Abstract

We report the fabrication of a Tellurite photonic crystal fiber, and demonstrate its waveguiding properties. The measured minimum loss is 2.3 dB/m at a wavelength of 1055 nm. The fiber supports several modes, but in practice just the fundamental mode can be used. We have observed strong stimulated Raman scattering in a fiber with an effective area Aeff=21.2µm2, using sub-ns, ~1 µJ pump pulses at 1064 nm.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. E. S. Hu, Y.-L. Hsueh, M. E. Marhic and L. G. Kazovsky, �??Design of tellurite fibers with zero dispersion near 1550 nm,�?? Proc. 28th European Conference on Optical Communications, Paper 3.2.3, Copenhagen (2002)
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    [CrossRef]
  10. R. A. H. El-Mallawany, Tellurite glasses handbook physical properties and data (CRC Press, 2002), Chap. 10.
  11. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber optics (Academic Press), Chap. 2.
  12. L. L. Chase and E. W. V. Stryland, �??Nonlinear optical properties�?? in Handbook of laser science and technology supplement 2: optical materials, M. J. Weber, ed. (CRC Press), Section 8.

Electron. Lett.

T.M. Monro, Y.D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick and D.J.Richardson, �??Chalcogenide holey fibers,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 1998 �?? 2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kiang, K.Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D.W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson and H. N. Rutt, �??Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibers,�?? Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature

J. C. Knight, �??Photonic Crystal fibres,�?? Nature 424, 847-851 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mat.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel and E. Snitzer, �??Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,�?? Opt. Mat. 3, 187 �?? 203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Proc. 28th European Conf on Opt. Comm

E. S. Hu, Y.-L. Hsueh, M. E. Marhic and L. G. Kazovsky, �??Design of tellurite fibers with zero dispersion near 1550 nm,�?? Proc. 28th European Conference on Optical Communications, Paper 3.2.3, Copenhagen (2002)

Science

Philip St. J. Russell, �??Photonic crystal fibers,�?? Science 299 (358-362) 2003
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

R. A. H. El-Mallawany, Tellurite glasses handbook physical properties and data (CRC Press, 2002), Chap. 10.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber optics (Academic Press), Chap. 2.

L. L. Chase and E. W. V. Stryland, �??Nonlinear optical properties�?? in Handbook of laser science and technology supplement 2: optical materials, M. J. Weber, ed. (CRC Press), Section 8.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Photograph showing the cross-section of the die used for extrusion, (b) Electron micrograph of an extruded tellurite preform, of outer diameter 1mm, (c) Electron micrograph of tellurite PCF and (d) Transmission view of a tellurite PCF observed under microscope.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured spectral attenuation in a Tellurite Photonic Crystal Fiber. The size of the core is 7 µm. The minimum measured loss in this fiber is 2.3 dB/m. The cutback measurement was done on a fibre length of 2.5 m.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Stimulated RamaStimulated Raman spectra from a Tellurite PCF of 1.02m length, using an pump laser wavelength of 1064 nm. All the incident pulse energy values given in the right are in µJ. The coupling efficiency is about 30%.

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