technique of nanometric tip diameter fiber probe for photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L1302–L1304 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, D.B.

J.E. Bjorkholm, R.R. Freeman, A. Ashkin, and D.B. Pearson, “Observation of focusing of neutral atoms by dipole forces of resonance radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1361–1364 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Phaneuf, M.

R.S. Taylor, J. Li, and M. Phaneuf, “Comparison of focussed ion-beam hole drilling and slicing for NSOM aperture formation,” Near-Field Optics,2ndAsia-Pacific Workshop on Near-Field Optics,World Scientific,Beijing, 181–187 (1999).

Prenel, J-P

L. Thiery, N. Marini, J-P Prenel, M. Spajer, C. Bainier, and D. Courjon, “Temperature profile measurements of near-field optical microscopy fiber tips by means of sub-micronic thermocouple,” Int.J. Therm.Sci. 39, 519–525 (2000).
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A. Bouhelier, J. Renger, M.R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, “Plasmon-coupled tip -enhanced near-field optical microscopy,” J. of Microscopy 210, 220–224 (2003).
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H. He, N.R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical particle trapping with higher-order doughnut beams produced using high efficiency computer generated holograms,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 207–223 (1995).
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T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 71, 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Shibata, H.

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[CrossRef]

Spajer, M.

L. Thiery, N. Marini, J-P Prenel, M. Spajer, C. Bainier, and D. Courjon, “Temperature profile measurements of near-field optical microscopy fiber tips by means of sub-micronic thermocouple,” Int.J. Therm.Sci. 39, 519–525 (2000).
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T.M. Squires and M.P. Brenner, “Like-charge attraction and hydrodynamic interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4976–4979 (2000).
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K. Taguchi, K. Atsuta, T. Nakata, and M. Ikeda, “Single laser beam fiber optic trap,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 99–106 (2001).
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R.S. Taylor, J. Li, and M. Phaneuf, “Comparison of focussed ion-beam hole drilling and slicing for NSOM aperture formation,” Near-Field Optics,2ndAsia-Pacific Workshop on Near-Field Optics,World Scientific,Beijing, 181–187 (1999).

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Thiery, L.

L. Thiery, N. Marini, J-P Prenel, M. Spajer, C. Bainier, and D. Courjon, “Temperature profile measurements of near-field optical microscopy fiber tips by means of sub-micronic thermocouple,” Int.J. Therm.Sci. 39, 519–525 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 71, 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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R.S. Taylor, K.E. Leopold, M. Wendman, G. Gurley, and V. Elings, “Bent fiber near-field scanning optical microscopy probes for use with commercial atomic-force microscopes,” Proc. SPIE 3009, 119–129 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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L. Novotny, R.X. Bian, and X.S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 645–648 (1997).
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T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 71, 634–639 (2003).
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Zarinetchi, F.

Zhang, D.W.

Zhao-Lin, L.

Y. Xin-Cheng, L. Zhao-Lin, G. Hong-Lian, C. Bing-Ying, and Z. Dao-Zhong, “Effects of spherical aberration on optical trapping forces for Rayleigh particles,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 432–434 (2001).
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L. Aigouy, Y. De Wilde, and M. Mortier, “Local optical imaging of nanoholes using a single fluorescent rare-earth-doped glass particle as a probe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 147–149 (2003).
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Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 71, 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Xin-Cheng, L. Zhao-Lin, G. Hong-Lian, C. Bing-Ying, and Z. Dao-Zhong, “Effects of spherical aberration on optical trapping forces for Rayleigh particles,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 432–434 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Int.J. Therm.Sci. (1)

L. Thiery, N. Marini, J-P Prenel, M. Spajer, C. Bainier, and D. Courjon, “Temperature profile measurements of near-field optical microscopy fiber tips by means of sub-micronic thermocouple,” Int.J. Therm.Sci. 39, 519–525 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

H. He, N.R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical particle trapping with higher-order doughnut beams produced using high efficiency computer generated holograms,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 207–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. of Microscopy (2)

A. Bouhelier, J. Renger, M.R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, “Plasmon-coupled tip -enhanced near-field optical microscopy,” J. of Microscopy 210, 220–224 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon, “Immaterial tip concept by light confinement,” J. of Microscopy 202, 273–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Pangaribuan, K. Yamada, S. Jiang, H. Ohsawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Reproducible fabrication technique of nanometric tip diameter fiber probe for photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L1302–L1304 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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T.M. Squires and M.P. Brenner, “Like-charge attraction and hydrodynamic interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4976–4979 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Novotny, R.X. Bian, and X.S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 645–648 (1997).
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E. R. Lyons and G. J. Sonek, “Demonstration and modeling of a tapered lensed optical fiber trap,” Proc. Of SPIE 2383, 186–198 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (3)

R. Taylor, K. Leopold, J. Fraser, Y. Feng, and M. Buchanan, “Near-Field scanning optical microscopy probes for high resolution beam scans of near-infrared lasers and waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 3491, 842–847 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R.S. Taylor, K.E. Leopold, M. Wendman, G. Gurley, and V. Elings, “Bent fiber near-field scanning optical microscopy probes for use with commercial atomic-force microscopes,” Proc. SPIE 3009, 119–129 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R.S. Taylor and C. Hnatovsky, “High resolution index of refraction profiling of optical waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4833, 811–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R.S. Taylor and K.E. Leopold, “Combined AFM-NSOM scanning probe microscopy for photonic applications,” Microscopy and Analysis 15–17 (May,1999).

R.S. Taylor, J. Li, and M. Phaneuf, “Comparison of focussed ion-beam hole drilling and slicing for NSOM aperture formation,” Near-Field Optics,2ndAsia-Pacific Workshop on Near-Field Optics,World Scientific,Beijing, 181–187 (1999).

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Supplementary Material (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic layout of the experimental apparatus.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Scanning electron microscope image of a selectively chemically etched conical tapered Fibercore Inc. probe tip showing a hollow central region.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

NSOM beam scans and section analysis at the output of an uncoated hollow-tipped Fibercore Inc. probe in air using an unpolarized λ=633nm He-Ne laser. The NSOM probe aperture was 140 nm. The NSOM beam scans were made at heights of (a) 0 nm, (b) 420 nm, (c) 1120 nm and (d) 1960 nm above the probe tip exit surface. The distance between the red markers is ≈1.9 µm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(2.5Mb) Real-time movie showing 3-D trapping of a 2µm diameter solid glass bead in water using a single selectively etched ≈20µm diameter hollow tipped fiber probe. The λ=1.32 µm laser power coupled into the fiber was ≈10mW. The direction of gravity is into the screen. The video shows that when the laser beam was blocked the bead moves back to the fiber. When the laser beam was unblocked the bead quickly (fraction of a second) moved to the 1µm tip to bead separation. The remainder of the video shows the fiber probe and bead being translated in the water at speeds of ≈20 µm/s. The video clip moves around and is somewhat noisy since a video camcorder was used to record the signal from a monitor.

Equations (1)

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F D = 6 πηav

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