We explore a new passive optical limiter design using transverse modulation instability in the one-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) using χ(3) materials. The performance of PC optical limiters strongly depends on the choice of the materials and the geometry and it improves as the duration of the incident pulse is extended. PC optical limiter performance is compared with that of a device made from homogeneous material. We identify three criteria for benchmarking the PC optical limiter. We also include a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of PC optical limiters for real world applications.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
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