Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate the first 160-GHz densely dispersion-managed soliton transmission in a single channel at 1550 nm over nearly 900 km using commercially available non-zero dispersion-shifted fibers. This performance has been achieved by using a 16 km-long recirculating loop configuration and an appropriate design of the dispersion map.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, E. Yamada and A. Sahara, �??Ultrahigh-Speed Long-distance TDM and WDM Soliton Transmission Technologies,�?? IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 363-395 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. L. Augé, M. Cavallari, M. Jones, P. Kean, D. Watley and A. Hadjifotiou, �??Single channel 160 GB/s OTDM propagation over 480 km of standard fiber using a 40 GHz semiconductor mode-locked laser pulse source,�?? in 2002 Optical Fiber Communication proceeding, (OFC 2002, Anaheim), paper TuA3.
  3. B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, B. Zhu, R. J. Essiambre, P. G. Bernasconi, K. Dreyer, L. W. Stulz and S. N. Knudsen, �??High spectral efficiency (0.53 bit/s/Hz) WDM transmission of 160 Gb/s per wavelength over 400 km of fiber,�?? in 2001 Optical Fiber Communication proceeding, (OFC 2001, Anaheim), paper ThF2-1.
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  5. T. Hirooka, T. Nakada, and A. Hasegawa, �??Feasibility of Densely Dispersion Managed Soliton Transmission at 160 Gb/s,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 633-635 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. J. Richardson, W. Forysiak, and N. J. Doran, �??Dispersion-managed soliton propagation in short-period dispersion maps,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 209-211 (2001).
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    [CrossRef]
  10. A. B. Moubissi, K. Nakkeeran, P. Tchofo Dinda and S. Wabnitz, �??Average Dispersion Decreasing Densely Dispersion-Managed Fiber Transmission Systems,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1279-1281 (2001).
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  11. G. P. Agrawal, Non Linear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, New York, 2001).
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Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Maruta, Y. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, A. Suzuki, T. Morita, A. Agata and A. Hasegawa, �??Effectiveness of densely dispersion managed solitons in ultra-high speed transmission,�?? Electron. Lett. 36, 1947-1949 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron (1)

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, E. Yamada and A. Sahara, �??Ultrahigh-Speed Long-distance TDM and WDM Soliton Transmission Technologies,�?? IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 363-395 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

A. B. Moubissi, K. Nakkeeran, P. Tchofo Dinda and S. Wabnitz, �??Average Dispersion Decreasing Densely Dispersion-Managed Fiber Transmission Systems,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1279-1281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirooka, T. Nakada, and A. Hasegawa, �??Feasibility of Densely Dispersion Managed Soliton Transmission at 160 Gb/s,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 633-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Richardson, W. Forysiak, and N. J. Doran, �??Dispersion-managed soliton propagation in short-period dispersion maps,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 209-211 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramachandran, B. Mikkelsen, L. C. Cowsar, M. F. Yan, G. Raybon, L. Boivin, M. Fishteyn, W. A. Reed, P. Wisk, D. Brownlow, R. G. Huff and L. Gruner-Nielsen, �??All-fiber Grating-based Higher Order Mode Dispersion Compensator for Broad-Band Compensation and 1000-km Transmission at 40 Gb/s,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 632-634 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (5)

J. Martensson and A. Berntson, �??Dispersion-managed solitons for 160 Gbit/s transmission,�?? in 2001 Optical Fiber Communication proceeding, (OFC 2001, Anaheim), paper MF7-1.

H. Anis, G. Berkley, G. Bordogna, M. Cavallari, B. Charbonnier, A. Evans, I. Hardcastle, M. Jones, G. Pettitt, B. Shaw, V. Srikant and J. Wakefield, �??Continuous Dispersion Managed Fiber for very high speed soliton systems,�?? in 1999 European Conference on Optical Communocation proceeding, (ECOC 1999, San Diego), pp. 230.

G. P. Agrawal, Non Linear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, New York, 2001).

J. L. Augé, M. Cavallari, M. Jones, P. Kean, D. Watley and A. Hadjifotiou, �??Single channel 160 GB/s OTDM propagation over 480 km of standard fiber using a 40 GHz semiconductor mode-locked laser pulse source,�?? in 2002 Optical Fiber Communication proceeding, (OFC 2002, Anaheim), paper TuA3.

B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, B. Zhu, R. J. Essiambre, P. G. Bernasconi, K. Dreyer, L. W. Stulz and S. N. Knudsen, �??High spectral efficiency (0.53 bit/s/Hz) WDM transmission of 160 Gb/s per wavelength over 400 km of fiber,�?? in 2001 Optical Fiber Communication proceeding, (OFC 2001, Anaheim), paper ThF2-1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic diagram of a densely dispersion-managed map. (b) Maximum propagation distance versus map-strength and average power for a deployed transmission line.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Maximum propagation distance versus map-strength and average power for a recirculating loop configuration: idem as Fig. 1(a)+50:50 coupler and OS. (b) Maximum propagation distance as a function of the average dispersion for the experimental configuration with TOD, HOM-DCM, coupling losses and for an input average power of 14.15 mW.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental set-up showing the 160-GHz pulse train generation and the recirculating loop.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Evolution of the autocorrelation traces during the propagation. From bottom to top: at 0 km in red solid line, 160, 320, 624, 720, 800, 896, 1104, 1200 and 1408 km. The blue dash-line corresponds to a pulse width of half bit-slot. (b) Autocorrelation traces after 480-km of propagation versus average input power. (1) Initial (red solid line), (2) 13 mW, (3) 10 mW, (4) 17 mW.

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