Abstract

Coherent X-ray Diffraction is applied to investigate the structure of individual nanocrystalline silver particles in the 100nm size range. In order to enhance the available signal, Kirkpatrick-Baez focusing optics have been introduced in the 34-ID-C beamline at APS. Concerns about the preservation of coherence under these circumstances are addressed through experiment and by calculations.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Sayre, �??Imaging Processes and Coherence in Physics,�?? Springer Lecture Notes in Physics 112, 229 (1980).
  2. J. Miao, P. Charalambous, J. Kirz and D. Sayre, �??Extending the methodology of X-ray crystallography to allow imaging of micrometer-sized non-crystalline specimens,�?? Nature 400, 342 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, I. A. Vartanyants and I. K. Robinson, �??Three-dimensional Imaging of Microstructure in Gold Nanocrystals,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 17 (2003).
  4. J. Miao, T. Ishikawa, B. Johnson, E. H. Anderson, B. Lai and K. O. Hodgson, �??High Resolution 3D X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 (2002).
  5. I. K. Robinson, I. A. Vartanyants, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer and J. A. Pitney, �??Reconstruction of the Shapes of Gold Nanocrystals using Coherent X-ray Diffraction,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 19 (2001).
  6. I. K. Robinson, C. A. Kenney-Benson and I. A. Vartanyants, �??Sources of Decoherence in Beamline Optics,�?? Physica B 336 56-62 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. R. Howells, D. Cambie, R. M. Duarte, S. Irick, A. A. MacDowell, H. A. Padmore, T. R. Renner, S. Rah, and R. Sandler, �??Theory and practice of elliptically bent x-ray mirrors,�?? Opt. Eng. 39 2748-2762 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  8. Yugang Sun and Younan Xia, �??Shape-Controlled Synthesis of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles,�?? Science 298, 2176 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Kupp, B. Blank, A. Deyhim, P. H. Fuoss, C. A. Benson and I. K. Robinson, �??Development of a Double Crystal Monochromator,�?? Proceedings of SRI conference, Berkeley (2003).
  10. J. L. Libbert, J. A. Pitney and I. K.Robinson, �??Asymmetric Fraunhofer Diffraction from Roller Blade Slits,�?? J. Synchrotron Radiation 4 125-127 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. A. Nugent, T. E. Gureyev, D. F. Cookson, D. Paganin, and Z. Barnea, �??Quantitative Phase Imaging Using Hard X Rays,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 77 2961-2964 (1996)
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. E. Gureyev, �??Composite Techniques for Phase Retrieval in the Fresnel Region,�?? Opt. Commun. 220 49-58 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. A. Nugent, Melbourne University, private communication.

J. Synchrotron Radiation (1)

J. L. Libbert, J. A. Pitney and I. K.Robinson, �??Asymmetric Fraunhofer Diffraction from Roller Blade Slits,�?? J. Synchrotron Radiation 4 125-127 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. Miao, P. Charalambous, J. Kirz and D. Sayre, �??Extending the methodology of X-ray crystallography to allow imaging of micrometer-sized non-crystalline specimens,�?? Nature 400, 342 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. E. Gureyev, �??Composite Techniques for Phase Retrieval in the Fresnel Region,�?? Opt. Commun. 220 49-58 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. R. Howells, D. Cambie, R. M. Duarte, S. Irick, A. A. MacDowell, H. A. Padmore, T. R. Renner, S. Rah, and R. Sandler, �??Theory and practice of elliptically bent x-ray mirrors,�?? Opt. Eng. 39 2748-2762 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, I. A. Vartanyants and I. K. Robinson, �??Three-dimensional Imaging of Microstructure in Gold Nanocrystals,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 17 (2003).

J. Miao, T. Ishikawa, B. Johnson, E. H. Anderson, B. Lai and K. O. Hodgson, �??High Resolution 3D X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 (2002).

I. K. Robinson, I. A. Vartanyants, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer and J. A. Pitney, �??Reconstruction of the Shapes of Gold Nanocrystals using Coherent X-ray Diffraction,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 19 (2001).

K. A. Nugent, T. E. Gureyev, D. F. Cookson, D. Paganin, and Z. Barnea, �??Quantitative Phase Imaging Using Hard X Rays,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 77 2961-2964 (1996)
[CrossRef]

Physica B (1)

I. K. Robinson, C. A. Kenney-Benson and I. A. Vartanyants, �??Sources of Decoherence in Beamline Optics,�?? Physica B 336 56-62 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Proceedings of SRI conference, Berkeley (1)

T. Kupp, B. Blank, A. Deyhim, P. H. Fuoss, C. A. Benson and I. K. Robinson, �??Development of a Double Crystal Monochromator,�?? Proceedings of SRI conference, Berkeley (2003).

Science (1)

Yugang Sun and Younan Xia, �??Shape-Controlled Synthesis of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles,�?? Science 298, 2176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Springer Lecture Notes in Physics (1)

D. Sayre, �??Imaging Processes and Coherence in Physics,�?? Springer Lecture Notes in Physics 112, 229 (1980).

Other (1)

K. A. Nugent, Melbourne University, private communication.

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