Abstract

We show that multiple reabsorption of resonance-frequency photons in a cloud of evanescent-wave cooled atoms can have a significant influence on the cooling efficiency and maximum value of the atomic phase-space density.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Söding, R. Grimm, and Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, “Gravitational laser trap for atoms with evanescent-wave cooling,” Opt. Commun. 119, 652–662 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  2. Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, and R. Grimm, “Surface Trap for Cs atoms based on Evanescent-Wave Cooling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2225–2228 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, V. Druzhinina, U. Moslener, I. Manek-Hönninger, and R. Grimm, “Optical and evaporative cooling of caesium atoms in the gravito-optical surface trap,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 2755–2767 (2000).
  4. P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szriftgiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4198 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. R. J. C. Spreeuw, D. Voigt, B. T. Wolschrijn, and H. B. van Linden den Heuvell, “Creating a low-dimensional quantum gas using dark states in an inelastic evanescent-wave mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 053604-1-7 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Cold-atom gas at very high densities in an optical surface microtrap,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 051401-1-4 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, B. Engeser, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Evanescent-Wave Trapping and Evaporative Cooling of an Atomic Gas at the Crossover to Two Dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 173001-1-4 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. H. Gauck, M. Hartl, D. Schneble, H. Schnitzler, T. Pfau, and J. Mlynek, “Quasi-2D Gas of Laser Cooled Atoms in a Planar Matter Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5298–5301 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. Domokos and H. Ritsch, “Efficient laoding and cooling in a dynamic optical evanescent-wave microtrap,” Europhys. Lett. 54, 306–312 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Gorliki, S. Feron, V. Lorent, and M. Dukloy, “Interferometric approaches to atom-surface van der Waals interactions in atomic mirrors,” hys. Rev. A 61, 013603-1-9 (2000).
  11. C. Henkel, K. Mølmer, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Diffuse atomic reflection at a rough mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1160–1178 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  12. V. Savalli, D. Stevens, J. Estève, P. D. Featonby, V. Josse, N. Westbrook, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Specular Reflection of Matter Waves from a Rough Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett 88, 250404-1-4 (1997).
  13. L. Khaykovich and N. Davidson, “Adiabatic focusing of cold atoms in a blue-detuned laser standing wave,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 683–688 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Meneghini, V. I. Savichev, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and W. P. Schleich, “Atomic focusing and near field imaging: A combination for producing small-period nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 675–682 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Lenef, T. D. Hammond, E. T. Smith, M. S. Chapman, R. A. Rubenstein, and D. E. Pritchard, “Rotation Sensing with an Atom Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78, 760–763 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. Özcan, “Influence of electric potentials on atom interferometers: Increased rotation sensitivity,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 6185–6186 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  17. A. Peters, K. Y. Chung, and S. Chu, “Measurement of gravitational acceleration by dropping atoms,” Nature 400, 849–852 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  18. T. Calarco, E. A. Hinds, D. Jaksch, J. Schmiedmayer, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum gates with neutral atoms: Controlling colisional interactions in time-dependent traps,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 022304-1-11 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, and R. Cote, “Dipole blockade and Quantum Information Processing in Mesoscopic Atomic Ensembles,” Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 037901-1-4 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. M. V. Subbotin, V. I. Balykin, D. V. Laryushin, and V. S. Letokhov, “Laser controlled atom waveguide as a source of ultracold atoms,” Opt. Commun. 139, 107–116 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  21. H. Nha and W. Jhe, “Sisyphus cooling on the surface of a hollow-mirror atom trap,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 729–736 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Gravito-optical trap for cold atoms with doughnut-hollow-beam cooling,” Phys. Lett. A 248, 309–318 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  23. I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  24. D. J. Harris and C. M. Savage, “Atomic gravitational cavities from hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3967–3971 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, B. Engeser, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Evanescent-Wave Trapping and Evaporative Cooling of an Atomic Gas at the Crossover to Two Dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 173001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Cold-atom gas at very high densities in an optical surface microtrap,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 051401-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

P. Domokos and H. Ritsch, “Efficient laoding and cooling in a dynamic optical evanescent-wave microtrap,” Europhys. Lett. 54, 306–312 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, and R. Cote, “Dipole blockade and Quantum Information Processing in Mesoscopic Atomic Ensembles,” Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 037901-1-4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (6)

T. Calarco, E. A. Hinds, D. Jaksch, J. Schmiedmayer, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum gates with neutral atoms: Controlling colisional interactions in time-dependent traps,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 022304-1-11 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Gorliki, S. Feron, V. Lorent, and M. Dukloy, “Interferometric approaches to atom-surface van der Waals interactions in atomic mirrors,” hys. Rev. A 61, 013603-1-9 (2000).

L. Khaykovich and N. Davidson, “Adiabatic focusing of cold atoms in a blue-detuned laser standing wave,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 683–688 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Meneghini, V. I. Savichev, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and W. P. Schleich, “Atomic focusing and near field imaging: A combination for producing small-period nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 675–682 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. J. C. Spreeuw, D. Voigt, B. T. Wolschrijn, and H. B. van Linden den Heuvell, “Creating a low-dimensional quantum gas using dark states in an inelastic evanescent-wave mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 053604-1-7 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, V. Druzhinina, U. Moslener, I. Manek-Hönninger, and R. Grimm, “Optical and evaporative cooling of caesium atoms in the gravito-optical surface trap,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 2755–2767 (2000).

1999 (1)

A. Peters, K. Y. Chung, and S. Chu, “Measurement of gravitational acceleration by dropping atoms,” Nature 400, 849–852 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (4)

M. Özcan, “Influence of electric potentials on atom interferometers: Increased rotation sensitivity,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 6185–6186 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. Gauck, M. Hartl, D. Schneble, H. Schnitzler, T. Pfau, and J. Mlynek, “Quasi-2D Gas of Laser Cooled Atoms in a Planar Matter Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5298–5301 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Gravito-optical trap for cold atoms with doughnut-hollow-beam cooling,” Phys. Lett. A 248, 309–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (6)

M. V. Subbotin, V. I. Balykin, D. V. Laryushin, and V. S. Letokhov, “Laser controlled atom waveguide as a source of ultracold atoms,” Opt. Commun. 139, 107–116 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Nha and W. Jhe, “Sisyphus cooling on the surface of a hollow-mirror atom trap,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 729–736 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, and R. Grimm, “Surface Trap for Cs atoms based on Evanescent-Wave Cooling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2225–2228 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Lenef, T. D. Hammond, E. T. Smith, M. S. Chapman, R. A. Rubenstein, and D. E. Pritchard, “Rotation Sensing with an Atom Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78, 760–763 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. Henkel, K. Mølmer, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Diffuse atomic reflection at a rough mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1160–1178 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. Savalli, D. Stevens, J. Estève, P. D. Featonby, V. Josse, N. Westbrook, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Specular Reflection of Matter Waves from a Rough Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett 88, 250404-1-4 (1997).

1996 (1)

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szriftgiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4198 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

J. Söding, R. Grimm, and Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, “Gravitational laser trap for atoms with evanescent-wave cooling,” Opt. Commun. 119, 652–662 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. J. Harris and C. M. Savage, “Atomic gravitational cavities from hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3967–3971 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arndt, M.

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szriftgiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4198 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aspect, A.

C. Henkel, K. Mølmer, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Diffuse atomic reflection at a rough mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1160–1178 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. Savalli, D. Stevens, J. Estève, P. D. Featonby, V. Josse, N. Westbrook, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Specular Reflection of Matter Waves from a Rough Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett 88, 250404-1-4 (1997).

Balykin, V. I.

M. V. Subbotin, V. I. Balykin, D. V. Laryushin, and V. S. Letokhov, “Laser controlled atom waveguide as a source of ultracold atoms,” Opt. Commun. 139, 107–116 (1997).
[Crossref]

Calarco, T.

T. Calarco, E. A. Hinds, D. Jaksch, J. Schmiedmayer, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum gates with neutral atoms: Controlling colisional interactions in time-dependent traps,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 022304-1-11 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chapman, M. S.

A. Lenef, T. D. Hammond, E. T. Smith, M. S. Chapman, R. A. Rubenstein, and D. E. Pritchard, “Rotation Sensing with an Atom Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78, 760–763 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chu, S.

A. Peters, K. Y. Chung, and S. Chu, “Measurement of gravitational acceleration by dropping atoms,” Nature 400, 849–852 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chung, K. Y.

A. Peters, K. Y. Chung, and S. Chu, “Measurement of gravitational acceleration by dropping atoms,” Nature 400, 849–852 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cirac, J. I.

T. Calarco, E. A. Hinds, D. Jaksch, J. Schmiedmayer, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum gates with neutral atoms: Controlling colisional interactions in time-dependent traps,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 022304-1-11 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cote, R.

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, and R. Cote, “Dipole blockade and Quantum Information Processing in Mesoscopic Atomic Ensembles,” Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 037901-1-4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dalibard, J.

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szriftgiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4198 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davidson, N.

L. Khaykovich and N. Davidson, “Adiabatic focusing of cold atoms in a blue-detuned laser standing wave,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 683–688 (2000).
[Crossref]

Desbiolles, P.

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szriftgiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4198 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Domokos, P.

P. Domokos and H. Ritsch, “Efficient laoding and cooling in a dynamic optical evanescent-wave microtrap,” Europhys. Lett. 54, 306–312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Druzhinina, V.

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, V. Druzhinina, U. Moslener, I. Manek-Hönninger, and R. Grimm, “Optical and evaporative cooling of caesium atoms in the gravito-optical surface trap,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 2755–2767 (2000).

Dukloy, M.

M. Gorliki, S. Feron, V. Lorent, and M. Dukloy, “Interferometric approaches to atom-surface van der Waals interactions in atomic mirrors,” hys. Rev. A 61, 013603-1-9 (2000).

Engeser, B.

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, B. Engeser, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Evanescent-Wave Trapping and Evaporative Cooling of an Atomic Gas at the Crossover to Two Dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 173001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Estève, J.

V. Savalli, D. Stevens, J. Estève, P. D. Featonby, V. Josse, N. Westbrook, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Specular Reflection of Matter Waves from a Rough Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett 88, 250404-1-4 (1997).

Featonby, P. D.

V. Savalli, D. Stevens, J. Estève, P. D. Featonby, V. Josse, N. Westbrook, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Specular Reflection of Matter Waves from a Rough Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett 88, 250404-1-4 (1997).

Feron, S.

M. Gorliki, S. Feron, V. Lorent, and M. Dukloy, “Interferometric approaches to atom-surface van der Waals interactions in atomic mirrors,” hys. Rev. A 61, 013603-1-9 (2000).

Fleischhauer, M.

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, and R. Cote, “Dipole blockade and Quantum Information Processing in Mesoscopic Atomic Ensembles,” Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 037901-1-4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gauck, H.

H. Gauck, M. Hartl, D. Schneble, H. Schnitzler, T. Pfau, and J. Mlynek, “Quasi-2D Gas of Laser Cooled Atoms in a Planar Matter Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5298–5301 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gorliki, M.

M. Gorliki, S. Feron, V. Lorent, and M. Dukloy, “Interferometric approaches to atom-surface van der Waals interactions in atomic mirrors,” hys. Rev. A 61, 013603-1-9 (2000).

Grimm, R.

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, B. Engeser, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Evanescent-Wave Trapping and Evaporative Cooling of an Atomic Gas at the Crossover to Two Dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 173001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Cold-atom gas at very high densities in an optical surface microtrap,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 051401-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, V. Druzhinina, U. Moslener, I. Manek-Hönninger, and R. Grimm, “Optical and evaporative cooling of caesium atoms in the gravito-optical surface trap,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 2755–2767 (2000).

I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, and R. Grimm, “Surface Trap for Cs atoms based on Evanescent-Wave Cooling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2225–2228 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Söding, R. Grimm, and Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, “Gravitational laser trap for atoms with evanescent-wave cooling,” Opt. Commun. 119, 652–662 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hammes, M.

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, B. Engeser, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Evanescent-Wave Trapping and Evaporative Cooling of an Atomic Gas at the Crossover to Two Dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 173001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Cold-atom gas at very high densities in an optical surface microtrap,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 051401-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, V. Druzhinina, U. Moslener, I. Manek-Hönninger, and R. Grimm, “Optical and evaporative cooling of caesium atoms in the gravito-optical surface trap,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 2755–2767 (2000).

Hammond, T. D.

A. Lenef, T. D. Hammond, E. T. Smith, M. S. Chapman, R. A. Rubenstein, and D. E. Pritchard, “Rotation Sensing with an Atom Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78, 760–763 (1997).
[Crossref]

Harris, D. J.

D. J. Harris and C. M. Savage, “Atomic gravitational cavities from hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3967–3971 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hartl, M.

H. Gauck, M. Hartl, D. Schneble, H. Schnitzler, T. Pfau, and J. Mlynek, “Quasi-2D Gas of Laser Cooled Atoms in a Planar Matter Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5298–5301 (1998).
[Crossref]

Henkel, C.

C. Henkel, K. Mølmer, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Diffuse atomic reflection at a rough mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1160–1178 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hinds, E. A.

T. Calarco, E. A. Hinds, D. Jaksch, J. Schmiedmayer, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum gates with neutral atoms: Controlling colisional interactions in time-dependent traps,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 022304-1-11 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jaksch, D.

T. Calarco, E. A. Hinds, D. Jaksch, J. Schmiedmayer, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum gates with neutral atoms: Controlling colisional interactions in time-dependent traps,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 022304-1-11 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jhe, W.

H. Nha and W. Jhe, “Sisyphus cooling on the surface of a hollow-mirror atom trap,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 729–736 (1997).
[Crossref]

Josse, V.

V. Savalli, D. Stevens, J. Estève, P. D. Featonby, V. Josse, N. Westbrook, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Specular Reflection of Matter Waves from a Rough Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett 88, 250404-1-4 (1997).

Kaiser, R.

C. Henkel, K. Mølmer, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Diffuse atomic reflection at a rough mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1160–1178 (1997).
[Crossref]

Khaykovich, L.

L. Khaykovich and N. Davidson, “Adiabatic focusing of cold atoms in a blue-detuned laser standing wave,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 683–688 (2000).
[Crossref]

Laryushin, D. V.

M. V. Subbotin, V. I. Balykin, D. V. Laryushin, and V. S. Letokhov, “Laser controlled atom waveguide as a source of ultracold atoms,” Opt. Commun. 139, 107–116 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lenef, A.

A. Lenef, T. D. Hammond, E. T. Smith, M. S. Chapman, R. A. Rubenstein, and D. E. Pritchard, “Rotation Sensing with an Atom Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78, 760–763 (1997).
[Crossref]

Letokhov, V. S.

M. V. Subbotin, V. I. Balykin, D. V. Laryushin, and V. S. Letokhov, “Laser controlled atom waveguide as a source of ultracold atoms,” Opt. Commun. 139, 107–116 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lorent, V.

M. Gorliki, S. Feron, V. Lorent, and M. Dukloy, “Interferometric approaches to atom-surface van der Waals interactions in atomic mirrors,” hys. Rev. A 61, 013603-1-9 (2000).

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, and R. Cote, “Dipole blockade and Quantum Information Processing in Mesoscopic Atomic Ensembles,” Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 037901-1-4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manek, I.

I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, and R. Grimm, “Surface Trap for Cs atoms based on Evanescent-Wave Cooling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2225–2228 (1997).
[Crossref]

Manek-Hönninger, I.

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, V. Druzhinina, U. Moslener, I. Manek-Hönninger, and R. Grimm, “Optical and evaporative cooling of caesium atoms in the gravito-optical surface trap,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 2755–2767 (2000).

Meneghini, S.

S. Meneghini, V. I. Savichev, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and W. P. Schleich, “Atomic focusing and near field imaging: A combination for producing small-period nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 675–682 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mlynek, J.

H. Gauck, M. Hartl, D. Schneble, H. Schnitzler, T. Pfau, and J. Mlynek, “Quasi-2D Gas of Laser Cooled Atoms in a Planar Matter Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5298–5301 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mølmer, K.

C. Henkel, K. Mølmer, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Diffuse atomic reflection at a rough mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1160–1178 (1997).
[Crossref]

Moslener, U.

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, V. Druzhinina, U. Moslener, I. Manek-Hönninger, and R. Grimm, “Optical and evaporative cooling of caesium atoms in the gravito-optical surface trap,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 2755–2767 (2000).

Nägel, H.-C.

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, B. Engeser, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Evanescent-Wave Trapping and Evaporative Cooling of an Atomic Gas at the Crossover to Two Dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 173001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Cold-atom gas at very high densities in an optical surface microtrap,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 051401-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nha, H.

H. Nha and W. Jhe, “Sisyphus cooling on the surface of a hollow-mirror atom trap,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 729–736 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ovchinnikov, Yu. B.

I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, and R. Grimm, “Surface Trap for Cs atoms based on Evanescent-Wave Cooling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2225–2228 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Söding, R. Grimm, and Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, “Gravitational laser trap for atoms with evanescent-wave cooling,” Opt. Commun. 119, 652–662 (1995).
[Crossref]

Özcan, M.

M. Özcan, “Influence of electric potentials on atom interferometers: Increased rotation sensitivity,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 6185–6186 (1998).
[Crossref]

Peters, A.

A. Peters, K. Y. Chung, and S. Chu, “Measurement of gravitational acceleration by dropping atoms,” Nature 400, 849–852 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pfau, T.

H. Gauck, M. Hartl, D. Schneble, H. Schnitzler, T. Pfau, and J. Mlynek, “Quasi-2D Gas of Laser Cooled Atoms in a Planar Matter Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5298–5301 (1998).
[Crossref]

Pritchard, D. E.

A. Lenef, T. D. Hammond, E. T. Smith, M. S. Chapman, R. A. Rubenstein, and D. E. Pritchard, “Rotation Sensing with an Atom Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78, 760–763 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ritsch, H.

P. Domokos and H. Ritsch, “Efficient laoding and cooling in a dynamic optical evanescent-wave microtrap,” Europhys. Lett. 54, 306–312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rubenstein, R. A.

A. Lenef, T. D. Hammond, E. T. Smith, M. S. Chapman, R. A. Rubenstein, and D. E. Pritchard, “Rotation Sensing with an Atom Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78, 760–763 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rychtarik, D.

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, B. Engeser, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Evanescent-Wave Trapping and Evaporative Cooling of an Atomic Gas at the Crossover to Two Dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 173001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Cold-atom gas at very high densities in an optical surface microtrap,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 051401-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, V. Druzhinina, U. Moslener, I. Manek-Hönninger, and R. Grimm, “Optical and evaporative cooling of caesium atoms in the gravito-optical surface trap,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 2755–2767 (2000).

Savage, C. M.

D. J. Harris and C. M. Savage, “Atomic gravitational cavities from hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3967–3971 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Savalli, V.

V. Savalli, D. Stevens, J. Estève, P. D. Featonby, V. Josse, N. Westbrook, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Specular Reflection of Matter Waves from a Rough Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett 88, 250404-1-4 (1997).

Savichev, V. I.

S. Meneghini, V. I. Savichev, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and W. P. Schleich, “Atomic focusing and near field imaging: A combination for producing small-period nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 675–682 (2000).
[Crossref]

Schleich, W. P.

S. Meneghini, V. I. Savichev, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and W. P. Schleich, “Atomic focusing and near field imaging: A combination for producing small-period nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 675–682 (2000).
[Crossref]

Schmiedmayer, J.

T. Calarco, E. A. Hinds, D. Jaksch, J. Schmiedmayer, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum gates with neutral atoms: Controlling colisional interactions in time-dependent traps,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 022304-1-11 (2000).
[Crossref]

Schneble, D.

H. Gauck, M. Hartl, D. Schneble, H. Schnitzler, T. Pfau, and J. Mlynek, “Quasi-2D Gas of Laser Cooled Atoms in a Planar Matter Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5298–5301 (1998).
[Crossref]

Schnitzler, H.

H. Gauck, M. Hartl, D. Schneble, H. Schnitzler, T. Pfau, and J. Mlynek, “Quasi-2D Gas of Laser Cooled Atoms in a Planar Matter Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5298–5301 (1998).
[Crossref]

Smith, E. T.

A. Lenef, T. D. Hammond, E. T. Smith, M. S. Chapman, R. A. Rubenstein, and D. E. Pritchard, “Rotation Sensing with an Atom Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78, 760–763 (1997).
[Crossref]

Söding, J.

J. Söding, R. Grimm, and Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, “Gravitational laser trap for atoms with evanescent-wave cooling,” Opt. Commun. 119, 652–662 (1995).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

R. J. C. Spreeuw, D. Voigt, B. T. Wolschrijn, and H. B. van Linden den Heuvell, “Creating a low-dimensional quantum gas using dark states in an inelastic evanescent-wave mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 053604-1-7 (2000).
[Crossref]

Stevens, D.

V. Savalli, D. Stevens, J. Estève, P. D. Featonby, V. Josse, N. Westbrook, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Specular Reflection of Matter Waves from a Rough Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett 88, 250404-1-4 (1997).

Subbotin, M. V.

M. V. Subbotin, V. I. Balykin, D. V. Laryushin, and V. S. Letokhov, “Laser controlled atom waveguide as a source of ultracold atoms,” Opt. Commun. 139, 107–116 (1997).
[Crossref]

Szriftgiser, P.

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szriftgiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4198 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Leeuwen, K. A. H.

S. Meneghini, V. I. Savichev, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and W. P. Schleich, “Atomic focusing and near field imaging: A combination for producing small-period nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 675–682 (2000).
[Crossref]

van Linden den Heuvell, H. B.

R. J. C. Spreeuw, D. Voigt, B. T. Wolschrijn, and H. B. van Linden den Heuvell, “Creating a low-dimensional quantum gas using dark states in an inelastic evanescent-wave mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 053604-1-7 (2000).
[Crossref]

Vansteenkiste, N.

C. Henkel, K. Mølmer, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Diffuse atomic reflection at a rough mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1160–1178 (1997).
[Crossref]

Voigt, D.

R. J. C. Spreeuw, D. Voigt, B. T. Wolschrijn, and H. B. van Linden den Heuvell, “Creating a low-dimensional quantum gas using dark states in an inelastic evanescent-wave mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 053604-1-7 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Gravito-optical trap for cold atoms with doughnut-hollow-beam cooling,” Phys. Lett. A 248, 309–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

Westbrook, C. I.

C. Henkel, K. Mølmer, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Diffuse atomic reflection at a rough mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1160–1178 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. Savalli, D. Stevens, J. Estève, P. D. Featonby, V. Josse, N. Westbrook, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Specular Reflection of Matter Waves from a Rough Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett 88, 250404-1-4 (1997).

Westbrook, N.

V. Savalli, D. Stevens, J. Estève, P. D. Featonby, V. Josse, N. Westbrook, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Specular Reflection of Matter Waves from a Rough Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett 88, 250404-1-4 (1997).

Wolschrijn, B. T.

R. J. C. Spreeuw, D. Voigt, B. T. Wolschrijn, and H. B. van Linden den Heuvell, “Creating a low-dimensional quantum gas using dark states in an inelastic evanescent-wave mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 053604-1-7 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yin, J.

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Gravito-optical trap for cold atoms with doughnut-hollow-beam cooling,” Phys. Lett. A 248, 309–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Gravito-optical trap for cold atoms with doughnut-hollow-beam cooling,” Phys. Lett. A 248, 309–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

Zoller, P.

T. Calarco, E. A. Hinds, D. Jaksch, J. Schmiedmayer, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum gates with neutral atoms: Controlling colisional interactions in time-dependent traps,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 022304-1-11 (2000).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

L. Khaykovich and N. Davidson, “Adiabatic focusing of cold atoms in a blue-detuned laser standing wave,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 683–688 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Meneghini, V. I. Savichev, K. A. H. van Leeuwen, and W. P. Schleich, “Atomic focusing and near field imaging: A combination for producing small-period nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 675–682 (2000).
[Crossref]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

P. Domokos and H. Ritsch, “Efficient laoding and cooling in a dynamic optical evanescent-wave microtrap,” Europhys. Lett. 54, 306–312 (2001).
[Crossref]

hys. Rev. A (1)

M. Gorliki, S. Feron, V. Lorent, and M. Dukloy, “Interferometric approaches to atom-surface van der Waals interactions in atomic mirrors,” hys. Rev. A 61, 013603-1-9 (2000).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Özcan, “Influence of electric potentials on atom interferometers: Increased rotation sensitivity,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 6185–6186 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, V. Druzhinina, U. Moslener, I. Manek-Hönninger, and R. Grimm, “Optical and evaporative cooling of caesium atoms in the gravito-optical surface trap,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 2755–2767 (2000).

Nature (1)

A. Peters, K. Y. Chung, and S. Chu, “Measurement of gravitational acceleration by dropping atoms,” Nature 400, 849–852 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

J. Söding, R. Grimm, and Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, “Gravitational laser trap for atoms with evanescent-wave cooling,” Opt. Commun. 119, 652–662 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. V. Subbotin, V. I. Balykin, D. V. Laryushin, and V. S. Letokhov, “Laser controlled atom waveguide as a source of ultracold atoms,” Opt. Commun. 139, 107–116 (1997).
[Crossref]

I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
[Crossref]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Gravito-optical trap for cold atoms with doughnut-hollow-beam cooling,” Phys. Lett. A 248, 309–318 (1998).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (7)

D. J. Harris and C. M. Savage, “Atomic gravitational cavities from hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3967–3971 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Nha and W. Jhe, “Sisyphus cooling on the surface of a hollow-mirror atom trap,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 729–736 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. Calarco, E. A. Hinds, D. Jaksch, J. Schmiedmayer, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum gates with neutral atoms: Controlling colisional interactions in time-dependent traps,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 022304-1-11 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szriftgiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4198 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. C. Spreeuw, D. Voigt, B. T. Wolschrijn, and H. B. van Linden den Heuvell, “Creating a low-dimensional quantum gas using dark states in an inelastic evanescent-wave mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 053604-1-7 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Cold-atom gas at very high densities in an optical surface microtrap,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 051401-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Henkel, K. Mølmer, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Diffuse atomic reflection at a rough mirror,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1160–1178 (1997).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett (3)

V. Savalli, D. Stevens, J. Estève, P. D. Featonby, V. Josse, N. Westbrook, C. I. Westbrook, and A. Aspect, “Specular Reflection of Matter Waves from a Rough Mirror,” Phys. Rev. Lett 88, 250404-1-4 (1997).

M. D. Lukin, M. Fleischhauer, and R. Cote, “Dipole blockade and Quantum Information Processing in Mesoscopic Atomic Ensembles,” Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 037901-1-4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lenef, T. D. Hammond, E. T. Smith, M. S. Chapman, R. A. Rubenstein, and D. E. Pritchard, “Rotation Sensing with an Atom Interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78, 760–763 (1997).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, and R. Grimm, “Surface Trap for Cs atoms based on Evanescent-Wave Cooling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2225–2228 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Hammes, D. Rychtarik, B. Engeser, H.-C. Nägel, and R. Grimm, “Evanescent-Wave Trapping and Evaporative Cooling of an Atomic Gas at the Crossover to Two Dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 173001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Gauck, M. Hartl, D. Schneble, H. Schnitzler, T. Pfau, and J. Mlynek, “Quasi-2D Gas of Laser Cooled Atoms in a Planar Matter Waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5298–5301 (1998).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

A schematic view of a gravito-optical surface trap. Application of the repumping beam turns on the cooling process.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dependence of a) equilibrium temperature eq and b) atomic density n 0 on the number of atoms N in a gravito-optical surface trap.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Phase-space density Ω versus number of atoms N in a gravito-optical surface trap, where a) no external force is applied and b) the applied force is f=10×m g.

Equations (16)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

γ Sis 2 9 δ hfs δ + δ hfs 1 q e τ c ,
τ c = δ Γ Λ mg sin φ ,
γ geo 4 π sin φ 3 λ q r m k B T 1 q e τ c ,
γ heat = ( 2 + 1 q e q r ) ( 2 π ) 2 3 λ 2 m k B T 1 τ c .
γ heat = γ Sis + γ geo ,
R r = ( 1 η out 1 ) R in .
γ r = 1 q e q r ( 2 π ) 2 3 λ 2 m k B T 1 τ c 2 η in ( 1 η out 1 ) .
γ ˜ heat ( 2 + 1 q e q r η out ) ( 2 π ) 2 3 λ 2 m k B T 1 τ c .
T ˜ eq = B { 1 + C ( 2 q r 1 q e + 1 η out ) 1 } ,
B 3 ( δ + δ hfs ) π δ hfs q r λ m k B
C 2 q r δ hfs 3 ( δ + δ hfs ) .
P out = 2 u 0 u dz ( P rad 4 π 0 2 π 0 π 2 e αz cos θ sin θ d φ d θ )
= P rad ( 1 e α u 2 α u 1 2 [ α u Γ ( 0 , α u ) e α u ] ) ,
P out P rad η out 1 e α u α u ( 2 e α u ) .
η out 1 β N 1 e β N 2 e β N ,
a δ + δ hfs δ hfs 72 2 q r m k B D 2 ,

Metrics