Abstract

We demonstrate a polarization insensitive time-division demultiplexer using semiconductor optical amplifier based nonlinear interferometer in a polarization-diversity loop. The demultiplexer had a very low switching energy (<100 femtojoules) and error-free operation in demultiplexing a 40 Gb/s input was achieved. The residual polarization dependence of the incident signal was found to be only 0.3 dB. Capability of demultiplexing at higher bit rates was proved by the ultrafast switching of 160 Gb/s pulses.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. S. Robinson, S. A. Hamilton, and E. P. Ippen, “Multiple wavelength demultiplexing using an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Technical Digest, CLEO 2001, (Optical Society of America, Baltimore, MD, 2001), pp. 528–529.
  2. D. M. Patrick, A. D. Ellis, D. A. O Davies, M. C. Tatham, and G. Sherlock, “Demultiplexing using polarization rotation in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 341–342 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. Ludwig and G. Raybon, “All-optical demultiplexing using ultrafast four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier at 20 Gbit/s,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Montreux, Switzerland, 1993), pp. 57–60.
  4. B. E. Olsson and P. A. Andrekson, “Polarization-independent demultiplexing in a polarization diversity nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 764–766 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. C. Lim, T. Sakamoto, and K. Kikuchi, “Polarization-independent optical demultiplexing by conventional nonlinear optical loop mirror in a polarization-diversity loop configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1704–1706 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Sakamoto, H. C. Lim, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical polarization-insensitive time-division demultiplexer using a nonlinear optical loop mirror with a pair of short polarization-maintain fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1737–1739 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  7. B. E. Olsson and P. A. Andrekson, “Polarization independent Kerr-switch using a polarization diversity loop,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC’98, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 185–186.
  8. Z. A. Yasa and N. M. Amer, “A rapid-scanning autocorrelation scheme for continuous monitoring of picosecond laser pulses,” Optics Commun. 36, 406–408 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. C. Oh, M. H. Lee, and H. J. Lee, “Polymetric waveguide polarization splitter with a buried birefringent polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1144–1146 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. J. G. M. van der Tol, J. W. Pedersen, E. G. Metaal, J. J. W. van Gaalen, Y. S. Oei, and F. H. Groen, “A short polarization splitter without metal overlays on InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 209–211 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. M. de Ridder, A. F. M. Sander, A. Driessen, and J. H. J. Fluitman, “An integrated optic adiabatic TE/TM mode splitter on silicon,” IEEE J. Lightwave, Technol. 11, 1806–1811 (1993).
    [Crossref]

2002 (1)

T. Sakamoto, H. C. Lim, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical polarization-insensitive time-division demultiplexer using a nonlinear optical loop mirror with a pair of short polarization-maintain fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1737–1739 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. C. Lim, T. Sakamoto, and K. Kikuchi, “Polarization-independent optical demultiplexing by conventional nonlinear optical loop mirror in a polarization-diversity loop configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1704–1706 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. C. Oh, M. H. Lee, and H. J. Lee, “Polymetric waveguide polarization splitter with a buried birefringent polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1144–1146 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, J. W. Pedersen, E. G. Metaal, J. J. W. van Gaalen, Y. S. Oei, and F. H. Groen, “A short polarization splitter without metal overlays on InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 209–211 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. E. Olsson and P. A. Andrekson, “Polarization-independent demultiplexing in a polarization diversity nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 764–766 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

D. M. Patrick, A. D. Ellis, D. A. O Davies, M. C. Tatham, and G. Sherlock, “Demultiplexing using polarization rotation in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 341–342 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

R. M. de Ridder, A. F. M. Sander, A. Driessen, and J. H. J. Fluitman, “An integrated optic adiabatic TE/TM mode splitter on silicon,” IEEE J. Lightwave, Technol. 11, 1806–1811 (1993).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

Z. A. Yasa and N. M. Amer, “A rapid-scanning autocorrelation scheme for continuous monitoring of picosecond laser pulses,” Optics Commun. 36, 406–408 (1981).
[Crossref]

Amer, N. M.

Z. A. Yasa and N. M. Amer, “A rapid-scanning autocorrelation scheme for continuous monitoring of picosecond laser pulses,” Optics Commun. 36, 406–408 (1981).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P. A.

B. E. Olsson and P. A. Andrekson, “Polarization-independent demultiplexing in a polarization diversity nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 764–766 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. E. Olsson and P. A. Andrekson, “Polarization independent Kerr-switch using a polarization diversity loop,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC’98, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 185–186.

Davies, D. A. O

D. M. Patrick, A. D. Ellis, D. A. O Davies, M. C. Tatham, and G. Sherlock, “Demultiplexing using polarization rotation in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 341–342 (1994).
[Crossref]

de Ridder, R. M.

R. M. de Ridder, A. F. M. Sander, A. Driessen, and J. H. J. Fluitman, “An integrated optic adiabatic TE/TM mode splitter on silicon,” IEEE J. Lightwave, Technol. 11, 1806–1811 (1993).
[Crossref]

Driessen, A.

R. M. de Ridder, A. F. M. Sander, A. Driessen, and J. H. J. Fluitman, “An integrated optic adiabatic TE/TM mode splitter on silicon,” IEEE J. Lightwave, Technol. 11, 1806–1811 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A. D.

D. M. Patrick, A. D. Ellis, D. A. O Davies, M. C. Tatham, and G. Sherlock, “Demultiplexing using polarization rotation in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 341–342 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fluitman, J. H. J.

R. M. de Ridder, A. F. M. Sander, A. Driessen, and J. H. J. Fluitman, “An integrated optic adiabatic TE/TM mode splitter on silicon,” IEEE J. Lightwave, Technol. 11, 1806–1811 (1993).
[Crossref]

Groen, F. H.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, J. W. Pedersen, E. G. Metaal, J. J. W. van Gaalen, Y. S. Oei, and F. H. Groen, “A short polarization splitter without metal overlays on InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 209–211 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hamilton, S. A.

B. S. Robinson, S. A. Hamilton, and E. P. Ippen, “Multiple wavelength demultiplexing using an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Technical Digest, CLEO 2001, (Optical Society of America, Baltimore, MD, 2001), pp. 528–529.

Ippen, E. P.

B. S. Robinson, S. A. Hamilton, and E. P. Ippen, “Multiple wavelength demultiplexing using an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Technical Digest, CLEO 2001, (Optical Society of America, Baltimore, MD, 2001), pp. 528–529.

Kikuchi, K.

T. Sakamoto, H. C. Lim, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical polarization-insensitive time-division demultiplexer using a nonlinear optical loop mirror with a pair of short polarization-maintain fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1737–1739 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. C. Lim, T. Sakamoto, and K. Kikuchi, “Polarization-independent optical demultiplexing by conventional nonlinear optical loop mirror in a polarization-diversity loop configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1704–1706 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. J.

M. C. Oh, M. H. Lee, and H. J. Lee, “Polymetric waveguide polarization splitter with a buried birefringent polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1144–1146 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lee, M. H.

M. C. Oh, M. H. Lee, and H. J. Lee, “Polymetric waveguide polarization splitter with a buried birefringent polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1144–1146 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lim, H. C.

T. Sakamoto, H. C. Lim, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical polarization-insensitive time-division demultiplexer using a nonlinear optical loop mirror with a pair of short polarization-maintain fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1737–1739 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. C. Lim, T. Sakamoto, and K. Kikuchi, “Polarization-independent optical demultiplexing by conventional nonlinear optical loop mirror in a polarization-diversity loop configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1704–1706 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ludwig, R.

R. Ludwig and G. Raybon, “All-optical demultiplexing using ultrafast four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier at 20 Gbit/s,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Montreux, Switzerland, 1993), pp. 57–60.

Metaal, E. G.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, J. W. Pedersen, E. G. Metaal, J. J. W. van Gaalen, Y. S. Oei, and F. H. Groen, “A short polarization splitter without metal overlays on InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 209–211 (1997).
[Crossref]

Oei, Y. S.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, J. W. Pedersen, E. G. Metaal, J. J. W. van Gaalen, Y. S. Oei, and F. H. Groen, “A short polarization splitter without metal overlays on InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 209–211 (1997).
[Crossref]

Oh, M. C.

M. C. Oh, M. H. Lee, and H. J. Lee, “Polymetric waveguide polarization splitter with a buried birefringent polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1144–1146 (1999).
[Crossref]

Olsson, B. E.

B. E. Olsson and P. A. Andrekson, “Polarization-independent demultiplexing in a polarization diversity nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 764–766 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. E. Olsson and P. A. Andrekson, “Polarization independent Kerr-switch using a polarization diversity loop,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC’98, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 185–186.

Patrick, D. M.

D. M. Patrick, A. D. Ellis, D. A. O Davies, M. C. Tatham, and G. Sherlock, “Demultiplexing using polarization rotation in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 341–342 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pedersen, J. W.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, J. W. Pedersen, E. G. Metaal, J. J. W. van Gaalen, Y. S. Oei, and F. H. Groen, “A short polarization splitter without metal overlays on InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 209–211 (1997).
[Crossref]

Raybon, G.

R. Ludwig and G. Raybon, “All-optical demultiplexing using ultrafast four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier at 20 Gbit/s,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Montreux, Switzerland, 1993), pp. 57–60.

Robinson, B. S.

B. S. Robinson, S. A. Hamilton, and E. P. Ippen, “Multiple wavelength demultiplexing using an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Technical Digest, CLEO 2001, (Optical Society of America, Baltimore, MD, 2001), pp. 528–529.

Sakamoto, T.

T. Sakamoto, H. C. Lim, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical polarization-insensitive time-division demultiplexer using a nonlinear optical loop mirror with a pair of short polarization-maintain fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1737–1739 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. C. Lim, T. Sakamoto, and K. Kikuchi, “Polarization-independent optical demultiplexing by conventional nonlinear optical loop mirror in a polarization-diversity loop configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1704–1706 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sander, A. F. M.

R. M. de Ridder, A. F. M. Sander, A. Driessen, and J. H. J. Fluitman, “An integrated optic adiabatic TE/TM mode splitter on silicon,” IEEE J. Lightwave, Technol. 11, 1806–1811 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sherlock, G.

D. M. Patrick, A. D. Ellis, D. A. O Davies, M. C. Tatham, and G. Sherlock, “Demultiplexing using polarization rotation in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 341–342 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tatham, M. C.

D. M. Patrick, A. D. Ellis, D. A. O Davies, M. C. Tatham, and G. Sherlock, “Demultiplexing using polarization rotation in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 341–342 (1994).
[Crossref]

van der Tol, J. J. G. M.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, J. W. Pedersen, E. G. Metaal, J. J. W. van Gaalen, Y. S. Oei, and F. H. Groen, “A short polarization splitter without metal overlays on InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 209–211 (1997).
[Crossref]

van Gaalen, J. J. W.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, J. W. Pedersen, E. G. Metaal, J. J. W. van Gaalen, Y. S. Oei, and F. H. Groen, “A short polarization splitter without metal overlays on InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 209–211 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yasa, Z. A.

Z. A. Yasa and N. M. Amer, “A rapid-scanning autocorrelation scheme for continuous monitoring of picosecond laser pulses,” Optics Commun. 36, 406–408 (1981).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. M. Patrick, A. D. Ellis, D. A. O Davies, M. C. Tatham, and G. Sherlock, “Demultiplexing using polarization rotation in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 341–342 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Lightwave, Technol. (1)

R. M. de Ridder, A. F. M. Sander, A. Driessen, and J. H. J. Fluitman, “An integrated optic adiabatic TE/TM mode splitter on silicon,” IEEE J. Lightwave, Technol. 11, 1806–1811 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

M. C. Oh, M. H. Lee, and H. J. Lee, “Polymetric waveguide polarization splitter with a buried birefringent polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1144–1146 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, J. W. Pedersen, E. G. Metaal, J. J. W. van Gaalen, Y. S. Oei, and F. H. Groen, “A short polarization splitter without metal overlays on InGaAsP-InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 209–211 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. E. Olsson and P. A. Andrekson, “Polarization-independent demultiplexing in a polarization diversity nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 764–766 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. C. Lim, T. Sakamoto, and K. Kikuchi, “Polarization-independent optical demultiplexing by conventional nonlinear optical loop mirror in a polarization-diversity loop configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1704–1706 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Sakamoto, H. C. Lim, and K. Kikuchi, “All-optical polarization-insensitive time-division demultiplexer using a nonlinear optical loop mirror with a pair of short polarization-maintain fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1737–1739 (2002).
[Crossref]

Optics Commun. (1)

Z. A. Yasa and N. M. Amer, “A rapid-scanning autocorrelation scheme for continuous monitoring of picosecond laser pulses,” Optics Commun. 36, 406–408 (1981).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

B. S. Robinson, S. A. Hamilton, and E. P. Ippen, “Multiple wavelength demultiplexing using an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Technical Digest, CLEO 2001, (Optical Society of America, Baltimore, MD, 2001), pp. 528–529.

R. Ludwig and G. Raybon, “All-optical demultiplexing using ultrafast four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier at 20 Gbit/s,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC’93, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Montreux, Switzerland, 1993), pp. 57–60.

B. E. Olsson and P. A. Andrekson, “Polarization independent Kerr-switch using a polarization diversity loop,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC’98, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 185–186.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Basic configuration of polarization diversity loop demultiplexer: PBS=Polarization Beam Splitter; ODL=optical delay line; SOA=semiconductor optical amplifier; PMF=Polarization maintaining fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

BER measurements of the back-to-back signal and one of the demultiplexed channels.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The eye diagrams of 40 Gb/s OTDM signal and four demultiplexed 10 Gb/s channels at the same power levels measured by 45 GHz bandwidth photodetector.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The autocorrelation traces of (a) input and (b) output ultrashort pulses.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The autocorrelation traces of (a) 160 Gb/s signal and (b) demultiplexed pulses.

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