Abstract

We demonstrate a novel, self-starting optoelectronic oscillator based on an electro-absorption modulator in a fiber-extended cavity for generating an optical pulse stream with high-rate and ultra-low jitter capabilities. Optical pulses at 10GHz repetition rate are demonstrated with >90dBc/Hz side-mode suppression and the lowest timing jitter (42fs in the 100Hz–1MHz range) reported to date for a self-starting source. Along with the optical pulse stream, the oscillator also generates a 10GHz electrical signal with ultra-low phase noise.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Takada and H. Miazawa, “30 GHz picosecond pulse generation from actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 216–217 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Sato, I. Kotaka, A. Hirano, M. Asobe, Y. Miamoto, N. Shimizu, and K. Hagimoto, “High-repetition frequency pulse generation at 102 GHz using mode-locked lasers integrated with electroabsorption modulators”, Electron. Lett. 34, 790–792 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, K. Utaka, and Y. Matsushima, “Transform-limited optical pulse generation up to 20-GHz repetition rate by sinusoidally driven InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 468–473 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Dulling III, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Ng, R. Stephens, D. Persechini, and K. V. Reddy, “Ultra-low jitter modelocking of Er-fibre laser at 10 GHz and its application in photonic sampling for analogue-to-digital conversion,” Electron. Lett. 37, 113–114 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, and E. P. Ippen, “Quantum-limited noise performance of a mode-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 27, 49–51 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. E. Grein, L. A. Jiang, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Observations of quantum-limited timing jitter in an active, harmonically mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 957–959 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Ji, X.S. Yao, and L. Maleki, “Compact optoelectronic oscillator with ultra-low phase noise performance,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1554–1555 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X.S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, “Coupled Optoelectronic Oscillators for Generating Both RF Signal and Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73–78 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, and K. Yvind, “A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004–1006 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” App. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (3)

J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, and K. Yvind, “A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004–1006 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, and E. P. Ippen, “Quantum-limited noise performance of a mode-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 27, 49–51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Grein, L. A. Jiang, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Observations of quantum-limited timing jitter in an active, harmonically mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 957–959 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

W. Ng, R. Stephens, D. Persechini, and K. V. Reddy, “Ultra-low jitter modelocking of Er-fibre laser at 10 GHz and its application in photonic sampling for analogue-to-digital conversion,” Electron. Lett. 37, 113–114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

X.S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, “Coupled Optoelectronic Oscillators for Generating Both RF Signal and Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

Y. Ji, X.S. Yao, and L. Maleki, “Compact optoelectronic oscillator with ultra-low phase noise performance,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1554–1555 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Dulling III, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K. Sato, I. Kotaka, A. Hirano, M. Asobe, Y. Miamoto, N. Shimizu, and K. Hagimoto, “High-repetition frequency pulse generation at 102 GHz using mode-locked lasers integrated with electroabsorption modulators”, Electron. Lett. 34, 790–792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, K. Utaka, and Y. Matsushima, “Transform-limited optical pulse generation up to 20-GHz repetition rate by sinusoidally driven InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 468–473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. Takada and H. Miazawa, “30 GHz picosecond pulse generation from actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 216–217 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” App. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

K. Sato, I. Kotaka, A. Hirano, M. Asobe, Y. Miamoto, N. Shimizu, and K. Hagimoto, “High-repetition frequency pulse generation at 102 GHz using mode-locked lasers integrated with electroabsorption modulators”, Electron. Lett. 34, 790–792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bilenca, A.

J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, and K. Yvind, “A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004–1006 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Carruthers, T. F.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Dulling III, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Dulling III, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dahan, D.

J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, and K. Yvind, “A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004–1006 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Davis, L.

X.S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, “Coupled Optoelectronic Oscillators for Generating Both RF Signal and Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dulling III, I. N.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Dulling III, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Edagawa, N.

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, K. Utaka, and Y. Matsushima, “Transform-limited optical pulse generation up to 20-GHz repetition rate by sinusoidally driven InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 468–473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, G.

J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, and K. Yvind, “A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004–1006 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Grein, M. E.

Hagimoto, K.

K. Sato, I. Kotaka, A. Hirano, M. Asobe, Y. Miamoto, N. Shimizu, and K. Hagimoto, “High-repetition frequency pulse generation at 102 GHz using mode-locked lasers integrated with electroabsorption modulators”, Electron. Lett. 34, 790–792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Hirano, A.

K. Sato, I. Kotaka, A. Hirano, M. Asobe, Y. Miamoto, N. Shimizu, and K. Hagimoto, “High-repetition frequency pulse generation at 102 GHz using mode-locked lasers integrated with electroabsorption modulators”, Electron. Lett. 34, 790–792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Ji, Y.

Y. Ji, X.S. Yao, and L. Maleki, “Compact optoelectronic oscillator with ultra-low phase noise performance,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1554–1555 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L. A.

Kotaka, I.

K. Sato, I. Kotaka, A. Hirano, M. Asobe, Y. Miamoto, N. Shimizu, and K. Hagimoto, “High-repetition frequency pulse generation at 102 GHz using mode-locked lasers integrated with electroabsorption modulators”, Electron. Lett. 34, 790–792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lasri, J.

J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, and K. Yvind, “A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004–1006 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

X.S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, “Coupled Optoelectronic Oscillators for Generating Both RF Signal and Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ji, X.S. Yao, and L. Maleki, “Compact optoelectronic oscillator with ultra-low phase noise performance,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1554–1555 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Matsushima, Y.

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, K. Utaka, and Y. Matsushima, “Transform-limited optical pulse generation up to 20-GHz repetition rate by sinusoidally driven InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 468–473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, P. J.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Dulling III, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miamoto, Y.

K. Sato, I. Kotaka, A. Hirano, M. Asobe, Y. Miamoto, N. Shimizu, and K. Hagimoto, “High-repetition frequency pulse generation at 102 GHz using mode-locked lasers integrated with electroabsorption modulators”, Electron. Lett. 34, 790–792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miazawa, H.

A. Takada and H. Miazawa, “30 GHz picosecond pulse generation from actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 216–217 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ng, W.

W. Ng, R. Stephens, D. Persechini, and K. V. Reddy, “Ultra-low jitter modelocking of Er-fibre laser at 10 GHz and its application in photonic sampling for analogue-to-digital conversion,” Electron. Lett. 37, 113–114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Persechini, D.

W. Ng, R. Stephens, D. Persechini, and K. V. Reddy, “Ultra-low jitter modelocking of Er-fibre laser at 10 GHz and its application in photonic sampling for analogue-to-digital conversion,” Electron. Lett. 37, 113–114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Reddy, K. V.

W. Ng, R. Stephens, D. Persechini, and K. V. Reddy, “Ultra-low jitter modelocking of Er-fibre laser at 10 GHz and its application in photonic sampling for analogue-to-digital conversion,” Electron. Lett. 37, 113–114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ritter, D.

J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, and K. Yvind, “A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004–1006 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

K. Sato, I. Kotaka, A. Hirano, M. Asobe, Y. Miamoto, N. Shimizu, and K. Hagimoto, “High-repetition frequency pulse generation at 102 GHz using mode-locked lasers integrated with electroabsorption modulators”, Electron. Lett. 34, 790–792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, N.

K. Sato, I. Kotaka, A. Hirano, M. Asobe, Y. Miamoto, N. Shimizu, and K. Hagimoto, “High-repetition frequency pulse generation at 102 GHz using mode-locked lasers integrated with electroabsorption modulators”, Electron. Lett. 34, 790–792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sidorov, V.

J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, and K. Yvind, “A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004–1006 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stephens, R.

W. Ng, R. Stephens, D. Persechini, and K. V. Reddy, “Ultra-low jitter modelocking of Er-fibre laser at 10 GHz and its application in photonic sampling for analogue-to-digital conversion,” Electron. Lett. 37, 113–114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, K. Utaka, and Y. Matsushima, “Transform-limited optical pulse generation up to 20-GHz repetition rate by sinusoidally driven InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 468–473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Takada, A.

A. Takada and H. Miazawa, “30 GHz picosecond pulse generation from actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 216–217 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, H.

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, K. Utaka, and Y. Matsushima, “Transform-limited optical pulse generation up to 20-GHz repetition rate by sinusoidally driven InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 468–473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Utaka, K.

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, K. Utaka, and Y. Matsushima, “Transform-limited optical pulse generation up to 20-GHz repetition rate by sinusoidally driven InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 468–473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” App. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wiesenfeld, J. M.

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X.S.

X.S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, “Coupled Optoelectronic Oscillators for Generating Both RF Signal and Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ji, X.S. Yao, and L. Maleki, “Compact optoelectronic oscillator with ultra-low phase noise performance,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1554–1555 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yvind, K.

J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, and K. Yvind, “A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004–1006 (2002).
[CrossRef]

App. Phys. B (1)

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” App. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (5)

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Dulling III, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Ng, R. Stephens, D. Persechini, and K. V. Reddy, “Ultra-low jitter modelocking of Er-fibre laser at 10 GHz and its application in photonic sampling for analogue-to-digital conversion,” Electron. Lett. 37, 113–114 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ji, X.S. Yao, and L. Maleki, “Compact optoelectronic oscillator with ultra-low phase noise performance,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1554–1555 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Takada and H. Miazawa, “30 GHz picosecond pulse generation from actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 216–217 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato, I. Kotaka, A. Hirano, M. Asobe, Y. Miamoto, N. Shimizu, and K. Hagimoto, “High-repetition frequency pulse generation at 102 GHz using mode-locked lasers integrated with electroabsorption modulators”, Electron. Lett. 34, 790–792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, K. Utaka, and Y. Matsushima, “Transform-limited optical pulse generation up to 20-GHz repetition rate by sinusoidally driven InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 468–473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

X.S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, “Coupled Optoelectronic Oscillators for Generating Both RF Signal and Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, and K. Yvind, “A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004–1006 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

A schematic of the EAM-based OEO. Inset: Measured EAM transmittance.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Time domain measurement of the optical pulses with a 45GHz bandwidth photodetector. (b) Optical spectrum with 0.01nm resolution.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

SSB phase-noise spectrum of the EAM-based OEO using 3km-long fiber in the cavity.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured timing jitter as a function of the cavity length.

Equations (1)

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σ J = 1 2 π f R 2 f min f max L ( f ) d f ,

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