Abstract

We present the magneto-optic method to measure the local birefringence of single-mode fibers. We use this method to study birefringence of various telecommunication fibers submitted to external twist. Analysis of measurements gives access to the linear and circular part of the birefringence. This allows to evaluate the stress-optic coefficient g with a good accuracy for each fiber.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Bigo et al., �??1.5 Tbit/s WDM transmission of 150 channels at 10Gbit/s overt 4x100km of TeraLight fibre,�?? Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications, ECOC�??99, post dead-line paper PD2-9, (1999).
  2. P. Nouchi, L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Sillard, A. Bertaina, P. Guenot, �??Optical fiber design for wavelength-multiplexed transmission,�?? C.R. Physique 4, 23-29 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Ulrich, A. Simon, �??Polarization optics of twisted single-mode fibers,�?? Appl. Opt. 18, 2241-2251 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. E. Schuh, X. Shan, A. S. Siddiqui, �??Polarization mode dispersion in spun fibers with different linear birefringence and spinning parameters,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1583-1588 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. P. Kaminow, �??Polarization in optical fibers,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 15-22 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. C. Rashleigh, �??Origins and control of polarization effects in single-mode fibers,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 312-331 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, N. Gisin, �??Distributed beatlength measurement in single-mode fibers with optical frequency-domain reflectometry,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828-835 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Monerie and L. Jeunhomme, �??Polarization mode coupling in long single-mode fibres,�?? Opt. Quantum Electron. 12, 449-461 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, �??Measure of twist-induced circular birefringence in long single-mode fibers : theory and experiments,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1149-1159 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P.-G. Zhang, D. Irvine-Halliday, �??Measurement of the beat length in high-birefringent optical fiber by way of magnetooptic modulation,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 597-602 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Irvine-Halliday, M. R. Khan, P.-G. Zhang, �??Beat-length measurement of high-birefringence polarization-maintaining optical fiber using the dc Faraday magneto-optic effect,�?? Opt. Eng. 39, 1310-1315 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Chartier, A. Hideur, C. Ozkul, F. Sanchez, G. Stéphan, �??Measurement of the elliptical birefringence of singlemode optical fibers,�?? Appl. Opt. 40, 5343-5353 (2001).
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  13. A. Peyrilloux, T. Chartier, A. Hideur, L. Berthelot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, �??Theoretical and experimental study of the birefringence of a photonic crystal fiber,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 536-539 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Efron and R.J. Tibshirani, �??An introduction to the bootstrap,�?? Monographs on Statistics and Applied Probability 57, Chapman & Hall (1993).
  15. P. Nouchi, H. Laklalech, P. Sansonetti, J. Von Wirth, J. Ramos, F. Bruy`ere, C. Brehm, J. Y. Boniort, B. Perrin, �??Low-PMD Dispersion-Compensating fibers,�?? Proc. 21st Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC�??95-Brussels).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (3)

C.R. Physique (1)

P. Nouchi, L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Sillard, A. Bertaina, P. Guenot, �??Optical fiber design for wavelength-multiplexed transmission,�?? C.R. Physique 4, 23-29 (2003).
[CrossRef]

ECOC???95-Brussels (1)

P. Nouchi, H. Laklalech, P. Sansonetti, J. Von Wirth, J. Ramos, F. Bruy`ere, C. Brehm, J. Y. Boniort, B. Perrin, �??Low-PMD Dispersion-Compensating fibers,�?? Proc. 21st Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC�??95-Brussels).

ECOC???99 (1)

S. Bigo et al., �??1.5 Tbit/s WDM transmission of 150 channels at 10Gbit/s overt 4x100km of TeraLight fibre,�?? Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications, ECOC�??99, post dead-line paper PD2-9, (1999).

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

R. E. Schuh, X. Shan, A. S. Siddiqui, �??Polarization mode dispersion in spun fibers with different linear birefringence and spinning parameters,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1583-1588 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Rashleigh, �??Origins and control of polarization effects in single-mode fibers,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 312-331 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, N. Gisin, �??Distributed beatlength measurement in single-mode fibers with optical frequency-domain reflectometry,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828-835 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, �??Measure of twist-induced circular birefringence in long single-mode fibers : theory and experiments,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1149-1159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P.-G. Zhang, D. Irvine-Halliday, �??Measurement of the beat length in high-birefringent optical fiber by way of magnetooptic modulation,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 597-602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Peyrilloux, T. Chartier, A. Hideur, L. Berthelot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, �??Theoretical and experimental study of the birefringence of a photonic crystal fiber,�?? IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 536-539 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. P. Kaminow, �??Polarization in optical fibers,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 15-22 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Monographs on Stat and Appl Probability (1)

B. Efron and R.J. Tibshirani, �??An introduction to the bootstrap,�?? Monographs on Statistics and Applied Probability 57, Chapman & Hall (1993).

Opt. Eng. (1)

D. Irvine-Halliday, M. R. Khan, P.-G. Zhang, �??Beat-length measurement of high-birefringence polarization-maintaining optical fiber using the dc Faraday magneto-optic effect,�?? Opt. Eng. 39, 1310-1315 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Monerie and L. Jeunhomme, �??Polarization mode coupling in long single-mode fibres,�?? Opt. Quantum Electron. 12, 449-461 (1980).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Signals detected with 0, 4, and 8 turns of twist for fiber F1.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Evolution of Δβ versus γ for fiber F1.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Evolution of Δβ versus γ-γ 0 for each fiber.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters measured for each fiber

Equations (3)

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Δ β = Δ β l 2 + ( g γ 2 γ ) 2 .
L b = 2 π Δ β .
Δ β = Δ β l 2 + ( g 2 ) 2 ( γ γ 0 ) 2 .

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