We report on the microfabrication of continuous aspherical optical surfaces with a single-mask process, using anisotropic etching of silicon in a KOH water solution. Precise arbitrary aspherical surfaces with lateral scales on the order of several millimeters and a profile depth on the order of several micrometers were fabricated using this process. We discuss the factors defining the precision of the formed component and the resulting surface quality. We demonstrate 1 mm and 5 mm replicated aspherical phase plates, reproducing defocus, tilt, astigmatism and high-order aberrations. The technology has a potential for serial production of reflective and refractive arbitrary aspherical micro-optical components.
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